Monday, October 2, 2017

Fw: TheList 4558

The List 4558


To All
I hope you all had a great weekend. This is a bubba Breakfast Friday in San Diego.
My thoughts and prayers go out to the people involved in The tragedy in Las Vegas
Regards,
Skip
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This Day in Naval History - October 2
1799 - The Washington Navy Yard is established under the direction of Secretary of the Navy Benjamin Stoddert and supervision of Commodore Thomas Tingey.
1939 - Foreign ministers of countries of the Western Hemisphere agree to
establish a neutrality zone around the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of North
and South America to be enforced by the U. S. Navy
 
Today in History
October 2
1263
At Largs, King Alexander III of Scotland repels an amphibious invasion by King Haakon IV of Norway.
1535
Having landed in Quebec a month ago, Jacques Cartier reaches a town, which he names Montreal.
1862
An Army under Union General Joseph Hooker arrives in Bridgeport, Alabama to support the Union forces at Chattanooga. Chattanooga's Lookout Mountain provides a dramatic setting for the Civil War's battle above the clouds.
1870
The papal states vote in favor of union with Italy. The capital is moved from Florence to Rome.
1871
Morman leader Brigham Young, 70, is arrested for polygamy. He was later convicted, but the U.S. Supreme Court overturned the conviction.
1879
A dual alliance is formed between Austria and Germany, in which the two countries agree to come to the other's aid in the event of aggression.
1909
Orville Wright sets an altitude record, flying at 1,600 feet. This exceeded Hubert Latham's previous record of 508 feet.
1931
Aerial circus star Clyde Pangborn and playboy Hugh Herndon, Jr. set off to complete the first nonstop flight across the Pacific Ocean from Misawa City, Japan.
1941
The German army launches Operation Typhoon, the drive towards Moscow.
1950
The comic strip Peanuts, by Charles M. Schultz, makes its first appearance in newspapers.
1959
The groundbreaking TV series The Twilight Zone, hosted by Rod Serling, premiers on CBS.
1964
Scientists announce findings that smoking can cause cancer.
1967
Thurgood Marshall, the first African-American Supreme Court justice, is sworn in. Marshall had previously been the solicitor general, the head of the legal staff of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and a leading American civil rights lawyer.
1970
A plane carrying the Wichita State University football team, staff, and supporters crashes in Colorado; 31 of the 40 people aboard die.
1980
Congressional Representative Mike Myers is expelled from the US House for taking a bribe in the Abscam scandal, the first member to be expelled since 1861.
1990
Flight 8301 of China's Xiamen Airlines is hijacked and crashed into Baiyun International Airport, hitting two other aircraft and killing 128 people.
2001
NATO backs US military strikes in the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks.
 
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More History from Adm Cox.  I Will get the rest in over the next few days.
 
Subj: H-gram 010R Torpedo Junction Sep 17

75th Anniversary of WWII

Forgotten Valor: The Sacrifice of TRANSDIV 12
     On 15 Aug 42, five days after the U.S. Navy "abandoned" the U.S. Marines on Guadalcanal, four navy fast transports (APD's) of Transport Division (TRANSDIV) 12 arrived off Lunga Point and unloaded ammunition, aviation gasoline, aviation maintenance gear and about a hundred Marines and Navy personnel who would establish an airfield operations capability at what would become Henderson Field on Guadalcanal.  Making multiple supply runs to Guadalcanal over the next days, the lightly-armed converted World War I-vintage obsolescent destroyers relied on speed for survival.  None of them would survive the war.  Three of them wouldn't survive the next three weeks.  USS Colhoun (APD-2) was bombed and sunk by 18 Japanese bombers while unloading off Guadalcanal on 30 Aug 42, with the loss of 51 of her crew.
    USS Gregory (APD-3) and USS Little (APD-4) went down in a valiant but hopeless night fight against three Japanese destroyers just off Guadalcanal on 4-5 Sep 42.  Under the overall command of Commander Hugh W. Hadley, embarked on Little, as the two APD's turned to attack the Japanese destroyers which had just commenced shelling the Marines ashore, their slim chance of achieving surprise was accidently betrayed by flares dropped from a U.S. Navy PBY Catalina, which mistook the APD's for a Japanese submarine.  The startled Japanese, who had failed to previously detect the APD's, shifted their fire from the Marines ashore.  Five hundred Japanese shells later, the two APD's were on the bottom of Ironbottom Sound with almost 90 crewmen, including Hadley and the skippers of Gregory and Little; their sacrifice preventing further shelling of the Marines that night.
    Left out of most histories of the battle of Guadalcanal, this action ("Miscellaneous Action in the South Pacific") cost a similar number of Navy lives as Marines lost in the far more famous Battle of Bloody Ridge (approx. 90-100 KIA) on Guadalcanal on 12-14 Sep 42.   Rear Admiral Richmond K. Turner, commander of U.S. naval forces off Guadalcanal, wrote, "The officers and men serving in these ships have shown great courage and have performed outstanding service.  They entered this dangerous area time after time, well knowing their ships stood little or no chance if they should be opposed by any surface or air force the enemy would send into those waters." Yet, to support the Marines, they did.  Commander Hadley, Lieutenant Commander Harry F. Bauer (CO Gregory) and Lieutenant Commander Gus B. Lofberg (CO Little) were each awarded a posthumous Silver Star.  (For more on Navy efforts to supply the Marines on Guadalcanal, please see attachment H010.1 Operation Shoestring)  This one is below

Battle of the Eastern Solomons
   The third carrier battle of World War II, which took place in open waters northeast of the Solomon Islands on 24 Aug 42, was a victory for the U.S. Navy by a very narrow margin.  As at the Battle of Midway, the Japanese had overall numerical superiority, but in terms of the decisive weapon of the battle, dive-bombers, the U.S. had superiority 68 to 54.  And as at the Battle of Midway, but for some lucky breaks, the Japanese could have turned the battle into a disaster for the U.S.  However, the Japanese also caught a huge break when just before the battle, the U.S. commander RADM Frank Jack Fletcher detached the carrier USS Wasp (CV-7) and her escorts to refuel, causing them (and 60 carrier aircraft) to miss the battle entirely.  Unlike at the Battle of Midway, for a variety of reasons, U.S. naval intelligence was unable to provide as precise advance notice of the timing of Japanese intentions, or the locations of the Japanese carriers, which contributed to Fletcher's decision to release the Wasp at a critical point (although intelligence was clearly reported that the biggest Japanese operation since Midway was imminent.)  As a result, two U.S. carriers, the flagship USS Saratoga (CV-3) and USS Enterprise (CV-6,) with 154 carrier aircraft, faced off against two Japanese fleet carriers, Shokaku and Zuikaku (veterans of Pearl Harbor and Coral Sea, but which missed Midway.) and the light carrier Ryujo, with about 180 (171 operational) carrier aircraft, all under the command of VADM Chuichi Nagumo, who was still in command of the Japanese carrier force despite the debacle at the Battle of Midway.
  Both sides attempted to incorporate lessons learned from the Battle of Midway, the key one being to strike first.  Both sides had concluded that any strike now was better than a perfectly coordinated strike later.  On the U.S. side, this manifested itself in multiple instances of two-aircraft formations on scouting missions immediately boldly attacking entire Japanese task groups as soon as they sighted the Japanese.  On the Japanese side, having seen the slaughter of American torpedo-bombers at Midway, the Japanese concluded that their own torpedo-bombers were just as vulnerable, and held them back with the intent that dive-bombers would work over American carriers first, resulting in the Japanese torpedo-bombers never getting into the action, which no doubt saved U.S. carriers.
  When the incredibly chaotic Battle of the Eastern Solomons was over (poor U.S. radio circuit discipline resulted in numerous missed contact reports and intercepts,) the Japanese light carrier Ryujo had been sunk, with the loss of all but one of her 35 aircraft.  A single torpedo from the reconstituted Torpedo Squadron Eight (which had lost 15 of 15 TBD Devastators and 5 of 6 TBF Avengers at Midway) dealt the mortal blow to the Ryujo.  Unlike at Coral Sea, the Japanese fleet carrier Shokaku (now Nagumo's flagship) suffered only minor damage.  (Shokaku was equipped with Japan's first carrier search radar, which was surprisingly effective.) The Japanese also lost the destroyer Mutsuki, the troop transport Kinryu Maru, and significant damage to the light cruiser Jintsu and seaplane tender Chitose.  Most importantly, the Japanese lost 75 aircraft (64 carrier aircraft) and, unlike Midway, most of their crews were not recovered.  Including aircrew, about 300 Japanese died.
   On the American side, the carrier USS Enterprise was damaged by three bomb hits, with heavy casualties (75 killed,) but was able to proceed under her own power (once steering was restored) to Pearl Harbor for repairs.  The U.S. lost 25 aircraft  (23 carrier aircraft plus one PBY Catalina and one B-17 bomber that crash landed.)  Most of the carrier aircraft aircrew were recovered, several after many weeks of odyssey on remote islands (9 carrier aircrewmen were lost) and total U.S. deaths reached 90.
   The result of the battle was that the big Japanese push to reinforce Guadalcanal fizzled, and the large Japanese force withdrew after yet another failed attempt to draw U.S. navy forces into a night surface battle.  The victory was temporary, however, as the Japanese found other means (the "Tokyo Express") to get significantly more troops onto Guadalcanal.  The rapidly increasing numbers of 20mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns on U.S. ships had significant effect; although the new gun lacked the range to knock down Japanese dive-bombers and torpedo-bombers before weapons' release, they were very effective in ensuring many of those attacking aircraft would never be able to make another attack.  (For additional detail on the Battle of the Eastern Solomons, please see attachment H010.2.) this one will be in tomorrow's list.

Torpedo Junction
    On 15 Sep 42, the Japanese submarine I-19, under the command of Lieutenant Commander Takaichi Kinashi, fired arguably the most effective spread of torpedoes in history.  With six torpedoes, I-19 hit the aircraft carrier USS Wasp (CV-7) with at least two, possibly three torpedoes, which ultimately sank her with a loss of 173 of her crew, one newspaper correspondent, and 45 aircraft.  One torpedo passed under the destroyer USS Lansdowne (DD-486) before travelling several miles with two other torpedoes into the screen of the USS Hornet (CV-8).  One torpedo passed under the destroyer USS Mustin (DD-413) before blowing a 32 by 18 foot hole in the new fast battleship USS North Carolina (BB-55.)  Although still able to make 25 knots, her forward magazines were flooded as a precaution, and the North Carolina was put out of action for two months for repairs.  The destroyer USS O'Brien (DD-415) evaded one torpedo astern but was hit in the bow by another.  After temporary repairs, her crew sailed the O'Brien 2800 miles before she broke apart and sank on 19 October 1942 near Samoa while en route Pearl Harbor for additional repair.   The two carriers were providing cover for transports carrying the 7th Marine Regiment en route to reinforce the Marines on Guadalcanal when attacked by I-19.
   The loss of Wasp left the U.S. with two fleet carriers (Hornet, which had just missed being torpedoed on 6 Sep 42, and USS Enterprise (CV-6,) damaged at the Battle of the Eastern Solomons) against Japan's two remaining fleet carriers (Pearl Harbor, Coral Sea and Eastern Solomons veterans Shokaku and Zuikaku, and several medium and light carriers.)  The other U.S. fleet carrier, USS Saratoga (CV-3) had been torpedoed by I-26 on 31 Aug 42 southeast of Guadalcanal.  Although Saratoga's casualties were minimal (twelve wounded, including Rear Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher (laceration on the forehead,)) the carrier was put out of action for several months at a critical point in the Pacific War.  Both I-26 and I-19 successfully evaded depth-charge counter-attack, and I-26 would later sink the anti-aircraft cruiser USS Juneau (CL-52,) on 13 Nov 42, with the loss of almost her entire crew (687 of 697 were lost) including all five Sullivan brothers.  Although Admiral Fletcher's decision to move his carriers away from the immediate vicinity of Guadalcanal on 9 August after the landings on 7 August was heavily criticized at the time and by historians since, his concern that keeping the carriers in the same area for too long made them vulnerable to air or submarine attack actually proved well-founded.  (For more on "Torpedo Junction" please see attachment H010.3) this will be in tomorrow's list

Enlisted Hero: Samuel B. Roberts
     As the USS Samuel B. Roberts (FFG-58) was on fire and in critical danger of sinking after hitting an Iranian mine in the Arabian Gulf on 14 APR 1988, members of her crew were seen to place their hand on a bronze plaque listing the names of the Sailors who served on the first Samuel B. Roberts (DE-413) as if to draw inspiration from those Sailors who sacrificed their lives when DE-413 went down on 25 Oct 1944 off Samar, Philippines in an action Navy historian RADM Samuel Eliot Morison described as the most gallant and gutsy in U.S. Navy history.  Following the lead of Commander Ernest Evans on the USS Johnston (DD-557,) who conducted a solo torpedo attack against a Japanese force of four battleships, eight cruisers and numerous destroyers, the skipper of DE-413, Lieutenant Commander Robert W. Copeland, attacking under orders from the Task Group Commander, informed his crew, "We are going into battle against overwhelming odds, from which survival cannot be expected.  We will do what damage we can."  After a valiant fight, including dueling a Japanese battleship, the lightly armed (2x 5" guns) DE-413 went down under a storm of Japanese fire.  In his after action report, Copeland noted the valor of his crew and stated there was "no higher honor" than to command such men, which became the motto of FFG-58.  The heroic fight by the Johnston, Samuel B. Roberts and the other escorts and aircraft of "Taffy 3" caused the greatly superior Japanese force to turn away, preventing a catastrophe had the Japanese force gotten through to the supply ships and troop transports supporting General MacArthur's landing on Leyte.  The crew of FFG-58 saved their ship from damage that subsequent modeling indicated should have sunk her.
    FFG-58 was the third to bear the name Samuel B. Roberts. The second to bear the name, a Gearing-class destroyer (DD-823,) served with distinction during the Cold War, Cuban Missile Crisis, and Vietnam.  All of them lived up to the legacy of Samuel B. Roberts, a navy coxswain, who sacrificed his life by drawing fire with his landing craft while extracting Marines from a failed amphibious insertion behind Japanese lines on Guadalcanal on 27 Sep 42.  For his heroism, Samuel B. Roberts was awarded a posthumous Navy Cross.  When informed that the Navy wanted to name a ship after Roberts, his mother, who had served in World War I as a Yeoman (F,) sometimes called "Yeomanettes," agreed on condition that her younger son, Jack Roberts, be allowed to serve on the ship named for his brother.  Jack Roberts survived the sinking at Samar, was present at the commissioning of FFG-58, and his name is on the bronze plaque with the rest of his shipmates, now preserved in the collection of the Naval History and Heritage Command.  (Please see attachment H010.4 for additional detail on Samuel B. Roberts, and H010.5 for a photo of FFG-58's plaque commemorating DE-413's valor and sacrifice.)

Attacks on the United States Mainland
   On 9 Sep 42, a Japanese E14Y1 "Glen" float-plane piloted by Petty Officer Nobuo Fujita launched from the submarine I-25 off the coast of Oregon and dropped two incendiary bombs in the forest near Brookings with the intent to start a major forest fire.  This was the only bombing by a foreign nation of the U.S. mainland.  The bombs failed to have the desired effect on this or a second attempt by Fujita on 29 Sep 42, and no further submarine-launched air attacks were conducted for the remainder of the war.  Japanese B-1 type submarines carried one two-seat E14Y1 "Glen" float plane that could be disassembled and stowed in a hangar forward of the conning tower.  Just after the float plane had been recovered, disassembled and stowed on the first mission, the I-25 was bombed by a U.S. Army Air Force Hudson bomber with minor damage. (For additional reading on other attacks on the U.S. mainland by Japanese submarines and German saboteurs, please see attachment H010.6)

50th Anniversary of the Vietnam War
   I can't compete (at least cinematically) with the Ken Burns' Vietnam series now on PBS, but I thought these two vignettes written by retired U.S. Navy captain James Bloom (who writes an independent "Today in Naval History" blog...an activity I highly encourage!) are great examples of heroism demonstrated by U.S. Navy personnel in the Vietnam War;
   Lieutenant William C. Fitzgerald, USN (namesake of the USS Fitzgerald  (DDG-62,) recently involved in a fatal collision at sea) awarded a posthumous Medal of Honor for calling in an artillery strike on his own position in order to enable his men to escape an intense Viet Cong assault on 7 Aug 1967.
   Lieutenant Vincent R. Capodanno, Chaplain Corps, USNR, awarded a posthumous Navy Cross for sacrificing his life to protect U.S. Marines during a North Vietnamese Army (NVA) assault on 3 September 1967.

   For Captain Bloom's detail on LT Fitzgerald and LT Capodanno, please see attachment H010.7

(Major sources for this H-gram include; Guadalcanal: The Definitive Account of the Landmark Battle, by Richard B. Frank; History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Vol V, "The Struggle for Guadalcanal," by RADM Samuel Eliot Morison, USNR(ret); Neptune's Inferno, by James D. Hornfischer; The Conquering Tide: War in the Pacific Islands, 1942-1944, by Ian Toll; A Dawn Like Thunder: The True Story of Torpedo Squadron Eight, by Robert j. Mrazek; Combined Fleet Decoded, by John Prados, and No Higher Honor: Saving the USS Samuel B. Roberts in the Persian Gulf by Bradley Peniston.)

Very respectfully,

Sam

Samuel J. Cox
RADM, USN (Retired)

H010.1
Guadalcanal: Operation Shoestring
S.J. Cox
25 Sep 17
    For those who participated in Operation Watchtower, the Allied landing and occupation of Guadalcanal, the hastily planned and executed operation was more commonly known as "Operation Shoestring."  Resource and supply shortfalls characterized much of the operation.
    When the U.S. Navy transports and supply ships left the immediate vicinity of Guadalcanal on 9 Aug 42 for safer waters farther south (see H-gram 009,) the Marines ashore on the island were left with about four days worth of supplies.  This is somewhat deceiving since the last hours of ferrying supplies ashore were marked by considerable haste and chaos.  With RADM Frank Jack Fletcher's decision to move his three carriers further away from Guadalcanal, which deprived the U.S. invasion force of close air cover, and with RADM Kelly Turner's heaviest escorts sunk by the Japanese off Savo Island, the transport and supply ships unloaded as much as they could as fast as they could, but many supplies and much equipment was still aboard the ships when they departed.  Because the concept of "combat loading" was still in a learning phase, much of what did get ashore was a hodgepodge, strewn up and down the landing beach because the ability to offload from boats exceeded the capacity to get the supplies off the beach.  As a result, Turner left behind a number of landing craft and their Navy and Coast Guard coxswains and crews (who volunteered) to assist with moving and consolidating supplies.  One of the Navy coxswains was Samuel B. Roberts (see H010.4.)
    Fortunately for the Marines, there was minimal Japanese opposition in the first weeks on the island.  Most of the Japanese on the island had been construction troops who were in the process of clearing land for use as an airfield, and who had fled into the jungle, where without supplies of their own they quickly became mostly combat ineffective (but still executed some deadly ambushes.)  The uncompleted Japanese airfield was the reason the U.S. landed on Guadalcanal in the first place, and Marines immediately took over the task of finishing the airfield.  The Marines named the airstrip Henderson Field, after Major Lofton Henderson, who had been commander of the Marine bombing squadron based on Midway Island, and who had been shot down and killed while trying to attack the Japanese carrier force in the first hours of the Battle of Midway on 4 Jun 42.  Using brute muscle power and some captured Japanese equipment (much of their own construction equipment hadn't made it ashore yet) the Marines made rapid progress.  On 12 Aug 42, the first landing was made on Henderson Field by a U.S. Navy PBY Catalina flying boat.
     Just as the Marine supply situation became critical, the four fast transports of Transport Division 12 arrived on 15 Aug 42, under orders from VADM Robert Ghormley, the Commander of the South Pacific Area, to make all efforts to keep the Marines supplied.  The fast transports (converted World War I destroyers) Colhoun (APD-2,) Gregory (APD-3,) Little (APD-4,) and McKean (APD-5,) under the command of Commander Hugh W. Hadley, USN, mostly delivered supplies and gear intended to make Henderson Field operational.  The Marines had benefit of captured Japanese rations, so food was not a critical issue at that point.  (The four APD's returned on 20 Aug with rations for the Marines.)  Another U.S. ship attempting to supply the Marines, the overloaded converted China riverboat Lakotai, capsized and sank all by herself, before reaching Guadalcanal.
    Japanese reinforcement efforts began on 16 Aug 42, as Japanese destroyers began landing troops and supplies on Guadalcanal at night.  This would set the pattern for the first months of the battle.  Japanese destroyers (and their own versions of destroyer-transports) would arrive at night to offload troops and supplies, generally unmolested by the U.S., with the intent to be far enough back up the Solomon Island chain by daylight to avoid being attacked by U.S. carrier or Henderson Field-based aircraft.  During daylight hours, Japanese land-based bombers, escorted by Zero fighters, would fly from airfields in the northern Solomons to try to strike U.S. carriers, bomb the Marines on Guadalcanal, or sink any U.S. ships attempting to resupply the Marines ashore.  By the end of August, the pattern was essentially that the Japanese owned the night at sea. Control of the sky during the day was hotly contested with heavy losses in aircraft on both sides, but any Japanese ships caught in daylight were vulnerable to U.S. attack.
   On 20 Aug 42, the USS Long Island (CVE-1,) a merchant ship converted to an "Escort Carrier," (the first of about 100 to be built during the war) flew off 19 Wildcat fighters and 12 SBD Dauntless dive-bombers of Marine Squadrons VMF-233 and VMSB-232 which landed at Henderson Field and became the first of what became known as the "Cactus Air Force" (Cactus was the Allied code name for Guadalcanal.)  On 22 Aug, 14 U.S. Army Air Force P-400 fighters were brought in.  (The P-400's were export versions of the P-39 originally intended for Russia; although no match for Japanese fighters and unable to reach the altitude that Japanese land-based bombers normally operated, the P-400's did prove useful in a close-support ground-attack role.)  Combat and operational losses were heavy.  By the end of August, only five of the Wildcats and four P-400's were still flyable.  However, the number of aircraft based at Henderson gradually increased and included U.S. Navy aircraft from carriers that were sunk or damaged, and was a constantly changing mix of mostly Marine, Navy and some Army Air Force fighter, dive-bomber, and a few torpedo-bomber aircraft (remnants of Torpedo 8 flown off the USS Saratoga (CV-3) after she was damaged by a torpedo on 31 Aug 42, for example.)  Air battles between Japanese fighters (protecting Japanese bombers) and U.S. fighters (attempting to reach the Japanese bombers) were an almost daily occurrence in the skies over Guadalcanal, interrupted only by weather and the extreme range that Japanese aircraft had to fly to reach Guadalcanal.  The Japanese would also frequently send a float plane or a bomber to harass the Marines at night; although annoying, these night flights were rarely effective.
    By 20 Aug 42, Japanese destroyers had put ashore about 900 men of Colonel Kiyonao Ichiki's regiment, which was originally intended to be the Japanese landing force on Midway Island.  Ichiki rashly decided not to wait for the remaining two-thirds of his regiment to be delivered to the island, and launched a frontal attack on the Marines on the night of 21 Aug.  The first banzai charge, which had worked so well against poorly-trained Chinese troops, was cut to ribbons by the well-dug-in and disciplined Marines in what would be known as the Battle of the Tenaru River.  The total route, and slaughter, of Japanese troops continued into the next day as Marine light tanks wiped out the last remaining pocket of Japanese troops trapped in a coconut grove.  Ichiki committed suicide.  Some Japanese feigned death or surrender, only to kill Marines with hidden grenades.  Following this battle, taking prisoners by either side became a very rare event.  About 40 Marines died in the battle, compared to over 600 Japanese.
   On 21 Aug 42, the supply ships Fomalhaut (AK-22) and Alhena (AKA-9) arrived with additional supplies for the Marines, escorted by the destroyers Blue (DD-387), Henley (DD-391) and Helm (DD-388,) which remained overnight.  At about 0300 on 22 Aug, the radar-equipped Blue was hit in the stern by a torpedo from an undetected and unseen Japanese destroyer, the Kawakaze (which was operating alone,) killing nine of Blue's crew. This was the second time that Japanese eyeballs had proved superior to Blue's radar (the Japanese cruiser force had slipped past Blue's radar picket patrol to attack and sink the Allied cruisers at the Battle of Savo Island.) The damage was severe enough that Blue had to be scuttled on 23 Jun, as it became apparent that a major Japanese force was on the way to Guadalcanal (see H010.2 Battle of the Eastern Solomons.)
    On 28 August, a Japanese resupply convoy was caught in daylight by Marine aircraft from Henderson Field, and the Japanese destroyer Asagiri was sunk.  The Japanese became much more careful about exposing themselves in daylight.  Nevertheless, additional Japanese troops began to get ashore on Guadalcanal, under the command of Major General Kiyotake Kawaguchi.  The Japanese were still grossly overconfident of their ability to defeat the Marines on Guadalcanal, but unlike Ichiki, Kawaguchi had better sense to build up his forces until he was ready to mount a much larger attack on the Marines in mid-September in what would become known as the Battle of Bloody Ridge (or Edson's Ridge.)  But, as the Japanese built up their forces, so too did the Marines, as the Navy fast-transports continued to deliver supplies.
    On 30 Aug 42, the fast transport Colhoun (LCDR Madden commanding) paid the price as she and Little were covering off-loading from the transport Kopara (AK-62/AG-50) under a mostly cloudy sky.  However, a flight of 18 Japanese twin-engine bombers arrived overhead while Marine fighters were on the ground refueling following an earlier air attack.  The bombers spotted the Colhoun through a lucky break in the clouds and from high-above Colhoun's four 20mm anti-aircraft guns' range, unleashed an astonishingly accurate barrage of bombs.  Although trying to get up speed, Colhoun suffered two direct hits, and then a string of five near misses along the length of the hull, causing major structural damage, before two more direct hits.  Colhoun sank in under two minutes with the loss of over 50 of her crew.  (This may be the most accurate bombing of a ship by high-altitude horizontal bombing during the war.)
   From the period 30 Aug to 5 Sep, the Little (LCDR Gus Brynolf Lofberg, Jr., commanding, and TRANSDIV 12 commander, Commander Hugh W. Hadley, embarked) and the Gregory (LCDR Harry F. Bauer, commanding) remained in the Guadalcanal area, transporting supplies from ships off-loading in Tulagi Harbor across the sound to the beach at Guadalcanal (which had no harbor.)  On 4 Sep 42, Little and Gregory embarked the Marine 1st Raider Battalion from Tulagi, transported them to Savo Island in response to reports that Japanese had landed on the island (the Japanese apparently had just left,) and then disembarked the Raiders on Guadalcanal, by which time night had fallen.  Due to overcast, it was a very dark night, and with no navigation aids to show the way through poorly charted waters to Tulagi, Hadley opted to spend the night off Lunga Point, Guadalcanal.  What Hadley did not know was that a Japanese "Tokyo Express" run arrived off Guadalcanal that same night, consisting of the light cruiser Sendai and 11 destroyers.  (At the time, the almost nightly Japanese supply and reinforcement runs were known to those on Guadalcanal as the "Cactus Express."  "Tokyo Express" was a later invention by the press.)
    Six of the Japanese destroyers offloaded about 1,000 Japanese troops on Guadalcanal to the west of Little and Gregory, adding to MG Kawaguchi's build-up.  Three Japanese destroyers, Yudachi, Hatsuyaki, and Murakumo, passed just north of Little and Gregory to the east.  Neither the U.S. nor the Japanese sighted each other on the dark night.  At 0100 on 5 Sep 42, the three Japanese destroyers opened fire on Marine positions ashore on Guadalcanal.  At first Little and Gregory thought the fire came from a Japanese submarine (it was also routine on many nights for a Japanese submarine to surface and lob a few rounds at the Marines.)  Both ships went to general quarters and prepared to attack the "submarine."  However, when radar on Little indicated four separate contacts (although there were only three) Hadley was faced with a decision.  He could remain in place and hope the Japanese did not detect him when they returned to the west to exit the area.  He could attempt to flee to the west and hope the Japanese would not detect and run him down (Hadley didn't know it, but this course would have taken him toward an even larger Japanese force,) or, he could hope that with the Japanese focused on shelling the shore, he might have the advantage of surprise and could launch a desperation attack.
    As the Little and Gregory turned to attack, a U.S. Navy PBY Catalina flying boat searching for the "submarine," and not knowing the U.S. ships were there, dropped a string a flares directly ahead of the U.S. ships.  With their cover blown and all hope of surprise lost, nevertheless the two hopelessly out-gunned APD's charged the startled Japanese destroyers.  The three Japanese destroyers, modern ships with advanced fire control, exceptional night-fighting capability, and a total of 17 five-inch guns, quickly shifted their fire from the beach to the onrushing U.S. ships.  The battle was short and ugly.  Initial Japanese salvos still had anti-personnel rounds loaded, which caused no real structural damage, but decimated American gunners in the exposed topside gun mounts.  However, soon the two APD's were riddled by shellfire, as the Japanese fired over 500 rounds in a matter of 15 minutes.  Hadley and Lofberg were both killed on the bridge of Little by the avalanche of shellfire. The severely wounded CO of Gregory (LCDR Bauer) survived the sinking of his ship, but while in the water directed two Sailors who were assisting him to go to the aid of another wounded Sailor, and Bauer was never seen again.  The Japanese destroyers steamed right between the two burning and sinking ships, right through survivors, still pouring fire into the ships and men in the water.  Almost 90 Sailors from the Little and Gregory were lost that night or subsequently died of wounds. (The figure of 22 killed on Little and 11 on Gregory in RADM Turner's original report, subsequently reflected in Morison's account, was incorrect.  Even Richard Franks excellent book on Guadalcanal gets the casualties correct in the Appendix of losses, but incorrect in the account of the battle.  Most works don't even mention it.)
    For their heroism against overwhelming odds, Hadley, Lofberg and Bauer were awarded posthumous Silver Stars.  The Sumner-class destroyers, USS Hugh W. Hadley (DD-774,) USS Lofberg (DD-759,) and the Robert H. Smith-class destroyer minelayer, USS Harry F. Bauer (DD-738/DM-26) were named in honor of the heroes of this "miscellaneous battle."  (Of note, the model of the destroyer in the US Naval Academy Superintendent's Quarters (Buchanan House) is the USS Lofberg.)
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Item Number:1 Date: 10/02/2017 AFGHANISTAN - AFGHAN AIRSTRIKE KILLS 10 DOMESTIC FORCES IN HELMAND FRIENDLY-FIRE INCIDENT (OCT 02/RFE/RL)  RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY -- A friendly-fire incident in Afghanistan's Helmand province has left 10 Afghan security personnel dead and nine others wounded, say provincial officials cited by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   On Sunday, an Afghan air force airstrike hit a police checkpoint in Gereshk district in the southern province of Helmand, reported Reuters.   The strike hit members of Sangoryan, a special militia unit that wears local clothes to blend into areas where the Taliban is active, said a provincial official.   "The airstrike happened as Afghan forces were pushing to break through the Taliban front line in the strategic area that has been the scene of heavy fighting over the past several days," said Helmand Gov. Hayatullah Hayat.   Those killed included both Afghan police and intelligence personnel, said a local council member
Item Number:2 Date: 10/02/2017 CANADA - SOMALI REFUGEE FACES TERROR CHARGES AFTER POLICE STABBING, VEHICLE RAMPAGE (OCT 02/REU)  REUTERS -- Canadian authorities have charged a Somali refugee with five counts of attempted murder and terror charges, reports Reuters.   On Saturday evening, the suspect stabbed a police officer and drove a vehicle into pedestrians, say police, as reported by CBC News.   The 30-year-old suspect hit a police officer with a car and then attacked him with a knife in Edmonton, Alberta, said officials. He then fled. An Islamic State flag was found inside the vehicle, according to provincial police.   The attacker was stopped later that night at a checkpoint in a rented van. He fled the scene, leading to a high-speed car chase and hitting four pedestrians. He was arrested when the van flipped over.   Prime Minister Justin Trudeau called the incident a "terrorist attack," reported the BBC.   The suspect was known to the police and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and had been investigated for promoting extremist ideology, said officials
  Item Number:3 Date: 10/02/2017 COLOMBIA - ELN, BOGOTA START BILATERAL CEASE-FIRE (OCT 02/TELESUR)  TELESUR -- The National Liberation Army (ELN) guerrilla group and the Colombian government have begun a temporary bilateral cease-fire, reports Telesur (Venezuela).   The U.N.-monitored truce began 12:01 a.m., local time, on Sunday. It is expected to last until Jan. 9, 2018, after which it can be renewed.   The two sides have been holding peace talks since February in Quito, Ecuador.   The agreement, reached in September, is the first signed by the ELN since the start of the conflict five decades ago, said President Juan Manuel Santos.   As part of the deal, the ELN pledged to stop taking hostages, recruiting minors, using of land mines and attacking infrastructure. For its part, the government said it would improve conditions for jailed rebels and increase protection for community leaders.   Last week, ELN was blamed for two attacks on an oil pipeline near the border with Venezuela, reported Al Jazeera
Item Number:4 Date: 10/02/2017 CUBA - WASHINGTON PULLS HALF OF STAFF FROM HAVANA EMBASSY IN WAKE OF APPARENT SONIC ATTACKS (OCT 02/WSJ)  WALL STREET JOURNAL -- The U.S. has ordered more than half of its staff from the embassy in Cuba in response to mysterious attacks on diplomats, reports the Wall Street Journal.   The order was made Friday, accompanied by a warning to Americans not to visit the island.   Only essential personnel will remain, sources told CBS News.   Diplomats at the embassy have complained of symptoms from hearing loss and nausea to headaches and balance issues after unspecified "incidents" began affecting them in late 2016.   There are 21 medically confirmed cases, according to the State Dept. The attacks were directed at the homes of the personnel, which are provided by the Cuban government. Apparent sonic attacks were cited.   The last reported incident was in August. Washington has not blamed Cuba for the illnesses, noted the Journal.   Meetings last week between Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Eduardo Rodriguez Parrilla did not assure U.S. officials that Cuba was doing enough to protect American personnel.   The Cuban minister said his government chad not onducted any sort of attacks against diplomats. Local authorities found no evidence for the cause or origin of the health issues, he said
Item Number:5 Date: 10/02/2017 DEM REP OF CONGO - NO KNOWN SURVIVORS IN CRASH OF MILITARY TRANSPORT FLYING FROM KINSHASA (OCT 02/DEWELLE)  DEUTSCHE WELLE -- A Congolese military transport aircraft has crashed in the Democratic Republic of Congo, reports Deutsche Welle.   The Russian-made An-12 that belonged to the Congolese army went down Saturday soon after takeoff in the capital Kinshasa. The aircraft was headed to the eastern city of Bukavu, said officials cited by Reuters.   Several accounts said there were no survivors.   Casualties have been reported variously. Defense Minister Crispin Atama Tabe confirmed that all 12 members of the Russian crew were killed.   Military and airport sources told AFP that the transport was carrying two vehicles and weapons and "between 20 and 30" military personnel. One source put the crash location at Nsele, which is about 60 miles from Kinshasa
Item Number:6 Date: 10/02/2017 EGYPT - MILITANT GROUP BOMBS BURMESE EMBASSY IN CAIRO; ATTACK CALLED RETALIATION FOR CRACKDOWN ON ROHINGYA (OCT 02/REU)  REUTERS -- An Egyptian militant group called Hasm has claimed responsibility for a small explosion this weekend at Burma's Embassy in Cairo, reports Reuters.   Traces of explosives were found at the scene of Saturday's blast, said security sources. The explosion was initially reported as a gas leak.   In a statement on Sunday, Hasm said the blast was retaliation for the Burmese military crackdown on Ronhingya Muslims in Burma's restive Rakhine state.   This was Hasm's first known attack on a civilian target. Last year, it was blamed for attack judges and policemen in Cairo. The group's statement said it made sure there were no civilian casualties.   Since late August, more than 410,000 members of the Rohingya ethnic minority have fled to neighboring Bangladesh
Item Number:7 Date: 10/02/2017 FINLAND - HELSINKI READY FOR NATO CRISIS MANAGEMENT DRILL (OCT 02/YLE)  YLE NEWS -- Finland is sending a delegation to participate in the early October NATO crisis management exercises, reports YLE, the Finnish Broadcasting Co.   The CMX17 drills, which run from Oct. 4 to Oct. 11, are based on a fictional scenario and do not involve any deployed forces, noted a Sept. 28 release from the Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs.   The Finnish contingent includes personnel from the Foreign Ministry, Defense Ministry, Finnish Defense Command and the Finnish mission to NATO in Brussels.   Also participating are NATO headquarters and strategic commands, civilians and military staff from NATO missions in allied and partner capitals.   The exercise is in support of Finnish and Swedish cooperation with NATO, said the ministry.   Finland joined NATO's Partnership for Peace in 1994.   The European Union is simultaneously holding its EU PACE 17 exercise, which will be coordinated and conducted in parallel with CMX17.  
  Item Number:8 Date: 10/02/2017 FRANCE - ATTACKER STABS, KILLS 2 WOMEN AT MARSEILLE TRAIN STATION; ISIS SAYS ATTACKER WAS ONE OF ITS 'SOLDIERS' (OCT 02/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- The Islamic State has claimed responsibility for a deadly knife attack in the southern French port city of Marseille, reports Agence France-Presse.   On Sunday, the attacker stabbed and killed two women in front of the Saint-Charles train station before being shot and killed by soldiers, said police.   Around 200 police officers cordoned off the area and closed road traffic, said security sources.   ISIS claimed responsibility on its Amaq news agency, according to the SITE monitoring group, which tracks jihadist messages. The terror group said the attacker was one of its "soldiers."   Fox News said the man was in his late 20s and of North African descent. Police sources told Sky News (U.K.) that he shouted "Allahu Akbar" during the attack   French authorities are investigating whether the suspect had accomplices or direct links to ISIS, reported the Guardian (U.K.). He previously used multiple fake identities in a series of arrests, said police.  
Item Number:9 Date: 10/02/2017 ISRAEL - NEW SAMSON DUAL REMOTE WEAPON STATION PACKS 30-MM CANNON, 7.62-MM MACHINE GUN (OCT 02/RAFAEL)  RAFAEL ADVANCED DEFENSE SYSTEMS -- Israeli defense firm Rafael has developed a new member of its Samson family of remote weapon stations.   The Samson Dual 30-mm M230LF weapon station is intended to meet U.S. Army and Marine Corps operational requirements, including for low-intensity urban conflict, defeating armored personnel carriers and infantry on the ground, the company said on Sept. 29.   The Dual M230LF features armor protection and under-armor reloading capabilities for improved crew survivability.   The weapon station has two main and secondary armaments, including a 30-mm M230LF cannon and coaxial 7.62-mm machine gun.   The turret is gyro-stabilized on two axes and is supported by advanced algorithms, a third-generation fire-control system and automatic target tracker for shooting-on-the-move, said company officials
Item Number:10 Date: 10/02/2017 NORTH KOREA - SUB-LAUNCHED MISSILE PROGRAM TAKES ANOTHER STEP, SHOWS SATELLITE IMAGERY (OCT 02/38N)  38 NORTH -- Recent commercial satellite imagery indicates that North Korea is working on a second submersible ballistic missile test stand barge at the Nampo Navy Shipyard on the nation's west coast, reports 38 North. The web-based project is affiliated with the U.S.-Korea Institute at the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University.   The purpose of the second barge and ongoing work is unclear, but there are a number of possibilities, said analysts with 38 North.   Among the possibilities cited: refurbishing as part of efforts to expand the submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) test and development program; salvaging to use for parts to maintain the original barge based at Sinpo South Shipyard; or scrapping the barge, allowing naval architects and builders to examine its construction in detail.   The first could be part of a program to develop west coast SLBM infrastructure, development of new SLBM designs or part of plans to station a ballistic-missile sub with the West Sea Fleet, said the report.   Submersible test barges are a key component for any SLBM development program, the analysts said
Item Number:11 Date: 10/02/2017 NORWAY - GOVERNMENT SEEKS TO JOIN NATO CYBER DEFENSE CENTER AS SPONSORING NATION (OCT 02/INFOSEC)  INFOSECURITY -- The Norwegian government has decided to join the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defense Center of Excellence in Tallinn, Estonia, reports Infosecurity magazine. Oslo made the announcement last week.   Such a move would bring the number of countries participating in the hub to 21.   The center is a research, training and exercise facility providing an all-aspect view of cyber defense, with expertise in the areas of technology, strategy operations and law.   Norway wants to join as a sponsoring nation -- a membership status available to all NATO allies.   Current sponsoring nations are Belgium, the Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Spain, Turkey, the U.K. and the U.S. Austria, Finland and Sweden are contributing participants, the status available for non-NATO countries.  
  Item Number:12 Date: 10/02/2017 RUSSIA - FSB BUSTS ISIS 'SLEEPER CELL' IN MOSCOW REGION (OCT 02/RT)  RUSSIA TODAY -- Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB) says it has arrested members of an Islamic State sleeper cell in Moscow, reports the domestic RT news channel.   The FSB said it detained all of the cell members on Sept. 30 in the Moscow region. The exact number was not given in the FSB statement on Monday.   The suspects planned to conduct high-profile attacks on crowded areas and public transportation, said the security agency.   Those arrested were from Russia's North Caucasus region, said the FSB.   Security personnel found two powerful, ready-to-use improvised explosive devices, pistols and grenades in their apartments, said the statement
Item Number:13 Date: 10/02/2017 SOUTH KOREA - U.S., S. KOREAN SOLDIERS COMPLETE INITIAL COMBINED SHORT-RANGE AIR DEFENSE DRILL (OCT 02/ANS)  ARMY NEWS SERVICE -- For the first time, U.S. and South Korean army personnel recently conducted a combined short-range air defense (SHORAD) exercise in South Korea, reports the Army News Service.   The drill was designed to integrate efforts between the allies on SHORAD, gaining familiarity with each other's weapon systems and capabilities, the service reported on Friday.   The participants during the September exercise worked through a realistic scenario that required coordinatin between South Korean and U.S. leadership, said 2nd Lt. David Lara, a platoon leader with the U.S. Army's 6th Battalion, 52nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment.   During the field exercise, the U.S. and South Korean units trained on their primary tasks of emplacing combined SHORAD assets, de-conflicting engagements of enemy aircraft and using secondary means of targeting hostile aircraft when their primary weapon system becomes combat ineffective, said the Army release.   The drills were held at the Darraksae training area in Pocheon
Item Number:14 Date: 10/02/2017 TURKEY - TURKISH OFFICIALS OPEN MAJOR TRAINING CAMP FOR SOMALI MILITARY (OCT 02/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- Turkey has opened its largest overseas military base, a training camp in Mogadishu, Somalia, reports the Voice of America News.   On Saturday, Somali Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire and Gen. Hulusi Akar, the head of the Turkish military, jointly inaugurated the 1.54-square mile facility in the Jaziira coastal area of the Somali capital.   The US$50 million base has been under construction since March 2015, noted Turkish media. The camp includes three military residential complexes and training and sports facilities.   More than 200 Turkish military personnel will train around 10,000 Somali troops in batches of 1,500 at a time, according to Somalia's Defense Ministry.  
  Item Number:15 Date: 10/02/2017 UNITED KINGDOM - RAF RECEIVES 3RD AIRSEEKER SIGINT AIRCRAFT (OCT 02/L3)  L-3 COMMUNICATIONS -- New York-based L3 Technologies has announced the delivery of the third and last RC-135V/W Rivet Joint signals intelligence aircraft to the British Royal Air Force.   The aircraft, handed over on Sept. 28 at RAF Waddington in Lincolnshire, is known as the Airseeker in the U.K.   The platforms provide new collaborative intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities in support of worldwide security missions, said an L3 release on Thursday.   The company has also supplied a station to support ground operations and training systems for operators and maintainers
Item Number:16 Date: 10/02/2017 USA - ARMY AWARDS $1 BILLION CONTRACT FOR LANDING SHIPS TO REPLACE 'MIKE BOATS' (OCT 02/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The U.S. Army has selected Vigor Works, based in Oregon, to build its new Maneuver Support Vessel (Light) (MSV(L)), reports Defense News.   On Sept. 28, the service awarded Vigor Works a $980 million contract for the program, with an estimated completion date of 2027.   The schedule calls for a prototype to be built for testing in fiscal 2019, noted Marine Log. Four vessels would be built during low-rate initial production from fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2022. Full-rate production would cover 32 landing ships from fiscal 2023 to fiscal 2027.   The MSV(L) will replace the Landing Craft Mechanized 8 (LCM 8) ("Mike Boat"), a 74-foot vessel with a top speed of 9 knots. It entered service in the late 1950s.   The new vessel is expected to be 100 feet long and able to carry an M1A2 Abrams tank, two Stryker armored vehicles or four Joint Light Tactical Vehicles (JLTVs) with trailers. It will have a top speed of 18 knots
Item Number:17 Date: 10/02/2017 USA - BATH IRON WORKS PICKS UP 2-DESTROYER DEAL (OCT 02/GDBIW)  GENERAL DYNAMICS BATH IRON WORKS -- General Dynamics Bath Iron Works has received contracts from the U.S. Navy for the planning and construction of two Arleigh Burke-class destroyers, reports the Maine-based shipyard.   The deal was announced on Sept. 28 by the state's congressional delegation, noted the Bangor Daily News.   The contract modification, the value of which was not disclosed, fully funds both ships.   The DDG 126 was awarded under a contract that was part of a multi-year competition for Arleigh Burke-class destroyers in 2013. The second ship, DDG 127, was approved under separate legislation.   The funding also covers Flight III upgrades for the DDG 126. The DDG 127 will be built in the Flight IIA configuration, according to a Pentagon release on Sept. 28.   The Flight III configuration incorporates the SPY-6 Air and Missile Defense Radar (AMDR) as well as upgrades to electrical power and cooling capacity.   Because the Navy plans to release a competitive solicitation for additional Flight III warships in the future, the contract award is considered sensitive information, the Pentagon said.   Maine Senators Susan Collins (R) and Angus King (I) have expressed concern over the maturity of the Flight III design, noted USNI News.   Work under the contract was scheduled to be completed in fiscal 2024
  Item Number:18 Date: 10/02/2017 USA - NAVY INVESTIGATES ACCOUNT OF TRAINING AIRCRAFT CRASH IN TENN. (OCT 02/S&S)  STARS AND STRIPES -- A U.S. Navy says it is investigating reports of the crash of a training jet with two onboard in eastern Tennessee, reports the Stars and Stripes.   Local accounts said a T-45C Goshawk was went down Sunday evening near Tellico Plains in the Cherokee National Forest, said a Navy statement.   The Navy confirmed that the aircraft, part of Training Air Wing 1, was training in the area and had not yet returned to Naval Air Station Meridian in Mississippi.   An instructor and a student pilot were on board, said the Navy. Their status was unknown
Item Number:19 Date: 10/02/2017 USA - TERRORIST DRONES TOOK HIT IN SYRIA, BUT REMAIN GROWING THREAT, SAY U.S. OFFICIALS (OCT 02/LAT)  LOS ANGELES TIMES -- U.S. officials say that coalition airstrikes and local militias in eastern Syria have seriously hurt the Islamic State's drone efforts, reports the Los Angeles Times.   The terrorists have been active in this regard. A special unit of ISIS in both Iraq and Syria flew small quadcopters and model-aircraft-sized drones to gather video of U.S.-backed ground forces and to drop crude munitions.   Dozens of Iraqi troops were killed or wounded by 40-mm grenades and light explosives dropped from ISIS drones during the fight for Mosul in northern Iraq, say U.S. officials.   This type of threat does not stop on the battlefield, however, FBI Director Christopher Wray told a Senate hearing last week.   "We do know that terrorist organizations have an interest in using drones," Wray said. "We have seen that overseas already with some frequency. I think that the expectation is that it is coming here, imminently."   ISIS affiliates in the Philippines, Libya and Yemen have already been using drones for surveillance, noted officials. Al-Qaida-linked groups in Syria, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the Taliban in Afghanistan are also employing unmanned air vehicles.   The Pentagon has made slow progress in combating drones, Gen. Joseph Dunford, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, told the Senate Armed Services Committee last week.   "It does create a significant challenge, and we have done all we can do today to deal with that challenge, as well as develop the capabilities we'll need tomorrow," said the JCS head.   Drones are the top of the military's list for "current emerging threats," said Dunford.   The U.S. military has fielded a range of electronic jammers and other specialized equipment to help Iraqi forces defend against drones, while launching a number of other projects to improve its own anti-drone capabilities, said officials.  
Item Number:20 Date: 10/02/2017 YEMEN - U.S. SURVEILLANCE DRONE SHOT DOWN, CLAIMS HOUTHIS (OCT 02/XIN)  XINHUA -- Houthi rebels in Yemen say they downed a U.S. unmanned aerial vehicle over the weekend, reports Xinhua, China's state news agency.   The MQ-9 Reaper was shot down with a guided missile Sunday morning in the Jadar area north of Sanaa, Yemen's capital, said a Houthi statement carried by the Houthi-controlled SABA news agency.   "The drone was more likely doing a regular spy mission over the capital," the statement said.   The wreckage of the UAV, which was caught on camera, was carried away by the Houthis on a pickup truck, reported Reuters.   The Houthis and their ally, a former president, are battling a Saudi-led coalition trying to restore the internationally recognized government of President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi. The U.S. has supported the air campaign, noted Middle East Eye.   The Bahrain-based U.S. Fifth Fleet did not immediately respond to a request for comment.  
 
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