Thursday, June 8, 2017

Fw: TheList 4474

_______________________________________________

The List 4474


 
To All,
A lot more History and some tidbits.
Regards,
Skip
This Day In Naval History - June 8
1830 - Sloop-of-war Vincennes becomes first U.S. warship to circle the globe
1853 - Commodore Matthew Perry arrives at Uraga, Japan to begin
negotiations for a treaty with Japan
1880: Congress authorizes the Office of Judge Advocate General. Vice Adm. James W. Crawford, III currently serves as the 43nd Judge Advocate General of the Navy.
1937 - Observation of total eclipse of the sun by U.S. Navy detachment
commanded by CAPT J. F. Hellweg, USN, participating in the National
Geographic Society - United States Navy Eclipse Expedition at Canton Island
in the Phoenix Islands, Pacific Ocean. USS Avocet was assigned to this
expedition.
1945 - Hospital Apprentice 1st Class Fred F. Lester serves with an assault rifle platoon attached to the First Battalion, Twenty-Second Marines, Sixth Marine Division, against the Japanese on Okinawa Shima. Spotting a wounded Marine beyond front lines, he crawls to him, despite being hit twice by enemy gun fire, and pulls him to safety. Refusing medical treatment for his fatal injuries, Lester guides squad members in providing medical treatment on the rescued Marine, and to others, before dying shortly thereafter. For his "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity" on this occasion, he is posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.
 
1958 - Navy and Post Office deliver first official missile mail when USS
Barbero (SS-317) fired Regulus II missile with 3000 letters 100 miles east
of Jacksonville, FL to Mayport, FL.
1960 - Helicopters from USS Yorktown (CVS-10) rescue 54 crewmen of British
SS Shunlee, grounded on Pratus Reef in South China Sea.
1962 - Medical team from Naval Hospital, Bethesda, MD; Naval Medical
Research Institute, Bethesda, MD; and Naval Preventative Medicine Unit No.
2 Norfolk, VA sent to San Pedro Sula, Honduras to fight epidemic of
infectious gastroenteritis.
1967 - USS Liberty (AGTR-5) attacked by Israeli forces in Mediterranean
1990 - CDR Rosemary Mariner becomes first Navy women to command fleet jet
aircraft squadron.
 
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Today in History June 8
452
Attila the Hun invades Italy.
632
Muhammad, the founder of Islam and unifier of Arabia, dies.
793
The Vikings raid the Northumbrian coast of England.
1861
Tennessee votes to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy.
1862
The Army of the Potomac defeats Confederate forces at Battle of Cross Keys, Virginia.
1863
Residents of Vicksburg flee into caves as General Ulysses S. Grant's army begins shelling the town.
1866
Prussia annexes the region of Holstein.
1904
U.S. Marines land in Tangiers, Morocco, to protect U.S. citizens.
1908
King Edward VII of England visits Czar Nicholas II of Russia in an effort to improve relations between the two countries.
1915
William Jennings Bryan quits as Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson.
1953
The Supreme Court forbids segregated lunch counters in Washington, D.C.
1965
President Lyndon Johnson authorizes commanders in Vietnam to commit U.S. ground forces to combat.
1966
Gemini astronaut Gene Cernan attempts to become the first man to orbit the Earth untethered to a space capsule, but is unable to when he exhausts himself fitting into his rocket pack.
1967
Israeli airplanes attack the USS Liberty, a surveillance ship, in the Mediterranean, killing 34 Navy crewmen.
1968
James Earl Ray, the alleged assassin of Martin Luther King, Jr., is captured at the London Airport.
1969
President Richard Nixon meets with President Thieu of South Vietnam to tell him 25,000 U.S. troops will pull out by August.
1995
U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O'Grady is rescued by U.S. Marines in Bosnia.
 
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
 
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Thanks to Al
A salute to graduates…
Remember this, you may have graduated, but you're not finished with 'Show and Tell'.  That's what class reunions are for.
One good thing about graduation is that you get to wear a funny hat that makes your brain look larger than it actually is.
After twelve years of carrying books to school, you're well prepared for a career in backpacking.


Funny graduation quotes
You have committed the grave tactical blunder of acquiring enough university credits to graduate. So now you're leaving college and embarking on the greatest adventure - and the biggest challenge - of your young lives: moving back in with your parents.--Dave Barry
If you majored in fine arts or philosophy, you have good reason to be worried. The only place you are now really qualified to get a job is in Ancient Greece.--Conan O'Brien
Your families are extremely proud of you. You can't imagine the sense of relief they are experiencing. This would be a most opportune time to ask for money.--Gary Bolding


Musings on graduation…
I think I proved something very important at graduation: that I could walk and chew gum at the same time.
I didn't graduate with honors. I was honored just to graduate.
Graduation was the first time that the school actually gave me something I wanted to read.
I spent my time during graduation pretty much the same way I spent it in class: sleeping.


     Having just graduated from Yale, a young man is fired up to meet his best friend for lunch and map out their futures.  He opens his Uber app and calls for a ride.
     The car shows up, the young man hops in, and the driver says, "Nice day. How you doin'?"
     The graduate replies, "I just got my diploma from Columbia. I'm off to go conquer the world."
     The driver says, "Congrats! Nice to meet ya. I'm Howie, Yale 1989."


     A 21-year-old recent graduate is hired by a hardware store. He shows up for his first day of work at 8 AM sharp.
     The boss welcomes him, then hands him a broom. "First, sweep out the store. Then I'll show you where the window cleaning equipment is."
     "Sir," the young man protests. "You can't be serious. I'm a college graduate."
     "Oh, sorry," says the manager, pointing to the broom. "No problem. I can show you how that thing works."


     It was graduation day and Mom was trying to take a picture of their son in a cap and gown, posed with his father.  "Let's try to make this look natural "she said. "Junior, put your arm around your dad's shoulder."
     The father answered, "If you want it to look natural, why not have him put his hand in my pocket?"


You have been in college too long when…
You consider McDonald's "real food"
You actually like doing laundry at home
4:00 AM is still early on the weekends
It starts getting late on the weeknights
Two miles is not too far to walk for a party
You wear dirty socks three times in a row and think nothing of it
You'd rather clean than study
Computer Solitaire is more than a game; it's a way of life
You schedule your classes around sleep habits and soaps
You go to sleep when it's light and get up when it's dark
You live for getting mail (E-mail included)
Looking out the window is a form of entertainment
Prank phone calls become funny again
It feels weird to take a shower without shoes on
World War III could take place and you'd be clueless
You start thinking and sounding like your roommate
Black lights and highlighters are the coolest things on earth
Rearranging your room is your favorite pastime
You find out milk crates had so many uses
Wal-Mart is the coolest store
The weekend lasts from Thursday to Sunday, (or Wednesday morning to Tuesday
You are sitting around making lists about how you know you've been in college too long


     A student at graduation is walking across the platform when he falls through a large gap in the wood.   
     His mom, unperturbed, says to everyone sitting near her "It's just a stage he is going through".


Congratulations to all you graduates and especially to the parents of those graduates,
Al
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Thanks to Clyde
LIFE MAGAZINE AIRPLANE PHOTOS WWII
This is an amazing collection of photos that tell many amazing stories ... The photos are 'wide-angle' so you might have to move your screen to get the best view.
 
 
 
 
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
 
Thanks to Cap,
 
This is a link to my story on the affair. It is part of my unofficial and somewhat unorthodox biography of RADM Donald "Mac" Showers, our 92-year-old drinking buddy.
 
 
J.R. aka Vic
 
.Subject: Unsealed 75 years after the Battle of Midway: New details of an alarming WWII press leak
 
Unsealed 75 years after the Battle of Midway: New details of an alarming WWII press leak
June 5 at 8:00 AM

Smoke rises from the USS Yorktown after a Japanese bomber hit the aircraft carrier in the Battle of Midway in June 1942. Bursts from World War II antiaircraft fire fill the air. (U.S. Navy via Associated Press)
Six months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the June 7, 1942, edition of the Chicago Sunday Tribune trumpeted news of a stunning American victory over a Japanese armada at the Battle of Midway.
"Jap Fleet Smashed by U.S.; 2 Carriers Sunk at Midway: 13 to 15 Nippon Ships Hit; Pacific Battle Rages," the front-page headlines read. And in the center of the page, an intriguing side story: "Navy Had Word of Jap Plan to Strike at Sea."
It was a fascinating, and detailed, description of much of what American intelligence knew beforehand of the enemy's fleet and plans. Indeed, it was too detailed.
The report — 14 paragraphs long — suggested a secret U.S. intelligence coup, and became one of the biggest and potentially damaging news leaks of World War II.
The leak hinted that the United States had cracked a Japanese communications code, sparking fury in the Navy and the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and starting an "espionage" probe by the FBI.  It also led to a sensitive grand jury investigation whose testimony would be sealed for more than seven decades.
In December, Elliott Carlson, a naval historian in Silver Spring, Md., along with the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, the Naval Institute Press and the Organization of American Historians, among others, won a court fight to unseal the old testimony in the case, which is kept in the National Archives..
"This is the only time in American history that the United States government has … taken steps toward prosecuting a member of the media under the Espionage Act," Katie Townsend, the Reporters Committee litigation director, said in an interview.
This week, with leaks again making big news, the United States marks the 75th anniversary of  Midway, the epic 1942 battle that raged from June 4 to June 7 and turned the tide in the Pacific theater.  The American assault on the Japanese fleet was "the single most decisive aerial attack in naval history," according to historians Jonathan B. Parshall and Anthony P. Tully.
The Japanese navy was crippled by the loss of four aircraft carriers — all used in the attack on Pearl Harbor — and hundreds of planes and sailors when it was ambushed by a smaller U.S. force that had been forewarned by good intelligence.
American code breakers had figured out where and when the enemy planned to strike, and the military acted accordingly.
But it was critical that the Japanese not learn of the breach, lest they change their codes and confound their U.S. foes.
Yet, here, the day the battle ended, was an American newspaper suggesting such a breach to the world.

Chicago Sunday Tribune front page. (Chicago Tribune)
"The strength of the Japanese forces with which the American Navy is battling … was well known in American naval circles several days before the battle began," the Tribune report began. "The advance information enabled the American Navy to make full use of air attacks on the approaching Japanese ships."
The story went on to describe the three parts of the planned Japanese attack: a striking force, a support force and an occupation force. It detailed how many ships were involved, and named the ships and their types.
"It was a huge scandal," Carlson, who is working on a book about the case, said in a telephone interview Thursday. "It enraged the Navy high command. It enraged the Roosevelt administration."
The story did not explicitly say a code had been broken, Carlson said.
But "any knowledgeable reader of that story would have known that [it] had to come from American cryptanalysis of the Japanese naval code," he said. "The Navy … thought any reasonably intelligent person reading that story would say, 'Hey, the American Navy has broken the Imperial Navy's operational code.' "
The Navy's information on Japanese plans had been gleaned from weeks of scrutiny of enemy message traffic being conducted in the compromised code. U.S. intelligence officials were able to predict what direction the attack would come from and what time of day it would start, and experts were off by only 24 hours in forecasting the date the attack would begin, according to historian John Costello's study of the Pacific war.
At first, the United States was unsure where the enemy planned to attack.
Japanese communications kept referring to a location code-named "AF." The Navy guessed it was Midway, but it had to be sure. To find out, Navy Com. Joseph J. Rochefort, a code breaker, suggested a ruse. Midway was instructed to issue an emergency call in plain English saying that its water distillation plant had broken down. The report was duly picked up by enemy eavesdroppers, who radioed superiors that "AF" was running short of water, according to Costello.
When the Japanese fleet approached Midway, the Americans were lying in wait. The Japanese force was virtually wiped out.
But the American fleet was hurt, too. The aircraft carrier, the USS Yorktown, was sunk, and an entire squadron of 15 torpedo planes was shot down. Only one man, Ens. George Gay, survived the doomed attack of Torpedo Squadron 8.
Several American pilots downed in the battle were picked up by the Japanese navy. They were interrogated, executed, and their bodies were thrown into the ocean, according to historians Parshall and Tully.
The Tribune story ran in other papers, including the old Washington Times-Herald and the New York Daily News.
It carried no byline and bore a Washington dateline, but it was the product of a Tribune war correspondent in the Pacific named Stanley Johnston. An Australian who had once mined for gold in New Guinea, Johnston had been aboard the aircraft carrier, USS Lexington, when it was sunk during the Battle of the Coral Sea in early May 1942, Carlson said.
Johnston was a World War I veteran with a trim mustache who had fought at Gallipoli as a teenager. He had started as a war correspondent for the Tribune in Britain in 1940, according to a 1942 Tribune profile. Known as "Johnny," he had almost been killed when German planes bombed the Dover hotel where he and other reporters were staying.
When the United States entered the war, the Tribune sent Johnston to the Pacific, where he asked to be assigned to the Lexington because there were no other reporters on board, the newspaper said later.
"He's been a recurring puzzle and mystery all these years for the Navy," Carlson said.
In the Coral Sea, the Lexington was crippled by enemy dive bombers and torpedo planes, and suffered a series of post-attack explosions so serious that it had to be abandoned. But most of the  almost 3,000-man crew was rescued, including Johnston.
The carrier was then sunk by an American destroyer.
Johnston and other Lexington survivors were eventually put aboard the Navy transport, USS Barnett, and started for San Diego.
While they were in route, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, armed with the latest intelligence, "circulated a message to all of his commanders at sea giving them a little preview … about the battle of Midway that was going to occur in four or five days," Carlson said. Among other things, the crucial message — No. 311221 — laid out in detail the makeup of the enemy force.
"That particular dispatch showed up on the Barnett," Carlson said. "It was not intended to go there, but it turned out the transport ship had the equipment to decode whatever it wanted to."
The dispatch wound up in the hands of the Lexington's rescued executive officer, Cmdr. Morton T. Seligman, who happened to be bunking with Johnston. "So you put him in the same room with the dispatch, and the Navy and everybody else put two and two together. Much of the content of Nimitz's dispatch appeared in Johnston's story."
Johnston later testified that he had gleaned the crucial information from a "scrap of paper" with doodling on it, which he found on a table in the ship's crowded quarters, and which he then threw away.
Johnston landed in San Diego on June 2, and was in Chicago on June 4. When he heard about the unfolding battle, he told his editor he had some "dope" on the Japanese fleet, according to a 1942 report to the Navy and the Justice Department by former U.S. attorney general William D. Mitchell, who was handling the investigation.

Crewman aboard the USS Yorktown battle fire after the carrier was hit by Japanese bombs on June 4, 1942. (AP)
Johnston was told to write the story.
"The description in the article of the Japanese Midway fleet is almost an exact duplication of the information contained in the Nimitz dispatch," Mitchell wrote, and Johnston later admitted copying a document with "some statement on it about the Japanese fleet."
Johnston almost certainly saw and copied the dispatch, Mitchell believed. But there was no proof that he knew the dispatch was secret. "The fact that it was left lying around would indicate its lack of 'secrecy,' " Mitchell wrote.
Plus, he feared a criminal prosecution could reveal further wartime secrets.
The Roosevelt administration wanted to pursue it anyhow. In Chicago, in August 1942, federal prosecutors seated a grand jury, which heard testimony.
In the end, no one was indicted. The testimony was sealed, and remained so until December.
The Justice Department had argued against unsealing it, saying that such testimony should always remain sealed to protect witnesses and the innocent.
But after more than seven decades, the courts ruled in favor of the historian.
Carlson said Johnston's story did not help the Japanese.
"They never heard of the article," he said. The Japanese did soon change their code, but not because of the leak. "They changed it because it was due to be changed," he said.
Twenty years later, on Sept. 13, 1962, when Johnston died of an apparent heart attack at age 62, the Chicago Tribune ran his obituary on the front page.
Magda Jean-Louis contributed this story
 
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Thanks to Bart
Thursday, December 22, 2016
Massive Recall Issued for Ineffective "COEXIST" Bumper Stickers
 
WASHINGTON — The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration will recall over 550,000 units of the popular "COEXIST" bumper sticker due to an ineffective and unsustainable message of world peace, U.S. safety regulators said on Tuesday.
 
"After an estimated 300 billion incidents of human suffering and death due to war, religious intolerance, racism, genocide, and homophobia, from the years of 50,000 BC through 2016, this sticker needs to be pulled from retail shelves and all automobiles immediately," the NHTSA said in a statement online.
 
"NHTSA likes the sticker," the statement continued. "We believe it looks really cool in a tie-dye color scheme. In the current geopolitical climate, however, our in-house engineers predict this trend in which everybody dies will not slow down in the foreseeable future."
 
The graphic, spelling "Coexist" through religious and political symbols, has garnered thousands of complaints from consumers for inefficacy, despite regular appearance on the rear bumpers of cars owned by progressive Americans.
 
"I had a feeling something wasn't working back there.  I heard some rattling on NPR about crises in Europe, the Middle East, Africa… even America," said Subaru Outback owner Wayne Darvy of Burlington, VT.  "How can sticker companies just sit back and profit from a clearly unattainable mantra?  I feel duped.
 
 
 
_______________________________________________

No comments:

Post a Comment