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Saturday, May 13, 2017

Happy Mother's Day: How It Started - Celebrated Around the World - Dates (With Links)

Mother's Day

 Image result for mother's day images

Mother's Day is a celebration honoring the mother of the family, as well as motherhood, maternal bonds, and the influence of mothers in society. It is celebrated on various days in many parts of the world, most commonly in the months of March or May. It complements similar celebrations honoring family members, such as Father's Day, Siblings Day, and Grandparents Day.
In the United States, celebration of Mother's Day began in the early 20th century. It is not related to the many celebrations of mothers and motherhood that have occurred throughout the world over thousands of years, such as the Greek cult to Cybele, the Roman festival of Hilaria, or the Christian Mothering Sunday celebration (originally a commemoration of Mother Church, not motherhood).[1][2][3][4] However, in some countries, Mother's Day has become synonymous with these older traditions.[5]

Establishment of holiday

The modern holiday of Mother's Day was first celebrated in 1908, when Anna Jarvis held a memorial for her mother at St Andrew's Methodist Church in Grafton, West Virginia. St Andrew's Methodist Church now holds the International Mother's Day Shrine.[6] Her campaign to make "Mother's Day" a recognized holiday in the United States began in 1905, the year her mother, Ann Reeves Jarvis, died. Ann Jarvis had been a peace activist who cared for wounded soldiers on both sides of the American Civil War, and created Mother's Day Work Clubs to address public health issues. Anna Jarvis wanted to honor her mother by continuing the work she started and to set aside a day to honor all mothers because she believed that they were "the person who has done more for you than anyone in the world".[7]
In 1908, the US Congress rejected a proposal to make Mother's Day an official holiday, joking that they would also have to proclaim a "Mother-in-law's Day". However, owing to the efforts of Anna Jarvis, by 1911 all US states observed[clarification needed] the holiday, with some of them officially recognizing Mother's Day as a local holiday,[8] the first being West Virginia, Jarvis' home state, in 1910. In 1914, Woodrow Wilson signed a proclamation designating Mother's Day, held on the second Sunday in May, as a national holiday to honor mothers.[9]
Although Jarvis was successful in founding Mother's Day, she became resentful of the commercialization of the holiday. By the early 1920s, Hallmark Cards and other companies had started selling Mother's Day cards. Jarvis believed that the companies had misinterpreted and exploited the idea of Mother's Day, and that the emphasis of the holiday was on sentiment, not profit. As a result, she organized boycotts of Mother's Day, and threatened to issue lawsuits against the companies involved.[10] Jarvis argued that people should appreciate and honor their mothers through handwritten letters expressing their love and gratitude, instead of buying gifts and pre-made cards.[9] Jarvis protested at a candy makers' convention in Philadelphia in 1923, and at a meeting of American War Mothers in 1925. By this time, carnations had become associated with Mother's Day, and the selling of carnations by the American War Mothers to raise money angered Jarvis, who was arrested for disturbing the peace.[9][10]

Spelling

In 1912 Anna Jarvis trademarked the phrases "Second Sunday in May" and "Mother's Day", and created the Mother's Day International Association.[11] She specifically noted that "Mother's" should "be a singular possessive, for each family to honor its own mother, not a plural possessive commemorating all mothers in the world."[12] This is also the spelling used by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson in his 1914 presidential proclamation, by the U.S. Congress in relevant bills,[13][14] and by various U.S. presidents in their proclamations concerning Mother's Day.[15]

Dates around the world

While the United States holiday was adopted by some other countries, existing celebrations, held on different dates, honouring motherhood have become described as "Mother's Day", such as Mothering Sunday in the United Kingdom[5] or, in Greece, the Eastern Orthodox celebration of the presentation of Jesus Christ to the temple (2 February of Julian Calendar). Both the secular and religious Mother Day are present in Greece.[citation needed] Mothering Sunday is often referred to as "Mother's Day" even though it is an unrelated celebration.[5]
In some countries, the date adopted is one significant to the majority religion, such as Virgin Mary Day in Catholic countries. Other countries selected a date with historical significance. For example, Bolivia's Mother's Day is the date of a battle in which women participated.[16] See the "International history and tradition" section for the complete list.
Ex-communist countries usually celebrated International Women's Day instead of Mother's Day.[17][not in citation given] Some ex-communist countries, such as Russia, still follow this custom[18] or simply celebrate both holidays, which is the custom in Ukraine. Kyrgyzstan has recently introduced Mother's Day, but "year on year [International Women's Day] is certainly increasing in status".[19]

Gregorian calendar
Occurrence Dates Country
Second Sunday of February
Feb 14, 2016
Feb 12, 2017
Feb 11, 2018
 Norway
3 March

 Georgia[20]
8 March (with International Women's Day)

Fourth Sunday in Lent (Mothering Sunday)
6 Mar 2016
26 Mar 2017
11 Mar 2018
21 March
(Spring equinox)

25 March

 Slovenia
7 April (Annunciation day)

 Armenia (Motherhood and Beauty Day)
First Sunday of May
May 1, 2016
May 7, 2017
May 6, 2018
8 May

 South Korea (Parents' Day)
10 May

Second Sunday of May
May 8, 2016
May 14, 2017
May 13, 2018
15 May

 Paraguay (same day as Día de la Patria)[32]
19 May

 Kyrgyzstan (Russian: День матери, Kyrgyz: Энэ күнү)
26 May

 Poland (Polish: Dzień Matki)
27 May

 Bolivia[16]
Last Sunday of May (sometimes First Sunday of June if the last Sunday of May is Pentecost)
May 29, 2016
May 28, 2017
May 27, 2018
French Antilles (First Sunday of June if Pentecost occurs on this day)
30 May

 Nicaragua[34]
1 June

 Mongolia (together with Children's Day)
Second Sunday of June
Jun 12, 2016
Jun 11, 2017
Jun 10, 2018
 Luxembourg
First Monday of July
Jul 4, 2016
Jul 3, 2017
Jul 2, 2018
 South Sudan
12 August

 Thailand (birthday of Queen Sirikit)
15 August (Assumption of Mary)

 Costa Rica
 Antwerp (Belgium)
Second Monday of October
Oct 10, 2016
Oct 9, 2017
Oct 8, 2018
 Malawi
14 October

 Belarus (since 1996[35])
Third Sunday of October
Oct 16, 2016
Oct 15, 2017
Oct 21, 2018
 Argentina (Día de la Madre)[36]
3 November

 Timor Leste
16 November

 North Korea[37]
Last Sunday of November

 Russia
8 December (Feast of the Immaculate Conception)

 Panama[38]
22 December

 Indonesia[39]
Hebrew calendars
Occurrence Equivalent Gregorian dates Country
Shevat 30
Between 30 January and 1 March- Family Day  Israel[40]
22 May Mother's Day – new  Israel[40]
Hindu calendars
Occurrence Equivalent Gregorian dates Country
Baisakh[41] Amavasya (Mata Tirtha Aunsi[42])
Between 19 April and 19 May
6 May 2016 [41]
26 April 2017
   Nepal
Islamic calendars
Occurrence Equivalent Gregorian dates Country
20 Jumada al-Thani[n 1]
20 April 2014
10 April 2015
30 March 2016
 Iran[43]

Celebration

Mother's Day is celebrated in more than 46 countries throughout the world. On this day, many people pray in churches in honor of mothers, while some gift them presents on this day to express their love. Some may have dinner at home with the family.
One of the most popular ways people celebrate Mother's Day is by giving their mother a card and bouquet of flowers. As it is a holiday, some people prefer to go out for a picnic to celebrate this festival. In schools, kids dedicate poems to their mothers and also perform various roles on this day.