Thursday, March 23, 2017

[TheList] 4415

The List 4415
To All,
I hope your week has been going well.
Regards,
skip

This Day In Naval History - March 23
1815 - USS Hornet captures HMS Penguin in battle lasting 22 minutes
1882: Secretary of the Navy William H. Hunt (Jan. 7, 1881 to April 16, 1882), creates the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) with General Order No. 292.

1917 - Launching of USS New Mexico, first dreadnought with turboelectric drive
1945 - Carriers begin pre-assault strikes on Okinawa, kamikaze attacks follow
1958 - First launching of simulated Polaris missile from submerged tactical launcher facility off CA.
1965 - LCDR John W. Young, USN, Pilot of Gemini 3 completed 3 orbits in 4 hours., 53 minutes at an altitude of 224 km. Recovery was by helicopters from USS Intrepid (CVS-11).
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN

Today in History March 23
1657
France and England form an alliance against Spain.
1743
Handel's Messiah is performed for the first time in London.
1775
American revolutionary hero Patrick Henry, while addressing the House of Burgesses, declares "give me liberty, or give me death!"
1791
Etta Palm, a Dutch champion of woman's rights, sets up a group of women's clubs called the Confederation of the Friends of Truth.
1848
Hungary proclaims its independence of Austria.
1857
Elisha Otis installs the first modern passenger elevator in a public building, at the corner of Broome Street and Broadway in New York City.
1858
Eleazer A. Gardner of Philadelphia patents the cable street car, which runs on overhead cables.
1862
1880
John Stevens of Neenah, Wis., patents the grain crushing mill. This mill allows flour production to increase by 70 percent.
1901
A group of U.S. Army soldiers, led by Brigadier General Frederick Funston, capture Emilio Aguinaldo, the leader of the Philippine Insurrection of 1899.
1903
The Wright brothers obtain an airplane patent.
1909
British Lt. Ernest Shackleton finds the magnetic South Pole.
1909
Theodore Roosevelt begins an African safari sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.
1917
Austrian Emperor Charles I makes a peace proposal to French President Poincare.
1920
Great Britain denounces the United States because of its delay in joining the League of Nations.
1921
Arthur G. Hamilton sets a new parachute record, safely jumping 24,400 feet.
1927
Captain Hawthorne Gray sets a new balloon record soaring to 28,510 feet.
1933
The Reichstag gives Adolf Hitler the power to rule by decree.
1942
The Japanese occupy the Anadaman Islands in the Indian Ocean.
1951
U.S. paratroopers descend from flying boxcars in a surprise attack in Korea.
1956
Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic, although it is still within the British Commonwealth.
1967
Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. calls the Vietnam War the biggest obstacle to the civil rights movement.
1970
Mafia boss Carlo Gambino is arrested for plotting to steal $3 million.
1972
The United States calls a halt to the peace talks on Vietnam being held in Paris.
1981
U.S. Supreme Court upholds a law making statutory rape a crime for men but not women.
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
23 Mar – Today in History
* Bill Bennett’s The American Patriot’s Daily Almanac

“GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH”

On March 23, 1775, with hostilities between Americans and British troops breaking out in New England, Patrick Henry stood in a packed St. John’s Church in Richmond, Virginia, and made a fiery argument to the Second Virginia Convention that the time had come for the colonies to gather their strength and commit themselves to action. His ringing words still remind us that freedom must be defended:

Shall we gather strength by irresolution and inaction? Shall we acquire the means of effectual resistance by lying supinely on our backs, and hugging the delusive phantom of Hope, until our enemies shall have bound us hand and foot? . . . The battle, sir, is not to the strong alone; it is to the vigilant, the active, the brave. Besides, sir, we have no election. If we were base enough to desire it, it is now too late to retire from the contest. There is no retreat, but in submission and slavery! Our chains are forged, their clanking may be heard on the plains of Boston! The war is inevitable—and let it come! I repeat it, sir, let it come!

It is in vain, sir, to extenuate the matter. Gentlemen may cry, peace, peace—but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty, or give me death!

NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Thanks to Boysie ...

For those of you who have dealt w. your State’s Fish and Game Departments re. hunting/fishing reg’s …


FROG SURVEY ...

The State of Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife sends a letter to a home/landowner asking for permission to access a creek on his property to document the decline in a certain species of unheard of frogs.
Letter from Oregon Dept. Of Fish & Wildlife:

Dear Landowner:

ODFW Staff will be conducting surveys for foothill yellow-legged frogs & other amphibians over the next few months. As part of this research we would like to survey the creek on your property. I am writing this letter to request your permission to access your property.

Recent research indicates that foothill yellow-legged frogs have declined significantly in recent years and are no longer found at half their historic sites. Your cooperation will be greatly appreciated and will help contribute to the conservation of this important species.

Please fill out the attached postage-paid postcard and let us know if you are willing to let us cross your property or not.

If you have any concerns about this project please give us a call. We would love to talk with you about our research.

Sincerely

Steve Niemela

Conservation Strategy Implementation Biologist
RESPONSE FROM LANDOWNERS:

Dear Mr. Niemela:

Thank you for your inquiry regarding accessing our property to survey for  the yellow-legged frog. We may be able to help you out with this matter.

We have divided our 2.26 acres into 75 equal survey units with a draw tag for each unit. Application fees are only $8.00 per unit after you purchase the "Frog Survey License" ($120.00 resident / $180.00 Non-Resident). You will also need to obtain a "Frog Habitat" parking permit ($10.00 per vehicle).

You will also need an "Invasive Species" stamp ($15.00 for the first vehicle and $5.00 for each add'l vehicle) You will also want to register at the Check Station to have your vehicle inspected for Non-native plant life prior to entering our property. There is also a Day Use fee, $5.00 per vehicle.

If you are successful in the Draw you will be notified two weeks in advance so you can make necessary plans and purchase your "Creek Habitat" stamp. ($18.00 Resident / $140.00 Non-Resident).

Survey units open between 8 am. And 3 PM. But you cannot commence survey until 9 am. And must cease all survey activity by 1 PM.

Survey Gear can only include a net with a 2" diameter weave, made of 100% organic cotton netting with no longer than an 18 in handle, non-weighted and no deeper than 6' from net frame to bottom of net. Handles can only be made of BPA-free plastics or wooden handles.

After 1 PM. You can use a net with a 3" diameter if you purchase the "Frog Net Endorsement" ($75.00 Resident / $250 Non-Resident).

Any frogs captured that are released will need to be released with an approved release device back into the environment unharmed.

As of June 1, we are offering draw tags for our "Premium Survey" units and application is again only $8.00 per application.

However, all fees can be waived if you can verify "Native Indian Tribal rights and status".

You will also need to provide evidence of successful completion of "Frog Surveys and Your" comprehensive course on frog identification, safe handling practices, and self-defense strategies for frog attacks.

This course is offered on-line through an accredited program for a nominal fee of $750.00.

Please let us know if we can be of assistance to you. Otherwise, we decline your access to our property but appreciate your inquiry.

Sincerely,

Larry & Amanda Anderson.

NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
Fun stuff and great demo
Today on Fighter Sweep

Photos of the Day: F-22 Raptors Get Thirsty Down Under
These photos are cool! Take a look as US Air Force F-22 Raptors participate in the first Enhanced Air Cooperation, an operation with Australia. Twelve F-22’s and about 200 Airmen to support View More ›

NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN

Item Number:1 Date: 03/23/2017 AFGHANISTAN - KABUL WANTS MORE U.S. TROOPS TO HELP FIGHT TALIBAN (MAR 23/RFE/RL)  RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY -- The Afghan government has publicly backed a proposal to send more U.S. forces to help combat the Taliban and Islamic State, reports Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   On Tuesday, Foreign Minister Salahuddin Rabbani backed recent comments by U.S. Gen. John Nicholson, the top American commander in Afghanistan, for a few thousand additional U.S. or coalition troops to help break the military stalemate in that country.   Afghanistan needs U.S. help in addressing "military shortfalls," including increased training, ground and air capabilities and reconnaissance and intelligence support, Rabbani said at the Atlantic Council in Washington, D.C.   There are currently around 8,400 U.S. troops in Afghanistan, conducting counterterrorism operations and training the Afghan army.  
  Item Number:2 Date: 03/23/2017 AFGHANISTAN - TALIBAN TAKES OVER SANGIN IN HELMAND PROVINCE (MAR 23/WP)  WASHINGTON POST -- The Taliban captured the strategic town of Sangin Thursday in Afghanistan's southern province of Helmand, say local officials cited by the Washington Post.   The Taliban, local government and military officials all acknowledged that Sangin had fallen, reported the New York Times.   Reports varied on the nature of fighting. Sangin has been a target of the Taliban for the past year.   Afghan television reported that there had been heavy fighting in the area overnight and said troops were moved to a military base about a mile away. The U.S. Air Force then bombed their installations to prevent them from falling into the hands of the Taliban, said officials.   However, an army spokesman told the Post that there had been no serious fighting and no casualties. Local security forces evacuated on Wednesday after Taliban fighters entered the home of residents, he said.  
 Item Number:3 Date: 03/23/2017 BURMA - AIR FORCE EXPECTS TO GET FINAL BATCH OF YAK-130 TRAINERS FROM RUSSIA THIS YEAR (MAR 23/SPUTNIK)  SPUTNIK -- Russian defense industry officials say the first batch of Russian-built Yak-130 training aircraft ordered by Burma has been delivered and the contract will be completed this year, reports Russia's Sputnik news agency.   The first three aircraft were delivered in 2016; another three will be handed over later in 2017, according to Mikhail Petukhov, the deputy director of Russia's Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation.   The director made his comments to Sputnik on Tuesday at the Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace exhibition in Malaysia.   A follow-on order is also being negotiated, with further deliveries expected in 2018, said Petukhov.  
Item Number:4 Date: 03/23/2017 CANADA - PARTNERS, CANADIANS TRY TO MITIGATE PROBLEMS AT PENDING LATVIA MISSION (MAR 23/CBC)  CANADIAN BROADCASTING CORPORATION -- The Canadian military is facing a number of challenges as it prepares to take command of a multinational NATO battalion in Latvia, say officials, as reported by CBC News.   Concerns include how much intelligence information Canadians can share with their partners on the ground and the restrictions that other nations may impose on their forces.   During operations in Afghanistan, the restrictions, termed "caveats," were a source of tensions. For example, some countries would not allow their forces to take part in operations in particularly dangerous areas.   Some participants in the Canadian-led mission have outlined such caveats, which are now in the process of being resolved, according to Canadian defense officials.   For its mission, Canada is sending 450 troops, including a headquarters team and a company of infantry soldiers equipped with upgraded LAV III wheeled armored vehicles.   Poland is providing a troop of tanks, and Italy and Spain are each sending a company of mechanized soldiers in armored vehicles. Albania, Latvia and Slovenia are also dispatching troops for the battle group.   In addition, steps are being taken to prepare soldiers for Russian disinformation operations designed to create tensions between NATO forces and locals, officials said
  Item Number:5 Date: 03/23/2017 EGYPT - 10 SOLDIERS DIE DURING RAID AGAINST ISIS AFFILIATE IN SINAI; 15 TERRORISTS KILLED (MAR 23/BBC)  BRITISH BROADCASTING CORP. -- At least 10 Egyptian soldiers and 15 extremists have been killed during fighting after an army raid of a militant hideout in the Sinai Peninsula, reports the BBC.   Seven other militants were arrested during the operation, said an army statement on Thursday. The exact timing of the raid was not announced.   The soldiers were killed by two roadside bombs while they were in pursuit of the terrorists, the army said.   Soldiers destroyed about half a metric ton (1,102 lbs) of dynamite and seized two vehicles containing hand grenades and hundreds of mobile phones, said the statement.   The Islamic State said on Wednesday that it blew up two army vehicles during fighting south of El-Arish, reported AFP. The group called Ansar Bait al-Maqsdis pledged allegiance to ISIS in 2014 and renamed itself Sinai Province.  
Item Number:6 Date: 03/23/2017 MALAYSIA - AIR FORCE RECEIVES 4TH AND FINAL A400M TRANSPORT AT LIMA EXHIBITION (MAR 23/BERNAMA)  BERNAMA -- Airbus has delivered the fourth and last A400M cargo aircraft ordered by the Royal Malaysian Air Force, reports Bernama, Malaysia's national news agency.   Defense Minister Datuk Seri Hishammuddin formally took delivery of the aircraft from Airbus Defense and Space on Wednesday at the Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace (LIMA) exhibition.   The airlifter is equipped with the latest tactical capabilities, noted the Malaysian air force chief, Gen. Datuk Seri Affendi Buang.   Malaysia received its first A400M in March 2015; the second, in January 2016; and the third, in June 2016
Item Number:7 Date: 03/23/2017 PAKISTAN - MILITARY PARADE DURING PAKISTAN DAY JOINED BY CHINESE, SAUDI, TURKISH PERSONNEL (MAR 23/GEONEWS)  GEO NEWS -- A military parade in Islamabad on Thursday has marked the 77th Paksitan Day, reports Geo News (Pakistan).   The chief of staff of the air force lead the flypast in an F-16.   Chinese, Saudi and Turkish troops have taken part in a military parade in Pakistan for the first time, signaling deepening ties, reports Reuters.   Chinese troops, Saudi special operations soldiers and a Turkish military band were among the marchers.   The 90-strong Chinese contingent was invited by Pakistan, reported Xinhua, China's state news agency.   "We have come here to convey a message of friendship to Pakistan on behalf of the Chinese people and the Chinese army. We sincerely hope that Pakistan will progress day by day and its army will be stronger and stronger," said the head of the Chinese unit earlier during a rehearsal.   China and Pakistan have been developing the US$57 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, a Beijing-funded transporation and pipeline network linking western China with the Arabian sea port of Gwadar.   The day commemorates the separation of Pakistan from the British Indian Empire in 1940 and the adoption of the nation's first constitution
  Item Number:8 Date: 03/23/2017 PHILIPPINES - 2 MALAYSIAN HOSTAGES RESCUED IN SULU; ABU SAYYAF GRABS OTHERS IN MINDANAO (MAR 23/STIMES)  STRAITS TIMES -- Philippine security forces say they have rescued two Malaysian hostages who had been held by Abu Sayyaf for eight months, reports the Straits Times (Singapore).   Marines discovered the hostages during an assault on Thursday directed against about 30 militants in Kalingalan Caluang on Sulu island, said a military statement.   The two Malaysians were among five crew abducted in July 2016 from a tugboat off the coast of Sabah, Malaysia. Abu Sayyaf reportedly demanded a ransom of about US$1.9 million.   No ransom was paid, said a military spokesman.   Separately, Abu Sayyaf seized two Philippine hostages on Thursday near the southern island of Mindanao, said a coast guard commander cited by Reuters.   "Two Filipino crew, the ship's captain and chief engineer, were taken captive," he said. Abu Sayyaf was believed to be behind the attack, said the officer
Item Number:9 Date: 03/23/2017 SINGAPORE - DELIVERIES TO START IN 2019 FOR NEXT-GENERATION ARMORED FIGHTING VEHICLE (MAR 23/STENG)  ST ENGINEERING -- The Singapore Ministry of Defense has selected ST Kinetics to develop and build the army's Next-Generation Armored Fighting Vehicle (NGAFV), reports ST Engineering, which owns ST Kinetics.   The deal, the value of which was not disclosed, also includes integrated logistics support, spare parts, training and documentation.   The NGAFV will replace the army's aging M113 armored vehicles. Deliveries are scheduled to begin in 2019, according to a release on Wednesday.   The NGAFV will provide enhanced protection, firepower, mobility and situational awareness, reported the Singapore Ministry of Defense.   Further details were not made public
  Item Number:10 Date: 03/23/2017 SWITZERLAND - CONVICTED ETA ACTIVIST, WHO CLAIMS TORTURE IN SPAIN, TO BE EXTRADITED (MAR 23/REU)  REUTERS -- Authorities in Switzerland will extradite to Spain a Spanish woman convicted of supporting the ETA Basque separatist group, reports Reuters, citing judicial officials.   The unidentified woman was arrested in Zurich last April. She had been living in Switzerland under a false identity since 2009, said authorities.   She fled Spain after being sentenced to six years and nine months in jail for supporting ETA, said Switzerland's Federal Office of Justice.   The 43-year-old woman claimed that she had been tortured into confessing while in Spanish custody.   "The ETA activist could not credibly show that she was actually tortured in Spain" and has 30 days to appeal against the decision, said the justice office.   European human-rights laws stipulate that a person cannot be extradited if his statements were made under torture, noted the Local (Switzerland).  
Item Number:11 Date: 03/23/2017 SYRIA - HELICOPTERS DROP U.S. MARINES, SYRIAN REBELS INTO BLOCKING POSITION TO TRAP ISIS (MAR 23/DTL)  DAILY TELEGRAPH (LONDON) -- The U.S.-led coalition has airdropped American troops and allied Syrian fighters near the Islamic State stronghold of Raqqa in northern Syria in effort to cut a major withdrawal route, reports London's Daily Telegraph.   The Pentagon made an announcement about the airlift on Wednesday; local officials said the drop took place on Tuesday, noted Reuters.   The airdrop mission is intended to secure the strategic Tabqa Dam across the Euphrates River and further isolate the ISIS capital from the rest of the terror group's territory in Syria, officials said.   Five helicopters, supported by five fighter jets, dropped U.S. Marines and dozens of Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) on Wednesday near the northern town of Shurfa, local media said.   The SDF alliance says it has captured four villages and cut the main route running from Raqqa and the western countryside
  Item Number:12 Date: 03/23/2017 SYRIA - PEACE TALKS BEGIN IN GENEVA; NO END TO VIOLENCE ON THE GROUND (MAR 23/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- United Nations-backed Syrian peace talks have restarted in Geneva amid escalating violence, reports Agence France-Presse.   The previous round of talks ended in February; the latest one resumed Thursday. There have been five rounds.   The fragile cease-fire in Syria has deteriorated in recent days after rebels and allied jihadists launched offensives in eastern Damascus and central Hama province.   Topics scheduled for this round of talks, include a political transition, the constitution and elections and counter-terrorism.   Fighting was reported early Thursday in Jobar district in Damascus, reported Reuters.   Rebels also made new advances overnight near Hama, according to the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitoring group
Item Number:13 Date: 03/23/2017 UKRAINE - SABOTAGE SUSPECTED IN EXPLOSIONS AT EASTERN ARMS DEPOT (MAR 23/DEWELLE)  DEUTSCHE WELLE -- Thousands of locals have been evacuated after early Thursday explosions at a military arms depot in eastern Ukraine, reports Deutsche Welle.   The blasts started a massive fire at a warehouse storing tank ammunition and other weapons in the base at Balaklia, said a Ukranian military official.   The base is located near Kharkiv, about 60 miles from fighting against Russian-backed separatists.   Around 20,000 people were evacuated from nearby villages. Hundreds of firefighters were dispatched.   The military blamed unknown saboteurs. The 900-acre site housed around 138,000 tons of ammunition, said the military. Munitions from the depot are used to supply military units fighting in nearby Luhansk and Donetsk, reported the BBC.   Authorities are investigating the cause, including the possibility of an explosive device being dropped from a drone, said Defense Minister Stepan Poltorak
  Item Number:14 Date: 03/23/2017 UNITED KINGDOM - TERROR IN LONDON: ARRESTS MADE; ISIS CLAIMS RESPONSIBILITY (MAR 23/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- At least four people were killed Wednesday and 29 others injured in an apparent terror attack outside Parliament in London, reports the Guardian (U.K.).   The BBC said at least 40 were injured, seven critically.   The attacker drove a car into pedestrians on Westminter Bridge, killing two people, before crashing it into railings outside Parliament. He then tried to enter the complex, fatally stabbing an unarmed police officer before being shot and killed by armed police, said authorities.   Police said they believed the assailant acted alone and are investigating possible associates. Investigators raided six addresses overnight in Birmingham, London and other parts of the country and arrested eight people.   "It is still our belief -- which continues to be borne out by our investigation -- that this attacker acted alone yesterday and was inspired by international terrorism," said Mark Rowley, the top police officer for counterterrorism.   Prime Minister Theresa May said the attacker was British-born and had been investigated "some years ago" for "violent extremism," as quoted by CNN.   Amaq, the news agency used by Islamic State, said the terror group was responsible. The agency called the attack "a soldier of Islamic State."  
Item Number:15 Date: 03/23/2017 USA - CHIEF OF STAFF EXPECTS INCREASING URBAN WARFARE WILL LEAD TO SMALLER FIGHTING ELEMENTS (MAR 23/ARMY)  ARMY TIMES -- The head of the U.S. Army says that urban warfare is becoming an increasingly important element of warfare today, which will require his service to adapt to fight accordingly, reports the Army Times.   While the Army will not assume an all-special operations model, the service will likely rely on smaller organizations in 10 years and beyond, said Gen. Mark Milley. The Army chief of staff, made his comments on Tuesday at the Future of War Conference in Washington, D.C.   "The fighting element will probably end up having to be much smaller," possibly company- or battalion-sized operational units, he said.   He also predicted that unmanned capabilities will play a larger role, likely reducing casualties in some areas, such as supply convoys.   In the urban environment, U.S. soldiers will need to be highly trained in discriminating fire. This will mean quickly and effectively determining the differences betweens civilian and combatants, said Milley. Leader development will be key, he said.   "We're probably going to have to have more mature, more seasoned leaders at lower levels than perhaps the organization design calls for now," the general said. Special operations units already use this model, with majors in charge of companies, instead of captains as in other units.  
 Item Number:16 Date: 03/23/2017 USA - CHINESE OFFICIALS 'WARNED' U.S. BOMBER FLYING OVER E. CHINA SEA; PLANE IGNORED WARNING (MAR 23/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- A top U.S. official says Chinese officials warned an American bomber flying near South Korea on Sunday that it was illegally operating in Chinese airspace and told it to leave, reports CNN.   The U.S. Air Force B-1B bomber was flying over a Chinese air defense identification zone (ADIZ) in the East China Sea, about 70 nautical miles southwest of South Korea's Jeju island, said U.S. officials on Wednesday.   The Guam-based aircraft was conducting training missions with Japanese and South Korean military aircraft.   The American pilots told Chinese air traffic controllers that they were conducting routine operations in international airspace and did not change their flight path, said a spokesman for U.S. Pacific Air Forces.   The U.S. and Japan do not recognize the zone. Such a declaration supposedly requires airliners to notify Chinese authorities before transiting. "Pacific Air Forces ... did not recognize the Chinese air defense identification zone (ADIZ) when it was announced in November of 2013, and does not recognize it today," the U.S. military spokesman said.   On Thursday, a spokeswoman from China's Foreign Ministry said that she had not heard of the matter, but insisted that the U.S. should respect China's ADIZs, reported Reuters
  Item Number:17 Date: 03/23/2017 USA - LARGE-SCALE GROUND WARFARE TO BE STRESSED IN NEW ARMY FIELD MANUAL, DOCTRINE (MAR 23/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The U.S. Army is preparing a new capstone doctrine focusing on large-scale ground warfare, says Lt. Gen. Michael Lundy, the head of the Combined Arms Center, as reported by Defense News.   The mission of the CAC, based at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., is to modernize the force, including reforming doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership, personnel, facilities and policy.   The Army's last field manual was released in 2008 and emphasized "full spectrum operations," which included defeating enemies and shaping the battlefield through operations that stabilize a contested area.   After almost a decade, potential adversaries are looking more like peers with equivalent capabilities and the ability to deny and deter freedom of movement in different domains, said the general.   This transformation means that the Army will have to change its focus from the counterinsurgency operations in Afghanistan and Iraq.   The new field manual will be laid out differently than typical doctrinal documents that focus on one specific area, said Lundy.   The doctrine incorporates the Army's operating concept, released two years ago, as well as the developing concept of "multi-domain battle," said Lundy. The latter covers how the service will operate in and influence all domains in conjunction with the other military branches.   The new field manual will describe four strategic activities required for operational success and provide instruction on how to shape, prevent, win and consolidate gains to achieve sustainable outcomes, said Lundy. Those four phases will not always be conducted in order or at the same time, he noted.   The new Army field manual is scheduled to be published in the fall.  
  Item Number:18 Date: 03/23/2017 VENEZUELA - CHILDREN FROM 'PUPPIES' GANG KILL 2 NATIONAL GUARDSMEN IN CARACAS (MAR 23/BBC)  BRITISH BROADCASTING CORP. -- Police in Venezuela have arrested young gang members accused of murdering two soldiers on Sunday, reports the BBC.   The International Business Times said two sergeants in the national guard were stabbed to death outside a bar in Caracas. They were killed during a robbery by a gang called Los Cachorros (the "Puppies"). The two were reportedly not wearing their uniforms at the time, said officials.   Six children between the ages of six to 15 were arrested, said police.   Venezuela has one of the highest murder rates in the world. The Venezuelan Observatory of Violence group estimates that at least 28,479 people died last year due to violence
  Item Number:19 Date: 03/23/2017 VIETNAM - PRIME MINISTER SETS UP NATIONAL BODY TO DEAL WITH CYBER ATTACKS (MAR 23/VIETNEWS)  VIETNAM NEWS -- The Vietnamese government has decided to establish a national steering committee to respond to cyber security incidents, reports Vietnam News.   Under the orders of Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc, the committee will be authorized to direct the ministries of information, communication, public security, national defense and relevant agencies to cooperate to quickly resolve cyber incidents.   The Information Ministry will serve as the standing body of the committee and develop plans to deal with cyber attacks, said the prime minister.   The committee will fill the existing gap at the national level to coordinate responses to cyber attacks, Phuc said.   Websites at a number of airports in Vietnam were hacked earlier this month, noted the news service.   Last year, losses over cyber attacks totaled US$470 million in Vietnam, according to a technology report in January, as reported at the time by Vietnam News.  
  Item Number:20 Date: 03/23/2017 YEMEN - IRANIAN SUPPORT TO HOUTHI REBELS NOW INCLUDES 'KAMIKAZE' DRONES (MAR 23/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- Iran has been increasing its supplies of equipment and weapons to Houthi rebels in Yemen, reports the Voice of America News, citing an independent arms-trafficking organization.   Tehran has been supplying the rebels and other forces aligned with former Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh with weapons since the start of the conflict two years ago, according to a study published Wednesday by Conflict Armament Research (CAR) in London.   The supplies include unmanned aerial vehicles, the report says. Many of these drones have reportedly been used to target the Saudi coalition's Patriot air defense systems.   By crashing the air vehicles into the main phased arrays of the Patriot radar systems, the Houthis and Saleh-aligned forces are freely able to target Saudi-led forces with missiles. The tactic has garnered the aircraft the nickname of "kamikaze" drones.   The UAVs are often programmed with open-source GPS coordinates of the Patriots' positions, the report says.   U.S. intelligence officials also say Iran has been delivering more equipment to the Houthis in Yemen, reported Reuters on Tuesday. The move mirrors Tehran's increased weapon supplies to Hezbollah fighters in Syria, the officials said.

No comments:

Post a Comment