Friday, April 7, 2017

Fw: TheList 4424


To All,
A bit of history and articles about two American heroes Dusty Kleiss and Dick Stratton .
Regards,
skip
 
This Day In Naval History - April 5
1946 - USS Missouri arrives in Turkey to return the body of Turkish ambassador to the U.S. and to show U.S. support and willingness to defend Turkey.
 
On this day in history (April 5):
 
1614: American Indian Pocahontas married English colonist John Rolfe in Virginia.
1951: During the Korean War, Hospital Corpsman Richard De Wert is killed in action while administering first aid to an injured comrade. He is posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.
 
1987: FOX Broadcasting Company launched "Married....With Children" and "The Tracey Ullman Show". The two shows were the beginning of the FOX lineup.
And today is:
National Caramel Popcorn Day
 
 
This Week In American History: From a "Murderous Fistfight" to the "Ribbon
Creek Massacre"
by W. Thomas Smith Jr.
 
This Week in American Military History:
 
Apr. 6, 1862:  Confederate Army forces under the command of Gen. Albert
Sidney Johnston attack Union Army forces under the command of Maj. Gen.
Ulysses S. Grant at Shiloh (Shiloh Church), Tennessee.
 
The fighting is desperate on both sides – described as "a murderous
fistfight" – and the bloodiest battle to date in American military history.
Confederate and Union casualties combined will exceed well over 23,000 in
two days. The Confederates carry the first day, but Johnston is killed. In
the end, Grant wins the Battle of Shiloh (also known as the  Battle of
Pittsburg Landing): stiff Union resolve and reinforcements determining the
outcome.
 
 
Apr. 6, 1917:  Pres. Woodrow Wilson signs a joint resolution of Congress
declaring war on Germany.
 
Wilson had appealed to Congress for a war declaration on Apr. 2: The appeal
stemming from Germany's renewal of its policy of unrestricted submarine
warfare as well as the British-intercepted Zimmermann telegram revealing
Germany's promise to Mexico of a huge chunk of U.S. territory (predicated,
of course, on a German victory) if Mexico would ally itself with Germany.
 
Wilson dreads entering the war, but as he says, "Right is more precious
than peace, and we shall fight for the things which we have always carried
nearest our hearts -- for democracy, for the right of those who submit to
authority to have a voice in their own governments, for the rights and
liberties of small nations, for a universal dominion of right by such a
concert of free peoples as shall bring peace and safety to all nations and
make the world itself at last free."
 
Apr. 8, 1956:  In what will become known as the "Ribbon Creek Massacre,"
six Marine recruits drown during a night-march through a rain-swollen tidal
estuary at the U.S. Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, S.C.
 
The deaths – which will result in the trial and conviction of the drill
instructor responsible – spawn widespread public condemnation of the
Marines' so-called "ruthless" training methods. The incident adds to the
mystique of geographically isolated Parris Island (near Beaufort). And it
will fuel the already-held reputation of Marines as being some of the
world's "toughest" fighting men for simply having survived the Corps'
notorious boot camp. It is a reputation that continues today.
 
Apr. 9, 1865:  The war lost, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee concludes,
"There is nothing left for me to do, but to go and see Gen. [Ulysses S.]
Grant, and I would rather die a thousand deaths."
 
Lee formally surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia to Grant at the home
of Wilmer McLean in the village of Appomattox Court House, Virginia.
 
Still-operating Confederate forces will surrender within months.
 
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What a great story from Carl. This American hero hit two of the Japanese carriers at the Battle of Midway. The pivotal battle of the Pacific in WWII.
American dive bomber from battle of Midway turns 100
 
 
Last surviving American dive bomber from battle of Midway turns 100 (now 101)
By: Richard Roth,  Mon 11:55 AM, Mar 07, 2016
Navy pilot Dusty Kleiss successfully dropped bombs on two of four Japanese aircraft carriers in the famous Battle of Midway. The sea and air battle went the U-S way and Japan could never advance in the Pacific again. CNN's Richard Roth talked with Captain Kleiss in October and they both looked back at his dramatic accomplishments.
 
SAN ANTONIO, Texas SAN ANTONIO (CNN) -- Norman Kleiss lives in a modest apartment in San Antonio. When I first reached him on the telephone, I almost started to shake. It was like going back in time. I could hear the engines roar over the Pacific Ocean; the tide of World War II was about to change.
"So you want to talk about the Battle of Midway?" Kleiss asked. Boy, did I.
It's incredible that this amazing American war hero still lives among us. With fuel running low, gunshots firing from below, Norman Jack "Dusty" Kleiss successfully bombed two Japanese aircraft carriers in a surprise attack -- the start of what later became known as the Battle of Midway. In all, four Japanese carriers were destroyed and the course of the war in the Pacific was forever changed.
Kleiss celebrated his 100th birthday on Saturday with around 60 friends and neighbors. He's the last surviving American dive bomber from that battle.
Like many men my age, I am fascinated by World War II stories. I couldn't believe I was getting to meet this courageous man. Our interview was arranged through Kleiss' youngest daughter, Jill, who flew in from California. We set up our cameras in the living room. Kleiss, with the help of a walker, came out of the bedroom singing a Navy drinking song.
He closed his eyes at times, recalling those historic events. I felt like closing my eyes, too -- imagining the danger the pilots faced coming in alone in the face of ship guns and Japanese Zeros.
They call him Dusty
Kleiss grew up in Coffeyville, Kansas. As a boy he once got very upset with a teacher who Kleiss says pulled the hair of a fellow student. So Kleiss and a friend launched snowballs at the teacher, knocking her to the floor. He was suspended for a week. But the episode revealed skills -- boldness and good aim -- that would later aid him in his military career.
Why does everybody call him "Dusty"? A year before Midway, in 1941, Kleiss was attempting to land a plane on a field in Hawaii. Thinking he had been given the green light from the tower, Kleiss was startled to see Marine planes blocking the runway as he came in for a landing. He swerved into a pile of clay, and heard the controller bellow on the radio "Unknown dust cloud! Who the hell are you?"
It would not be the last time Dusty and his plane would arrive by surprise.
In the weeks before the Battle of Midway, Dusty was promoted to the top squadron of fliers, after braving anti-aircraft fire with a malfunctioning plane.
June 4, 1942
The United States had broken the Japanese communication code. American ships, including Dusty's vessel, the Enterprise, searched for hours for the opposition fleet, which was headed toward Midway Island. Finally, U.S. planes spotted four Japanese aircraft carriers with support ships.
First the U.S. torpedo pilots went on suicide-like missions, up against overwhelming Japanese firepower. Shortly after, Dusty's Dauntless Douglas dive bombers arrived on the scene. The unsuspecting Japanese carriers were changing bombs below deck. They were caught completely unaware.
Kleiss and his pilots targeted the Kaga first. The first few dive bombers missed. Kleiss was the second to hit.
He knew where to place the bombs. "I went up to 20,000 feet, and I looked at the red big circle," he said. The first 500-pound bomb set numerous airplanes on fire. His main bomb went four decks below, hitting long lance torpedos. Kleiss barely missed the ocean pulling out of a dive as the Kaga erupted into an inferno. A Japanese Zero immediately challenged him, but tail gunner John Snowden shot it down.
They barely made it back to the Enterprise. Incredible as it sounds, Kleiss said he followed his flight with a sandwich and coffee, then a brief nap while planes roared overhead. Then he took off for an attack on another Japanese carrier, the Hiryu. That ship was using evasive maneuvers. But what's important as a dive bomber, Kleiss said, is to figure out not where a ship is, but where it's going. Again he looked for the red circle on the ship, zoomed down and scored a direct hit.
"It was a bonfire that could be seen 10 miles away."
During our chat, the humble Kleiss told me, "I figure God in his mercy has given me the ability to do certain things." I asked how he really did it; how did he survive hair-raising dives in the heat of a major battle? "I think other people feel heat and pain far more than I do," he replied.
When the battle ended, the Japanese had lost four carriers. The United States had lost one: the Yorktown.
Midway crippled the Japanese threat on the Pacific. I asked Kleiss if he felt he was a hero.
Kleiss laughed. "I'm anything but a hero. I don't hate the Japanese at all. I was only doing what at the time was the proper thing to do."
During his time at war, Kleiss kept a Navy log book. He wrote down simple things like "attacked Japanese carrier." And he wrote often to his girlfriend, who waited three years for him to come home from military service. He could not break secrecy codes and tell her of his dangerous missions. Midway was Dusty's last war mission. It wasn't long before he married Jean in Las Vegas in 1942 -- a marriage that lasted until Jean passed away in 2006.
"She was three times as smart as me, that's for sure," he said.
These days, Kleiss needs to take eye medication. The eyes that could spot ships miles away during the war have started to fail him. His mind is slowing down as well; some war stories can veer into tales from his childhood. But he is still able to elicit a laugh from an audience. Years ago, he said, his family would take him on roller coasters. While they all screamed, Dusty said he fell asleep. "BOORRRING!" he told me.
Kleiss is proud of what he and his fellow soldiers did during the war, but doesn't boast of his Midway bombing runs.
"Regardless of anything that happened to me, God would give me enough strength if I worked hard enough, long enough, that I would be able to accomplish something to preserve the United States of America."
Kleiss received a birthday letter from the Obamas, congratulating him on his 100 years, and thanking him for his service. His family isn't at all surprised he made it to see 100.
"I've always known him to be happy, genuinely happy, and have great faith," his nephew, Jack Beal says. "Maybe that's the key to longevity."
 
Navy pilot Dusty Kleiss successfully dropped bombs on two of four Japanese aircraft carriers in the famous Battle of Midway. The sea and air battle went the U-S way and Japan could never advance in the Pacific again. CNN's Richard Roth talked with Captain Kleiss in October and they both looked back at his dramatic accomplishments. (Photo courtesy of Valley News Live)
 
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With our thanks to THE Bear at http://www.rollingthunderremembered.com/
 
ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… 4 APR 1967… LCDR DICK STRATTON, POW…
April 4, 2017   Bear Taylor  
RIPPLE SALVO… #395… IN THE NEWS–LIFE and THE NEW YORK TIMES, and around the world fifty years ago…but first…
Good Morning: Day THREE HUNDRED NINETY-FIVE of day-to-day journal of the air war over North Vietnam…
4 APRIL 1967… HEAD LINES AND LEADS from The New York Times on a sunny Tuesday in NYC…
Page 1: The Big Story with a picture of LCDR Dick Stratton bowing for the press above the fold. "U.S. Fears Hanoi is Brainwashing American POWs"..."The State Department expressed concern today that North Vietnam might be brainwashing American prisoners of war to obtain propaganda statements attacking United States policy. Robert J. McCloskey, the State Department spokesman cited an account in the current issue of Life magazine of a captured American pilot's appearance before foreign newsmen in Hanoi. The Department,, Mr. McCloskey said, is 'concerned at recent indications that North Vietnam may be using mental or physical pressure on American prisoners-of-war to obtain confessions or statements critical of United States policy in Vietnam. The article in Life by Leo Lockwood, a free-lance American photographer who visited North Vietnam for four weeks described the exhibition in Hanoi on March 6 by LCDR Richard A. Stratton, a Navy pilot who was shot down in North Vietnam in January. The article said 'the Navy man looked straight ahead, but wasn't really looking–his eyes never seemed to focus–he just wasn't there. He was like a robot,' Mr. Lockwood wrote, adding, 'When they said something to him, he acted, if they did nothing, he did nothing.' North Vietnam, Mr. McCloskey said, 'has given repeated assurances that it treats prisoners humanely. However, it has refused to permit the International Committee of the Red Cross or any other neutral observers to visit the prisoners, which is required by the Geneva conventions. In the absence of such independent verification North Vietnam's professions of human treatment cannot be accepted.' …According to Mr. Lockwood Commander Stratton, dressed in striped pajamas and sandals, read a five-page 'confession' over a microphone from behind a curtain while photographers and foreign newsmen listened. Copies of the statement were given to the newsmen…There are now about 380 American prisoners in North Vietnam. Definitive figures cannot be obtained because the North Vietnamese refuse to provide the Red Cross with lists. Of the total 128 have been confirmed by one means or the other as being in North Vietnamese captivity. Four are Marines, 63 are Air Force and 61 are Navy personnel. Fifty other men, all Air Force, are believed to have been captured and 204 are listed as missing in action and possibly captured. Commander Stratton appeared before the newsmen for four minutes after a recording of his 2000-word statement had been played. Life and The New York Times published the 2,000-word 'confession.'…"  (More in Ripple Salvo)…
Page 1: "U.S. Visitor to Hanoi Tells of Discord With Vietcong"… "An American news photographer  (Lee Lockwood) recently returned from North Vietnam said yesterday that he had found 'significant differences between the Hanoi Government and the Vietcong leadership over ways of restoring peace in Vietnam…His conclusion was drawn from interviews with both Premier Pham Van Dong of North Vietnam and Nguyen Van Tien, the National Liberation Front (Vietcong) representative in Hanoi. What will happen if the U.S. stops the bombardment of the North? Van Dong: a halt of the bombing would open the way to negotiations about settling the war. Mr. Tien of the Vietcong: a halt will have no effect whatever on stopping the bombing."… Page 1: "Humphrey Chiding Critics On Vietnam"... "Vice President Humphrey, in London on a two-week tour of Europe, is telling European leaders that they could advance the cause of peace in Vietnam if they directed some of their criticism at North Vietnam as well as the United States. The bluntness of this implied rebuke is reported to have startled some European leaders."... Page 8: "Marchers in Peking Call for Dismissal of President Liu"… "For the third day in a row demonstrators here in Peking attacked President Liu Shao-chi. Some posters suggested that he be 'shot.'…"… Page 2: "Syrians and Israelis in New Fighting... exchanged gunfire near Sea of Galilee."…
Page 1: "Columbia Drops Ranking in Class...to become one of the first major institutions in the country to abolish class standing. Draft Boards use these records in Selective Service decisions."… Page: "Record 76-Degrees Smiles On City 'till Winds Blow Smiles Away…mercury falls 40-degrees in 14-hours…Reservoirs above normal."…
Page 7: "U.S. Bars Attacks On MIG Bases Now"… "Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara today rejected 'under pressure circumstances' congressional demands for United States bombing MIG bases in North Vietnam. He said at a news conference without elaboration that the situation could change but he indicated that for now the United States would continue to avoid hitting the bases. Some Capitol Hill critics have charged that the Soviet-built jet fighters are taking a heavy toll in United States pilots and airplanes. They have downed 10 United States planes since the bombing of North Vietnam began in August 1964."
4 August 1967… The President's Daily Brief…CIA (TS sanitized) NORTH VIETNAM: Hanoi's great debate about the relative merits of building up the main forces or the irregulars is continuing. The whole question is re-argued in an article in the February issue of the party journal…. The article also suggests that Hanoi has upped its estimate of the number of US forces it may ultimately have to face to a million, as opposed to the 500,000 figure generally mentioned in the past.
4 APRIL 1967… OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER… New York Times (5 Apr reporting 4 Apr ops)… Page 1: "500th Plane Lost In North Vietnam"… "The United States has lost its 500th warplane over North Vietnam since the bombing began 32-months ago. The loss of the plane, an F-105 Thunderchief, was disclosed today. It was also announced that American fighter-bombers carried out 147 missions against North Vietnamese targets yesterday, the highest number in five months. The Thunderchief jet was lost Sunday, but the Defense Department withheld the announcement in the hope that the pilot who had bailed out could be rescued.  When rescue efforts failed the pilot was listed as missing in action. He joins 390 American fliers who have been killed, captured or listed as missing in action."… "Among the North Vietnamese targets attacked yesterday were bridges, storage areas, trucks and military installations in the panhandle near the South Vietnam border and in the Red River Delta in the North. Pilots saw smoke billowing 500-feet in the air after A-4 Skyhawk fighter-bombers from the nuclear carrier Enterprise raided a petroleum storage area 22 miles southeast of Vinh on the Gulf of Tonkin…"
"Vietnam: Air Losses" (Hobson) There were two fixed wing aircraft lost in Southeast Asia on 4 April 1967…
(1) and (2) Two F-4B Phantoms from the VF-92 Silver Kings embarked in USS Enterprise collided while on a BARCAP mission and both aircraft were damaged too extensively to continue flying. Two of the four aviators survived the midair, LT EDWARD PHILIP SZEYLLER and ENSIGN DAVID EARL MARTIN perished in the accident… "Killed in Action, Body Not Recovered:" Two young warriors rest in peace where they fell fifty years ago today… 
A ROLLING THUNDER TRUE STORY: Humble Host is pleased to be able to relate the following flying story from 7 April 1967.. VA-35 Black Panthers, USS Enterprise, Yankee Station. Target: another A-6 night attack on the sprawling Thainguyen steel complex of many targets… Pilot: LCDR Everett "Hoot" Foote and Bombardier/Navigator LT John Griffith…
The flight proceeded as briefed to the coastal entry. LCDR FOOTE utilized the A-6 Intruder's terrain-avoidance radar augmented by LT GRIFFITH's search radar observations to establish their minimum terrain avoidance altitude under night instrument flight conditions. The low altitude at which they flew over the mountainous terrain greatly complicated the radar navigation challenge. LT GRIFFITH never-the-less hit each checkpoint on time, inserting updated position data into his navigation and weapons system computer to ensure accurate track. Approaching Highway 1A east of Kep, the crew received indications of steadily tracking enemy fire control radar and at about six miles from the final checkpoint for target run-in intense aimed fire anti-aircraft fire began to detonate near the aircraft. Although maneuvering radically in an attempt to avoid the enemy ground fire, LCDR FOOTE maintained his close proximity to the terrain in order to avoid tracking surface to air missile guidance radar. After about 90-seconds the gunfire ceased, and the crew continued toward the target, still under continuous tracking by enemy radar. At 15 miles from the target the crew received indications of a missile launched toward their aircraft. LCDR FOOTE maintained an altitude of between 800-feet and 1000-feet above the terrain. At about 12 miles from the target, LT GRIFFITH lost radar view of the target and requested an immediate climb. LCDR FOOTE eased up to 1500-feet making a final heading correction to the target. LT GRIFFITH reacquired the target and began tracking the center of the target. At eight miles from the target, intense antiaircraft fire illuminated the clouds ahead of the aircraft and shells began bursting around the aircraft. At six miles from the target a surface-to-air missile detonated approximately 200-feet ahead and to the left of the aircraft jarring the aircraft sufficiently to dislodge the red lens from a floodlight, flooding the cockpit with bright white light. The crew continued the attack, and six seconds later were hit with a second missile, which shook the aircraft violently and made five holes in the right wing and fuselage. Although aware that they had been hit, and uncertain of the extent of damage, the crew pressed the attack into the intense barrage of flak over the target, maintaining a smooth, level flight path and steady target tracking until bomb release. As the bombs fell, LCDR FOOTE executed a precise high-G recovery maneuver, retiring at minimum terrain avoidance altitude through the mountains. The crew again encountered heavy aimed fire as they retraced their route toward the coast, but were able to evade the fire by hard maneuvering at low altitude. The return to the carrier and recovery in IFR weather were without incident. The aircraft sustained several holes from the enemy missiles, including a three-inch hole in the wing barely missing the wing fuel tank… Bomb damage assessment confirmed an on target release of 22 500-pound MK-82s on the target complex on or near the primary target, the blast furnaces.
Just your average DFC for an Intruder crew… (#3 for Hoot and #4 for John)  Taking the fight to the enemy in his homeland, as nobody else could…   oohrah…  By contrast, Humble Host was airborne in my Skyhawk with a wingman on the same cycle. My mission was armed reconnaissance near Vinh. Overcasts diverted me to the south for a Milky radar drop of 6-MK81s through the clouds somewhere near the DMZ. Mission #51, good for 2-points toward the next Air Medal and a night trap in the log book…  After the recovery I stood in awe in the Intel debriefing spaces on the Big E as Hoot Foote and John Griffith debriefed…    Gangway, incomparable Intruder crew!!!… The awe has never ceased…
RIPPLE SALVO… #395… Humble Host adds a little more to the 50th anniversary of Dick Stratton coming-out story of 4 April 1967… This from the Rochester and Kiley "Honor Bound"…. Pages 224-25 and 344…
"Navy Lt. Cdr.Richard Stratton, seized on 5 January 1967, the first American pilot bagged by North Vietnam in the new year, 'was a Communist propagandist's dream,' author John Hubbell observed.'He was just what the Vietnamese were waiting for, a big, heavyset, dark-visaged, rough looking…American imperialist.'
(Footnote: In a 1978 self-characterization, Stratton agreed that he fit the stereotype perfectly: "I've got the big nose, sloping forehead, the crew cut, the pot belly; I'm everything their cartoonists use to portray the typical American aggressor on the land, sea or air; and I've got the loud mouth; I was the arch-type of what the mad-bomber was going to be.")
"As Pigeye (Prison staff interrogator) administered the rope treatment, Stratton, his wrists already shredded from the handcuffs, felt the pain beginning instantly, 'as if someone had thrown a switch.' The sensation 'indescribable,' his shoulders seemingly 'trying to roll out of their sockets.' In repeated efforts to get the aviator to admit his plane had been felled while bombing Hanoi, Stratton was beaten to a pulp, burned with a cigarette, had his thumbnails bent back, and was twice left cinched in the ropes. After two weeks he capitulated, but not before urinating on the confession papers. (oohrah!!!) Stratton's defiance would soon manifest itself again in an episode that would cause Hanoi considerable grief and deliver another serious blow to its psywar campaign."…
Page 344… "The spring of 1967 had been a busy season for Hanoi's propaganda directors even prior to the activation of the Plantation camp. In one of the most dramatic incidents of the psywar, on 6 March the North Vietnamese had forced Dick Stratton to appear at a press conference in which they played an extracted taped confession, then escorted the PW onstage to bow before a swarm of television and movie cameras. Tortured repeatedly since his capture in January. Stratton had paid a steep price for his taunting defiance, suffering from multiple wounds and recurrent sickness, but his still husky build and 'imperialist' swagger continued to make him a prize candidate for the spotlight. With the Vietnamese apparently bent on both exploiting and humiliating him, the aviator decided this time to hedge his resistance with a maneuver that outwardly complied with the enemy's command but in such robotic fashion that it left the hosts non-pulsed and the assemblage of reporters shaken. Zombie-like, standing rigidly and glassy-eyed in his striped prison  pajamas, he bowed mechanically and expressionless before the cameras as though drugged or brainwashed. the resulting pictures, in stark black and white, were published worldwide, accompanied by stories in Life and Time referring to 'Pavlovian' and 'Orwellian' overtones of the exhibition. The Communists received a public relations black eye as damaging as the effect of the Hanoi March."
(Footnote on the page: "Stratton actually was reprising his 'Manchurian candidate' performance, mouthing monotone, programmatic responses to a reporter's questions about his condition: 'Get enough to eat…In the camp I can listen to the radio Voice of Vietnam…We get the medical care we need.' He repeated the same replies no matter the queries. The tape was edited to convey the impression that Stratton was fit and clear-thinking.")…
For Dick Stratton and the other POWs who were paraded in public for propaganda and other exploitation purposes, there was an upside. They were known to be alive and would therefore have to be accounted for at the end of their ordeal as prisoners of the North Vietnamese. Unfortunately, for Dick Stratton and the POWs of 1967, that ordeal had six more years to run. March 1973 was a long way off.
Lest we forget…             Bear
 
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Item Number:1 Date: 04/05/2017 GEORGIA - NEW PARTNERSHIP WITH EUROPOL WILL FOCUS ON CROSS-BORDER CRIME, TERRORISM (APR 05/EUROPOL)  EUROPOL -- The government of the republic of Georgia is now an operative partner with Europol, the European Union's law enforcement agency, reports Europol.   Internal Affairs Minister Giorgi Mghebrishvili and Europol Director Rob Wainwright signed the Agreement on Operational and Strategic Cooperation on Tuesday in Tbilisi, the Georgian capital.   The accord is expected to expand cooperation in response to growing problems with international organized crime and terrorism.   The pact enables exchange of information, including personal data of suspected criminals, and joint operational planning, notes Europol. It covers all areas of crime within the agency's mandate, said a release.   The emphasis will be placed on priority crime areas affecting the E.U. and Georgia, including drug-trafficking, organized property crime, cybercrime and migrant-smuggling.   The agreement will enter force after its ratification by the Georgian Parliament.  
  Item Number:2 Date: 04/05/2017 IRAQ - ISIS KILLS 31 IN ATTACKS IN TIKRIT, INCLUDING 14 POLICE (APR 05/REU)  REUTERS -- Iraqi security and medical officials say at least 31 people have been killed in overnight attacks by Islamic State militants in Tikrit, reports Reuters.   The militants wore police uniforms and used a police vehicle to enter the northern Iraqi city, said officials. There were around 10 attackers involved including two suicide bombers, said police on Wednesday.   Seven suicide attackers struck a police position as well as the home of the head of Tikrit's counterterrorism service, said the ISIS-linked Amaq news agency. A police colonel was killed along with four members of his family, said police.   The assailants detonated their explosives after running out of ammunition, said the ISIS news service.   Fourteen police officers were among the dead, said medical officials.  
 Item Number:3 Date: 04/05/2017 NORTH KOREA - LAST FALL'S CYBER INTRUSION GAVE PYONGYANG LOOK AT POTENTIAL U.S., S. KOREAN WAR PLANS (APR 05/CILBO)  CHOSUN ILBO -- Unnamed sources in South Korea maintain that North Korean hackers accessed portions of a joint U.S.-South Korean war plan in a cyber attack in September, reports the Chosun Ilbo (South Korea).   Part of the OPLAN 5027 war plan "leaked" due to the attack, said one government source.   The hackers accessed reports containing parts of the plan, but not the entire document, said a Defense Ministry source on Monday.   Defense Minister Han Min Koo and other military officials downplayed the severity of the attack last year, saying only a small amount of sensitive information was stolen.   OPLAN 5027 was created in 1978 when the South Korea-U.S. Combined Forces Command was set up. It has been updated every two years since 1994.   The document reportedly includes troop deployment plans; key North Korean targets; strategies; and military control of facilities in the North.   Washington and Seoul are discussing whether the plan needs to be re-evaluated now that the North has seen parts of it, said an unnamed military official
  Item Number:4 Date: 04/05/2017 NORTH KOREA - PYONGYANG TEST-FIRES BALLISTIC MISSILE OFF PENINSULA'S EAST COAST (APR 05/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- North Korea has test-fired another ballistic missile off the coast of the Korean peninsula, reports CNN.   Wednesday's test from a land base near the submarine base at the eastern coastal city of Sinpo involved a solid-fuel KN-15 missile fired from a mobile launcher, reported the Washington Post.   The medium-range KN-15, designated the Pukguksong-2 by Pyongyang, is a land-based variant of the KN-11 submarine-launched ballistic missile, according to South Korean officials.   The missile flew about 37 miles (60 km) and reached an altitude of 117 miles (189 km), said the officials.   The test launch comes as President Trump is preparing to host his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping in Florida in their first meeting. North Korea is expected to be one of the top issues on the agenda, noted the Financial Times (U.K.).  
 Item Number:5 Date: 04/05/2017 PAKISTAN - LAHORE BLAST KILLS 6, INCLUDING 4 SOLDIERS, IN ATTACK ON CENSUS TEAM (APR 05/GEOTV)  GEO TV -- A suicide bomber has attacked a census team in Lahore in northern Pakistan, reports Geo TV (Pakistan).   At least six people were killed and 15 injured in Wednesday's attack, according to local officials. Four army personnel were among the dead, said a spokesman for the Punjab government, as cited by Pakistan Today.   The bomber is believed to have approached the team's vehicles on foot and then detonated his explosive vest, said a spokesman for the Punjab police.   The Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack, noted Agence France-Presse
Item Number:6 Date: 04/05/2017 PHILIPPINES - DIRECT TALKS BETWEEN MANILA, BEIJING RESUME; S. CHINA SEA ON AGENDA (APR 05/XIN)  XINHUA -- The Chinese and Philippine governments have re-established direct communications for the first time in six years, reports Xinhua, China's state news agency.   Ties were reopened in October during Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte's visit to Beijing.   Direct talks are focused on security and trade issues, Philippine Acting Foreign Secretary Enrique Manalo told a forum in Manila on Tuesday.   The parties are now discussing the establishment of a bilateral consultation mechanism on the South China Sea, said Manalo
  Item Number:7 Date: 04/05/2017 SOMALIA - CAR BOMB DESTROYS MOGADISHU CAFE; 7 DIE IN EXPLOSION (APR 05/REU)  REUTERS -- Seven people have been killed in a car attack near several government ministries in Mogadishu, the Somali capital, reports Reuters.   The car with explosives crashed into a cafe before being detonated on Wednesday, destroying the restaurant and damaging another one, said witnesses. Three cars were reportedly destroyed.   The attack took place close to the compounds housing the security and sports ministries, said police.   The attack comes after new Security Minister Mahamed Abuukar Islow took office and pledged to tighten security.  
  Item Number:8 Date: 04/05/2017 SOUTH AFRICA - ANTI-PIRACY MISSION IN MOZAMBIQUE CHANNEL EXTENDED THROUGH MARCH 2018 (APR 05/SAGNA)  SOUTH AFRICAN GOVERNMENT NEWS AGENCY -- The South African government has extended the navy's maritime security mission in the Mozambique Channel, reports the South African Government News Agency.   About 200 South African personnel have been deployed to the region to monitor and deter piracy along the Indian Ocean coast of southern Africa.   The mission is part of South Africa's obligation to the Southern African Development Community (SADC), said a release on Monday from the office of President Jacob Zuma.   The extension runs to March 31, 2018
  Item Number:9 Date: 04/05/2017 SOUTH KOREA - ARMY FIELD-TESTS NEW TACTICAL VEHICLE IN FORWARD-DEPLOYED UNITS (APR 05/YON)  YONHAP -- A number of South Korean military units are now equipped with new domestically developed small tactical vehicles for field-testing, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul), citing procurement officials.   Five types of multi-purpose wheeled vehicles have been delivered to forward-deployed units since January for four-months of trials ahead of series production, said Seoul's Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA).   These vehicles will replace the military's aging K-131 and K311A1 vehicles.   The Humvee-type vehicles have a top speed of 84 mph (135 kmh), excellent mobility in mountainous terrain, automatic transmission, GPS and a rear-view camera, according to the DAPA.   The tactical vehicles are also expected to be made available for export.  
Item Number:10 Date: 04/05/2017 SOUTH KOREA - CHUNMOO MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHERS FEATURED IN JOINT DRILL NEAR BORDER (APR 05/YON)  YONHAP -- The South Korean army and navy just held a large-scale joint live-fire exercise in response to threats from North Korea, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul).   Tuesday's artillery drills took place just south of the eastern border with North Korea, the army said. The training involved the service's new 230-mm Chunmoo multiple rocket launchers.   More than 360 rockets were fired from the Chunmoo systems, most of which hit the target about 25 miles (40 km) away in the East Sea, said the army release.   Other weapons employed included 155-mm K9 Thunder self-propelled howitzer, 155-mm KH179 howitzer, ARTHUR-K counter-battery radar and unmanned aerial vehicles.   The navy participated with patrol ships, guided-missile frigates and high-speed boats.   The drill stressed combat readiness to strike back at any attack, army officials said.  
Item Number:11 Date: 04/05/2017 SPAIN - NAVANTIA LAUNCHES 5TH MARITIME ACTION SHIP FOR NAVY; DELIVERY SET FOR 2018 (APR 05/DEFAERO)  DEFENSE-AEROSPACE -- Spanish shipbuilder Navantia has launched another Meteoro-class maritime action ship for the Spanish navy, reports defense-aerospace.com.   The Audaz (Bold) (P-45) was placed into the water in a ceremony on March 30 at Navantia's San Fernando Shipyard in Cadiz province.   The Audaz is the fifth ship in the Meteoro class and first of a second batch ordered in December 2014. Delivery is planned for 2018.   The vessels are designed for escort, maritime security, counter-piracy, counterterrorism, search-and-rescue, pollution-control and humanitarian aid missions.  
Item Number:12 Date: 04/05/2017 SUDAN - KHARTOUM SECURITY CONFERENCE FOCUSES ON RETURNING JIHADISTS (APR 05/EA)  EAST AFRICAN -- Sudan is hosting a conference for African intelligence and security personnel this week in Khartoum, reports the East African (Nairobi, Kenya).   Beginning Monday, the Committee of the Intelligence and Security Services (CISSA) has been discussing the threat of terrorism, mercenaries and foreign fighters on the continent.   Security chiefs and experts warned that thousands of jihadist fighters returning from Iraq, Libya and Syria will endanger Africa.   Various intelligence chiefs said that the Al-Shabaab terrorist group in Somalia is preparing more terrorist attacks in neighboring countries.   In addition, a new branch of Islamic State was recently founded in Burkina Faso, where many of the group's fighters were re-organizing after leaving Iraq, Libya and Syria, said officials
Item Number:13 Date: 04/05/2017 SYRIA - USAF MODIFIES AIRSTRIP 90 MILES FROM RAQQA (APR 05/S&S)  STARS AND STRIPES -- The U.S. military says the Air Force has been enlarging an air base in northern Syria in preparation for the battle to retake the city of Raqqa from the Islamic State, reports the Stars and Stripes.   The base is near Kobani, about 90 miles (145 km) north of Raqqa, the last ISIS urban stronghold in Syria and its de facto capital.   The expanded facility gives the U.S. an additional location to launch aircraft in support of U.S. and coalition forces, said a spokesman for the U.S. Central Command.   Among other changes, the airstrip was modified. Previous American use was limited because of the condition of the runway, the spokesman said. It is now able to support C-17 strategic airlifters in addition to smaller C-130 cargo aircraft, the newspaper noted on Monday.   Airmen from the 621st Contingency Response Group have supported the anti-ISIS coalition with supplies, equipment and helped positioned forces, according to Gen. Carlton Everhart II, who heads the U.S. Air Mobility Command
Item Number:14 Date: 04/05/2017 TAIWAN - DEFENSE INSTITUTE REVEALS PLANS FOR NEW DOMESTICALLY BUILT SUBMARINES (APR 05/CENTRALNA)  CENTRAL NEWS AGENCY -- Taiwan has plans to build eight new submarines to replace its aging boats, says a new report by a government defense research and development institution, as reported by the Central News Agency (Taipei).   Officials from the National Chung Shan Institute of Science and Technology say that the NCSIST will draw on experience from an ongoing modernization program for the navy's two Hai Lung-class subs for the domestic construction program.   The NCSIST has completed an evaluation for periscope upgrades for the two subs and has begun reviewing a design to modernize their weapon systems, according to the report prepared for a legislative hearing on Wednesday.   The institute says it is also working on a design for the weapon systems for the new indigenous boats and other issues with the shipbuilder, CSBC.   Taipei expects to allocate US$95.34 million from December 2016 to December 2020 for the design of the subs, said the report.   Local industry will need assistance and technology from the United States to complete the program, said officials.   Plans call for building the first sub within eight years, with commissioning expected within a decade
  Item Number:15 Date: 04/05/2017 UNITED KINGDOM - MOD OPENS ADVANCED LOGISTICS FACILITY IN SHROPSHIRE (APR 05/UKMOD)  U.K. MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- The U.K. Ministry of Defense has announced the official opening of a new logistics center in Shropshire in the West Midlands of England   Harriet Baldwin, the minister for defense procurement, formally opened the 83 million pound (US$102 million) facility on Tuesday.   The 861,000-square-foot (80,000-square-meter) center will serve as a central hub for the storage and distribution of spare parts, food, clothing, medical supplies and other inventory, the ministry said in an April 4 release.   The center, featuring two warehouses and a support building, provides special environmental storage as well as an automated storage and retrieval system capable of picking more than 1,000 items per hour.   The facility is expected to lead to savings of about 500 million pounds (US$615 million) by 2028, said Baldiwn
Item Number:16 Date: 04/05/2017 UNITED KINGDOM - NEW TIDE-CLASS TANKER REACHES CORNWALL FOR CUSTOMIZATION (APR 05/UKMOD)  U.K. MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- The first of the U.K.'s new Tide-class support ships has arrived in Cornwall to undergo final modifications, reports the U.K. Ministry of Defense.   The Tidespring is the first of four 39,000-metric-ton tankers that can carry 19,000 cubic meters of fuel and 1,300 cubic meters of fresh water for the Royal Fleet Auxiliary.   All four are being built in South Korea, with final customization taking place in Falmouth at the A&P Shipyard, according to a release from the Royal Navy on April 3. The modifications include communication and self-protection systems as well as armor.   The Tidespring is expected to enter service before the end of 2017.   The tankers will provide key support for the Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers once they enter service, as well as the rest of the Royal Navy fleet, noted the release
Item Number:17 Date: 04/05/2017 USA - ACTIVATED IN 2014, SECOND ARMY CASES COLORS AT FORT BELVOIR (APR 05/ARMY)  ARMY TIMES -- The Second Army in Virginia was inactivated after three years as part of a unique arrangement, reports the Army Times.   The unit cased its colors on March 31 at Fort Belvoir, Va. It was last stood up in 2014 as the parent organization for the Army's Network Enterprise Technology Command (NETCOM). This was the fourth time in 100 years that the Second Army cased its colors.   Second Army had no soldiers assigned to it and was responsible for improving command-and-control between NETCOM and Army Cyber Command (ARCYBER), according to an Army release.   The unit was closely associated with ARCYBER. Both shared a commander.   NETCOM now reports directly to ARCYBER. The command is responsible for operating the Army's segment of the Dept. of Defense Information Network and has assets at Fort Huachuca, Ariz.   Second Army was officially discontinued on Jan. 18 to "improve Army readiness and achieve unity of command," according to the ARCYBER website
Item Number:18 Date: 04/05/2017 USA - NAVY ORDERS ADDITIONAL UNMANNED VESSELS FOR MINESWEEPING MISSIONS (APR 05/TEXTRON)  TEXTRON SYSTEMS -- The U.S. Navy has awarded Textron Systems Unmanned Systems a contract for unmanned surface vehicles for its Unmanned Influence Sweep System (UISS) program, reports Textron.   Announced Monday, the $14.8 million contract covers two additional common unmanned surface vehicles (CUSVs).   The CUSVs will be part of the Navy's comprehensive mine countermeasure unmanned surface vehicle (MCM USV) mission, which includes minehunting as well as potentially mine-neutralization and minesweeping, said a Textron release.   The Navy already operates one such vehicle for the UISS mission. It is currently undergoing testing off the East Coast.   The CUSV is a multi-mission unmanned surface vehicle that can carry various payloads, including side-scan sonar, mine-neutralization equipment, non-lethal weapons and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance sensors.   Delivery of the new CUSVs is scheduled for 2018
Item Number:19 Date: 04/05/2017 USA - SAFETY ISSUES PROMPT BOYCOTT BY MANY NAVY INSTRUCTOR PILOTS (APR 05/FN)  FOX NEWS -- Scores of U.S. Navy instructor pilots are reportedly refusing to fly until an urgent problem with the oxygen system on the T-45 trainer is addressed, reports Fox News, cited reports from a number of pilots.   The boycott by more than 100 pilots began late last week and has effectively grounded hundreds of training flights.   Over the last five years, physiological problems attributed to the oxygen system on the T-45 have nearly quadrupled, according to testimony on Capitol Hill given last week by naval aviation officials.   The training jet issue is the "number one safety priority" across naval aviation, Vice Adm. Mike Shoemaker, the head of naval aviation, told Fox in an interview.   The Navy is considering grounding the entire T-45 fleet for a few days, according to multiple pilots.   The training jets are experiencing three incidents a week, said two instructor pilots.   "There is no question that there are problems that are being covered up," said House Armed Services Committee Chairman Mac Thornberry (R-Texas
Item Number:20 Date: 04/05/2017 YEMEN - U.S. SPECIAL OPS WORKING ON GROUND, SEEING AQAP AS 'ACTIVE THREAT' (APR 05/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- The Pentagon says that U.S. special operations forces have increased their operations in Yemen amid concerns that Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) has plans for attacks on Western targets, reports CNN.   The covert ground missions have reportedly focused on collecting intelligence on AQAP, including their top operatives and hideouts.   Ground operations are ongoing, though they have not resulted in combat, said unnamed officials. The Pentagon has not acknowledged making any ground combat operations in Yemen since a controversial Navy SEAL raid on Jan. 28.   A large number of civilian deaths were reported in that raid.   AQAP remains an "active threat" to commercial aviation, said one official.   The recent U.S. ban on some electronics in passenger cabins on some commercial flights was a result, in part, of intelligence gathered from AQAP, the officials said.
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