Wednesday, September 6, 2017

Fw: TheList 4540

The List 4540


To All,
A bit of history and some tidbits.
Regards,
Skip
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This Day In Naval History - September 6
1918 - Sailors fire first of the 5 railroad batteries at Tergnier, a German rail head in the Comeigne Forest. These 14"-50 caliber guns were originally designed for battleships.
1939 - Navy begins formation of Neutrality Patrol for Atlantic Ocean
1940 - First destroyers transferred to Great Britain at Halifax, Nova Scotia, under "Destroyers-for- Bases agreement.
1944 - USS Independence (CVL-22) begins use of specially trained air group for night work. First time that a fully equipped night carrier operates with fast carrier task force.
1945 - U.S. troops begin returning to U.S. when Task Force 11 left Tokyo Bay for U.S.
1953 - Exchange of prisoners of war from Korean War (Operations Big Switch) ends
 
 
On this day in history (September 6):
 
1959: The first Barbie Doll was sold by Mattel Toy Corporation. 
1995: Cal Ripken played his 2,131st consecutive game setting a new record. Lou Gehrig previously held the record. 
 
And today is:
 
National Coffee Ice Cream Day
____________
 
Today's quotes:
 
The journey of a thousand miles begins with a broken fan belt and a leaking tire.
 
It's always darkest before dawn. So if you're going to steal your neighbor's newspaper, that's the best time to do it.
 ____________
 
Found floating on the Internet:
 
Q. What did the post card from the blonde say?

A. Having a good time. Where am I?
_______
Have you seen that commercial for Disney's Cruise Lines where there's a mom with a baby in a stroller and another little girl all standing in a very crowded elevator?  The little girl is just chattering on to the dozen or so other people on the elevator about what a GREAT time she had on the Disney Cruise ship.  There was this to do and there was that to do.  Everyone is smiling at her.  Mom kind of shrugs and says, "We went on the cruise a year ago and she's *still* talking about it."

The little girl said, "Even mom and dad had a great time on the ship!"  To the utter embarrassment of mom, the little girl nods her head to the baby and says, "Mom calls the baby, 'Our little Souvenir.'"
_______
Ruth rode upon my motorbike
directly in back of me.
I hit a bump at 95
and rode on Ruthlessly.
_______
The Pope was finishing his sermon. He ended it with the Latin phrase, "Tuti homini" - Blessed be mankind.

A women's rights group approached the pope the next day.  They noticed that the pope had blessed all of mankind, but not womankind. So the next day, after his sermon, the pope concluded by saying, "Tuti homini, et tuti femini" - Blessed be mankind and womankind.

The next day, a gay-rights group approached the pope.  They said that they noticed that he had blessed mankind and womankind, and asked if he could also bless those who are gay.

The pope said, "Sure."

The next day, the pope concluded his sermon with, "Tuti homeni, et tuti femini, et tuti fruiti."
_______
"Will the father be present during the birth?" asked the obstetrician.
 
"Nah," replied the mother-to-be. "He and my husband don't get along."
 
 
 
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From "the Turtle" to 9/11
by W. Thomas Smith Jr.
09/07/2010
 
This Week in American Military History:
Sept. 7, 1776:  Just before dawn, an odd-looking barrel-shaped craft silently makes its way down the Hudson River from Manhattan toward a British warship, HMS Eagle, anchored in New York Harbor.
The craft, designed by Yale graduate David Bushnell and christened "Turtle," is piloted by a Continental Army sergeant who is hand-cranking two screws for propulsion. As the Turtle nears its target, the pilot opens a valve allowing enough water into a small ballast tank, increasing the weight of the craft and causing it to slip beneath the surface. Maneuvering underwater, the pilot positions his craft below the Eagle then attempts to bore a hole through the enemy hull.
If everything goes according to plan, a timed explosive-device is to be placed into the hole. The device will then detonate after the Turtle makes its escape.
The operation, however, will not be successful, as the pilot will be unable to drill through a layer of copper sheathing on the enemy hull. But the bold attempt will go down in history as one of America's great Naval milestones.
Bushnell's Turtle is not the first functional submarine in history (Dutch inventor Cornelius Drebbel's "underwater boat" successfully navigated a portion of England's Thames River in 1623). But the Turtle is the first–ever submarine to be used as an attack platform in combat.
 
Sept. 8, 1781:  Continental Army forces under the command of Maj. Gen.
Nathaniel Greene clash with British forces under Lt. Col. Alexander Stewart in the Battle of Eutaw Springs (S.C.).
Which of the two armies will actually gain the tactical advantage will be debated into the 21st century. But it will in fact prove to be a strategic victory for the Continentals as the British – bloodied, though not quite as severely as the Continentals – will be forced to abandon much of their previously gained ground in the South.
 
Sept. 9, 1776:  The United Colonies are renamed the United States.
 
Sept. 9, 1943:  American and British forces begin hitting the beaches at Salerno, Italy in Operation Avalanche.
One U.S. sailor describing the landings will say: "German planes would come out of the sun and strafe the beaches … The German pilots [were] almost at eye level as they went up the beaches. If you were caught in the open, all you could do was to fall on your face and pray. There was no cover."
 
Sept. 11, 1777:  British forces under the command of Gen. William Howe decisively defeat Continental forces under Gen. George Washington during the Battle of the Brandywine. Though a British victory, Howe is stunned by the tenacity and resistance of his American foe.
 
Sept. 11, 1814:  American forces under the command of U.S. Army Brig. Gen.
Alexander Macomb and U.S. Navy Capt. Thomas MacDonough decisively defeat British forces "on land and lake" in the Battle of Plattsburgh (also known as the Battle of Lake Champlain) during the War of 1812.
 
Sept. 11, 2001:  Islamist terrorists inspired and led by Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden hijack and crash two commercial airliners into the World Trade Center. A third slams into the Pentagon. A fourth crashes into the Pennsylvania countryside during a brave attempt by American passengers to retake the aircraft.
 
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ThanksTo Dutch R.
 

Special Notice 1717      VADM Dutch Schoultz, USN (Ret.)

Gentlemen,

Rabbit Campbell forwarded the following email from Bob Schoultz.  

Dutch is at home in Hospice care. Rosemary has asked that phone calls be limited, so emails and letters are the best way to support her and Dutch."

Semper Fidelis,
Lopp


"Rabbit and Chuck - I understand that most of the older Golden Eagles know of my dad's condition. One thing I can think of that would REALLY help would be if his old shipmates could email me a short, funny memory they have of being with him, or something he did or said that they found fun, unconventional, crazy and/or inspiring.

I just got back today from visiting him, and he is confined to a chair and pretty low on energy. He is feeling pretty forlorn, helpless and useless. We need to rally some folks to cheer him up. 

Since he is not doing email anymore, these memories/anecdotes should be emailed to me, and I will forward them on to a good friend of his and ex-Marine (!) who lives a couple doors down from him. He will come and read them to my dad. And probably laugh and give him a hard time - which is what he needs. 
 
Email to: Schoultz@sandiego.edu  subj: Dutch 

He may be feeling bad, but he still has his sense of humor, so, the more politically incorrect, and crazy, the better. I wanted to bring in a topless dancer, but my mom doesn't want to cheer him up that much! 

Thanks in advance. Bob"  
 
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Thanks to John
Subject: Cajun Navy

"Let this sink in for a minute.....Hundreds and hundreds of small boats pulled by countless pickups and SUVs from across the South are headed for Houston. Almost all of them driven by men. 

They're using their own property, sacrificing their own time, spending their own money, and risking their own lives for one reason: to help total strangers in desperate need.

Most of them are by themselves, most are dressed like the redneck duck hunters and bass fisherman they are. Many are veterans. Most are wearing well-used gimme-hats, t-shirts, and jeans; and there's a preponderance of camo. Most are probably gun owners, and most probably voted for Trump.

These are the people the Left loves to hate, the ones Maddow mocks. The ones Maher and Olbermann just *know* they're so much better than. These are The Quiet Ones. They don't wear masks and tear down statues. They don't, as a rule, march and demonstrate. 

But they'll spend the next several days wading in cold, dirty water; dodging gators and water moccasins and fire ants; eating whatever meager rations are available; and sleeping wherever they can in dirty, damp clothes. Their reward is the tears and the hugs and the smiles from the terrified people they help. They'll deliver one boatload, and then go back for more.

In the meantime, they'll likely be up again before dawn. To do it again. Until the helpless are rescued. And the work's done.

They're unlikely to be reimbursed. There won't be medals. They won't care. They're heroes. And it's what they do."
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Thanks to Barrel
Poor Preflight
You must remove CAT before flight!


 
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Thanks To Admiral Cox
H-008-6
S.J. Cox
28 Jun 17
USS Forrestal Disaster – 29 July 1967
     On 29 July 1967, the USS Forrestal (CVA-59) experienced a severe fire while operating on Yankee Station off Vietnam which killed 134 Sailors and aviators, injured 161, and destroyed 21 aircraft.  This was (and remains) the second worst loss of life on a U.S. Navy ship since World War II.  The disaster resulted in a very long list of "lessons learned" (many of which were "lessons forgotten" from carrier conflagrations during WWII) which transformed the U.S. Navy's approach to fire-fighting, damage control, and ordnance handling in the decades since.  In recent years, articles have appeared on the internet that are extremely inaccurate, generally intended to attempt to unfairly tarnish the reputation of Senator John S. McCain III, who survived the fire.
     At 1050, Forrestal commenced early launch of two KA-3B tankers, an EA-1 and an E-2A in preparation for an 1100 launch of a 24-plane Alpha Strike, the second of the day.  At that time, the VF-11 F-4B (#110,) was spotted on the extreme starboard quarter of the flight deck.  As the pilot of F-4B 110 shifted from external to internal power, multiple electrical malfunctions ignited one of the four 5-inch Mk-32 Zuni unguided rockets in a pod on external stores station 2 (port inboard station) which fired across the flight deck and struck VF-46 A-4E #405, piloted by LCDR Fred White, rupturing its fuel tank, igniting the fuel and initiating the fire.  Although the Board of Investigation reached the opinion that the Zuni rocket hit #405, there is some ambiguity in eyewitness accounts as to whether the rocket hit #405 or the plane next to it, #416, piloted by LCDR John McCain.  The rocket itself actually impacted the ocean beyond both aircraft.  Regardless, shrapnel ripped into both aircraft, and both were immediately sprayed by fuel and a pool of fuel ignited between and under the two aircraft.  Both pilots initially escaped from the flames around their aircraft.
    The impact of the Zuni rocket dislodged at least one, probably two, 1,000-lb AN-M65A1 bombs, which fell into the flames.  The outdated AN-M65's were being used because of an acute shortage of Mk 83 general purpose 1,000-lb bombs resulting from the intense Navy bombing campaign in North Vietnam which expended bombs faster than they could be produced.  The AN-M65 bombs had been brought aboard the day before, were over a decade old, in very poor condition and considered an extreme safety hazard by the Commanding Officer of the Forrestal, Captain John Beling, and according to the ship's Ordnance Officer were an imminent danger to the ship and should be jettisoned overboard.  Doing so, however, would have necessitated scrubbing that day's combat mission over North Vietnam, so Captain Beling reluctantly accepted the risk.
    Damage Control Team Eight, led by Chief Aviation Boatswain's Mate Gerald Farrier, which had received specialized flight deck fire-fighting training, immediately reacted to fight the fire.  Based on their training with Mk-83 bombs, they expected to have approximately 10 minutes to extinguish the fire around the bomb before there was risk of the case melting or cook off  with a designed very low-order explosion.  Chief Farrier immediately smothered the bombs with a PKP ("Purple K") extinguisher in order to cool them.  However the AN-M65's were not only unstable, their age and chemical composition actually enhanced the power of the blast (exact opposite of a Mk-83).  A little more than one minute after the fire started, one of the bombs fractured open, and Chief Farrier immediately ordered his team to withdraw, fearing an imminent cook-off.  At one minute and 34 seconds, the bomb exploded, killing Chief Farrier and almost his entire team (only three survived severely injured,) and also killed LCDR White.  A second bomb exploded nine seconds later and a chain reaction followed.
   Both White's and McCain's A-4's, fully fueled and loaded with ordnance, were destroyed by the blast.  Per the initial Mishap Board ("Informal Board of Investigation") Report, "In  period of four minutes, seven major explosions shook the entire ship and some 40,000 gallons of jet fuel from aircraft spotted on the flight deck was ignited and contributed to the damage.  Fire-fighting teams, pilots, and squadron personnel on deck were knocked down, injured or killed by the series of explosions.  The fire spread with the first explosion to every aircraft across the entire after part of the flight deck.  Seven holes were ripped through the deck from explosions of 750 lb., 500 lb., and 1000 lb. bombs.  Rockets and 20mm shells shot across the deck, and ejection seats fired into the air."  Actually, later analysis indicates at least nine bombs exploded on the flight deck, eight of them AN-M65's with significantly enhanced blast over a normal 1,000 lb bomb.  Other bombs on the flight deck performed as designed and did not detonate due to the fire.
    Most of the pilots on the aft of the flight deck were able to escape, but two more (besides LCDR White,) LT Dennis Barton and LCDR Gerry Stark, were killed in the explosions.  LCDR McCain was helping another pilot who was on fire when the first explosion occurred and barely escaped by rolling into the port catwalk as other bombs exploded; he then proceeded to assist ordnancemen on the hangar deck in jettisoning bombs over the side, to prevent them from exploding as well.  (Three months later, on 26 Oct 67, flying from USS Oriskany (CVA-34,) LCDR McCain would be shot down over North Vietnam on his 23rd bombing mission.)
    The bomb blasts blew large holes in the flight deck, and flaming fuel oil poured down into the hangar bay and berthing compartments in the aft end of the ship, accounting for many of the casualties.  Some of the burning fuel was spread by untrained hose teams using water on a fuel (Class B) fire, in some cases washing away foam laid by other teams and reigniting the fire.  The death and incapacitation of the entire specialized fire-fighting team in the initial explosion had critical impact.  By the end of WWII, as a result of lessons learned during the war, most Sailors on ships had received training in fighting shipboard fires.  By 1967, the U.S. Navy had reverted to the Japanese model at Midway with specialized, highly-trained damage control and fire-fighting teams, but most of the crew was not trained.  Doing so probably saved some money, but the result in crisis was heroic, but uncoordinated, often ineffective and counter-productive efforts by untrained teams that resulted in needless additional deaths and injuries.  Nevertheless, the ad hoc firefighting teams of Sailors and Marines had the fire on the flight deck out by 1215.  However the fires below decks, spread by the burning fuel on water, were much more difficult to put out, with the last fire not extinguished until 0400 the next day.  The damage to Forrestal was so severe that she had to come off Yankee Station for repairs, commencing post-repair sea trials in April 1968.
 
     The Navy investigation absolved Captain Beling of responsibility for the fire.  Beling, who had been in has cabin at the time, and supervised the damage control effort in his t-shirt, displayed considerable leadership throughout the harrowing 11 hour ordeal.  Nevertheless, the initial Board of Investigation stated, "Poor and outdated doctrinal and technical documentation of ordnance and aircraft equipment and procedures, evident at all levels of command, was a contributing cause of the accidental rocket firing."  At that time, such a state was not unique to Forrestal.  The Commander in Chief of the Atlantic Fleet (to which Forrestal was assigned when not deployed) Admiral Ephraim P. Holmes did not concur with some of the results of the final investigation report, specifically the part that cleared Captain Beling.  ADM Holmes appended a Letter of Reprimand for CAPT Beling to the final report, which was removed by direct order of CNO ADM Thomas Moorer.  CAPT Beling made flag, but his orders to command of a carrier battle group were cancelled by new CNO ADM Elmo Zumwalt, and he was reassigned to command of the Iceland Defense Force, from which RADM Beling retired.
     The Forrestal was the second (and worst) of three serious U.S. Navy carrier fires in the 1960's.  In the first, the USS Oriskany (CVA-34) suffered a fire on 26 Oct 66 on Yankee Station that killed 44 and injured 138 when a magnesium parachute flare was accidentally ignited (human error) and a panicked Sailor threw it back into the magnesium storage locker instead of overboard; many of the dead were pilots killed by toxic smoke inhalation in their sleep.  The third disaster occurred on USS Enterprise (CVA(N)-65) on 14 Jan 69 while she was en route to Vietnam which killed 28 and injured 314, and destroyed 15 aircraft when hot exhaust from an improperly placed aircraft starter ignited another Zuni rocket and started a series of explosions.  In the case of Enterprise, lessons learned from Forrestal (and not having dangerous old and unstable ordnance on board) resulted in the fire being contained more rapidly with fewer casualties.  Enterprise put in for repairs at Pearl Harbor and continued en route to Vietnam in March 69, although she was diverted to Korean waters due to the North Korean capture of the USS Pueblo (AGER-2.)
    The Forrestal disaster resulted in many lessons learned (and re-learned) and resulted in significant changes in the U.S. Navy in training for shipboard damage control, the biggest being (re)-institution of firefighting training for all crew-members.  Another was the installation of a flight-deck washdown system that could spread water or foam as needed, with the first being installed on USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CVA-42) during her 1968-69 refit.   Another major change was establishment of the Weapon System Explosives Safety Review Board.  The training films "Learn or Burn" (which included film from the flight-deck PLATT camera that filmed the entire Forrestal event) and "Trial by Fire: A Carrier Fights for Life," have influenced countless firefighting, damage control, and recruit training classes.  Even I remember from my midshipman days, "the Chief with the Purple K" – Chief Farrier, who sacrificed his life trying to buy time for aviators to escape their jets before the flames spread.
Of note, the greatest loss of life on a U.S. Navy ship since WWII was 176 killed when USS Hobson (DMS-26) broke in half and sank after a collision with USS Wasp (CV-18) on 26 Apr 52.
(My thanks to Dr. Richard Hulver, NHHC historian, for sifting through mounds of official documentation, sometimes contradictory, so I didn't have to read it all myself.  Due to the extent of the damage, there are still details which remain unknown.)
 
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Item Number:1 Date: 09/06/2017 BANGLADESH - CHARRED BODIES FOUND IN MILITANT HIDEOUT IN DHAKA (SEP 06/BDNEWS24)  BDNEWS24.COM -- Bangladeshi security forces have found the remains of multiple bodies in a militant hideout in Dhaka, reports bdnews24.com (Bangladesh).   Explosions ignited a fire in the hideout in the Mirpur district as security forces cordoned it off, said a spokesman for the Rapid Action Battalion (RAB).   The building had been surround for 36 hours. The militants might have committed suicide, said the RAB.   At least four RAB personnel were injured, said a spokesman.   A RAB official said on Wednesday that seven skulls had been found in the hideout. Those likely included a suspected militant identified as Abdullah, his two wives, two children and two associates, he said, as cited by China's Xinhua news agency.   The apartment was often visited by members of New Jamatul Mujahedin Bangladesh (JMB), he added.  
 Item Number:2 Date: 09/06/2017 BURUNDI - U.N. COMMISSION INQUIRY FINDS EVIDENCE OF CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY; ASKS ICC TO INVESTIGATE (SEP 06/BLOOMBERG)  BLOOMBERG NEWS -- A United Nations commission has asked the International Criminal Court (ICC) to investigate if human-rights violations committed in Burundi constitute crimes against humanity, reports Bloomberg News.   The U.N. Commission of Inquiry on Burundi, in a report issued on Monday, said its investigators found that suspects in the East African country committed crimes such as extrajudicial executions, torture and enforced disappearances over the last two years.   The alleged perpetrators include "high-level officials" in the National Intelligence Services and the police, said the commission.   The findings were based on several months of work, involving interviews with more than 500 witnesses. "We were struck by the scale and the brutality of the violations," Fatsah Ouguergouz, an Algerian jurist who led the three-person panel, said in a statement cited by Reuters.   The Burundian government rejected the findings, said a spokesman for President Pierre Nkurunziza.   The report's findings are set to be presented this month to a 47-member Human Rights Council, which includes Burundi, noted the New York Times.   Burundi has been riven by violence since April 2015, when President Nkurunziza announced he was seeking a third term. Opposition members charged the move violated a two-term limit set in the agreements that ended a civil war.  
  Item Number:3 Date: 09/06/2017 CHINA - NEW AIR FORCE CHIEF SETS AMBITIOUS GOALS, INCLUDING MAKING STRIKES OVER LONG DISTANCES (SEP 06/SCMP)  SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST -- The new commander of China's People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) says his service needs to expand its offensive capabilities for missions beyond homeland defense, reports the South China Morning Post.   The PLAAF must be capable of effective offensive and defensive missions and build up its long-range capabilities to become a "strategic" airborne unit, Lt. Gen. Ding Laihang said on Sept. 3, as cited by the state-run China National Radio.   The air force is undergoing "an unprecedented deep reform," Ding told about 1,000 pilot trainees at the PLA Air Force Aviation University in Changchun in China's northeastern Jilin province.   The strategic mission demands the ability "to project power and make strikes over long distances. Exercises on the open seas will become a regular part of training," he said.   "The air force is gradually expanding its blue-water training, and its weapons and equipment, communication systems, supplies and aviation search-and-rescue skills must catch up with the mission," said the general.   Before this can happen, the PLAAF needs more heavy aircraft and a new strategic bomber to replace the H-6K to address such missions, said one military expert based in Hong Kong.  
 Item Number:4 Date: 09/06/2017 FRANCE - MILITARY SURVEILLANCE DRONES TO BE ARMED, SAYS DEFENSE MINISTER (SEP 06/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- French Defense Minister Florence Parly says the military is set to arm drones that were previously used just for surveillance, reports Defense News.   "I decided to begin the process of arming our intelligence and surveillance drones," said Parly on Tuesday. She made her remarks to a group of recruits and lawmakers in the southern port city of Toulon, as cited by AFP.   Six U.S.-made unmanned aerial vehicles will be equipped with precision-guided weapons beginning in 2019, she said.   She did not specify which UAVs would be used.   The drones will "pose a permanent threat to armed terrorist groups" in the areas where the French military operates, she said.   The French military already operates a few unarmed Reaper drones as part of surveillance efforts in Africa's Sahel region
Item Number:5 Date: 09/06/2017 INDIA - HAL LANDS ORDER FOR 41 MORE DHRUV HELOS FOR INDIAN ARMY, NAVY (SEP 06/HINDU)  THE HINDU -- Hindustan Aeronautics has signed another contract to deliver 41 Dhruv advanced light helicopters to the Indian armed forces, reports the Hindu (India).   The five-year, US$917 million contract covers 40 aircraft for the army and one for the navy.   The deal was signed recently with the Indian Ministry of Defense in New Delhi said HAL on Sept. 4.   In March, HAL was awarded a contract for 32 Dhruvs for the Indian navy and Indian coast guard, the company noted
Item Number:6 Date: 09/06/2017 IRAQ - HAWIJA OFFENSIVE IS IMMINENT (SEP 06/UPI)  UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL -- The Iraqi army's next target to liberate is Hawija, which has been held by the Islamic State since 2014, reports UPI.   Military operations are being prepared to retake the city in Kirkuk province, about 187 miles north of Baghdad, said officials on Tuesday.   Hawija is now the terror group's last stronghold in Iraq after the loss of the Mosul and Tal Afar. More than 100,000 civilians are believed to be trapped inside Hawija.   Reinforcements are being sent from Baghdad to prepare for the upcoming fight, said an army spokesman. The priority is to evacuate the civilians trapped inside, he added.   Perhaps 1,000 ISIS militants are believed to be in Hawija, noted Al Arabiya (Dubai
Item Number:7 Date: 09/06/2017 KENYA - AL-SHABAAB BEHEADS 4 IN LAMU COUNTY ATTACKS (SEP 06/STDN)  THE STANDARD (NAIROBI) -- Four people have been killed by apparent Al-Shabaab fighters in Lamu county on Kenya's southern coast, reports the Standard (Nairobi).   Al-Shabaab militants beheaded four on Wednesday, said officials cited by Reuters.   One attack took place in Silini-Mashambani, leaving three people dead. Another man was killed in a separate incident in Bobo village, said a local official.   About 30 heavily armed attackers went house-to-house calling victim out by name, said the official.   Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for the attacks, saying it had targeted non-Muslims. The group put the death toll at five.  
Item Number:8 Date: 09/06/2017 LEBANON - DNA CONFIRMS IDENTIFICATION OF SLAIN SOLDIERS INVOLVED IN ISIS DEAL (SEP 06/DAILYSTAR)  DAILY STAR -- The Lebanese army has confirmed the identities of the bodies of the Lebanese soldiers who were abducted by the Islamic State in 2014, reports the Daily Star (Lebanon).   ISIS captured the Lebanese soldiers in 2014 when they briefly took over the border town of Arsal. The group held an enclave of territory in the nearby Qalamoun border region until last week.   As part of an evacuation deal, ISIS agreed to show where they had buried the soldiers.   DNA tests confirmed that the bodies recovered were the missing soldiers, said the army.   The families of the soldiers said on Wednesday that they were upset that the bodies had been exhumed in the deal.   Prime Minister Saad Hariri declared Sept. 8 a national day of mourning for the soldiers killed
Item Number:9 Date: 09/06/2017 LESOTHO - OFFICERS KILL ARMY CHIEF IN HIS OFFICE (SEP 06/BBC)  BRITISH BROADCASTING CORP. -- Lesotho's army chief has been shot and killed by rival officers in Maseru, reports the BBC.   On Tuesday morning, Lt. Gen. Khoantle Motsomotso was killed in his office at Ratjomose barracks in the capital, said defense officials.   Two senior officers entered his office and shot the general before being killed by bodyguards, said witnesses.   An investigation is underway, said local reporters.   The soldiers had recently been fired, said a defense official cited by DPA.  
 Item Number:10 Date: 09/06/2017 SINGAPORE - AMERICAN, SINGAPOREAN NAVIES HOLD INAUGURAL BILATERAL EXERCISE OFF GUAM (SEP 06/SIMOD)  SINGAPORE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- The Singapore navy and the U.S. Navy have just completed a bilateral exercise in the waters off Guam, reports the Singapore Ministry of Defense.   Exercise Pacific Griffin, which ran from Aug. 19 to Sept. 2, was part of ongoing efforts to evaluate new training areas and opportunities for the Singapore armed forces, the ministry said.   This was the first bilateral exercise to take place outside of the waters of Singapore, noted the Navy NewsStand.   More than 850 personnel from both countries took part, noted Channel News Asia.   The drills offered the navy the opportunity to conduct complex, high-end exercises with the U.S., including anti-submarine, anti-aircraft and surface warfare scenarios.   Singapore also conducted unilateral live-firings on the sidelines of the exercise. This included the Formidable-class frigates Stalwart and Supreme each firing a Harpoon anti-ship missile to hit the same target simultaneously.   Separately, the Stalwart and an S-70B Seahawk helicopter neutralized a simulated underwater threat during a torpedo-firing exercise, said the ministry.   Also participating in the training was the Singapore landing ship Endurance. The U.S. Navy contingent included the littoral combat ship USS Coronado; destroyer USS Benfold; replenishment oiler USNS Pecos; and P-8 Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft
  Item Number:11 Date: 09/06/2017 SOUTH KOREA - SEOUL MOVES FORWARD WITH 4 MORE THAAD LAUNCHERS (SEP 06/ARIRANG)  ARIRANG -- South Korea has announced that it will install the four remaining U.S. Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) launchers to improve defenses against North Korean nuclear and missile threats, reports the Arirang News (South Korea).   Referring to Pyongyang's recently claimed hydrogen bomb test, Vice Defense Minister Suh Choo Suk said on Tuesday: "North Korea conducted its sixth nuclear test and is expected to launch another long-range missile, so enhancing our missile defense is crucial."   Many locals have protested the missile deployment, arguing that the decision was made hastily without following regular procedures.   Seoul completed a small-scale environmental study in late 2016 and has indicated it will complete a full survey of the THAAD site before making a final decision on permanent deployment.   A THAAD battery consists of six launchers, a fire-control and communications unit and an X-band radar. Most of the equipment is installed at the new U.S. base in Seongju, except for four launchers, officials said.   The deployment of the four additional launchers is anticipated this week, said Suh
  Item Number:12 Date: 09/06/2017 SYRIA - CORRIDOR CHALLENGED TO BESEIGED MILITARY BASE IN DEIR EZZOR (SEP 06/REU)  REUTERS -- Fighting between the Syrian army and Islamic State militants continued Tuesday night in Deir Ezzor, reports Reuters.   The army and its allies broke through Islamic State lines in the city earlier on Tuesday, lifting a three-year siege of a government-controlled military base in the west.   On Tuesday night, the army was trying to expand the corridor to the base, according to the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. "Work is progressing to secure the route and widen the flanks so as not to be cut or targeted by [ISIS]," said a pro-government commander.   ISIS counterattacks cut off the corridor for several hours with six car bombs, said the observatory.   Government-controlled enclaves still surrounded by ISIS fighters include the northern half of the city of Deir Ezzor and an airbase
Item Number:13 Date: 09/06/2017 SYRIA - U.N. INVESTIGATORS BLAME APRIL SARIN ATTACK ON SYRIAN GOVERNMENT FORCES (SEP 06/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- In their latest report, United Nations investigators said they found evidence that Syrian government forces was behind an April chemical weapons attack that killed dozens, reports Agence France-Presse.   At least 83 people were killed and almost 300 were injured on April 4 during a sarin gas attack in Khan Sheikhun in rebel-held Idlib province. Syria's government denied involvement and said a rebel chemical weapons facility was hit in an airstrike.   On Wednesday, the U.N. Commission of Inquiry (COI) released findings blaming the Syrian air force for the attack.   "All evidence available leads the Commission to conclude that there are reasonable grounds to believe Syrian forces dropped an aerial bomb dispersing sarin in Khan Sheikhun," said the report.   This is the first report to officially blame Damascus for the attack. The U.N.'s chemical watchdog, OPCW, earlier concluded that sarin was used, but did not assign blame.   The report also blamed Damascus for at least 23 other chemical attacks since March 2013
Item Number:14 Date: 09/06/2017 TURKEY - POLICE KILL SUICIDE BOMBER IN MERSIN BEFORE HE CAN ATTACK (SEP 06/ANADOLU)  ANADOLU NEWS AGENCY -- Turkish officials say a suspected Islamic State suicide bomber has been shot and killed by police in southern Turkey, reports the Anadolu Agency (Turkey).   A man wearing a suicide vest was killed close to a police station on Wednesday in Mersin, said authorities. Mersin is the capital of the province of the same name and a port on the Mediterranean coast.   Security forces said they opened fire after the militant ignored orders to stop.   The vest was later defused by police.   The attacker was planning to attack a police station in Yenisehir district, said one official.  
Item Number:15 Date: 09/06/2017 USA - ARMY III CORPS COMMANDER TAKES OVER OPERATION INHERENT RESOLVE (SEP 06/USCENT)  U.S. CENTRAL COMMAND -- The U.S.-led mission against the Islamic State terrorist group has a new commander, reports the U.S. Central Command.   As part of a regular rotation, Lt. Gen. Paul Funk II, the head of III Armored Corps, succeeded Lt. Gen. Stephen Townsend, the XVIII Airborne Corps commander, as the chief of Combined Joint Task Force-Operation Inherent Resolve during a Tuesday ceremony.   III Armored Corps, stationed at Fort Hood, Texas, previously led CJTF-OIR from September 2015 to August 2016.   It was announced in May that Funk would assume operational command in the summer.   Over the last year, the coalition has supported the Iraqi liberation of Mosul, while Syrian partners have captured and cleared more than half of Raqqa, the de facto Islamic State capital, said Townsend.   Since its establishment in June 2014, CJTF-OIR has increased the capabilities of partner forces and significantly degraded the ability of ISIS to plan, resource and execute attacks around the world, said the CENTCOM release
Item Number:16 Date: 09/06/2017 USA - IN $30 BILLION DEAL, UNITED TECHNOLOGY TO BUY ROCKWELL COLLINS (SEP 06/FT)  FINANCIAL TIMES -- Jet-engine maker United Technologies has agreed to buy aircraft parts manufacturer Rockwell Collins in a deal that may be the largest ever in the defense and aerospace industry, reports the Financial Times (U.K.).   Including debt, the deal is valued at about $30 billion.   United Technologies (UTC), Farmington, Conn., said on Monday that it had reached an agreement to acquire Rockwell Collins, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.   Rockwell Collins is a leader in aviation and high-integrity solutions for commercial and military customers, including avionics, flight controls, aircraft interior and data connectivity systems, noted the UTC release.   "This acquisition adds tremendous capabilities to our aerospace businesses and strengthens our complementary offerings of technologically advanced aerospace systems," said Greg Hayes, the chairman and chief executive officer of UTC.   "The integrated companies' expertise in developing electrical, mechanical and software solutions will allow us to deliver more innovative products and services and provide greater value to our customers and shareowners," he said.   Under the terms of the agreement, each Rockwell Collins shareowner would receive $93.33 per share in cash and $46.67 in shares of UTC common stock, subject to a 7.5 percent collar based on UTC's closing share price of $115.69 on Aug. 22.   The transaction is expected to be completed by the third quarter of 2018, subject to approval by Rockwell Collins shareowners and regulatory approvals.   Both Boeing and Airbus, whose supply chains may influence the deal, have expressed their concerns, noted Bloomberg on Tuesday.  
  Item Number:17 Date: 09/06/2017 USA - MISSION REQUIREMENTS HAVE NAVY LOOKING AT FOREIGN PLAYERS (SEP 06/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The U.S. Navy is giving a close look at international weapons and systems to meet its requirements for small surface combatants, reports Defense News.   The small surface combatant and over-the-horizon missile for surface ships programs face serious competition from foreign designs, officials said.   The Italian Carlo Bergamini-class frigate, developed under the European Multimission Frigate (FREMM) program with France, and Norway's Fridtjof Nansen-class frigates have reportedly drawn attention for the Navy's new guided-missile frigate to replace its retired Oliver Hazard Perry-class warships.   In the missile competition, Kongsberg of Norway's Naval Strike Missile is considered the only serious contender after Lockheed Martin and Boeing both withdrew ahead of a June deadline for proposals.   Kongsberg teamed with Raytheon in 2015 to offer the missile to the U.S. Navy.   The service has long relied on the Boeing Harpoon for anti-ship missions. However, as potential adversaries have fielded longer-range weapons, the Harpoon appears not to have the range for the task.   The need to consider foreign designs has been called a result of an overall downsizing of the U.S. shipbuilding industry
Item Number:18 Date: 09/06/2017 USA - NAVY BRACES FOR HURRICANE IRMA, ORDERS EVACUATION OF NAVAL AIR STATION KEY WEST, FLA. (SEP 06/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- The U.S. Navy is evacuating thousands of personnel and their families from Florida in preparation for Hurricane Irma, reports CNN.   The Category 5 storm is set to hit Caribbean islands, including Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, on Wednesday.   More than 5,000 active duty, civilians, contractors and families at Naval Air Station Key West were ordered to evacuate to safe haven within 300 miles of Atlanta, Ga., said Navy officials on Wednesday.   Up to 60 personnel will stay to operate essential functions at the base, said the officials.   Plans call for the base's fixed-wing and helicopters to be moved from Jacksonville and Mayport inland. Submarines from Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay in Georgia are also being moved.   The USS Iwo Jima amphibious assault ship and USS New York amphibious transport dock were expected to leave Mayport as early as Tuesday to Norfolk, Va., to carry disaster supplies.   The Navy said the USS Kearsarge amphibious assault ship and USS Oak Hill dock landing ship will stay off the coast of Florida. They will see if they will help with Irma or head to Texas, which was hit by another hurricane last week.  
Item Number:19 Date: 09/06/2017 USA - PENTAGON DECIDES ON MORE NAVAL PATROLS IN DISPUTED S. CHINA SEA (SEP 06/HILL)  THE HILL -- The U.S. Pacific Command has developed a plan for more regular naval patrols in the South China Sea, reports the Hill (Washington, D.C.), citing a report in the Wall Street Journal.   The Pentagon has set a schedule for freedom of navigation operations (FONOPS) to challenge Chinese maritime claims in the region, reported the Journal on Sept. 1.   PACOM expects to conduct two or three such missions over the next few months.   Such operations have been conducted sporadically in the past. China considers them to be provocative.   Holding more regular FONOPS is intended to defang Beijing's assertions that they are destabilizing, officials said.   Future patrols could include aircraft, noted Agence France-Presse.   The operations could increase tensions at a time when Washington is seeking cooperation from Beijing on North Korea.  
 Item Number:20 Date: 09/06/2017 VIETNAM - HANOI BLASTS BEIJING'S MILITARY LIVE-FIRE EXERCISES IN PARACELS (SEP 06/VNEX)  VN EXPRESS -- The Vietnamese government has issued a protest over China's live-fire drills in the Paracel Islands in the South China Sea, reports VN Express (Hanoi).   "Vietnam strongly opposes this action and demands that China respect Vietnam's sovereignty over the Hoang Sa archipelago and cease and refrain from repeating acts" that threaten peace and stability in the East Sea (aka South China Sea) and the region, a Foreign Ministry spokeswoman said on Tuesday.   The Maritime Safety Administration in China's southern Hainan province announced that the exercises would take place from Aug. 29 to Sept. 4, including live-firing drills around the Paracel islands, noted Reuters.   Vietnam expressed concern last week about Chinese military exercises in the Gulf of Tonkin region.   Such drills are not unusual, but Hanoi protests anytime they occur in waters it considers disputed. The language of the latest objections indicates that tensions are very high, said analysts.   China seized the Paracels in 1974 as the Vietnam War was winding down. Hanoi still claims sovereignty over the islands.

 
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