Wednesday, September 27, 2017

Fw: TheList 4553

The List 4553

To All
I hope that your weekend went well.
This Day in Naval History September 25
1941 - In first successful U.S. Navy escort of convoys during World War II, Navy escort turn over HX-150 to British escorts at the Mid-Ocean Meeting Point. All ships reach port safely.
1957 - In project Stratoscope, Office of Naval Research obtains sharp photographs of sun's corona from first balloon-borne telescope camera.
Today in History September 25
The last great Christian crusade, led jointly by John the Fearless of Nevers and King Sigismund of Hungary, ends in disaster at the hands of Sultan Bayezid I's Ottoman army at Nicopolis.
In Sweden, King Sigismund is defeated at Stangebro by his uncle Charles.
British troops capture Ethan Allen, the hero of Ticonderoga, when he and a handful of Americans try to invade Canada.
Congress proposes 12 new amendments to the Constitution.
The 12th Amendment is ratified, changing the procedure of choosing the president and vice-president.
American General Zachary Taylor's forces capture Monterey, Mexico.
The first National Aeronautic Show opens at Madison Square Garden.
An allied offensive is launched in France against the German Army.
Brazil declares war on Austria.
German Chancellor Adolf Hitler meets with Italian Premier Benito Mussolini in Munich.
President Franklin Roosevelt urges negotiations between Hitler and Czech President Edvard Benes over the Sudetenland.
The War Labor Board orders equal pay for women in the United States.
The Red Army retakes Smolensk from the Germans who are retreating to the Dnieper River in the Soviet Union.
President Dwight Eisenhower and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev begin Camp David talks.
Scientists warn that continued use of aerosol sprays will cause ozone depletion, which will lead to an increased risk of skin cancer and global weather changes.
Sandra Day O'Connor, the first female Supreme Court Justice, is sworn in.
Maze Prison escape, County Antrim, Northern Ireland; 38 IRA prisoners escape in the largest prison breakout in British history; known among Irish republicans as the Great Escape.
NASA launches Mars Observer probe; it fails 11 months later.
Ireland's last Magdalene laundry closes; begun as asylums to rehabilitate "fallen women," they increasingly took on prison-like qualities.
China launches Shenzhou 7 spacecraft; crew performs China's first extra-vehicular activity (EVA).
US President Barack Obama, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, and French President Nicolas Sarkozy jointly accuse Iran of building a secrecy nuclear enrichment facility.
Last Friday was National POW Recognition Day My apologies for not mentioning it on Friday.
Also on Sunday was National Gold Star Mother's Day
National Gold Star Mother's Day, also known as National Gold Star Mother's and Family's Day, is observed annually on the last Sunday in September. National Gold Star Mother's Day was created to recognize and honor those that have lost their son or daughter while serving ...
Thanks to Jack
As established by Congress in the Defense Authorization Act of 1998, National POW/MIA Recognition Day is now always the 3rd Friday of Sept. Every year. Fingers
Former POW: 'Faith Was the Key to Our Survival'
Former POW: 'Faith Was the Key to Our Survival'
By Melanie Hunter | September 16, 2016 | 3:06 PM EDT 
Former POW retired U.S. Capt. Gerald Coffey (Screenshot)
( – In a speech at the Defense Department's National POW/MIA Recognition Day in Arlington, Va., Friday, retired U.S. Capt. Gerald Coffey said as a former prisoner of war in North Vietnam, he never lost faith in his country and that faith was the "key" to his survival.

"We never lost faith in our country. As a matter of fact, faith was the key to our survival – faith in ourselves to do what was necessary to survive, and not just survive but to take this opportunity to grow and build upon the uniqueness of our experience every day," Coffey said.
Coffey became a POW in 1966 and spent seven years in a dungeon in Hanoi.

"I was shot down over North Vietnam in February of 1966, finally released from the communist dungeons of Hanoi in February of 1973 – seven years and nine days," he said.

"I want to tell you that we POWs … looked at our time then in the prisons of North Vietnam as another form of combat. We never, ever gave up. We never, ever gave in," Coffey added.

"We never lost faith in our country. As a matter of fact, faith was the key to our survival – faith in ourselves to do what was necessary to survive, and not just survive but to take this opportunity to grow and build upon the uniqueness of our experience every day," he said.

"We realized that we were simply in a different kind of combat – a combat of resistance. The communists tried to keep us separate as if we wouldn't even be able to know that there were other POWs in whatever prison we happened to be in. However, our challenge was to organize ourselves, and if you can imagine six or seven different prisons, that organization was challenging," Coffey said.

Coffey described how he and his fellow POWs used a "POW tap code" to "communicate with each other in ways that were just incredible, not only by listening to the tap code, but by flashing it when there was a line of sight connection."

"Tap Code was very important in giving comfort and solace to one another. When you knew that the man in the cell next to you was down and hurting, his feet locked in the ankle cuffs at the foot of a concrete slab, his hands cuffed tightly behind him, and he'd been like that for a week or a month, you'd get up to your wall frequently, and you'd tap to him, GB. He knew that that meant God bless," Coffey said. "He knew that it also meant be tough, hang in there, I'm praying for you, and you bet you were."

"And then in the future, in a week or a month or whenever, he'd get up to his wall to encourage you the same way. For example, on the POW flag, 'Never forget," Coffey said, as he tapped out the words.

"We all came out of that prison experience as stronger men. In some ways, it was like cramming a doctorate's degree into those years in prison," he said.

"I'd like to leave you this morning with a POW message. At the end of every day, we'd sign off and say good night," Coffey concluded, demonstrating the tap code. "GN, for good night. GBA, God bless America, every single night."
Thanks to THE Hawk and Miss Jenny. This pretty much sums it up
o Dutch; Hawk: RIGHT ON, Shipmate!
Miss Jenny & I started watching the Sunday night NFL game w/ Redskins-vs-Raiders and the disrespectful "Princes" were kneeling, etc all over the place!  WE stood, as always, w/ hands over our hearts until the National Anthem concluded: THEN promptly turned the TV OFF in utter disgust!  GOD Bless Dallas!
In the Virginian Pilot Newspaper today, Sunday, 9/24; Kerry Daughtry, a weekly columnist waxed heavily on the Pros-&-Cons of this kneeling "Issue"; (a Washington term), --- Summarizing thusly; (my words; not hers), as follows:
- PRO Football is somewhat boring overall.
-- Everyone is a super-star at their position, so nothing much appears to happen to the "Unwashed Observer".
- College Football is exciting with exceptional players who create some unbelievable plays because everyone is NOT a super-star!
-- Most college players will never play Pro Ball, but some are truly incredible skilled and quick, while NOT terribly large.
- Everyone watches football because it's FREE from POLITICAL Riff Raff; BUT NOT NOW in the NFL!!  We all HATE that!
- College games do NOT show the playing of the National Anthem because of "AIR TIME" costs, etc, so TV Coverage begins w/ Kick off!
SOLUTION:? Watch College Football and skip NFL Games!
- Alternatively: Have NFL Teams go to their Locker Rooms (after Warm-ups) and remain there thru Presentation of the colors and our National Anthem!  I Absolutely Loved this lady's Pitch & POV.
- Our National Anthem and Presentation of colors are the ONE MAJOR THING that UNITES ALL TRUE AMERICANS!
- The "Perfumed Princes" are now DISRESPECTING; not only Our National Anthem AND our FLAG, Plus ALL Veterans who have served and sacrificed  for this Country, but also now--- disrespecting our President! Where does this stop?
Little wonder he said "Fire the sons-of-b@#$%s"!  I couldn't agree more!
- I will no longer watch an NFL game that has even a SINGLE player who kneels during our National Anthem and the presentation of our National Ensign, and you can take THAT to the bank!
- I hope all Americans will vote with their money + time, and vote with their feet.
- Keep the pressure ON and don't let up!
My Fond, Best Wishes;
From Skip
The news this morning said that the NFL was down 10% from last week. Lets keep it going down. The owners will get on the Jerry Jones band wagon soon enough.
Thanks to Al. I can watch part of it from my house when they go high and hear the sound of freedom for the weekend.
This past weekend was the Miramar Air Show.  This Monday Morning Humor is dedicated to all those who have taken to the skies in service of their country.

When one engine fails on a twin-engine airplane you always have enough power left to get you to the scene of the crash.
Blue sea Navy truism: There are more planes in the ocean than there are submarines in the sky.
Never trade luck for skill.
The three most common expressions (or famous last words) in aviation are, "Why is it doing that?", "Where are we?" and "Ohh $#!+!!"
Weather forecasts are horoscopes with numbers.
Airspeed, altitude or brains: two are always needed to successfully complete the flight.
A smooth landing is mostly luck; two in a row is all luck; three in a row is prevarication.
Mankind has a perfect record in aviation; we never left one up there!
If the wings are traveling faster than the fuselage, it's probably a helicopter -- and therefore, unsafe.
Flashlights are tubular metal containers kept in a flight bag for the purpose of storing dead batteries.
Flying the airplane is more important than radioing your plight to a person on the ground incapable of understanding it or doing anything about it.
When a flight is proceeding incredibly well, something was forgotten.
Just remember, if you crash because of weather, your funeral will be held on a sunny day.
A pilot who doesn't have any fear probably isn't flying his plane to its maximum.
You've never been lost until you've been lost at Mach 3.
Never fly in the same cockpit with someone braver than you.
There is no reason to fly through a thunderstorm in peacetime.
The three best things in life are a good landing, a good orgasm, and a good bowel movement. The night carrier landing is one of the few opportunities in life where you get to experience all three at the same time.
What is the similarity between air traffic controllers and pilots? If a pilot screws up, the pilot dies; If an air traffic controller screws up, the pilot dies.
Without ammunition the USAF would be just another expensive flying club.
If something hasn't broken on your helicopter, it's about to.
Basic Flying Rules:
Try to stay in the middle of the air.
Do not go near the edges of it.
The edges of the air can be recognized by the appearance of ground, buildings, sea, trees and interstellar space. It is much more difficult to fly there.
You know that your landing gear is up and locked when it takes full power to taxi to the terminal.

Submitted by Jerry Norris:
Truths in Aviation
It's better to be down here wishing you were up there, than to be up there wishing you were down here.
An airplane will probably fly a little bit over gross, but it won't fly without fuel.
Speed is life; altitude is life insurance.
If you're ever faced with a forced landing at night, turn on the landing lights to see the landing area. If you don't like what you see, turn 'em off.
Never let an airplane take you somewhere your brain didn't get to five minutes earlier.
Too many pilots are found in the wreckage with their hands around a microphone. Don't drop the aircraft in order to fly the microphone.
An airplane flies because of a principle discovered by Bernoulli, not Marconi.
Fly it until the last piece stops moving.
No one has ever collided with the sky.
Any attempt to stretch fuel is guaranteed to increase headwinds.
A thunderstorm is natures way of saying "Up yours."
Keep looking around, there's always something you missed.
Remember, you're always a student in an airplane.
Any pilot who does not at least privately consider himself the best in the business is in the wrong business.
It's best to keep the pointed end going forward as much as possible.
Hovering is for pilots who love to fly, but have no place to go.
The only time you have too much fuel is when you're on fire.
A jet fighter in the air is a dual emergency because it's always low on fuel and on fire. A single engine jet in the air is a triple emergency.
The only thing worse than a captain who never flew copilot is a copilot who was once a captain.
A terminal forecast is a horoscope with numbers.
Takeoffs are optional. Landings are mandatory.
The first thing every pilot does after making a gear up landing is to put the gear handle down.
A "good" landing is one which you can walk away from. A great landing is one which lets you use the airplane another time.
A good simulator check ride is like successful surgery on a cadaver.
Good judgment comes from experience. Good experience comes from someone else's bad judgment.
An airplane may disappoint a good pilot, but it won't surprise him.
Learn from the mistakes of others. You won't live long enough to make them all yourself.
Things which do you no good in aviation:
Altitude above you.
Runway behind you.
Fuel in the truck.
Half a second in history.
Approach plates in the car.
The airspeed you don't have.
A smooth touchdown in a simulator is about as exciting as kissing your sister.
Three things kill young pilots in Alaska: weather, weather and weather.
Fuel is life.

Submitted by Mike Bolier:

About Pilots:
As an aviator in flight you can do anything you want... as long as it's right... and we'll let you know if it's right after you get down.
You can't fly forever without getting killed.
As a pilot only two bad things can happen to you and one of them will. 
One day you will walk out to the aircraft knowing that it is your last flight in an airplane. 
One day you will walk out to the airplane not knowing that it is your last flight in an airplane.
Any flight over water in a single engine airplane will absolutely guarantee abnormal engine noises and vibrations.
There are Rules and there are Laws. The rules are made by men who think that they know better how to fly your airplane than you. The Laws (of Physics) were made by the Great One. You can, and sometimes should, suspend the Rules but you can never suspend the Laws.
More about Rules:
The rules are a good place to hide if you don't have a better idea and the talent to execute it. 
If you deviate from a rule, it must be a flawless performance. (e.g., If you fly under a bridge, don't hit the bridge.)
The pilot is the highest form of life on earth.
The ideal pilot is the perfect blend of discipline and aggressiveness.
The medical profession is the natural enemy of the aviation profession.
The job of the Wing Commander is to worry incessantly that his career depends solely on the abilities of his aviators to fly their airplanes without mishap and that their only minuscule contribution to the effort is to bet their lives on it.
Ever notice that the only experts who decree that the age of the pilot is over are people who have never flown anything? Also, in spite of the intensity of their feelings that the pilot's day is over I know of no such expert who has volunteered to be a passenger in a non-piloted aircraft.
It is absolutely imperative that the pilot be unpredictable. Rebelliousness is very predictable. In the end, conforming almost all the time is the best way to be unpredictable.
He who demands everything that his aircraft can give him is a pilot; he that demands one iota more is a fool.
It is solely the pilot's responsibility to never let any other thing touch his aircraft.
If you can learn how to fly as a Ensign and not forget how to fly by the time you're a Lieutenant Commander you will have lived a happy life.
About night flying: 
Remember that the airplane doesn't know that it's dark. 
On a clear, moonless night, never fly between the tanker's lights. 
There are certain aircraft sounds that can only be heard at night. 
If you're going to night fly, it might as well be in the weather so you can double count your exposure to both hazards. 
Night formation is really an endless series of near misses in equilibrium with each other. 
You would have to pay a lot of money at a lot of amusement parks and perhaps add a few drugs, to get the same blend of psychedelic sensations as a single engine night weather flight.
One of the most important skills that a pilot must develop is the skill to ignore those things that were designed by non-pilots to get the pilot's attention.
The concept of "controlling" airspace with radar is just a form of sarcasm directed at pilots to see if they're gullible enough to swallow it. Or to put it another way, when's the last time an air controller ever shot anyone down?
Remember that the radio is only an electronic suggestion box for the pilot. Sometimes the only way to clear up a problem is to turn it off.
It is a tacit, yet profound admission of the preeminence of flying in the hierarchy of the human spirit, that those who seek to control aviators via threats always threaten to take one's wings and not one's life.
Remember when flying low and inverted that the rudder still works the same old way but hopefully your IP never taught you "pull stick back, plane go up".
Mastering the prohibited maneuvers in the NATOPS Manual is one of the best forms of aviation life insurance you can get.
A tactic done twice is a procedure. (Refer to unpredictability discussion above)
The aircraft G-limits are only there in case there is another flight by that particular airplane. If subsequent flights do not appear likely, there are no G-limits.
If a mother has the slightest suspicion that her infant might grow up to be a pilot, she had better teach him to put things back where he got them
The ultimate responsibility of the pilot is to fulfill the dreams of the countless millions of earthbound ancestors who could only stare skyward ...and wish.

Submitted by Jim Weaver:

A comparison of pilot traditions between the Navy and the Air Force…
     On a carrier, the Naval Aviator looks over at the Catapult Officer ("Shooter") who gives the run up engines signal by rotating his finger above his head. The pilot pushes the throttle forward, checks all gauges and gives the Cat officer a brisk salute, continuing the Navy tradition of asking permission to leave the ship. Cat officer drops to one knee while swooping his arm forward and pointing down deck, granting that permission.
     We've all seen Air Force pilots look up just before taxi for takeoff and the ground crew waits until their thumb is sticking straight up. The crew chief then confirms that he sees the thumb, salutes and the Air Force pilot then takes off. This time tested tradition is the last link in the Air Force safety net to confirm that the pilot does not have both thumbs up his a$$.

Submitted by Lauren Roesner:

Good advice to aviators and budding aviators
Keep the aeroplane in such an attitude that the air pressure is directly in the pilot's face.--Horatio C. Barber, 1916
When a flight is proceeding incredibly well, something was forgotten.--Robert Livingston, 'Flying The Aeronca'
The only time an aircraft has too much fuel on board is when it is on fire.--Sir Charles Kingsford Smith, sometime before his death in the 1920's in an airplane crash.
Just remember, if you crash because of weather, your funeral will be held on a sunny day.--Layton A. Bennett
I hope you either take up parachute jumping or stay out of single-motored airplanes at night.--Charles A. Lindbergh, to Wiley Post, 1931
Never fly the 'A' model of anything.--Ed Thompson
Never fly anything that doesn't have the paint worn off the Rudder Pedals.--Harry Bill
Keep thy airspeed up, less the earth come from below and smite thee.--William Kershner
Instrument flying is when your mind gets a grip on the fact that there is vision beyond sight.--U.S. Navy 'Approach' magazine circa W.W.II.
If you're faced with a forced landing, fly the thing as far into the crash as possible.--Bob Hoover
It occurred to me that if I did not handle the crash correctly, there would be no survivors.--Richard Leakey, after engine failure in a single engine aircraft, Nairobi, Africa, 1993.
If an airplane is still in one piece, don't cheat on it. Ride the bastard down.--Ernest K. Gann
The emergencies you train for almost never happen. It's the one you can't train for that kills you.--Ernest K. Gann, advice from the 'old pelican'
Never fly in the same cockpit with someone braver than you.--Richard Herman Jr., 'Firebreak'
An airplane might disappoint any pilot but it'll never surprise a good one--Len Morgan
To most people, the sky is the limit. To those who love aviation, the sky is home.
It's better to break ground and head into the wind than to break wind and head into the ground.
Without ammunition the USAF would be just another expensive flying club.
I give that landing a 9…on the Richter scale.
Unknown landing signal officer to Navy pilot after his sixth unsuccessful landing attempt on a carrier: "You've got to land here son, this is where the food is."

Have a great week,
Thanks to Tam –
A young hero emerges
(Robert) Caleb Engle had a gun permit and an unbreakable will to stop an evil attacker. 
Incredible story of a courageous young Christian man!
Thanking God for Caleb
Robert Caleb Engle: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know
Stephanie Dube DwilsonSep 24, 2017 at 5:21pm
Item Number:1 Date: 09/25/2017 BRAZIL - WITH DRUG-RELATED CLASHES ON THE RISE, 950 TROOPS POUR INTO RIO SLUM TO BRING ORDER (SEP 25/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- Hundreds of Brazilian soldiers have been deployed to a slum in Rio de Janeiro after violent clashes between drug gangs and police, reports the Guardian (U.K.).   Over the previous week, there had been fighting in the Rochinha favela, the largest in the capital, said a military spokesman.   The airspace over the favela was closed and 950 soldiers were deployed at the request of the Rio state government, military officials told local television on Friday.   Perhaps 60 criminals have been trying to take control of the drug trade in the area, according to local media cited by Reuters. At least four people were killed and several wounded during the week.   As many as 10,000 troops in Rio de Janeiro could be mobilized if needed, the Defense Ministry said
Item Number:2 Date: 09/25/2017 CANADA - TRYING AGAIN, GOVERNMENT SET NEW DEADLINE FOR WARSHIP COMPETITION: NOV. 17 (SEP 25/CP)  CANADIAN PRESS -- The Canadian government has set a new deadline for proposals for its new frigate project, reports the Canadian Press.   Defense firms and shipbuilders interested in competing for the Canadian Surface Combatant program now have until Nov. 17 to submit their offers.   Announced last week, this is the third deadline for the design phase of the Can$60 billion (US$49 billion) project to build 15 new warships for the Canadian navy.   The deadline was originally set for April, changed to June, and then indefinitely postponed due to contractor concerns about elements of the program.   Ottawa has also altered the evaluation process if no proposals meet Canada's requirements.   Timing is important, since any further delays in construction could increase costs and force the navy to operate its existing fleet longer than planned.   The Canadian Surface Combatant is intended to replace three already-retired Iroquois-class destroyers and 12 Halifax-class frigates
Item Number:3 Date: 09/25/2017 EGYPT - NAVY TAKES DELIVERY OF CORVETTE ELFATEH FROM FRENCH BUILDER (SEP 25/NAVGROUP)  NAVAL GROUP -- The Egyptian navy has a new corvette from France.   French shipbuilder Naval Group last week announced the delivery to Egypt of the first of four Gowind 2500-type corvettes.   The Elfateh was handed over on Sept. 22 in Lorient in northwestern France, the company said in a release.   The delivery came just 36 months after the order was place. The Elfateh was scheduled to set sail for its homeport in Egypt on Sept. 23.   The ship displaces 2,600 tons and has a top speed of 25 knots, according to Naval Group
  Item Number:4 Date: 09/25/2017 ESTONIA - INTERNATIONAL EXERCISE REVEALS POLITICAL NATURE OF CYBER ATTACKS (SEP 25/D1)  DEFENSE ONE -- A recent exercise for the European Union defense ministers in Estonia demonstrated the geopolitical impact of cyber attacks, reports Defense One.   During the Cybrid exercise, the ministers faced a scenario that "moved from a minor cyber incident up to a real blockade of communications systems that stopped a naval operation on the Mediterranean," said Estonian Defense Minister Juri Luik.   One of the main lessons learned as defense officials attempted to respond was how quickly they ran into bureaucratic roadblocks and broader concerns.   "At first, you were not able to recognize whether it was a cyberattack against just the personal computers of the people working there, or was it, for instance .... a ransomware attack. And then it became more and more confusing," Luik told reporters last week in Washington, D.C.   "In the end, we ran into a situation where the whole military communications system was down, and the E.U. headquarters was not able to contact the ships on the Mediterranean, and there was no clear information about what had even happened to these ships," said the minister. "And from point to point to point, the ministers had to make a decision" about how to respond.   The biggest problem was the lack of a baseline for such cyber attacks, said Luik. "Our capability to judge what has happened is very complicated, because we even don't know what these terms mean — is it high-risk, is it low-risk? How do you assess the risk?"   This complicates possible responses. Something that appears small, such as a computer malfunction in an E.U. military office, can grow into strategic issues, said officials.   When that happens, defense ministers have to "be willing to look into that, not on a technical level, but to understand what's at stake and…tackle those at a strategic political level," said Kristjan Prikk, Estonia's undersecretary for defense policy.  
  Item Number:5 Date: 09/25/2017 INDIA - NAVY ACCEPTS KALVARI, 1ST SCORPENE-CLASS SUBMARINE (SEP 25/ECON)  ECONOMIC TIMES -- The Indian navy recently took delivery of its first of six Scorpene-class submarines, reports the Economic Times (India).   The Kalvari was handed over on Sept. 21 by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders in Bombay (Mumbai).   The sub, named after the Tiger Shark, is expected to be commissioned in the near future, noted NDTV.   The second boat in the class, Khanderi, is undergoing sea trials following its launch in January. The third sub, Karanj, is scheduled for launching later this year.   The Scorpene-class boats, built with French assistance, feature advanced stealth capabilities and precision-guided weapons, officials said.  
Item Number:6 Date: 09/25/2017 IRAN - MILITARY SHOWS OFF, THEN TEST-FIRES NEW BALLISTIC MISSILE (SEP 25/MEHR)  MEHR NEWS AGENCY -- Shortly after showing off its new ballistic missile last week, the Iranian military successfully tested it, reports the Mehr News Agency (Tehran).   The Khorramshahr missile was unveiled on Friday during a military parade. Iranian officials say it has a 1,200-mile range and can carry multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles (MIRVs).   On Saturday, state broadcaster IRIB showed footage of the missile test. The timing and location were not given, reported the New York Times.   Washington views Tehran's ballistic-missile tests as violations of a U.N. resolution that endorsed a nuclear deal limiting Iran's nuclear development, noted Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   The resolution "calls upon" Iran not to conduct missile activity designed to be capable of delivering nuclear weapons, noted the BBC.   Iran insists that its missile program doesn't violate the resolution, saying that the missiles are not designed to carry nuclear weapons.  
  Item Number:7 Date: 09/25/2017 IRAQ - KURDS START INDEPENDENCE REFERENDUM AMID REGIONAL OPPOSITION (SEP 25/BBC)  BRITISH BROADCASTING CORP. -- Iraqi Kurdistan has begun a controversial independence referendum that has prompted criticism from Baghdad and regional powers, reports the BBC.   The voting began Monday in the three northern provinces that make up the region -- Dahuk, Irbil and Sulaimaniya -- and disputed areas claimed by both the regional Kurdistan government and Baghdad.   Kurdish officials say a "yes" vote would give the regional government a mandate to begin secession negotiations.   Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi rejected the plebiscite, saying that Baghdad would take "the necessary measures" to protect the unity of the country.   On Sunday, Iran shut down flights to Kurdistan based on a request from Baghdad, reported the Fars News Agency. Iran also closed its border to the Kurdish region of Iraq, reported Haaretz (Israel).   On Monday, Turkey's Foreign Ministry said that Ankara would take "all measures" under international law if the Iraqi Kurdish independence referendum generated threats to Turkey's national security. The ministry said it would not recognize the referendum, reported Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   Both Turkey and Iran have fought Kurdish separatists in their respective territories.  
  Item Number:8 Date: 09/25/2017 LIBYA - FOLLOWING LULL OF MONTHS, U.S. MILITARY HITS ISIS DESERT CAMP; 17 MILITANTS KILLED, SAYS AFRICA COMMAND (SEP 25/WP)  WASHINGTON POST -- U.S. airstrikes hit several Islamic State positions in Libya late last week, say U.S. military officials, as reported by the Washington Post.   The Pentagon reported on Sunday that six airstrikes hit a camp 150 miles southeast of Sirte, which was once an ISIS stronghold. Friday's strikes destroyed three vehicles and killed 17 militants, said the Africa Command.   The camp was being used to move fighters in and out of Libya, plot attacks and store weapons, according to a AFRICOM statement.   "ISIS and Al-Qaida have taken advantage of ungoverned spaces in Libya to establish sanctuaries for plotting, inspiring and directing terror attacks," including in Europe, the statement said.   Officials cited by CNN said the strikes were carried out by unspecified unmanned aircraft.   These were the first reported U.S. airstrikes in Libya since January, noted the New York Times
Item Number:9 Date: 09/25/2017 MALI - 3 PEACEKEEPERS FROM BANGLADESH DIE IN IED BLAST ON ROAD TO GAO (SEP 25/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- The U.N. mission in Mali (MINUSMA) says a roadside bomb has killed three peacekeepers while their vehicle was traveling in the country's north, reports the Voice of America News.   An explosive device was detonated Sunday on the main road between the village of Anefis and the city of Gao as the peacekeepers were escorting a convoy, said MINUSMA, as reported by AFP.   Five other U.N. troops were reported wounded. The U.N. did not report their nationalities.   However, the Bangladeshi military said three of its peacekeepers were killed and four were wounded, noted Reuters. They reportedly encountered militants.   There was no immediate claim of responsibility. The attack reportedly bore the hallmarks of Al-Qaida-linked groups that operate in the region.  
  Item Number:10 Date: 09/25/2017 NIGERIA - GOVERNMENT ANGERED OVER ILLEGAL ARMS FROM TURKEY (SEP 25/THIS)  THIS DAY -- The federal government in Nigeria is concerned over repeated illegal arms shipments from Turkey.   The Nigerian government last week summoned the Turkish ambassador to discuss the large illegal arms shipments from Turkey, reports This Day (Lagos).   The government was expected to demand immediate action to curb them at the Friday meeting.   The head of the Nigeria Customs Service, Hameed Ali, on Thursday revealed the discovery of another container of weapons with 475 rifles imported from Turkey.   The service identified the importer as the Great James Oil and Gas firm.   Customs is reportedly working with the Directorate of State Security and the National Intelligence Agency to intercept such shipments.   The service has seized 2,761 rifles this year being illegally smuggled into Nigeria.  
 Item Number:11 Date: 09/25/2017 RUSSIA - ISIS MORTAR STRIKE KILLS SENIOR RUSSIAN GENERAL NEAR DEIR EZZOR (SEP 25/RT)  RUSSIA TODAY -- A senior Russian general has been killed in an Islamic State mortar strike in Syria, says the Russian Defense Ministry, as reported by the domestic RT news channel.   Syrian government forces, backed by Russian air power, have been fighting to regain control of Deir Ezzor city since earlier this month.   Lt. Gen. Valery Asapov was mortally wounded Sunday while at a command post manned by Syrian troops, according to the Kremlin.   The general was advising Syrian government troops "in the operation for the liberation of the city of Deir Ezzor," said the ministry.   Asapov was one of the senior Russian military advisers in Syria. He will be posthumously awarded a state decoration, the ministry said.  
  Item Number:12 Date: 09/25/2017 RWANDA - MOTORIZED INFANTRY COMPANY, WITH 140 TROOPS, TO SERVE WITH U.N. MISSION IN CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (SEP 25/NEWT)  NEW TIMES -- The Rwandan military is about to dispatch an additional motorized infantry company to the U.N. peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic, reports the New Times (Kigali, Rwanda).   Equipment for the new contingent was airlifted to the C.A.R. starting on Sept. 16. The troops are scheduled to follow on Sept. 26, according to a military release.   Rwanda has already deployed a battalion of about 750 personnel to the MINUSCA mission, officials said.   They will be reinforced with 140 troops, noted the Rwanda Eye.   The new company will be assigned to the Rwandan battalion in Bangui, the capital of the C.A.R., for up to four months while awaiting further deployment, said the release.   The additional personnel are expected to address recurring attacks against civilians, officials said.  
  Item Number:13 Date: 09/25/2017 SOMALIA - GENERAL SHOT, KILLED WALKING HOME FROM MOSQUE IN MOGADISHU (SEP 25/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- A senior Somali military official has been shot and killed in Mogadishu, say security sources cited by the Voice of America News.   Gen. Abdullahi Mohamed Sheikh Qururuh and his bodyguard were gunned down Sunday evening as they were walking home from a mosque in the Somali capital.   The attackers walked past them before turning around and shooting the officer and the bodyguard from behind, said witnesses and security sources.   Qururuh was a senior army official at the command-and-control headquarters in Mogadishu. He was previously a deputy commander of logistics for the Somali army.   There was no immediate claim of responsibility. Al-Shabaab has carried out similar assassinations in the past
Item Number:14 Date: 09/25/2017 SOUTH KOREA - U.S. FORCES KOREA PROBE FALSE MESSAGES TO EVACUATE (SEP 25/WP)  WASHINGTON POST -- The U.S. Army says that it is investigating falso evacuation orders that were sent to military families in South Korea, reports the Washington Post.   On Thursday, phony mobile phone alerts and social media messages were sent to some U.S. military personnel and their families telling them to evacuate the Korean Peninsula, said the U.S. Force Korea, as cited by Newsweek.   The messages referred a "noncombatant evacuation operation (NEO) order" directed at family members of the 28,500 U.S. servicemembers stationed in South Korea and non-emergency essential DoD civilian employees, noted the Stars and Stripes.   The messages were reportedly received by a "handful of servicemembers and families," said a USFK spokesman.   U.S. Forces Korea posted a statement on its Facebook page making it clear that it did not issue any evacuation alerts. The U.S. military also told all DoD personnel and their families to confirm any evacuation-related communications, reported Reuters.   The statement urged anybody who received the messages to report them to U.S. Army counterintelligence.   The USFK does conduct such NEO exercises each spring and fall. One is scheduled for October, noted Reuters.  
  Item Number:15 Date: 09/25/2017 SYRIA - SDF CLAIMS CONTROL OF SYRIA'S LARGEST GAS FIELD; RUSSIAN AIRCRAFT SAID TO STRIKE ITS FIGHTERS (SEP 25/RUDAW)  RUDAW -- The U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) says it has gained control of Syria's largest gas field from the Islamic State, reports Rudaw (Iraqi Kurdistan).   The Conoco (aka Koniko) gas field in Deir Ezzor was the first of its kind taken by the SDF, an alliance of Kurdish and Arab militias, said a commander on Saturday, as cited by Reuters.   A separate offensive in the province by pro-government forces has brought them within 2.5 miles of SDF positions, the commander said.   The Syrian army said on Saturday that it had taken control of Maadan, in southern Raqqa along the provincial border with Deir Ezzor.   On Monday, the SDF said that Russian warplanes hit its positions near the Conoco gas field, killing one and injuring two others.   Las week, Moscow warned the U.S. that it would target the SDF if its own forces came under fire.  
Item Number:16 Date: 09/25/2017 USA - AIR FORCE BOMBERS, FIGHTER JETS FLY OFF N. KOREA'S COAST; AIRCRAFT WAS FARTHEST NORTH OF DMZ THIS CENTURY (SEP 25/DOD)  DEPT. OF DEFENSE -- The U.S. has again sent warplanes close to North Korea in a show of force, says the Pentagon.   U.S. Air Force B-1B Lancers from Guam, escorted by U.S. F-15Cs from Okinawa, Japan, flew on Saturday in international airspace over waters east of North Korea, said a Pentagon spokeswoman.   This was "the farthest north of the Demilitarized Zone any U.S. fighter or bomber aircraft have flown off North Korea's coast in the 21st century," the spokeswoman said.   "This mission is a demonstration of U.S. resolve and a clear message that the president has many military options to defeat any threat," she said, referring to North Korea's missile and nuclear weapons programs.   Pyongyang conducted its sixth nuclear test on Sept. 3 and has tested dozens of missiles this year. It has also threatened to detonate a hydrogen bomb over the Pacific Ocean
Item Number:17 Date: 09/25/2017 USA - CAN SERGEANTS DO THE JOB OF COMBAT SQUAD LEADER?, ASK MARINE LEADERS WHO CONSIDER STAFF SERGEANTS (SEP 25/MCT)  MARINE CORPS TIMES -- Senior Marine Corps leaders are considering if the post of rifle company squad leader should require a staff sergeant in response to the fast pace and complexity of modern warfare, reports the Marine Corps Times.   Those squad leader post is usually given to a sergeant, although some experienced corporals may also fill the position.   Modern infantrymen now carry more gear, communications and responsibility for fires, Lt. Col. Daniel Wittnam, the head of the ground combat element for the Marine Plan, Policies and Operations office, said last week at the annual Modern Day Marine exposition in Quantico, Va.   With this in mind, service leaders may make assistant squad leaders sergeants and fill the squad leader post with a staff sergeant.   The assistant squad leader operates like a chief technical officer for a squad, coordinating and pushing capabilities to the squad leader, said Wittnam.   The goal is to structure the force so that the assistant squad leader and squad leader are not overwhelmed with information.   Wittnam did note that the service is not currently structured to fill those posts with sergeants and staff sergeants.   As the battlefield evolves, more senior Marines may be needed to make rapid decisions, he said.  
  Item Number:18 Date: 09/25/2017 USA - MARINE CORPS SCHEDULED TO HAVE 1ST FEMALE INFANTRY OFFICER (SEP 25/MCT)  MARINE CORPS TIMES -- The Marine Corps is about to have its first female infantry officer.   The officer is set to graduate Monday at Marine Corps Base Quantico, Va., reports the Marine Corps Times.   The unidentified lieutenant will be the first female Marine to earn military occupational specialty 0302 for infantry officers, according to a statement from the Training and Education Command.   At least 36 female officers previously attempted the course, which concludes with a difficult three-week field exercise at Twentynine Palms, Calif.   More than 30 women attempted the course in 2012 on an experimental basis. None passed and the course was closed to females. After it reopened in 2015, four more tried unsuccessfully, noted NBC News.   The 13-week Infantry Officer Course is considered one of the toughest in the military. About 25 percent of candidates fail to complete it, noted the Washington Post.   Following graduation, the officer is expected to lead a Marine infantry platoon
Item Number:19 Date: 09/25/2017 USA - MARINE OFFICIAL STRESSES NEED FOR ELECTRONIC CAMOUFLAGE (SEP 25/C4ISRN)  C4ISR & NETWORKS -- A top Marine official says that the service will need more than traditional visual camouflage to mask its operations in future conflicts against more capable adversaries, reports C4ISRNet.   "The Marine Corps really has to get better at keeping our activities, our movements and our presence masked in the current electromagnetic environment where it is incredibly easy for adversaries .... to identify and locate people, capabilities and forces," Phil Chudoba, the assistant director of intelligence for Marine Corps Intelligence Activity, said last week during the Modern Day Marine expo in Quantico, Va.   He made his comments during a panel discussion.   The Army is also faced with the same challenge, noted the publication.   No amount of physical camouflage can hide troops once they use radio and other communications equipment that can be tracked in the electromagnetic spectrum, noted Army Col. Jeffery Church last year, when he was the head of strategy and policy at the Army's Cyber Directorate within G-3/5/7.   As one response, the Corps has begun implementing policies, tactics, techniques and procedures into exercises, including trying to understand what a Marine Air-Ground Task Force looks like in the electromagnetic spectrum, said Chudoba.   Signature-management efforts include managing overt reduction in communication throughput to conforming with policy so that errant signatures are not created, Chudoba told the publication.   A strategy to reduce detectability also needs to take into account other detection capabilities, such as electro-optical sensors and synthetic aperture radar, say analysts.  
  Item Number:20 Date: 09/25/2017 USA - NAVY AWARDS $5.1 BILLION CONTRACT TO COMPLETE DESIGN OF COLUMBIA-CLASS SSBNS (SEP 25/DAY)  THE DAY -- The U.S. Navy has awarded General Dynamics Electric Boat a $5.1 billion contract to complete the design of the new Columbia-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine, reports the Day (Conn.).   The deal includes funding for component and technology development as well as continued development of the collaborative U.S.-U.K. Common Missile Compartment, which will be integrated into both the Columbia class and the British Royal Navy's Dreadnought-class missile boats, said a release from General Dynamics.   Construction of the Columbia (SSBN 826) is scheduled to begin in the fall of 2020. The sub is expected to be ready for operational missions in 2030.   The Navy plans to begin retiring its Ohio-class ballistic missile boats in 2027. This leaves Electric Boat with a tight deadline for the Columbia class project, officials said.   The class is expected to total 12 subs at a cost of $128 billion, with each boat costing $8 billion.   The latest award follows a five-year, $1.85 billion contract for research and development that Electric Boat received in December 2012.

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