Wednesday, September 27, 2017

Fw: TheList 4552

Catching up.........................

The List 4552
To All
Happy Friday. I hope that your weekend goes well.
This day in Naval History September 22
1776 - John Paul Jones in Providence sails into Canso Bay, Nova Scotia, and attacks British fishing fleet.
1943 - U.S. destroyers and landing craft land Australian troops at Finschhafen, New Guinea.
1952 - During the Korean War, enemy guns fire on Sosari. HMS Cardigan Bay (PF) and USS Bradford (DD 545) provide direct counter battery fire, silencing the guns.
1989 - After Hurricane Hugo, Sailors and Marines provide assistance to Charleston, SC, through 10 October.
This Day in Naval History September 23
1779 - Captain John Paul Jones in Continental Navy frigate Bonhomme Richard captures HMS Serapis.
1931 - LT Alfred Pride pilots Navy's first rotary wing aircraft, XOP-1 autogiro, in landings and takeoffs on board USS Langley while underway.
1944 - Naval Task Group lands Army troops on Ulithi Atoll, Caroline Islands
1944 - USS West Virginia (BB-48) reaches Pearl Harbor and rejoins the Pacific Fleet, marking the end of the salvage and reconstruction of 18 ships damaged at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941.
1947 - James Forrestal, former SECNAV, takes office as first Secretary of Defense
1990 - Two Hospital ships (USNS Mercy and USNS Comfort) steam together for first time in Arabian Gulf
This Day in Naval History September 24
1918: Lt. j.g. David S. Ingalls, while on a test flight in a Sopwith Camel, sights an enemy two-seat Rumpler over Nieuport. In company with another Camel he attacks and scores his fifth aerial victory in six weeks to become the Navy's first ace while flying with the British Royal Air Force.
1944 - 5th Fleet carrier aircraft attack Japanese in Visayas, Philippines
1960 - First nuclear powered aircraft carrier, USS Enterprise (CVAN-65), launched at Newport News, VA
Today in History September 22
The General Provincial Court in session at Patuxent, Maryland, impanels the first all-woman jury in the Colonies to hear evidence against Judith Catchpole, who is accused of murdering her child. The jury acquits her after hearing her defense of never having been pregnant.
The Tuscarora Indian War begins with a massacre of settlers in North Carolina, following white encroachment that included the enslaving of Indian children.
American Captain Nathan Hale is hanged as a spy by the British in New York City; his last words are reputed to have been, "I only regret that I have but one life to give for my country."
Russian forces under Aleksandr Suvorov drive the Turkish army under Yusuf Pasha from the Rymnik River, upsetting the Turkish invasion of Russia.
President Abraham Lincoln issues a proclamation calling for all slaves within the rebel states to be freed on January 1, a political move that helps keep the British from intervening on the side of the South.
The Cincinnati Red Stockings, the first professional baseball team, arrive in San Francisco after a rollicking, barnstorming tour of the West.
Bicycle makers Charles and Frank Duryea show off the first American automobile produced for sale to the public by taking it on a maiden run through the streets of Springfield, Massachusetts.
Race riots in Atlanta, Georgia leave 21 people dead.
The German cruiser Emden shells Madras, India, destroying 346,000 gallons of fuel and killing only five civilians.
Xavier University, the first African-American Catholic college, opens in New Orleans, Louisiana.
General Allenby leads the British army against the Turks, taking Haifa and Nazareth, Palestine.
President Woodrow Wilson abandons his national tour to support the League of Nations when he suffers a case of nervous exhaustion.
Communist and Nazi factions clash in Berlin.
President Harry Truman accepts U.S. Secretary of War Stimson's recommendation to designate the war World War II.
A Douglas C-54 Skymaster makes the first automatic pilot flight over the Atlantic.
President John Kennedy signs a congressional act establishing the Peace Corps.
Willie Mays of the San Francisco Giants becomes the first baseball player since Babe Ruth to hit 600 home runs.
President Richard M. Nixon signs a bill giving the District of Columbia representation in the U.S. Congress.
Sara Jane Moore attempts to assassinate US President Gerald Ford, the second attempt on his life in less than three weeks.
The Iran-Iraq War begins as Iraq invades Iran; lasting until August 1988, it was the longest conventional war of the 20th century.
Huntington Library makes the Dead Sea Scrolls available to the public for the first time.
Thanks to John and others
Dereliction of Duty – The Feather Merchants, Duds and Perfumed Princes that Sold out the US Military to Political Correctness | US Defense Watch
Thanks to Glenn .and Dr. Rich for forwarding..
Cassini documentary ... Outstanding!!
Lots of stuff I didn't know about: the 2400 star chart installed for positioning, storms the size of the continental US, winds of over 1000 mph, The Huygen "add-on" to examine and measure Titan (the moon that actually has complex organic compounds), etc….
How to you comprehend working with a satellite that is a BILLION miles away, and waiting for a signal of success that takes 80 MINUTES to arrive, when Cassini 'phones home' ...
Really well done!  Full Screen, sound up!  AppleTV on your home wide screen!!
Something Completely Bizarre Is Currently Flying Through Our Solar System | HuffPost UK
Thanks to Tam -
Sorry for the click bait type headline, but the website won't let me copy and paste all the cool astronomy pics in this article.
Here's the link: the "bizarre" is actually a binary comet which is fairly awesome if you think about the probability of happening.
Very cool stuff
Sent from Tamara's iUniverse
Thanks to Carl…Flying the big fighter was a real blast
10 Years Gone, the F-14 Tomcat's Last Flight | Fighter Sweep
Exclusive Photos: 12 Years Gone, the F-14 Tomcat's Last Flight
Thanks to Joe
1. Light travels faster than sound. This is why some people appear bright until you hear them speak.
2. A fine is a tax for doing wrong. A tax is a fine for doing well.
3. He who laughs last, thinks slowest.
4. A day without sunshine is like, well, night.
5. Change is inevitable, except from a vending machine.
6. Those who live by the sword get shot by those who don't.
7. Nothing is foolproof to a sufficiently talented fool.
8. The 50-50-90 rule: Anytime you have a 50-50 chance of getting something right there's a 90% probability you'll get it wrong.
9. It is said that if you line up all the cars in the world end-to-end someone from California would be stupid enough to try to pass them.
10. If the shoe fits, get another one just like it.
11. The things that come to those who wait, may be the things left by those who got there first.
12. Give a man a fish and he will eat for a day. Teach a man to fish and he will sit in a boat all day drinking beer.
13. Flashlight: A case for holding dead batteries.
14 . God gave you toes as a device for finding furniture in the dark.
15. When you go into court, you are putting yourself in the hands of twelve people who weren't smart enough to get out of jury duty.
Socialism at all costs (Hey!, Bernie!!) – sprinkle in a little international political revenge –
Thanks God our republic protects us !
The forgotten Holocaust: How Stalin starved four million to death in a grotesque Marxist experiment - which many in Russia STILL deny
Thanks to Carl…It is about time
Item Number:1 Date: 09/22/2017 AUSTRALIA - DEFENSE MINISTER ANNOUNCES RESUMPTION OF USE OF CHINESE DRONES FOR NON-CLASSIFIED OPERATIONS (SEP 22/AUS)  THE AUSTRALIAN -- Defense Minister Marise Payne says the Australian military has resumed using Chinese-made drones for "unclassified situations," reports the Australian newspaper.   The U.S. Army announced last month it had stopped the use of drones made by Chinese manufacturer SZ DJI Technology because of "cyber vulnerabilities." Australia's military followed suit, saying it would review the UAVs and suspended their use.   "Following that review, we were comfortable with resuming their use in an unclassified situation," said Payne on Thursday. She made her comments on the sidelines of a meeting in Washington, D.C.   Australia's military has about 40 Chinese-made DJI drones that are used in military exercises.  
  Item Number:2 Date: 09/22/2017 CAMEROON - BOMB BLAST WOUNDS 3 POLICE; ANGLOPHONE SEPARATISTS SUSPECTED (SEP 22/REU)  REUTERS -- An improvised bomb has wounded three police officers in Cameroon's minority English-speaking region, say regional officials cited by Reuters.   The blast took place Thursday in the city of Bamenda in the western North West Region.   Gov. Adoplhe Lele Lafrique called the explosion a "terrorist attack" on state television.   A security source told Reuters that separatists were at blame.   The attack was likely the work of "extremists" who want independence for the Anglophone part of mostly French-speaking Cameroon. The separatists have carried out other attacks over the past three weeks, including burning several schools, said the senior security source.   A 24-hour curfew was imposed in the region, reported Africa News.   Cameroonians in the English-speaking region have complained about what they see as discrimination by the Francophone government of President Paul Biya. In response to their demonstrations, security forces last year killed six protesters, arrested hundreds and charged their leaders.  
  Item Number:3 Date: 09/22/2017 IRAN - HACKERS LINKED TO TEHRAN SUSPECTED IN ESPIONAGE ATTACKS ON U.S., S. KOREAN, SAUDI AEROSPACE FIRMS (SEP 22/DB)  DAILY BEAST -- California-based cybersecurity firm FireEye maintains that a hacking group, likely sponsored by the Iranian government, has attacked U.S. aerospace companies, reports the Daily Beast.   The hackers, dubbed APT33, also targeted a number of energy and aviation firms in Saudi Arabia and South Korea, says a FireEye report released on Sept. 20.   The cyber espionage missions have been going since at least 2013, according to the report, as cited by USA Today.   These attacks were focused on stealing sensitive data. However, the hacking group has links to more destructive malware designed to wipe computers. There are concerns that the group could become more aggressive in the future, said FireEye analysts.   APT33 sent hundreds of phishing emails to targets in 2016 using a publicly available tool called ALFASHELL. The emails looked like convincing job-recruitment ads, referencing specific job opportunities and salaries, says the report.   The hackers included links to fake company websites and registered a number of domains designed to look like sites for companies such as Boeing and Northrop Grumman Aviation Arabia.   Such targets resemble what a state-sponsored hacking group might pursue, the report says.   The timing lines up with the Iranian working day and work week, which runs from Saturday to Wednesday, say the analysts. APT33 used tools and infrastructure that have been used by other suspected Iranian hacking groups, said FireEye.   The researchers believe the goal is to enhance Iran's aerospace capabilities and support Tehran's military strategy, as noted by the Street (New York
Item Number:4 Date: 09/22/2017 IRAN - REVOLUTIONARY GUARDS TOUT NEW MISSILE; WEAPON HAS 1,200-MILE RANGE, SAYS COMMANDER (SEP 22/TASNIM)  TASNIM NEWS AGENCY -- Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) has unveiled a new long-range ballistic missile, reports the Tasnim news agency (Iran). The weapon is said to be capable of carrying several warheads.   The Khorramshahr missile, named for a city in Iran's southwest, appeared Friday during a military parade in Tehran.   The missile has a range of 2,000 km (1,200 mi) and can carry multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles (MIRVs) within a range of 1,800 km (1,120 mi), said the commander of the Revolutionary Guards' aerospace division, Amir Ali Hajizadeh.   Training on the use of the missile has already begun, said the brigadier general. The missile will be operational soon, he said
  Item Number:5 Date: 09/22/2017 IRAQ - GOVERNMENT FORCES TAKE BACK TOWN, VILLAGES ON WAY TO SEIZING HAWIJA FROM ISIS (SEP 22/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- Iraqi forces say they have gained ground in their latest offensive against the Islamic State in Kirkuk province, reports Agence France-Presse.   On Thursday, government forces launched a major offensive to regain the ISIS-held enclave of Hawija -- one of two areas still under the terror group's control.   By Friday, Iraqi forces had achieved their first goal, entering the northern town of Sharqat. About 20 villages around Sharqat were also recaptured, said a military official.   The next objective is Hawija itself, about 20 miles to the southeast.  
  Item Number:6 Date: 09/22/2017 JAPAN - AMERICAN, JAPANESE FORCES SIMULATE RECAPTURING TERRITORY DURING ORIENT SHIELD EXERCISE (SEP 22/S&S)  STARS AND STRIPES -- American and Japanese troops have been practicing retaking territory occupied by an invading force at a range near Mount Fuji, reports the Stars and Stripes.   About 600 personnel from the Alaska-based 1st Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 25th Infantry Division, and a similar number of troops from the Japanese 34th Infantry Regiment, 1st Division, Eastern Army, are taking part in the annual Orient Shield exercise.   The urban combat training encourages Japanese troops to be more aggressive than in the past, whether they are defending positions or working to recapture ground taken by invaders, said Lt. Col. Josh Davis, the commander of the U.S. 3rd Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment.   In one of the scenarios, Japanese artillery struck the countryside before U.S. and Japanese infantry and fighting vehicles advanced to seize objectives. Japanese forces then took up defensive positions, while U.S. forces remained on the offensive, Davis said.   The drills have included entering and clearing buildings, an unusual mission for Japanese military forces, said officials.   The two-week exercise wraps up on Sept. 25
Item Number:7 Date: 09/22/2017 JAPAN - CHINESE COAST GUARD VESSELS SAID TO TRESPASS IN JAPANESE WATERS NEAR DISPUTED ISLANDS (SEP 22/UPI)  UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL -- Chinese coast guard vessels sailed into Japanese territorial waters near the disputed Senkaku Islands on Thursday morning, say Japanese media, as reported by UPI.   China refers to the islands as the Diaoyus.   The four Chinese vessels entered Japanese waters at 10 a.m., local time, reported NHK, Japan's largest broadcasting organization.   The Chinese boats took turns sailing near the island of Uotsurishima for more than an hour before leaving, said the Japanese coast guard. Japan's coast guard responded with warnings and "surveillance."   Chinese vessels have trespassed into Japanese territorial waters 23 times in 2017, according to the Japanese government.   The latest incident took place after the mayor of Japanese city of Ishigaki in Okinawa Prefecture proposed to change the name of the islands from "Tonoshiro, Ishigaki City" to "Senkaku, Ishigaki City," reported the Japan Times.  
  Item Number:8 Date: 09/22/2017 MALI - TUAREG GROUP, LONG RIVALS, SIGN PEACE DEAL IN BAMAKO (SEP 22/REU)  REUTERS -- Two rival Tuareg groups in northern Mali say they have signed a peace deal, reports Reuters.   Senior members of the separatist CMA (Coordination of the Movements of Azawad) and their pro-government opponents known as the Platforme group said on Thursday that they had inked the deal the day before.   The agreement was signed in Bamako with the United Nations, government officials and international mediators in attendance.   Tuareg groups have fought over territory and politics for years, complicating efforts to counter Al-Qaida-linked militants. Previous deals have fallen through.   The latest deal came after a temporary truce last month that allowed the regional governor to return to the Kidal region
Item Number:9 Date: 09/22/2017 NATO - BATTLE GROUPS IN BALTICS, POLAND TO BE BEEFED UP WITH AIR, NAVAL FORCES, SAYS NATO DEPUTY (SEP 22/EPR)  ESTONIAN PUBLIC RADIO -- NATO's second-highest military officer says that the alliance plans to strengthen its battle groups in the Baltic states and Poland with air and naval elements, reports Estonian Public Radio.   "The NATO army units have integrated very well and quickly here, but we must reinforce them with air force and naval elements," British Gen. James Everard, the deputy supreme allied commander Europe (DSACEUR), said on Wednesday in Tallinn, the Estonian capital.   Cooperation between army and air forces is important and will improve deterrence and defense capabilities of the battle groups, he said, according to an Estonian military release.   During his two-day visit to Estonia, Everard met with Jonatan Vseviov, the secretary-general of the Defense Ministry and Gen. Riho Terras, the military chief. He also visited Amari air base and laid a wreath at the War of Independence Victory Column in Tallinn.   The general also received an overview of the regional security situation, activities of the British-led NATO battle group in Estonia and the then-current Belarusian-Russian Zapad military exercise.  
  Item Number:10 Date: 09/22/2017 NORTH KOREA - AS TENSIONS HEIGHTEN, TRUMP ADDS NEW SANCTIONS, WHILE PYONGYANG THREATENS TO DROP HYDROGEN BOMB OVER PACIFIC (SEP 22/NYT)  NEW YORK TIMES -- President Donald Trump has announced an expansion of sanctions on North Korea's nuclear and missile programs, reports the New York Times.   A new executive order signed Thursday is aimed at cutting Pyongyang from the international banking system and targeting its major industries and shipping.   North Korea's textiles, fishing, information technology and manufacturing industries were among those the United States could target under the new authority, said Trump, as reported by AFP.   The order enhances the U.S. Treasury Dept.'s authority to target those who conduct business with North Korea, the president said.   Separately, China's central bank instructed the nation's banks to refuse new clients from North Korea and wind down old business with current customers, implementing United Nations sanctions, reported the Street (New York).   On Friday, the North ramped up its rhetoric, with leader Kim Jong Un calling Trump "a madman" and a "rogue and gangster." Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho also suggested the Kim was considering testing "an unprecedented scale hydrogen bomb" over the Pacific Ocean.  
  Item Number:11 Date: 09/22/2017 PAKISTAN - ARMY BLAMES INDIA FOR CIVILIAN DEATHS ACROSS KASHMIR BORDER (SEP 22/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- Pakistan's military says overnight cross-border shooting by India in disputed Kashmir has killed at least six people and wounded more than two dozen, reports the Voice of America News.   Indian troops fired late Thursday at the village of Charwa, along the border in Indian-controlled Kashmir, said the army. Pakistani troops returned fire, said the military.   Six civilians were killed and 26 wounded, said Pakistan's military on Friday.   Indian police officials said four civilians were injured on the Indian side, reported Reuters.   Meanwhile, late Thursday, after Pakistani Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi accused India of committing human-rights violations in Kashmir. He made his comments during a speech at the U.N. General Assembly. In response, India's envoy to the U.N. referred to the government in Islamabad as "Terroristan," as noted by the BBC
Item Number:12 Date: 09/22/2017 RUSSIA - RUSSIAN SUBMARINE FIRES CRUISE MISSILES AT AL-QAIDA-LINKED MILITANTS (SEP 22/RT)  RUSSIA TODAY -- The Kremlin says a Russian submarine has fired cruise missiles at several jihadist targets in Syria, reports the domestic RT news channel.   The Veliky Novgorod submarine fired several Kalibr cruise missiles on Friday from the Mediterranean Sea, said the Defense Ministry.   The missile targeted command posts, training camps and military hardware of former Al-Qaida affiliate Nusra Front, which is based in Idlib province, said the statement. Nusra Front, since renamed, is a part of Tahrir al-Sham, an alliance of Islamists.   Members of the group reportedly attempted to capture about three dozen Russian military police who were deployed in neighboring Hama province to monitor a local cease-fire. Russian and Syrian forces were able to rescue the troops and local fighters.   The missiles hit the fighters who took part in the attack, the ministry said, as reported by Reuters
Item Number:13 Date: 09/22/2017 SOUTH AFRICA - DEFENSE DEPT. MULLS ESTABLISHMENT OF COAST GUARD (SEP 22/DEFWEB)  DEFENCE WEB -- The South African Dept. of Defense is contemplating the creation of a coast guard, reports Defenceweb (South Africa).   In the 2017 Annual Performance Plan, the department indicated that "over the MTEF [Medium Term Expenditure Framework], the maritime defense [component of the South African military] will investigate the establishment of the coast guard for the RSA [Republic of South Africa] as contemplated by government."   The development could begin once the necessary funding is provided, the department said.   The South African navy currently performs numerous functions that could be transferred to a coast guard, including search and rescue; pollution control; fisheries protection; anti-piracy; and law enforcement support.   Critics of the move argue that it would be more economical for the navy to continue supporting various government departments rather than establishing a coast guard.   Others worry that many naval personnel might transfer to a coast guard.  
  Item Number:14 Date: 09/22/2017 SWEDEN - SEEKING TO REBUILD STRENGTH, GOVERNMENT PROPOSES INCREASE IN DEFENSE BUDGET (SEP 22/SMIN)  SWEDISH MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- The Swedish government has announced a proposed a defense budget increase of US$334 million for 2018, reports the Swedish Ministry of Defense.   The budget includes US$289 million for military defense and US$50 million for civil defense, the ministry said on Wednesday.   The main Swedish political parties in August agreed to spend an extra US$334 million on defense annually from 2018.   The increased tension with Russia in the region has helped drive the agreement for the boost by the center-left minority government, along with the major opposition parties, Swedish Radio reported last week.   The government expects to spend an additional US$1 billion over three years, reported Reuters.   Implementing the 2015 defense resolution will be prioritized, along with efforts to enhance current capabilities and future capabilities after 2020, said the ministry.   The government also proposed allocating an additional US$10 million to the National Defense Radio Establishment (FRA) and the Military Intelligence and Security Service (MUST) for counterterrorism, information and cybersecurity and security services.   The government has also proposed establishing a Gotland regiment, based in Visby, by 2018 to meet the need for a coordinated military command in the area
Item Number:15 Date: 09/22/2017 SYRIA - AIRSTRIKES HIT HEZBOLLAH WEAPONS DEPOT NEAR DAMASCUS AIRPORT; MONITOR POINTS TO ISRAELI WARPLANES (SEP 22/TOI)  TIMES OF ISRAEL -- Israeli warplanes apparently hit a Hezbollah weapons depot in Syria early Friday, reports the Times of Israel, citing a monitoring group and Arabic media.   Three separate strikes hit close to Damascus International Airport, said the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.   There was no immediate confirmation from either the Syrian or Israeli governments.   There were no reports of casualties or damage. Images posted to the internet showed smoke and a large fire from the area near the airport.  
  Item Number:16 Date: 09/22/2017 UNITED KINGDOM - DUTCH, FRENCH, BRITISH MILITARIES SET UP CENTER TO MANAGE AID TO STORM-RAVAGED CARIBBEAN (SEP 22/UKMOD)  U.K. MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- The governments of France, the Netherlands and U.K. have established a military center to manage the delivery of aid in the region in the wake of the damage caused by hurricanes Irma and Maria, reports the U.K. Ministry of Defense.   The Multinational Caribbean Coordination Cell (MNCCC) will share, coordinate and optimize the use of ships and aircraft delivering emergency aid to affected islands, the MoD said on Sept. 21.   The center will also work with allies and partners, including Canada and the U.S., to improve the efficiency of humanitarian relief operations in the region.   The MNCCC will serve as a liaison and coordination body and serve as a point of contact for participating countries and regional authorities, said British Defense Secretary Michael Fallon.   The cell will be set up at the Dutch Naval Base Parera on Curacao and serve for one to two months to support the longer-term reconstruction and recovery efforts in the region.   The body will have about 30 military personnel from the three countries. The U.K. contingent will provide specific expertise in tactical and operational air lift, Fallon said.  
  Item Number:17 Date: 09/22/2017 USA - $466 MILLION CONTRACT MODIFICATION COVERS MORE FMTV VARIANTS FOR ARMY (SEP 22/OSH DEF)  OSHKOSH DEFENSE -- The U.S. Army has awarded an administrative contract modification to Oshkosh Defense for the Family of Medium Tactical Vehicle (FMTV) A1P2 program establishing the pricing for the eighth, ninth and 10th order years, reports the Wisconsin-based firm.   The deal has a total potential value of $466 million.   The Army also placed a $260.1 million order for 1,065 FMTVs under order year eight, said Oshkosh Defense.   Oshkosh Defense received its first FMTV contract in 2009 and has since delivered more than 35,700 vehicles and trailers.  
 Item Number:18 Date: 09/22/2017 USA - 'NARCO-SUBS' PLY DRUG-TRANSIT AREAS IN E. PACIFIC, SAYS USCG (SEP 22/BUSINS)  BUSINESS INSIDER -- The U.S. Coast Guard says it has stopped seven smuggling vessels since June, reports the Business Insider.   Such low-profile vessels are designed to run near or at surface level to present a very small radar signature.   Typically, these boats feature a sharp bow to cut through the water and an elongated body to accommodate cargo, often high-value cocaine. Some vessels have masts or conning towers that stick up from the water.   The craft are often equipped with multiple outboard engines and painted to blend in with the water.   Before the current fiscal year, the Coast Guard said it last stopped such a vessel in late May 2016. Six submersible vessels were caught that year and another in September 2016.   USCG officials have indicated that the latest interdictions took place in known drug-transit areas in the eastern Pacific, off the coasts of Central and South America.   Cocaine production has increased significantly in Colombia and, along with stepped up patrols by the U.S. and partner countries, there has been "a significant increase in narcotics removal" in the drug-transit areas, the Coast Guard said.   In fiscal 2016, the Coast Guard made a record seizure of more than 443,000 pounds (200,900 kg) of cocaine headed to the U.S. The service says it is on pace for another record year of seizures in fiscal 2017.   American officials believe about 90 percent of the cocaine shipped to the U.S. is transported by sea at some point, often arriving somewhere in Central America or Mexico before being smuggled over the U.S.-Mexico land border.  
 Item Number:19 Date: 09/22/2017 USA - DURING DEMO, UPGRADED ATHENA LASER TAKES DOWN 5 UAVS (SEP 22/LM)  LOCKHEED MARTIN -- In a test with the U.S. Army, a Lockheed Martin laser system has shot down multiple unmanned aerial vehicles, reports the defense firm.   During the trials in August with the U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command, the 30-kW Advanced Test High-Energy Asset (ATHENA) knocked down five Outlaw unmanned aerial vehicles at White Sands Missile Range, N.M.   The upgraded ATHENA used advanced beam control technology and an efficient fiber laser in the latest tests of the prototype system, said a Lockheed release on Wednesday.   The testing validated the company's lethality models and replicated the results seen against static targets at Lockheed test ranges, said Keoki Jackson, Lockheed's chief technology officer.   The system causes a loss of control and structural failure, the company said. Data collected will be used to further refine the prototype, improve modeling and inform the development of future laser systems.   ATHENA is a mobile, ground-based system that serves as a low-cost testbed for demonstrating laser weapon technologies.   At some point, noted the Daily Mail, the system could be installed on military planes, helicopters and ships.  
 Item Number:20 Date: 09/22/2017 USA - SURFACE FLEET TO OPERATE UNDER SLEEP, WATCH RULES; SOME SAILORS HAVE 100-HOUR WORK WEEKS (SEP 22/NTIMES)  NAVY TIMES -- The U.S. Navy has decided to institute formal rest guidelines for sailors on surface vessels for the first time, reports the Navy Times.   In an internal Navy message on Sept. 15, Vice Adm. Thomas Rowden, the head of Naval Surface Force, ordered surface fleet commanders to implement watch schedules and shipboard routines that better sync with circadian rhythms and natural sleep cycles.   The move is intended to provide sailors with a more consistent sleep schedule, thus producing a better rested and more alert crew, officials said.   The guidelines come in the wake of fatal collisions involving the Arleigh Burke-class destroyers Fitzgerald and John S. McCain this summer and the resulting acknowledgment of the surface fleet's training, maintenance and readiness issues.   Additional guidance provided this week gave skippers a choice from among several watch schedules that follow natural sleep cycles, said the newspaper, which obtained copies of the messages.   Commanders will also have to account for a ship's manning level, deployment status and current missions when establishing new watch schedules, said a spokesman for Naval Surface Force.   The ship captains will need to submit their plans by Dec. 20.   Testimony this week before the Senate Armed Services Committee revealed that some sailors were regularly putting in 100-hour work weeks, as was acknowledged by the CNO and the secretary of the Navy, reported the Washington Post.

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