Thursday, April 20, 2017

Fw: TheList 4436


To All
I hope your week has been going well
This Day In Naval History - April 20
1796 - Congress authorizes completion of 3 frigates
1861 - Norfolk Navy Yard abandoned and burned by Union forces.
1914 - In first call to action of naval aviators, detachment on USS
Birmingham sailed to Tampico, Mexico.
1915 - First Navy contract for lighter-than-air craft awarded.
1942 - USS Wasp (CV-7) launches 47 British aircraft to reinforce Malta
1947 - CAPT L.O. Fox, USN, supported by 80 Marines, accepted the surrender
of LT Yamaguchi and 26 Japanese soldiers and sailors, two and one half
years after the occupation of Peleliu and nearly 20 months after the
surrender of Japan.
1953 - USS New Jersey shells Wonsan, Korea from inside the harbor.
1964 - USS Henry Clay (SSBN-625) launches a Polaris A-2 missile from the
surface in first demonstration that Polaris submarines could launch
missiles from the surface as well as from beneath the ocean. 30 minutes
later the submarine launched another Polaris missile while submerged.
On this day in history (April 20):
1961: FM stereo broadcasting was approved by the FCC.
1988: The Baltimore Orioles lost 8-6 against Milwaukee to set a
major-league record with their 14th consecutive defeat to start the season.
The Birds did their best to make sure no one in time would touch their
infamous record, losing seven more before collecting their first win.
1999: 13 people were killed at Columbine High School in Littleton, CO, when
two teenagers opened fire on them with shotguns and pipe bombs. The two
gunmen then killed themselves.
And today is:
National Pineapple Upside Down Cake Day
April 20
The Second Lateran Council opens in Rome.
English Admiral Robert Blake fights his last battle when he destroys the Spanish fleet in Santa Cruz Bay.
Ottawa Chief Pontiac is murdered by an Indian in Cahokia.
Captain Cook discovers Australia.
British troops begin the siege of Boston.
France declares war on Austria, Prussia, and Sardinia.
Napoleon Bonaparte defeats Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria.
The Territory of Wisconsin is created.
Edgar Allen Poe's first detective story is published.
Robert E. Lee resigns from the U.S. Army.
The first mobile home (horse-drawn) is used in a journey from London to Cyprus.
The first National League game is played at Chicago's Wrigley Field, then known as Weeghman Park. The park was renamed Cubs Park in 1920 and Wrigley Field, for the Chicago Cubs owner, in 1926.
The Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from the Soviets.
The first electron microscope is demonstrated.
Pierre Laval, the premier of Vichy France, in a radio broadcast, establishes a policy of "true reconciliation with Germany."
Soviet troops begin their attack on Berlin.
General Douglas MacArthur addresses a joint session of Congress after being relieved by President Harry Truman.
Operation Little Switch begins in Korea, the exchange of sick and wounded prisoners of war.
The New Orleans Citizens Committee gives free one-way ride to blacks to move North.
U.S. planes bomb Haiphong for first time during the Vietnam War.
Two students enter Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado and open fire with multiple firearms, killing 13 students and teachers, wounding 25 and eventually shooting themselves.
Thanks to ted -
read in accident report, the directing soldier with the night wands walked with the wands. we know from flight deck operations, yellow shirt directors do not walk. vertigo induced. pilots scream; air boss screams.....
In a message dated 4/19/2017 7:40:58 P.M. Eastern Daylight Time, writes:
Apr. 24, 1980:  Following a string of glitches from missed deadlines to malfunctioning helicopters, a U.S. operation aimed at freeing American hostages in Iran is aborted at a remote staging area – code-named "Desert One" – some 200 miles from Tehran. As the rescue force begins to withdraw, one of the helicopters operating in night black-out conditions accidentally hovers into a C-130 transport aircraft. A terrific explosion follows, killing five airmen and three Marines.
Thanks to Chuck. There was another crew that landed in Hachioji during the war that was murdered by the towns people in a public execution by sword and other means. After the US found out the bomber crews always "saved one for Hachioji""
Man's inhumanity to man.
Horrific! View in html
US bomber crew shot down over Japan were dissected while ALIVE in horrific WW2 experiments: Japanese university acknowledges full details of atrocity 70 years on
Parts of brain and livers of soldiers were dissected while they were alive
Prisoners of war also injected with seawater at university's medical school
Soldiers were still alive and thought doctors were going to treat them
Actions of surgeons and university staff brought to light in grim exhibition
By Elaine O'flynn For Mailonline
Published: 05:38 EST, 7 April 2015 | Updated: 10:45 EST, 7 April 2015
A Japanese university has opened a museum acknowledging that its staff dissected downed American airmen while they were still alive during World War Two.
The move is an striking step in a society where war crimes are still taboo and rarely discussed, although the incident has been extensively documented in books and by US officials.
A gruesome display at the newly-opened museum at Kyushu University explains how eight US POWs were taken to the centre's medical school in Fukuoka after their plane was shot down over the skies of Japan in May 1945.
There, they were subjected to horrific medical experiments - as doctors dissected one soldier's brain to see if epilepsy could be controlled by surgery, and removed parts of the livers of other prisoners as part of tests to see if they would survive.
This is a repeat but worth your time to read
Thanks to Carl
(A lot of us know about lumbar stenosis—one negative result of pulling positive Gs for many years!  I was approved for lumbar stenosis surgery a few years ago but did not want to risk spinal surgery.  An outstanding chiropractor and a whole body vibration machine have worked wonders without the risk of surgery!  I also had excellent results with acupuncture.)
HSI eAlert - email newsletter 4-20-2016
Dear Reader, 

It's one of the most dangerous and potentially life-wrecking surgeries around. 

But the mainstream would have you believe that it's as routine as a dental cleaning. 

If you or someone you love has been suffering from chronic back pain, there's a good chance you're going to hear all about the wonders of spinal fusion surgery. 

A surgeon fuses bones in your spine together with grafts, plates, rods, and screws -- and they're meant to stay there for the rest of your life. 

But despite all the big promises the mainstream is making, a new study has found that spinal fusions are doing a better job of making surgeons rich than healing backs. 

And if you're not careful, this risky operation could shorten or even end your life -- all without doing a thing to relieve your pain. 

Watch your back 

It looks like when some surgeons examine your spine, all they see are dollar signs. 

And lots of them. 

A report by CBS News a couple years back found that the number of spinal fusion surgeries had increased by a whopping 70 percent in just 10 years.

And, trust me, it's not because our backs are getting worse. It's because a spinal fusion operation can cost upwards of $150,000 -- and some surgeons are performing hundreds of them a year. 

But while spinal fusions are creating a new round of mainstream millionaires, lots of patients are ending up in more pain and misery than ever before. 

Some are even dying. 

A new study out of Sweden took a look at just how useless spinal fusion operations often are, and how much damage they're causing. 

Researchers from the Stockholm Spine Center followed nearly 250 patients who were treated for spinal stenosis, a condition where the spinal canal narrows and nerves get pinched. 

It's also a common reason lots of people end up getting spinal fusion. 

Patients received either a decompression procedure or decompression combined with fusion. (In decompression surgery a doctor cuts away pieces of bone to relieve the pressure on spinal nerves.) 

After five years, the folks who got spinal fusion didn't fare any better than the people who didn't. They weren't walking any better, weren't in any less pain, and their quality of life didn't improve one bit. 

In other words, the fusion surgery was totally useless. It was $150,000 flushed right down the toilet. 

And while spinal fusion didn't do a thing to relieve patients' pain, it put lots of them right in harm's way. 

Patients in the fusion group spent almost twice as long in the hospital, which meant lost work, more exposure to hospital-acquired infections and a bigger risk of side effects. 

And that's not all. In spinal fusion, problems like blood clots are common. It can even cause nerve damage that can make you lose sensation in your legs and destroy your bladder and bowel control. 

One study found that when fusions are complex, as many as one in 20 of these procedures can lead to complications that could even kill you. 

When you're suffering from chronic back pain, you'll do anything for relief. And the mainstream will bend over backwards to make you think that spinal fusion is the answer to your prayers. 

But the fact is, before you sign on the dotted line for any surgical procedure on your spine -- whether it's decompression, fusion, or anything else -- it's important to be aware of the non-surgical options available. 

For example:
Chiropractic treatments may be able to help open up the space between the vertebrae and relieve some of the pressure on nerves.
Acupuncture has been found in several studies to be incredibly effective (and safe) when it comes to relieving back pain. 
Lumbar braces or corsets can help give support if you have weak abdominal muscles and help you regain more strength and movement in your back.
Whatever you try, remember that spinal fusion is a risky procedure that may do more to fatten your surgeon's bottom line than help your back pain. 

It's a last resort, not the first option. 

To Your Good Health, 

Jenny Thompson 
"Spinal fusion not always necessary for back pain" NewsMax, April 14, 2016,

"Tapping into controversial back surgeries" Ben Eisler, CBS News, 


Thanks to Hal and Debra

FBI agent takes down genius pot-smoking vet who gave nuclear secrets to KGB in 'Three Minutes to Doomsday

The year was 1988, and Florida cabbie Roderick Ramsay — after peddling nuclear secrets to the KGB and bringing the U.S. to the brink of Cold War defeat — couldn't get arrested.
FBI Agent Joe Navarro knew that for a fact.
The law enforcer was fighting with all he had to bring the traitorous Ramsay to justice, only to find himself thwarted at every turn by the FBI's so-called experts in espionage.
Over the course of a yearlong investigation, Navarro determined that Ramsay, a former U.S. Army sergeant with a genius-level IQ, played a key role in selling NATO's war plans to the Soviets.
The deal left the West defenseless at the height of the Cold War.
Included were not only the U.S. Army's contingency plans for a ground war in Europe, but also the locations of nuclear sites throughout Western Germany.
This was information so sensitive it was classified as "COSMIC Top Secret." But there was more.
Locked in Ramsay's photographic memory were reams of U.S. defense secrets. Russia would generously reward Ramsay if he defected. It was a choice he could make at any moment.
But the FBI flatly dismissed Ramsay's tale as unbelievable. If any of his astonishing claims were true, why would such a smart guy implicate himself by spilling to Navarro?
Therein lies the story told by Navarro in a gripping new book, "Three Minutes to Doomsday: An Agent, A Traitor, and the Worst Espionage Breach in U.S. History."
Navarro, later to become a founding member of the FBI's legendary Behavioral Analysis program and an internationally recognized expert in body language, opened the investigation into Ramsay on the basis of a trembling cigarette.

"Three Minutes to Doomsday" by Joe Navarro

"It shook three times," Navarro insisted to his boss, who was reluctant to authorize an espionage case out of the FBI's Tampa bureau based on a twitching smoke.
"Three times that cigarette shook like a polygraph needle when I mentioned Clyde Lee Conrad."
Retired Army sergeant Conrad was already charged with selling classified documents to the KGB.
Conrad spent years in G-3, the War Plans section of the 8th Infantry in the German town of Bad Kreuznach. Army intelligence became interested in Ramsay because he was among thousands of the sergeant's former co-workers.
Navarro was dispatched to interview Ramsay about the Conrad investigation. The FBI agent fixated more on the interviewee's cigarette than his actual answers, convinced that Ramsay knew something.
But the Washington bureau had lost almost all interest in the case once Conrad and several cohorts were taken into custody overseas.
Navarro pressed on. What he learned would send U.S. experts in the shadowy worlds of intelligence, security and nuclear weaponry scrambling to make large-scale changes.
Since nothing concrete connected Ramsay to Conrad, he was free to walk away at any time. Navarro's challenge was to "seduce" Ramsay into sharing the details of how, and to what extent, he had betrayed his country.
The ensuing courtship was based on behavioral clues. Ramsay, though an "acne-scarred, dope smoking, scrawny 150-pounder," boasted the second highest IQ ever recorded on the basic military intelligence test.
When Navarro first encountered Ramsay, he was living in his mother's trailer in Tampa after getting tossed out of the Army. A routine drug test found cannabis in his urine.

Roderick Ramsay's passport photo.

Navarro used the failed test as a bonding moment. A square-jawed FBI agent from the movies would have radiated disapproval, but this one just laughed.
The two became buddies — but only up to a point.
Though Navarro was frantically reading books to keep up with Ramsay's avid intellect, he could never allow the suspected traitor to feel superior.
When Ramsay imperiously demanded to know Navarro's security clearance, for instance, the agent shut him down hard.
"Roderick," Navarro said, lowering his voice and leaning forward to make their eye contact more intense, "I'm cleared for weird, do you understand?"
Navarro pulled Ramsay into subsequent interviews under the pretext of needing his help in understanding how Conrad, the custodian of the G-3 War Plans, ran things. Ramsay appeared eager to share.
With his feet propped on the coffee table, the Army veteran talked about how the sex, drugs and rock 'n' roll vibe of the base made it easy to steal top-secret documents.
"All they had to do was put (the documents) in a burn bag and then pull it back out of the bag before they got to the burn facility," he confided.
At the end of the each day, classified material was bundled and burned in a building two blocks away. No one ever checked to ensure that all the documents went into the furnace.
Ramsay even handed Navarro a slip of paper provided by Conrad and carrying a strange configuration of numbers.

The secret apartment in Bad Kreuznach where Conrad and Ramsay would be knee-deep sorting through stolen classified papers.

(Joe Navarro)
Analysis revealed the figures were actually an emergency contact number for a Hungarian network of spies known to be in league with the KGB.
It was at that moment of triumph FBI headquarters shut Navarro's investigation down. The Washington Field Office didn't want Tampa anywhere near the case and successfully ran interference.
A year later, Navarro was suddenly urged to make contact with Ramsay again. Word circulated in Washington that ABC News had contacted Ramsay with questions about Conrad.
Navarro found Ramsay the worse for wear, barely eking out a living as a cabbie in Orlando. Over the course of eight months, the down-at-his-heels spy would reveal himself as a major player in a spy ring that gutted NATO's defense system.
When all became known, a U.S. military general assessed the magnitude of the damage.
In the event of an attack, it was estimated the NATO armies would be able to hold the Soviets off for three months, the time needed for the U.S. and its Allies to prepare for war.
But the spy ring, in return for millions of dollars, had handed the Soviets first strike capability. The general estimated Europe would have gone down in defeat within three weeks.
Ramsay's astonishing admissions included the disclosure of a secret apartment where he and Conrad stood knee-deep in top-secret documents, sorting through their haul.
On one night, Ramsay recited from memory a series of passages lifted from more than a dozen top-secret U.S. military go-to-war and contingency plans.
The information in his head was only previously only privy to the top generals in Europe.

Conrad at trial.

But the most chilling admission was that Ramsay had broken through the infamous fail-safe system — two locks, two custodians — sealing the vault where the nuclear activation codes and devices were stored.
He once taunted the two bored custodians into a competition.
As the numbers flew under their fingers, each racing to open his lock first, Ramsay captured the combinations in his mind's eye.
He then returned to steal the codes and cookies that could unleash nuclear hell on Europe. Unknown to its citizens, Western Germany was studded with buried nuclear satchels to be detonated if the NATO armies were forced to stage a last stand against the onslaught of a Soviet invasion.
Yet the Washington Field Office discredited Ramsay's information and convinced the Justice Department to take the same stance. Navarro had to corroborate the intel before the authorization to arrest Ramsay would come.
Through sources, the FBI agent located a secret apartment that the Washington bureau insisted did not exist. Army intelligence confirmed the passages quoted by Ramsey from the attack and contingency plans were eerily accurate.
The real gut punch came when the experts at the National Security Agency, convinced by the evidence Navarro presented, found that Ramsay had stolen actual nuclear authenticators.
"This man needs to be arrested immediately," one of the experts said.
The possibility remained that Ramsay might still have a nuclear cookie to trade somewhere in his possession. But it took another showdown at FBI headquarters — with the Washington bureau still trying to discredit Tampa — before the arrest order was granted.
On June 7, 1990, Ramsay was taken into custody. Navarro couldn't bring himself to slap the cuffs on him. He was too sick and too tired from fencing with Ramsay, a brilliant mind and a formidable opponent, to join in the takedown.
Ramsay was sentenced to 35 years and released to obscurity in 2010.
Meanwhile, Navarro's story has been optioned by Clooney's production company, Smoke House Pictures, for a movie that might aptly be titled, "How the West was Almost Lost."
Item Number:1 Date: 04/20/2017 AFGHANISTAN - U.S. MARINES BACK IN HELMAND, THIS TIME TO ASSIST AGAINST RESURGENT TALIBAN (APR 20/MCT)  MARINE CORPS TIMES -- The U.S. is sending about 300 Marines to southern Afghanistan to help Afghan security forces fend off the Taliban, reports the Marine Corps Times.   The deployment of personnel from the II Marine Expeditionary Force at Camp Lejeune, N.C., will be the largest Marine deployment to Afghanistan since 2014, when the U.S. military's combat mission officially ended.   The plan to send the 300 in the spring was announced in January. Tens of thousands of Marines fought the Taliban in the province over a five-year period that ended in 2014, noted Reuters.   By the end of April, the Marines will be in Helmand province as Task Force Southwest, replacing the Army's Task Force Forge.   During the nine-month deployment, the task force will train the Afghan army's 215th Corps and 505th Zone National Police in marksmanship, indirect fire, small-unit tactics and other skills, according to Marine officials.   The Taliban has been making gains in Afghanistan, with security said to be the worst since 2001, said one analyst.   As of January, the Taliban was said to control 85 percent of the province, as noted at the time by Al Jazeera.  
  Item Number:2 Date: 04/20/2017 EGYPT - POLICE TRACK, KILL 1 SUSPECT LINKED TO ATTACK NEAR MONASTERY (APR 20/AHRAM)  AHRAM ONLINE -- Police in Egypt say they have killed one of the gunmen involved in Tuesday's attack on an ancient monastery in southern Sinai, reports Ahram Online (Cairo).   During that attack, gunmen fired on a checkpoint near St. Catherine's Monastery, killing a police officer and wounding four others. The Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attack.   On Wednesday, security forces received information from local Bedouins on the one of the alleged attackers. They followed and killed him in a shootout, said the Interior Ministry.   An automatic weapon, ammunition and posters supporting ISIS were found, said security sources.  
  Item Number:3 Date: 04/20/2017 GREECE - ATHENS BANK BUILDING DAMAGED BY BOMB; NO INJURIES REPORTED (APR 20/IANS)  INDO-ASIAN NEWS SERVICE -- A bomb exploded late Wednesday outside a branch of Eurobank in the capital of Greece, reports the Indo-Asian News Service, citing local authorities.   An anonymous caller previously warned of a bomb in Athens close to a television stations. Police blocked off the area and evacuated nearby buildings.   The bomb was planted outside the door, causing damage to the entrance and shattering nearby windows, said officials. No one was injured.   No group has yet claimed responsibility. Anarchists have made similar attacks in the past.  
 Item Number:4 Date: 04/20/2017 INDIA - BORDER SERVICE FORCE BOOTS SOLDIER FOR HIS FACEBOOK FOOD COMPLAINTS (APR 20/HT)  HINDUSTAN TIMES -- India's Border Security Force (BSF) has fired a soldier who complained about the force's food quality on social media earlier this year in a highly publicized incident, reports the Hindustan Times.   In January, Tej Bahadur Yadav, a soldier who was deployed to the Indian border with Pakistan in Kashmir, charged the BSF with serving poor food in several viral videos on Facebook.   On Wednesday, the BSF said that Yadav had been dismissed. He was found guilty of making false allegations on social media. The soldier did not follow the formal complaint system of the force, said a BSF statement.   He also disobeyed general orders against mobile phones and posted photographs of himself in uniform, said the BSF.   Yadav said he would appeal in a higher court.  
  Item Number:5 Date: 04/20/2017 INDIA - RAIDS IN MULTIPLE STATES TARGET ISIS SUSPECTS (APR 20/PTI)  PRESS TRUST OF INDIA -- Police in India have arrested three alleged Islamic State members suspected of plotting a major attack, reports the Press Trust of India.   On Thursday morning, there were police raids in the states of Maharashtra, Punjab, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, said one official.   Those arrested were suspected of being associated with the Islamic State's India branch, said a police official.   According to the Financial Express, six suspects are being held in New Delhi and Bombay (Mumbai
  Item Number:6 Date: 04/20/2017 IRAQ - U.S. STATE DEPT. OKS SALE OF EQUIPMENT FOR KURDISH LIGHT INFANTRY, ARTILLERY UNITS (APR 20/RUDAW)  RUDAW -- The U.S. State Dept. has approved the potential sale of military equipment worth almost US$300 million to Kurdish forces in northern Iraq, reports Rudaw (Iraqi Kurdistan).   The possible US$295.6 million Foreign Military Sale would include equipment to equip two peshmerga light infantry brigades and two support artillery battalions, said a statement issued on Wednesday from the Defense Security Cooperation Agency.   If approved, the equipment would include 4,400 M16A4 rifles, 46 M2 0.50-caliber machine guns, 186 M240B machine guns, 36 M1151 HMMWVs, 77 M1151 up-armored HMMWVs, body armor, chemical weapon detection and protection equipment, medical equipment and other vehicles.   The potential sale also covers 36 refurbished M119A2 105-mm howitzers.   "This proposed sale will contribute to the foreign policy and national security objectives of the United States," said the DSCA.  
Item Number:7 Date: 04/20/2017 MALI - NEW COMBINED TERROR GROUP ATTACKS IN KIDAL, GOURMA (APR 20/UNNS)  UNITED NATIONS NEWS SERVICE -- The head of the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Mali has condemned Tuesday's attacks on peacekeepers and the Malian armed forces in northern Mali, reports the U.N. News Service.   Early Tuesday, a vehicle belonging to the MINUSMA peacekeeping mission hit an improvised explosive device about (30 km) south of Tessalit in the northern Kidal region, said officials. Two peacekeepers and a civilian were seriously injured and the vehicle was damaged, according to a release from the mission.   Also on Tuesday, militants attacked a Malian army camp in the remote Gourma Rharous region in the northern Timbuktu region. Five Malian soldiers were killed and 10 injured, reported Agence France-Presse. The French military said it had "neutralized" 10 fleeing attackers.   A recently formed group called Nusrat-al-Islam wal Muslimeen claimed responsibility for both attacks, according to the SITE Intelligence Group. The group announced its merger in March, combining Ansar Dine, Al-Mourabitoun and Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb.   French troops, part of a separate counterterrorism mission in Mali, responded after the Malian troops raised the alarm.   Mahamat Saleh Annadif, the U.N. secretary-general's special representative and head of MINUSMA, also expressed concern at the ongoing insecurity in the region.  
  Item Number:8 Date: 04/20/2017 NIGERIA - DISCOVERY OF US$43 MILLION CASH STASH IN APARTMENT LEADS TO SUSPENSION OF INTEL HEAD (APR 20/SKY)  SKY NEWS -- Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari has suspended the country's intelligence chief and another senior official after millions of dollars in cash was found in an empty apartment in Lagos, reports Sky News (U.K.).   About US$43 million in U.S. currency reportedly slated for the contracts was discovered in an empty apartment in the Ikoyi area of Lagos. About 27,800 pounds (US$35,607) and around 23 million naira (US$75,000) were also found, reported Deutsche Welle.   Nigeria's National Intelligence Agency (NIA) claimed the money, leading to the suspension of Ayo Oke, the head of the agency.   An investigation has been ordered into the incident. A three-member panel led by Vice Presiden Yemi Osinbajo will probe the cases, said Buhari's office.   The president has also ordered an investigation into the alleged diversion of US$800,000 for humanitarian contracts in the northeast, reported the Daily Sabah (Turkey).  
  Item Number:9 Date: 04/20/2017 SOUTH KOREA - DURING VISIT TO GANGWON, DEFENSE MINISTER URGES MORE REALISTIC COMBAT TRAINING (APR 20/YON)  YONHAP -- Defense Minister Han Min Koo has urged the South Korean military to improve the realism of its combat training, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul).   "It's the military's natural duty to focus on actual combat-like training in order to become stronger under the grim security conditions," Han said during a visit to the Korea Combat Training Center in the northeastern Gangwon province.   The mountainous range features the multiple integrated laser engagement system (MILES) for training in a variety of combat scenarios.   The military also needs to enhance its efforts to develop a brigade-level training system, the minister said.  
  Item Number:10 Date: 04/20/2017 SUDAN - WITH SANCTIONS LIFTED, SUDANESE MILITARY PARTICIPATES IN U.S. AFRICA COMMAND SUMMIT FOR 1ST TIME (APR 20/RADDABANGA)  RADIO DABANGA -- For the first time, a military contingent from Sudan is taking part in a summit hosted by the U.S. Africa Command in Stuttgart, Germany, reports Radio Dabanga, a short-wave station supported by Radio Netherlands.   The delegation left Khartoum on Sunday for Stuttgart, according to state media cited by the Sudan Tribune.   The delegation is led by Imaduldun Adawi, the Sudanese military chief of staff. He is scheduled to meet with a number of his counterparts on the sidelines of the summit, reported the official Sudan News Agency (SUNA).   Sudan's participation in the summit "is evidence on the breakthrough in the relationship with the United States and a move towards lifting Sudan's name from the U.S. list of countries sponsoring terrorism and fully lifting the American economic sanctions," said a military spokesman.   Then-U.S. President Barack Obama announced last year that sanctions would be lifted following Khartoum's "positive actions over the past six months." The measures were first implemented in 1997
Item Number:11 Date: 04/20/2017 SWEDEN - ADDITIONAL FUNDING FOR DEFENSE SEEN INCREASING PREPAREDNESS OF MILITARY UNITS (APR 20/SMIN)  SWEDISH MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- The Swedish government is allocating more funds for defense in its spring budget, reports the Swedish Ministry of Defense.   Under the plan, an additional US$55 million would be allocated to bolster the nation's total defense capability in 2017.   According to a ministry release on Tuesday, about US$45 million would be allocated to the military to increase combat readiness; add an air defense capability to the battle group on Gotland island; fund exercises, including additional personnel for drills already planned; improve cybersecurity; and procure spare parts and vehicles.   Another US$6.7 million would go toward strengthening civilian defense efforts by municipalities and city councils; US$1.7 million for total defense planning at the county level; US$1.1 million for the National Defense Radio Establishment to strengthen resilience to cyberattacks; and US$1.1 million for the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency to counter cyberattacks.  
 Item Number:12 Date: 04/20/2017 SYRIA - CIVILIAN COUNCIL EXPECTED TO GOVERN RAQQA UNDER JOINT ARAB-KURDISH LEADERSHIP (APR 20/ASHARQ)  ASHARQ AL-AWSAT -- The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) rebel alliance has announced the creation of a Raqqa civilian council under joint Arab-Kurdish leadership to administer that city after the Islamic State terrorist group is driven out, reports Asharq Al-Awsat (London).   "The civilian council of Raqqa will be charged with administering Raqqa and the surrounding province after liberation," said the SDF command in a statement on Tuesday.   The move followed a meeting between SDF leaders and representatives of the Raqqa tribes in the town of Ain Issa, about 40 miles (65 km) north of Raqqa.   Fourteen committees are expected to manage the province, participants said.   Leila Mustafa, a Kurdish woman from Raqqa, was elected to head the council along with Sheikh Mahmoud Shawakh al-Barsan, a prominent leader of the Raqqa tribes.   The SDF has a significant contingent of YPG members; the alliance includes Kurds and Arab militias.   Other opposition forces have expressed concern about the announcement. Some sources suggested the new council could provide Arab cover for the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) to control Raqqa.   The SDF has already turned over some towns in the region to the council after liberating them from ISIS, reported Reuters.  
Item Number:13 Date: 04/20/2017 SYRIA - REGIME STILL HAS UP TO 3 TONS OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS, SAY ISRAELI OFFICIALS (APR 20/DEWELLE)  DEUTSCHE WELLE -- Israeli defense officials say the Syrian government still has up to three tons of chemical weapons, reports Deutsche Welle.   Israeli intelligence believe that Syrian military commanders ordered a chemical weapons attack on April 4 in the rebel-held town of Khan Sheikhoun that killed at least 90 people, senior Israeli defense officials said on Wednesday.   The Assad government has between one and three tons of chemical weapons, said one military official.   The government in Damascus has repeatedly denied being behind the recent attack.   The Syrian government agreed to surrender its chemical weapons in 2013 after an attack in a Damascus suburb drew international condemnation and the threat of a U.S. intervention. About 1,300 tons of sarin, VX nerve agent and mustard gas were destroyed in 2014 under international supervision.   Questions remained about the efficacy of the agreement or the disposition of all the chemical weapons, noted the Hill (Washington, D.C
Item Number:14 Date: 04/20/2017 THAILAND - WAVE OF BOMBINGS, SHOOTINGS HIT DEEP SOUTH (APR 20/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- Thailand's restive south have been hit by a string of attacks, the military reported on Thursday, as reported by AFP.   A separatist insurgency has plagued the nation's predominately Muslim southern provinces since 2004.   On Wednesday night, there were more than a dozen attacks across 11 districts in the three southern-most provinces. The violence was directed at police stations and checkpoints, said Thailand's military.   Eight civilians and officials were reported wounded. Two rebels, identified as "insurgent operation leaders," were killed when a bomb they were transporting prematurely exploded, said a military spokesman.   The attacks involved grenades and shootings, said officials cited by Benar News.   Talks between the military government and the insurgents have stalled. The Barisan Revolusi Nasional (BRN), the main group behind the insurgency, has said it will only attend peace talks if international observers and a third-party mediators are allowed
Item Number:15 Date: 04/20/2017 UGANDA - UGANDAN TROOPS PULLING OUT OF COUNTER-LRA MISSION IN CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (APR 20/NEWV)  NEW VISION -- The Ugandan military has started to bring its soldiers home after concluding its operations against the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) terrorist group, reports the New Vision (Kampala).   An initial contingent of 31 soldiers arrived in Gulu on Wednesday, noted the Monitor (Kampala).   The Ugandan government has decided that the mission to neutralize the LRA has achieved. The terrorist group's capacity to attack Uganda has been degraded, officials said.   Last month, the U.S. announced that it was wrapping up its anti-LRA operations even though leader Joseph Kony is still at large, as Africa News reported in early March.   Key LRA senior commanders have been killed, captured or surrendered. Kony now has less than 100 fighters and poses no significant threat to Ugandan security, officials told the Monitor.   The government in Kampala remains ready to support the capacity building of the CAR military for counter-LRA operations and might also join the U.N. peacekeeping mission there under a strengthened mandate to deal with the terrorist group, said a release from the Ugandan armed forces
Item Number:16 Date: 04/20/2017 UNITED KINGDOM - LATEST DEAL FOR AGAMEMNON NUCLEAR-POWERED ATTACK SUB HAS INCENTIVE CLAUSE (APR 20/UKMOD)  U.K. MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- The U.K. Ministry of Defense has announced finalizing a contract with BAE Systems for the sixth of a planned fleet of seven Astute-class nuclear-powered attack submarines.   The 1.4 billion pound (US$1.8 billion) contract for the Agamemnon sub features an incentivized arrangement that is expected to save money, the ministry said in a release on Wednesday.   The deal rewards BAE Systems and its partners for delivering on time and budget, but punishes them for failing to hit targets, as part of efforts to limit cost overruns, noted London's Daily Telegraph.   Construction work on the Agamemnon began in 2012.   The class has had delivery problems. The first in the class was four years late and more than US$2.5 billion over budget, noted the Telegraph
  Item Number:17 Date: 04/20/2017 USA - IN WAKE OF FACEBOOK SCANDAL, NAVY, MARINE CORPS BAN SHARING NUDE PHOTOS (APR 20/FORTUNE)  FORTUNE -- Following a scandal involving military personnel, the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps have banned the sharing of nude photos without the consent of the individual shown, reports Fortune magazine.   On Wednesday, the branches issued amendments to their conduct regulations to specifically cover nonconsensual or wrongful distribution of an "intimate image," noted CNN. The regulation change was first reported by the Navy Times.   Violations include images that are posted "with the intent to realize personal gain; with the intent to humiliate, harm, harass, intimidate, threaten or coerce the depicted person; or with reckless disregard as to whether the depicted person would be humiliated, harmed, intimidated, threatened or coerced."   Such conduct regulations are equivalent to an order and can be enforced by military courts.   The crackdown comes after a scandal uncovered last month affecting all four service branches. A secret Facebook group posted photos of naked female service members. The group was shut by Facebook after a request from the Marines, noted Fortune.  
  Item Number:18 Date: 04/20/2017 USA - MQ-8C FIRE SCOUT SHOWS OFF ON LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP (APR 20/USNIN)  USNI NEWS -- Northrop Grumman is offering its MQ-8C Fire Scout unmanned aerial vehicle to support new anti-ship weapons planned for the U.S. Navy's littoral combat ships, reports USNI News.   By the early 2020s, the Fire Scout could provide targeting data for the over-the-horizon missile system, extending the lethal radius of such ships up to 300 miles, according to Northrop Grumman officials.   Company officials told USNI News that Northrop Grumman is already privately developing the ability for the MQ-8C to carry additional data links that can directly share information with the targeting system in the LCS combat system.   The MQ-8C is scheduled to field a Leonard Osprey 30 active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar by the 2020s, said a Northrop Grumman spokesman. A data link, such as the Link 16, could be used to transmit detailed data from the radar to the ship for targeting, said the official.   The long-term goal is to develop a fully integrated over-the-horizon targeting system, including the ship's combat system and in-flight target updates to a network-enabled weapon.   The Fire Scout made its first flight from an LCS earlier in April off California, UPI reported. The flight took place on the USS Montgomery
Item Number:19 Date: 04/20/2017 USA - NEEDING TO GROW, ARMY TAPS GUARD, RESERVE OFFICERS, NCOS FOR ACTIVE-DUTY FORCE (APR 20/ARMY)  ARMY TIMES -- The U.S. Army has broadened its campaign to get more National Guard and Reserve personnel to join the active-duty service as part of its push to grow to 476,000 by the end of September, reports the Army Times.   The Army has received about 1,000 applications since launching the Call to Active Duty program for Guard and Reserve officers and warrant officers earlier this year, according to Maj. Gen. Thomas Seamands, the head of Army Human Resources Command.   The program has now been extended to non-commissioned officers.   "Now that the force is getting larger, we're asking for officers and NCOs in the reserve component to consider going on active duty," the general told the newspaper on Tuesday.   The Army has received several thousand inquiries about making the transition, said Seamands.   The service is trying to expand by 16,000 in the active component and 28,000 overall by Sept. 30. The growth, outlined in the 2017 National Defense Authorization Bill, also calls on the Army to retain 9,000 more soldiers than it originally planned.  
 Item Number:20 Date: 04/20/2017 VENEZUELA - PROTESTS LEAVE 3 DEAD; MORE ANTI-GOVERNMENT DEMONSTRATIONS PLANNED (APR 20/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- At least three people have been killed in massive protests in Venezuela, reports CNN.   Anti-government demonstrations -- described as the "mother of all marches" -- began on Wednesday throughout the country. Protesters demanded new presidential elections and the release of jailed opposition politicians, reported the BBC.   A teenager in Caracas, the capital, and a woman in San Cristobal, near the border with Colombia, were shot and killed. A national guardsman was killed in a village south of the capital, said authorities.   Opposition members called for another march on Thursday.   Separately, General Motors in the U.S. said on Wednesday that it will stop operating in Venezuela after one of its plants was seized illegally by authorities there, noted NBC News.

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