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Saturday, April 29, 2017

The List 4442


To All,
I hope you all have a great weekend.
Regards,
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This Day In Naval History - April 28
1962 - Naval forces capture Forts Jackson and St. Philip, LA
1944 - U.S. LSTs attacked during Operation Tiger
1945: USS Sennet (SS 408) sinks the Japanese cable layer Hatsushima off Kii Strait, south southeast of Miki Saki; USS Springer (SS 414) sinks the Japanese submarine chaser CH 17 west of Kyushu as she is escorting landing ship T.146, and USS Trepang (SS 412) sinks T.146 off Ose Saki, Japan.
 
 
1993 - SECDEF memo orders Armed Forces to train and assign women on combat aircraft and most combat ships, but not to ground combat positions.
 
 
This Day In Naval History - April 29
1814 - USS Peacock captures HMS Epervier
1898 - U.S. warships engage Spanish gunboats and shore batteries at Cienfuegos, Cuba
1944 - Fast carrier task force (12 carriers) commence 2 day bombing of Truk
1975: Commander Task Force 76 receives the order to execute Operation Frequent Wind (initially Talon Vise), the evacuation of U.S. personnel and Vietnamese who might suffer as a result of their past service to the allied effort.
 
This Day In Naval History - April 30
1798 - Congress establishes Department of the Navy
1975 - Saigon falls to North Vietnamese forces
 
·         April 28
357
Constantius II visits Rome for the first time.
1282
Villagers in Palermo lead a revolt against French rule in Sicily.
1635
Virginia Governor John Harvey is accused of treason and removed from office.
1760
French forces besieging Quebec defeat the British in the second Battle on the Plains of Abraham.
1788
Maryland becomes the seventh state to ratify the constitution.
1789
The crew of the HMS Bounty mutinies against Captain William Bligh.
1818
President James Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain.
1856
Yokut Indians repel an attack on their land by 100 would-be Indian fighters in California.
1902
Revolution breaks out in the Dominican Republic.
1910
The first night air flight is performed by Claude Grahame-White in England.
1916
British declare martial law throughout Ireland.
1919
Les Irvin makes the first jump with an Army Air Corps parachute.
1920
Azerbaijan joins the Soviet Union.
1930
The first organized night baseball game is played in Independence, Kansas.
1932
A yellow fever vaccine for humans is announced.
1945
Benito Mussolini is killed by Italian partisans.
1946
The Allies indict Tojo on 55 counts of war crimes
1947
Norwegian anthropologist Thor Heyerdahl and five others set out in a balsa wood craft known as Kon Tiki to prove that Peruvian Indians could have settled in Polynesia.
1953
French troops evacuate northern Laos.
1965
The U.S. Army and Marines invade the Dominican Republic.
1967
Muhammad Ali refuses induction into the U.S. Army and is stripped of his boxing title.
1969
Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France.
 
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Berlin Airlift: When American power was unstoppable
66th anniversary marks saving of German city from Soviet strangulation
By Thomas V. DiBacco
West Berlin children at Tempelhof Airport watch fleets of U.S. airplanes
In this era of increasing diplomatic friction with Russia over Ukraine, it would be well to remember that April 30 marks the 66th anniversary of the first, and most unbelievable, successes of American and Western foreign policy marking the beginning of the Cold War.
That was the first sign on April 30, 1949, that the Soviet Union started to ease its Berlin blockade of Western power access to the city by permitting limited canal traffic. A formal agreement ending the blockade came on May 4. It had been a 328-day siege, coming to an end thanks to the massive airlifting of supplies to the beleaguered city.
After World War II, Germany was divided into four temporary zones occupied by the United States, Great Britain, France and Soviet Union. Berlin was located 100 miles inside the eastern-located Soviet zone, and it, too, was divided into four zones, but essentially two as a result of Western powers merging their boundaries, a situation that also mirrored the larger geographical zones. Postwar agreements looked forward to a unified Germany, and Western powers initiated, first in 1947, an economic-aid program named after Secretary of State George Marshall and second in 1948, currency reform that would stabilize Germany's almost worthless existing monetary system.
The Soviets balked at both notions. Recognizing that West Berlin could produce only about a quarter of its food needs and even less of its energy requirements, they began on June 24, 1948, to block all rail, road and canal access from the west. The goal, of course, was to gain total control of the city because the Western powers, it was thought, would give up under such total blockage — or risk war. That was unlikely, given that the latter had only 22,600 troops in their Berlin section. The Soviets in their zone, on the other hand, numbered 1.5 million soldiers. Worse, at the start of the Soviet blockade, West Berliners had only 36 days of food supplies and 45 days of coal.
Gen. Lucius D. Clay, head of the U.S. Occupation Zone, set forth both the dilemma and solution: "There is no practicability in maintaining our position in Berlin, and it must not be evaluated on that basis. We are convinced that our remaining in Berlin is essential to our prestige in Germany and in Europe. Whether for good or bad, it has become a symbol of the American intent."
Hence began the largest military-diplomatic relief effort in history, as impressive as the D-Day invasion in terms of its boldness and tenacity. Operation Vittles, as the airlift was dubbed by Americans, was meticulous in terms of its planning, calculations and results. Some 1,990 calories for each of the 2.2 million West Berliners were set as the minimum daily requirement, necessitating 1,534 tons per day in food and 3,475 tons of coal and gasoline for fuel and electricity. Although Soviet fighters boasted that they would challenge the airlift, the threat was hollow. Some 400 Western-supplied cargo planes — flying stacked above each other in a 20-mile wide air corridor — arrived every three minutes at first two, then three airfields in West Berlin. On Saturday, April 16, 1949, a day before the end of Lent, a record 1,398 planes landed in what was called the Easter Parade, averaging one every 61.8 seconds.
The daily food supplies varied from 640 tons of flour to 109 tons of meat and fish, from 19 tons of powdered milk to five tons of whole milk for children, the latter dubbing the planes "candy bombers" because of their always dependable supply of sweets.
And not only were supplies brought in, but manufactured goods made by West Berliners filled returning planes. Some 175,000 ill West Berliners, including young children, were also airlifted out during the period as a result of a severe winter. The total statistical accomplishments were breathtaking: From June 24, 1948, to May 12, 1949, when the Soviets capitulated and opened up all routes to the city, more than 278,000 flights had taken off, and 1,592,787 tons of supplies had been airlifted, equal to about 1,000 pounds per West Berliner. To make certain that sufficient surpluses were built up for West Berliners, air deliveries continued until Sept. 30, 1949. To be sure, there were losses during the airlift period. Seventeen American and eight British aircraft had crashed, with 70 resulting deaths. The pilots represented not only traditional occupation-zone powers, but also Australians, New Zealanders and South Africans.
As for Americans at home, the era of the airlift was no picnic. A railroad strike, demobilization problems, short supplies, and high prices made for public unrest. Still, a national poll on Sept. 15, 1948, indicated that 85 percent backed the airlift policy, with only 7 percent opposed and 8 percent undecided.
Thomas V. DiBacco is professor emeritus at American University.
 
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The US Navy Blue Angels - A Pictorial History | Fighter Sweep
 
 

The US Navy Blue Angels – A Pictorial History

 
 
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Thanks to Dutch
Tribute to another Brother -
Those who know will understand –
Hand Salute!!
Dutch
 
 
TRIBUTE TO A FELLOW QB
 
 
     On March 6, 1943, Herb Munter, Jr., Lt. J.G., U. S. Navy, was killed on flying duty instructing at Whidby Island, after several months of flying service in the Aleutians. His father, Commander Herb Munter, is a QB and member of the Seattle Hangar.
    
Now after this lapse of time we re­ceive what might well be called a tribute to the bereaved father, and we run it not only because Herb is a fine QB but also because of its sheer beauty. It indeed fits the case of many other QB's who have seen their boys Go West and who have kept going with chins erect as we expect QB's to do.
    
     "The other day I watched an old friend of mine carefully polish a pair of glasses and then adjust them to his eyes that he might better study a luncheon menu. He has just reached the half-century mark, and I have known him just about half that time. He has always had good eyes and has seen well and clearly those things a man goes up against in his time. His life has been a full one. He has known failure and success. He has known joy and sorrow, but his judgment has al­ways been guided by what those eyes have seen, and I believe his judgment has been good.
     I found myself thinking of what those eyes had looked upon down the years, and I know I was thinking much the same as he was at the moment. I was thinking back to a time when a small boy was handing him the wrench he needed to remove a plug from the old "J-6"; or the time he was helping to wash and polish the "Stearman". Per­haps we were thinking of the time that that same little boy had grown up enough to take over the controls in the air and then the time when he flew by himself. Yes, I remember the pride in his eyes the day he came in to see me wearing the Navy Wings of Gold on his breast; and that little boy was with him, grown to manhood now; and he too was wearing the same golden wings.
     I didn't see those eyes when they read the words that told him that little boy was gone, but I knew they were blinded with the hot and terrible tears that only a man can shed. I know those eyes that day were the mirrors of his heart and soul; and as he adjusted his glasses, I know what he meant when he said, "This is what the Navy has done for my eyes." He knew I understood, and he knows that I know those eyes will carry him through all this. He is an American Fighting Man who has lost his only son, another American Fight­ing Man. We drank a silent toast that day to one who someday too would have worn the Silver Wings of a "QB," Herb Munter, Jr." 
 
(The Beam, May 1944)
Jim Davis for John Cotton
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Thanks to Dutch
Threats of violence about a rose parade?!
YGTBSM!
 

Portland rose parade canceled after 'anti-fascist' email threatens local Republican group

By Kristine Kotta
Published April 27, 2017
For years, the 82nd Avenue of the Roses parade has kicked off Portland's annual Rose Festival and marked beginning of the Oregon city's parade season.
But after a threatening email was sent to parade organizers - singling out members of the Multnomah County Republican Party (MCRP) who were planning to take part – officials have decided to cancel the family-friendly procession in an effort to avoid any clashes between protesters and marchers.
"This would have been the 11th year of the parade. This is culturally enriched community that has grown very diverse over the years," Rick Jarvis, a spokesman for the Rose Festival Foundation, told Fox News. "The association has worked very hard to get everyone together in one common are and the parade helped served in that function."
Local media reported that the email was sent from "thegiver@riseup.net," and said that if members of the MCRP marched on Saturday they planned to have "two hundred or more people rush into the parade into the middle and drag and push them out."
"You have seen how much power we have downtown and that the police cannot stop us from shutting down roads so please consider your decision wisely," the anonymous email said, in reference to the violent riots that broke out in Portland after the 2016 presidential election, reported the Oregonian. "This is non-negotiable."
While the author of the email did not mention any group or particular affiliation, the message did include links to two different Facebook pages set up for counter-protests; one by Direct Action Alliance and the other from Oregon Students Empowered.
Direct Action Alliance has shut down its counter-protest since the parade was cancelled and said that a different event will be held but they will not organize it. Jacob Bureros, an organizer with the Direct Action Alliance, told the Oregonian that he is sad to hear the news that the parade was cancelled.
"We are disappointed that the parade was canceled," he said. "We're members of this community and this is an awesome parade."
You have seen how much power we have downtown and that the police cannot stop us from shutting down roads so please consider your decision wisely.
- Email sent to parade organizers
Parade organizers did ask the MCRP to pull out of the event, but MCRP chair James Buchal refused and asked for the city to provide more police protection. Buchal added that his group was ready to march in the parade despite the threat and that the organization had participated in the event for a number of years without any issues.
"We weren't willing to just walk away quietly," he said. "The next thing we knew the whole thing was canceled."
Jarvis said that it was decided to cancel the parade after the city informed organizers that the police department couldn't offer any additional security. Community organizers are encouraging residents to visit the businesses on 82nd Avenue on Saturday in light of the parade cancellation.
"You can't really prevent it. You can be aware, you can be ready, anticipate, but if somebody's going to do something to interrupt or to attack - if you want to use that word - you can't really be in position to prevent it," Jarvis said.
 
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There are only nine questions.
 
This is a quiz for people who know everything!
I found out in a hurry that I didn't. These are not trick questions.
They are straight questions with straight answers..
 
1. Name the one sport in which neither the spectators nor the participants know the score or the leader until the contest ends.
 
2. What famous North American landmark is constantly moving backward?
 
3 Of all vegetables, only two can live to produce on their own for several growing seasons. All other vegetables must be replanted every year. What are the only two perennial vegetables?
 
4. What fruit has its seeds on the outside?
 
5. In many liquor stores, you can buy pear brandy, with a real pear inside the bottle. The pear is whole and ripe, and the bottle is genuine; it hasn't been cut in any way. How did the pear get inside the bottle?
 
6. Only three words in standard English begin with the letters ' dw' and they are all common words. Name two of them.
 
7. There are 14 punctuation marks in English grammar. Can you name at least half of them?
 
8. Name the only vegetable or fruit that is never sold frozen, canned, processed, cooked, or in any other form except fresh.
 
9. Name 6 or more things that you can wear on your feet beginning with the letter 'S.'
 
See answers at the end of the List
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Item Number:1 Date: 04/28/2017 AFGHANISTAN - 2 AMERICANS KILLED FIGHTING ISIS FORCES IN NANGARHAR (APR 28/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- The Dept. of Defense says two U.S. military personnel were killed and a third injured in eastern Afghanistan on Wednesday night, reports the Voice of America News.   The U.S. troops were conducting an anti-terrorist operation with Afghan security forces in Nangarhar province when they were attacked, said a military statement.   A local branch of ISIS, known as the Islamic State-Khorasan, or ISIS-K, has become a target of U.S. forces in Afghanistan, noted the Washington Post.   The mission took place in Mohmand Valley -- the same locale where the "mother of all bombs" was dropped on April 13, and a stronghold of ISIS-K, noted NBC News.   The latest fatalities bring the total of Americans killed fighting ISIS-K in 2017 to three, all in Nangarhar, reported the Los Angeles Times.   The Daily Caller referred to the troops as special operators.   
Item Number:2 Date: 04/28/2017 AFGHANISTAN - TALIBAN BEGINS ITS SPRING OFFENSIVE, TARGETING 'OCCUPATION' FORCES (APR 28/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- The Taliban says it has begun its spring offensive in Afghanistan, reports the Voice of America News.   In a formal announcement on Friday, the Taliban said that it had begun Operation Mansour across all 34 Afghan provinces.   "These operations will involve conventional attacks, guerrilla warfare, complex [suicide] attacks, insider attacks and use of [improvised explosive devices] to achieve their objectives," the statement said.   The operation is named after former Taliban chief Mullah Aktar Mansour. He was killed last year in a U.S. drone strike.   The Taliban said it would mainly target U.S.-led foreign "occupation" troops to force them to leave the country.   A spokesman for the Defense Ministry in Kabul said that government forces were fully prepared and would defeat the new Taliban offensive.   The rebels have held spring offensives every year since the U.S. forces toppled their regime in Kabul in 2001, noted the Anadolu Agency (Turkey
  Item Number:3 Date: 04/28/2017 BANGLADESH - 4 DIE IN 'SUICIDE BLASTS' DURING POLICE OPERATION (APR 28/PROTALO)  PROTHOM ALO -- Bangladeshi police say four militants killed themselves rather than surrendering during an operation in the northwestern part of the country, reports the Prothom Alo (Dhaka).   One of those killed in the Chapainawabganj district was a Jama'at-ul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) activist, said authorities.   Operation Eagle Hunt was launched on Wednesday evening, with police surrounding a house considered a militant hideout.   The bodies of four men were found when police entered the house, officials said, as cited by Xinhua, China's state news agency.   The militants were most likely killed in "suicide explosions," said the officials.   Family members unsuccessfully attempted to get one of the militants to give up, noted the Dhaka Tribune
Item Number:4 Date: 04/28/2017 GERMANY - IN A SHIFT, BERLIN ASSUMES LARGER ROLE WITHIN NATO (APR 28/FT)  FINANCIAL TIMES -- In contrast to recent years, the German military is doing more with NATO, including taking the lead of a multinational force bolstering defenses in Lithuania, reports the Financial Times (U.K.).   The task force has been training to use natural barriers and obstacles, giving up territory to gain time to defend a new line, said Lt. Col. Christoph Huber, the German commander of the NATO force.   German troops make up about half of the 1,000-strong task force. Taking such a role is considered a major step for the country, which has been very cautious about deploying military force since World War II.   Berlin has also been criticized by U.S. President Donald Trump, who has hit Germany for not paying its share of international efforts.   Germany currently spends about 1.2 percent of GDP on defense, well below the NATO benchmark of 2 percent.   The 2017 defense budget in Germany includes an 8 percent increase over 2016, with another 4 percent boost planned in 2018.   Defense spending remains unpopular with the German public, as measured by polls.  
  Item Number:5 Date: 04/28/2017 GERMANY - SYRIAN MAN, WHO FOUGHT ALONGSIDE ISIS, IN CUSTODY IN BADEN WURTTEMBERG (APR 28/DEWELLE)  DEUTSCHE WELLE -- Germany authorities say they have arrested a Syrian man with links to the Islamic State, reports Deutsche Welle.   A 23-year-old man, identified only has Emad A., was detained early Friday in the southwestern state of Baden Wurttemberg, said federal prosecutors.   He joined ISIS in the spring of 2013 and fought in Syria, said the prosecutors.   Police searched his apartment following the arrest, noted the news agency. No details were provided on how the suspect entered Germany or came to the attention of authorities
Item Number:6 Date: 04/28/2017 IRAN - FOREIGN MINISTRY FILES PROTEST WITH PAKISTAN OVER DEATHS OF BORDER GUARDS (APR 28/PRESSTV)  PRESS TV -- Iran's Foreign Ministry Foreign Ministry has summoned the Pakistani ambassador to file a formal protest over a deadly cross-border attack earlier this week, reports Press TV (Iran).   On Wednesday, gunmen from the Pakistani side of the border killed 10 Iranian border guards near the town of Mirjaveh in the southeastern province of Sistan-Baluchestan. (Some reports said nine were killed.)   The Jaish ul-Adl terror group claimed responsibility.   The Foreign Ministry summoned the Pakistani ambassador on Friday, urging Pakistan "to adopt strict measures for the arrest and punishment of terrorists."   "We expect Islamabad to honor its previous promises and prevent a repetition of such attacks," said ministry spokesman.  
 Item Number:7 Date: 04/28/2017 MALAYSIA - FPDA MEMBERS TAKING PART IN BERSAMA SHIELD DRILLS IN MALAYSIA, SINGAPORE (APR 28/ADOD)  AUSTRALIAN DEPT. OF DEFENSE -- The members of the Five Power Defense Arrangements (FPDA) have begun their latest Bersama Shield exercise in Malaysia and Singapore, reports the Australian Dept. of Defense.   The Bersama series of drills are designed to improve interoperability among the members of the FPDA: Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore and the U.K.   About 300 Australians are taking part in the drills, which are taking place in international waters and the FPDA exercise area in Malaysia and Singapore, noted a defense release. The training began Thursday and runs through May 9.   Canberra has dispatched the frigate Ballarat, submarine Farncomb, an AP-3C Orion maritime patrol aircraft and King Air 350 tactical mobility aircraft for the exercise.   The participants will also conduct an air/land integration working group during the training, the department said
Item Number:8 Date: 04/28/2017 NIGERIA - BANGLADESHI ARMY CHIEF, VISITING ABUJA, REINFORCES DEFENSE RELATIONS (APR 28/NANIGERIA)  NEWS AGENCY OF NIGERIA -- The head of the Bangladeshi army has made an official visit this week with senior Nigerian military officials in Abuja, the Nigerian capital, reports the News Agency of Nigeria.   Gen. Abu Belal Muhammad Shafiul Hug met on Tuesday with the Nigerian defense chief, army chief and other senior military leaders as well as Vice President Yemi Osinbajo.   The talks covered strengthening bilateral military relations, as well as cooperation in economic and other sectors, said officials.   The Bangladeshi and Nigerian militaries have a long-standing relationship, said Hug. Many Nigerian officers travel to Bangladesh to study at its defense colleges and academies, he noted.  
  Item Number:9 Date: 04/28/2017 NIGERIA - MILITARY CONVOY HIT BY JIHADIST SUICIDE ATTACK IN NORTHEAST (APR 28/VANGUARD)  VANGUARD -- An apparent Boko Haram suicide bomber has killed at least five soldiers and injured 40 in an attack in northeast Nigeria, reports the Vanguard (Nigeria).   On Thursday, the bomber drove an explosives-laden pick-up truck into a military convoy near Manguzum village. The convoy was en route to Damboa, about 55 miles from Maiduguri, security sources told AFP.   At the time, the convoy was conducting "clearance operations" between Yobe and Borno states, said the sources.   The attacker was believed to be a follower of a Boko Haram faction led by Abu Musab al-Barnawi, who was named as the group's leader by the Islamic State last year. Another faction is headed by long-time leader Abu Bakr Shekau
  Item Number:10 Date: 04/28/2017 PAKISTAN - DRONE STRIKE TARGETING TTP KILLS 7 IN N. WAZIRISTAN (APR 28/PTI)  PRESS TRUST OF INDIA -- Pakistani intelligence officials say a suspected U.S. drone strike on Wednesday in the northwestern tribal area killed at least seven militants, as reported by the Press Trust of India.   The strike took place in the Lawar Mandi area of North Waziristan, close to the Afghan border, the officials said on Thursday.   Two houses believed to be used by the Pakistani Taliban (TTP) were hit, they said.   Two militant commanders, identified as Abdul Rehman and Akhtar Mohammad, were among those killed, said one official.   If confirmed, the strike would be only the second drone attack inside Pakistan since U.S. President Donald Trump took office in January, noted Reuters.  
  Item Number:11 Date: 04/28/2017 PHILIPPINES - NAVY SET TO RECEIVE POHANG-CLASS CORVETTE FROM S. KOREA; MANILA TO PAY TOKEN US$100 FEE (APR 28/MANBUL)  MANILA BULLETIN -- The Philippine Dept. of National Defense says it has sent a letter of intent to South Korea to acquire a single Pohang-class corvette, reports the Manila Bulletin.   Manila will pay a nominal US$100 for the ship, which is effectively being donated by Seoul, noted Reuters.   The navy hopes to receive the ship later this year, said a Defense Dept. spokesman.   The cost of the refurbishing is unknown, the spokesman said.   The ship "will definitely enhance our capability to patrol our waters and perform counterterrorism missions," he said.   Separately, on Wednesday, the Philippines took delivery of two more FA-50 light attack aircraft from South Korea. The final two of 12 ordered will be handed over in May, Reuters reported.   Manila has expressed an interest in acquiring six more of the jets.  
Item Number:12 Date: 04/28/2017 RUSSIA - INTEL GEAR PULLED BEFORE DAMAGED SHIP WENT UNDER IN BLACK SEA, SAYS KREMLIN (APR 28/SPUTNIK)  SPUTNIK -- The Russian Defense Ministry says that all the "special equipment" aboard a Russian navy intelligence vessel was removed before it sank on Thursday, reports Russia's Sputnik news agency.   The Liman collided with a Togo-flagged vessel carrying livestock about 25 miles from the Bosphorus Strait in the Black Sea. The intelligence ship sank because of a hull rupture. All 78 members of the crew were rescued, noted the ministry.   The Liman was kept afloat for almost three hours, said the ministry on Friday.   Meanwhile, "all the removable special equipment, documentation, weapons and ammunition were evacuated by the crew to lifesaving appliances, and then safely delivered to the Black Sea Fleet base in Crimea," the ministry said.  
Item Number:13 Date: 04/28/2017 SOUTH KOREA - U.S. TO DEPLOY STRATEGIC ASSETS TO PENINSULA ON REGULAR BASIS (APR 28/YON)  YONHAP -- The United States, with Seoul's approval, has made plans to deploy strategic weapons to South Korea on a regular basis, in an attempt to to counter North Korea's missile and nuclear programs, according a joint statement cited by the Yonhap news agency (Seoul).   Washington and Seoul agreed to explore a "full range of available options, including strengthening the regular deployment of U.S. strategic assets, to bolster the alliance's ability to deter and, where necessary, respond to North Korean nuclear, weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missile use," said the statement released on Friday.   The agreement was finalized during this week's two-day annual Korea-U.S. Integrated Defense Dialogue (KIDD) in Washington, D.C.   Strategic assets refer to high-profile weapons such as the B-2, B-1B and B-52 bombers, as well as F-35 fighter jets and aircraft carriers. Previous such deployments have been temporary and in response to North Korean actions.   The statement also highlighted the importance of deploying the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) air missile defense system to a site in South Korea as a "purely defensive measure focused solely on North Korea
Item Number:14 Date: 04/28/2017 SYRIA - AS ISIS LOSES ITS HOLDINGS, MANY FOREIGN FIGHTERS FLEE THE FIGHT (APR 28/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- Officials say many foreign fighters and sympathizers have been abandoning the Islamic State and fleeing to Turkey, reports the Guardian (U.K.).   At least two British nationals and an American citizen last week surrendered to Turkish border police after spending more than two years in ISIS-controlled areas, according to unnamed sources.   Dozens of other foreigners are known to have fled in recent weeks, with most being caught as they attempted to cross the border into Turkey.   Others are believed to have successfully crossed into Turkey without being captured.   ISIS forces have been collapsing as the coalition has drawn closer to its strongholds in Raqqa and Tabqa in northern Syria
Item Number:15 Date: 04/28/2017 SYRIA - REBEL ALLIANCE TAKES TABQA FROM ISLAMIC STATE (APR 28/REU)  REUTERS -- U.S.-backed forces fighting the Islamic State in northern Syria say they have taken control of several neighborhoods from the terrorists in the town of Tabqa on Friday, reports Reuters.   Members of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), an alliance of Kurdish and Arab fighters, have been trying to seize the town and the adjacent Euphrates dam.   The SDF said it has pushed into Tabqa and gained control of the Nababila and Zahra neighborhoods. The Wahab neighborhood was reportedly taken on Thursday.   The multiphase operation to seize Raqqa, the de facto capital of ISIS, began in November 2016. Much of the territory around Raqqa has been surrounded by SDF forces, but the offensive has slowed in recent weeks
  Item Number:16 Date: 04/28/2017 SYRIA - SHAER GAS FIELD BACK IN GOVERNMENT CONTROL (APR 28/SPUTNIK)  SPUTNIK -- Pro-government forces are now in control of Syria's largest gas field, a source told Russia's Sputnik news agency.   Government troops and allied militias seized the Shaer gas field from Islamic State. The field is located northwest of the ancient city of Palmyra.   Fighting was still ongoing near the outskirts of the field, but engineers have begun defusing explosive devices, the source said on Friday.   ISIS fighters took over the gas field in May 2016. The field is capable of producing about 3 million cubic meters of gas daily
  Item Number:17 Date: 04/28/2017 UNITED KINGDOM - COUNTERTERROR POLICE THWART PLOTS NEAR PARLIAMENT, ELSEWHERE IN LONDON (APR 28/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- British police say they have foiled two separate active terror plots within the space of hours, reports CNN.   Late Thursday, officers arrested a man in London near Parliament after he was stopped and searched, say police, as reported by the New York Times.   A 27-year-old male, who reportedly was carrying three knives, was charged with preparing a terror act and possessing an offensive weapon.   Subsequently, counterterror police raided a house in Willesden, in northwest London, shooting and wounding a woman. Armed counterterrorism officers using CS gas stormed a house that had been under surveillance, reported Reuters   Six other suspects were arrested on suspicion of the commission, preparation and instigation of terror acts. The suspects were believed to be part of an active terror plot, said police.   The Willesden operation was not related to the arrest near Parliament
Item Number:18 Date: 04/28/2017 USA - LATEST NUCLEAR SUBMARINE ABOUT TO BECOME USS INDIANA (APR 28/DOD)  DEPT. OF DEFENSE -- The U.S. Navy plans to christen its latest Virginia-class nuclear-powered attack submarine on Saturday at the Huntington Ingalls shipyard in Newport News, Va., reports the Dept. of Defense.   Vice President Mike Pence, a former governor of Indiana, will deliver the principal address during the ceremony.   The Indiana (SSN-789) is the 16th sub in the class and the sixth in the Block III configuration, the Pentagon said in a release
Item Number:19 Date: 04/28/2017 USA - NAVY, RAYTHEON REVIEW DESIGN OF ENTERPRISE AIR SURVEILLANCE RADAR (APR 28/RAYTHEON)  RAYTHEON -- The Enterprise Air Surveillance Radar (EASR) has successfully completed its preliminary design review, reports Raytheon, the manufacturer.   The design review followed the completion of a number of other milestones, including a combined systems requirements and system functional reviews and an integrated baseline review, the company said on Wednesday.   The radar provides simultaneous anti-aircraft and surface warfare and air-traffic control mission capabilities, while providing greater performance, reliability and sustainability and lower costs than its predecessors, say company officials.   The EASR will replace the volume search radar on the Navy's Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carriers and the AN/SPS-48 and AN/SPS-49 radars on various other ship classes
Item Number:20 Date: 04/28/2017 YEMEN - HOUTHIS TRY ANOTHER UNMANNED BOAT ATTACK AGAINST SAUDI SHIP; GUNFIRE FOILS ATTEMPT (APR 28/NBC)  NBC NEWS -- For at least the second time this year, Houthi rebels in Yemen have used a remote-controlled boat filled with explosives against a Saudi oil distribution terminal, reports NBC News.   The Saudi Interior Ministry on Wednesday said its security forces had foiled an attack made on an Aramco oil distribution terminal in the Red Sea on the Saudi coast, just north of Yemen.   The explosive-filled skiff was about a mile from the terminal's off-loading buoys when it was halted by gunfire.   Pictures released by the ministry showed the boat heading toward the facility and then a large explosion after gunfire from the Saudi coast guard.   The ministry called it a "terrorist attack," but did not specifically blame the Houthis.   On Jan. 30, 2017, a Saudi frigate was similarly attacked by an explosives-filled remote-controlled boat operated by the rebels. Two sailors were killed in that incident.
 
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Answers To Quiz:
 
1 The one sport in which neither the spectators nor the participants know the score or the leader until the contest ends: Boxing.
 
2 North American landmark constantly moving backward: Niagara Falls .. The rim is worn down about two and a half feet each year because of the millions of gallons of water that rush over it every minute.
 
3 Only two vegetables that can live to produce on their own for several growing seasons: Asparagus and rhubarb.
 
4 The fruit with its seeds on the outside:  Strawberry.
 
5 How did the pear get inside the brandy bottle? It grew inside the bottle. The bottles are placed over pear buds when they are small, and are wired in place on the tree. The bottle is left in place for the entire growing season. When the pears are ripe, they are snipped off at the stems.
 
6 Three English words beginning with dw: Dwarf, dwell and dwindle...
 
7 Fourteen punctuation marks in English grammar: Period, comma, colon, semicolon, dash, hyphen, apostrophe, question mark, exclamation point, quotation mark, brackets, parenthesis, braces, and ellipses.
 
8 The only vegetable or fruit never sold frozen, canned, processed, cooked, or in any other form but fresh: Lettuce.
 
9 Six or more things you can wear on your feet beginning with 'S':   Shoes, socks, sandals, sneakers, slippers, skis, skates, snowshoes, stockings, stilts.
 
PLEASE DO YOUR PART   ;   Today is National Mental Health Day.
You can do your part by remembering to  send this e-mail to at least one genius challenged person. Okay,   my job's done!
 
Don't send it back to me.
 
I've already failed it once!!!!!!!!!!!!!   twice
 
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