Thursday, February 23, 2017

TheList 4394

The List 4394

To All,
I hope that your week has been going well.
This Day In Naval History - February 23
1795 - U.S. Navy Office of Purveyor of Supplies is established. This is the Navy Supply Corps Birthday.
1919 - Launching of Osmond Ingram (DD-255), first Navy ship named for an enlisted man
1944 - Carrier groups under Spruance attack Saipan, Tinian and Rota in the Marianas
1945 - Marines and a Navy corpsman raise flag on Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima
February 23
Emperor Diocletian orders the general persecution of Christians in Rome.
The Hapsburg Charles I succeeds Ferdinand in Spain.
Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado begins his unsuccessful search for the fabled Seven Cities of Gold in the American Southwest.
The 5th War of Religion breaks out in France.
The Estates-General in Paris is dissolved, having been in session since October 1614.
Baron von Steuben joins the Continental Army at Valley Forge.
Poet John Keats dies of tuberculosis at the age of 25.
The Alamo is besieged by Santa Anna.
The Liberty Bell tolls for the last time, to mark George Washington's birthday.
Forces led by Zachary Taylor defeat the Mexicans at the Battle of Buena Vista.
Great Britain officially recognizes the independence of the Orange Free State.
Texas becomes the seventh state to secede from the Union.
John Lee survives three attempts to hang him in Exeter Prison, as the trap fails to open.
Writer Emile Zola is imprisoned in France for his letter J'accuse in which he accuses the French government of anti-semitism and the wrongful imprisonment of army captain Alfred Dreyfus.
Britain and Germany agree on a boundary between German East Africa and Nyasaland.
Japan guarantees Korean sovereignty in exchange for military assistance.
Secretary of State Lansing hints that the U.S. may have to abandon the policy of avoiding "entangling foreign alliances".
An airmail plane sets a record of 33 hours and 20 minutes from San Francisco to New York.
President Calvin Coolidge opposes a large air force, believing it would be a menace to world peace.
In Russia, an unmanned balloon rises to a record height of 25 miles.
Twelve Chinese fighter planes drop bombs on Japan.
A Japanese submarine shells an oil refinery near Santa Barbara, California, the first Axis bombs to hit American soil.
American bombers strike the Marianas Islands bases, only 1,300 miles from Tokyo.
Eisenhower opens a large offensive in the Rhineland.
U.S. Marines plant an American flag atop Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima.
Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita is hanged in Manila, the Philippines, for war crimes.
Several hundred Nazi organizers are arrested in Frankfurt by U.S. and British forces.
New York's Metropolitan Museum exhibits a collection of Hapsburg art. The first showing of this collection in the U.S.
Mass innoculation begins as Salk's polio vaccine is given to children for first time.
Eight nations meet in Bangkok for the first SEATO council.
Whites join Negro students in a sit-in at a Winston-Salem, N.C. Woolworth store.
The U.S. and Britain recognize the new Zanzibar government.
American troops begin the largest offensive of the war, near the Cambodian border.
Black activist Angela Davis is released from jail where she was held for kidnapping , conspiracy and murder.
French forces unofficially start the Persian Gulf ground war by crossing the Saudi-Iraqi border.
Thanks to Clyde
Skip, the B2 guys do 24 and 30 hour plus simulator missions all the time.  think about that
From the net, courtesy of JC …
Seven Days in February
Trumps' critics, left and right, aim to bring about the cataclysm they predicted.
February 20, 2017 7:31 PM

 Thanks to Fred….Very interesting
Why it's called Lake Superior
 Pretty amazing..... Did you realize
how big this lake is

1   Lake Superior contains ten percent of all the fresh water on the planet Earth.
2  It covers 82,000 square kilometers or 31,700 square miles.
3  The average depth is 147 meters or 483 feet.
4  There have been about 350 shipwrecks recorded in Lake Superior
5  Lake Superior is, by surface area, the largest lake in the world.
6 A Jesuit priest in 1668 named it Lac Tracy , but that name was never officially adopted.
7  It contains as much water as all the other Great Lakes combined, plus three extra Lake Erie's!
8  There is a small outflow from the lake at St. Mary's River (Sault Ste Marie) into Lake Huron, but it takes almost two centuries for the water to be completely replaced.
9  There is enough water in Lake Superior to cover all of North and South America with water one foot deep.
10  Lake Superior was formed during the last glacial retreat, making it one of the earth's youngest major features at only about 10,000 years old.
11  The deepest point in the lake is 405 meters or 1,333 feet.
 12  There are 78 different species of fish that call the big lake home.
 13  The maximum wave ever recorded on Lake Superior was 9.45 meters or 31 feet high.
 14  If you stretched the shoreline of Lake Superior out to a straight line, it would be long enough to reach from Duluth to the Bahamas .
15  Over 300 streams and rivers empty into Lake Superior with the largest source being the Nipigon River.
16  The average underwater visibility of Lake Superior is about 8 meters or 27 feet, making it the cleanest and clearest of the Great Lakes.  Underwater visibility in some spots reaches 30 meters.
17  In the summer, the sun sets more than 35 minutes later on the western shore of Lake Superior than at its southeastern edge.
18  Some of the world's oldest rocks, formed about 2.7 billion years ago, can be found on the Ontario shore of Lake Superior.
19  It very rarely freezes over completely, and then usually just for a few hours.  Complete freezing occurred in 1962, 1979, 2003 and 2009.
Thanks to my Russian friend
Okay for all you squidly types.
I've been spending a bit of time over at Theodora's Jewel Box and this month she's dedicated all her posts to Russia. And two days ago another of her people contributed an essay on the History of the Russian Imperial Navy
I contributed in the comments some of my photos from my travels, photos taken in their Naval Museum in Petersburg.
Item Number:1 Date: 02/23/2017 CHINA - MILITARY VETERANS PROTEST FOR 2 DAYS OVER UNPAID BENEFITS (FEB 23/RFA)  RADIO FREE ASIA -- Thousands of Chinese military veterans have been protesting in central Beijing over unpaid retirement benefits, reports Radio Free Asia.   The protests that started Wednesday continued on Thursday, noted Reuters. Complaints covered pensions, healthcare and demobilization benefits that were promised but not delivered.   Demonstrators gathered outside the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI), the Communist Party's anti-corruption agency,   "We have suffered injustice for our country for the past 20 or 30 years. Because of [an] illegal regulation, we have been left in poverty and hardship. We have no jobs, no income, no status and nowhere to live," said one veteran in a video following Wednesday's protests.   A smaller protest on Thursday outside the Ministry of Civil Affairs was quickly dispersed.   Military pensions have been a long-running issue for veterans. More than 1,000 veterans protested last October outside the Defense Ministry in the capital in a rare show of public dissent in China.  
  Item Number:2 Date: 02/23/2017 CUBA - HAVANA KEEPS OAS CHIEF FROM AWARD CEREMONY, CALLING IT DESTABILIZATION PLOT (FEB 23/REU)  REUTERS -- The Cuban government maintains that it has thwarted a destabilization plot, reports Reuters.   The plot apparently was an invitation by dissidents made to the head of the Organization of American States (OAS).   The group invited OAS Secretary General Luis Almagro to Havana to honor him with a human-rights award. The ceremony went ahead on Wednesday.   Cuba's Foreign Ministry said that day that it had prevented Almagro and other invitees from entering by denying them visas.   Their plan "consisted of mounting in Havana an open and serious provocation against the Cuban government, generating internal instability, damaging the country's international reputation," said the ministry.   The ministry accused Almagro of having an agenda of attacking "progressive governments like those of Venezuela, Bolivia and Ecuador."   Cuba previously stopped other invitees, including a former Mexican president and a former Chilean minister. Chile said it was recalling its ambassador over the incident.   The Washington-based OAS includes 35 independent states of the Americas. Cuba was expelled in the 1960s.  
  Item Number:3 Date: 02/23/2017 GERMANY - BUDGET RESTRICTIONS, HISTORY HOLD BACK BERLIN'S DEFENSE SPENDING (FEB 23/DERS)  DER SPIEGEL -- The German Defense Ministry has admitted that it has problems spending the money it has been allocated, even as those across the Atlantic are urging Europe to pay more for its own continental defense, reports Der Spiegel (Germany).   One major obstacle in Germany is that all expenditures of more than 25 million euros (US$26 million) must be approved by the parliamentary budget committee. The limit has existed since 1981 and has never been adjusted for inflation, according to a key official in the Defense Ministry.   A limit closer to 75 million euros might be more appropriate at this point, the magazine said.   Under the current setup, defense procurements face more political wrangling, resulting in delays.   A hiring freeze in the procurement office over the last decade has also left the ministry short of perhaps 1,400 personnel. Training new workers to fill these posts is expected to take years.   Berlin has reservations about large defense spending. Neighbors often point to the historical dangers of a powerful Germany.   If Berlin spent 2 percent of its GDP on defense, as NATO suggests as a goal, it would be the largest military power on the continent.  
  Item Number:4 Date: 02/23/2017 HUNGARY - AIR FORCE HANGS ON TO GRIPENS FOR 10 MORE YEARS; JETS WILL BE UPGRADED TO LATEST CONFIGURATION (FEB 23/SFMV)  SWEDISH DEFENSE MATERIEL ADMINISTRATION -- The Hungarian air force has finalized an agreement to extend its lease of Gripen C/D fighters from the Swedish government, reports the Swedish Defense Materiel Agency (FMV).   The new lease agreement, signed on Tuesday, increases Hungary's flight hours from 1,600 to 2,000 hours annually, with FMV providing additional support.   The contract is in addition to the 10-year agreement FMV signed with Hungary in 2012 and extends the lease through 2026, the agency said.   The FMV will also upgrade the 14 Hungarian Gripens to the latest Version 20 configuration, under provisions of the latest agreement.   The 14 Gripens will revert to Hungarian ownership at the end of 2026, said an FMV release.  
Item Number:5 Date: 02/23/2017 INDONESIA - BADAK ARMORED VEHICLES TO GET UPGRADE, INCLUDING MODULAR DRIVELINE (FEB 23/TIMONEY)  TIMONEY TECHNOLOGY -- Irish defense firm Timoney Technology has announced the signing of a contract with Indonesian firm PT Pindad to modernize Badak 6 x 6 armored vehicles for the Indonesian armed forces.   Under the deal, Timoney will supply a customized version of its modular driveline, transfer case and steering system.   The Badak, which is based on the Anoa armored personnel carrier, is equipped with a CMI Defence two-man turret for direct fire-support missions, noted Timoney on Feb. 22.   The vehicle features a unique powerpack packaging configuration, which allows internal space to be maximized and has a front-mounted transfer box inputted to the first axle, said company officials.   Timoney is providing a customized driveline packaging solution to meet the requirements of the vehicle.  
 Item Number:6 Date: 02/23/2017 IRAQ - GOVERNMENT FORCES STORM MOSUL AIRPORT (FEB 23/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- Iraqi security forces have gained control of at least part of Mosul's airport as part of an advance against the Islamic State in the northern city, reports CNN, citing Iraqi officials.   Government forces restarted operations in Mosul targeting the ISIS-held western half of the city earlier this week. Eastern Mosul was taken in late January.   Initial reports on Thursday indicated that the airport had been entered and one runway was under government control, noted Fox News.   Federal police forces were fully in control of the airport, one of the first objectives of the operation, a police commander said later on Thursday.   Police and rapid response forces, backed by drones and artillery, stormed the airport from several positions, according to an earlier statement.   ISIS has destroyed the infrastructure of the airport, say officials. It is located in a strategic access point into Mosul.   Separately, goverment counterterror forces entered the Ghazlani military base to the west of the airport, said one commander.  
Item Number:7 Date: 02/23/2017 JAPAN - OKINAWAN COURT AWARDS RECORD DAMAGES FOR NOISE NEAR U.S. BASE (FEB 23/JT)  JAPAN TIMES -- A court in Okinawa has awarded locals near a U.S. military base millions of dollars for "noise pollution" redress, the largest damages ever made against the Japanese government, reported Japan Times.   The court awarded more than US$265 million, reported the Stars and Stripes.   On Thursday, a three-judge panel awarded about US$12,000 each to 22,005 residents around Kadena Air Base in Okinawa.   The court said the central government ignored the situation and did not take steps to curb the noise. They rejected demands to limit U.S. flight operations, saying the missions contributed to regional security.   The government in Tokyo can appeal the ruling to a higher court. In December, Japan's Supreme Court reduced the monetary award in a similar suit over noise at Naval Air Facility Atsugi.   Aircraft noise has been a major issue in Okinawa since the end of World War II. Since the 1990s, Tokyo has paid more than US$90 million in such cases, according to the Okinawa Defense Bureau.  
  Item Number:8 Date: 02/23/2017 JAPAN - TOKYO PROTESTS OVER RUSSIA'S PLANNED MILITARY BUILDING IN KURILS (FEB 23/JIJI)  JIJI PRESS -- The Japanese government has filed a formal protest to Russia over the Kremlin's plans to deploy more troops to the disputed Kuril Islands, reports Jiji Press (Japan).   The islands are called the Northern Territories by Japan and the southern Kuriles in Russia. They were seized by Soviet forces at the end of World War II.   Both nations claim sovereignty over the islands. The dispute has prevented a post-war peace treaty between Tokyo and Moscow.   Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga confirmed on Thursday that Tokyo had made the protest, which came after reports that Moscow planned to deploy a military division to the islands this year.   "If the move leads to the reinforcement of Russian military on the islands, it would be incompatible with Japan's stance and it is regrettable as they are inherently our territory," he said.   Viktor Ozerov, the chairman of the defense committee in the Russian upper house of Parliament, said Moscow had no intention of using its military against Japan. "We are ready to cooperate, including in the military sector, in the sphere of countering terrorism and theft of marine biological resources," he said, as quoted by Sputnik (Russia
Item Number:9 Date: 02/23/2017 LIBYA - ALGERIA, EGYPT, TUNISIA WORK TOGETHER ON LIBYAN POLITICAL RECONCILIATION (FEB 23/LIBHER)  LIBYA HERALD -- The leaders of Algeria, Egypt and Tunisia have declared a new initiative that aims for a political settlement in Libya, reports the Libya Herald.   The effort was unveiled Monday at a joint press conference in Tunis.   The latest move follows the failure of attempts by Egypt to host a meeting between Faiez Serraj, the head of Libya's U.N.-backed Presidency Council, and Khalifa Hafter, the military leader in eastern Libya, the Libyan paper said on Monday.   The Tunis Declaration was signed by Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry, Algerian Ministry for Maghreb, African and Arab Affairs Abdelkader Messahel and Tunisian Foreign Minister Khemaies Jhinaoui. It also rejected foreign intervention or the use of force to find a resolution.   The ministers also pledged to "step up efforts to achieve comprehensive reconciliation," while acknowledging that only the Libyans can determine a viable settlement.   Another tripartite summit will be held in Algiers to further discuss the crisis, the ministers said. No date was provided
Item Number:10 Date: 02/23/2017 PAKISTAN - CASUALTIES MOUNT FOLLOWING BOMBING IN UPSCALE SHOPPING AREA IN LAHORE (FEB 23/TI)  TIMES OF INDIA -- At least seven people have been killed and 20 injured in an powerful explosion in a shopping center in Pakistan's eastern city of Lahore, say government officials, as reported by the Times of India.   Thursday's blast tore into a building still under construction in a busy upscale market area, causing at least one floor to collapse, reported Dawn (Pakistan).   Casualties have been reported variously.   About 20 kg (44 lbs) of explosives were used, said police.   There was no immediate claim of responsibility.   This was the latest in a string of bombings in Pakistan, including one in Lahore last week that killed at least 13 people. Jamaat-ul-Ahrar, a splinter group of the Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility for that attack
Item Number:11 Date: 02/23/2017 PAKISTAN - ISLAMABAD, NEW DELHI EXTEND ACCORD CUTTING RISKS OF NUCLEAR ACCIDENTS (FEB 23/DAWN)  DAWN -- The governments of India and Pakistan have agreed to extend their existing bilateral accord that seeks to reduce the risk of nuclear accidents, reports Dawn (Pakistan).   The agreement dates to 2007. It was extended for five years in 2012. The latest accord extends goes through 2022.   The pact calls for the immediate exchange of information in the event of any incident relating to nuclear arms under their respective control that could lead to nuclear fallout or create the risk of a nuclear exchange, said a statement from the Pakistani Foreign Office
  Item Number:12 Date: 02/23/2017 RUSSIA - MILITARY READY FOR INFORMATION WARFARE, SAYS DEFENSE MINISTER (FEB 23/TASS)  TASS -- The Kremlin has established a new unit in the military for information operations forces, says Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu, as cited by the Tass news agency (Moscow).   The information warfare personnel will be much more effective at countering propaganda than previous efforts, Shoigu said in response to a lawmaker's question about whether Russia should re-create a specific counter-propaganda directorate, noted Interfax-AVN.   "Propaganda should be smart, competent and effective," said Shoigu.   The information operations forces are designed to strengthen national defense, said Vladimir Shamanov, the head of the Duma defense committee. The Duma is the lower house of the Russian Parliament.   These new forces will also be able to fend off cyber attacks, the lawmaker said.  
  Item Number:13 Date: 02/23/2017 SWITZERLAND - RAIDS LEAD TO 2 ARRESTS OF MEN LINKED TO TERROR ACTIVITIES, ISIS RECRUITING (FEB 23/SWISSINFO)  SWISS INFORMATION SERVICE -- Swiss police have arrested two men for suspected links to terrorist groups, say officials, as reported by SwissInfo.   The arrests came after more than 100 officers made raids Wednesday in the Italian-speaking region of Ticino, said the attorney general's office, as cited by Deutsche Welle.   The raids targeted several houses and a mosque, said federal prosecutors.   One man with dual Swiss-Turkish citizenship and a Turkish citizen were arrested for suspected involvement in terrorist activities, including recruiting for the Islamic State.   The raids were not connected to a truck attack in December on a Christmas market in Berlin, said officials cited by Reuters
  Item Number:14 Date: 02/23/2017 SYRIA - NO BREAKTHROUGH EXPECTED SOON IN NEW GENEVA TALKS, SAY U.N. MEDIATOR (FEB 23/F24)  FRANCE 24 -- Peace talks between the Syrian government and opposition have restarted in Switzerland, reports France 24.   The indirect talks on Thursday, mediated by the United Nations, are taking place in Geneva.   U.N. Special Envoy to Syria Staffan de Mistura said on Wednesday that he was "not expecting a breakthrough," but expressed hope that the talks could be "worthwhile."   The rebel delegation on Wednesday called for direct talks, reported RTE (Ireland). The two sides last year operated in separate rooms with U.N. mediators moving between them.   Separate talks in Kazakhstan, which are aimed at shoring up a cease-fire, brought no breakthrough. The rebels refused to talk directly with the Damascus government
  Item Number:15 Date: 02/23/2017 SYRIA - TURKEY, REBELS SAY THEY HOLD AL-BAB'S CENTER; MONITORS SAY ISIS STILL HAS CONSIDERABLE CONTROL (FEB 23/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- Turkish-backed rebels have claimed to have gained control over the center of the northern Syrian city of al-Bab from the Islamic State, reports Agence France-Presse.   Rebels overran the center of the city on Thursday, reported Turkey's Anadolu Agency. The operation agianst the town began in December.   Accounts differ over how much of the city is actually under rebel control.   "We are announcing al-Bab completely liberated, and we are now clearing mines from the residential neighborhoods," said the commander of a rebel faction on Thursday. "After hours of fighting, we chased out the last remaining ISIS rank and file that were collapsing after the fierce shelling of their positions," he said.   Turkey's Defense Ministry claimed on Thursday that most of the town was under the control of Turkish troops and their allies, noted the Middle East Eye.   A Turkey-based rebel official cited by Reuters said there are still pockets of ISIS militants fighting, but all strategic areas have been captured.   However, the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said ISIS fighters were still in parts of al-Bab, maintaining that rebels controlled less than half of it.  
  Item Number:16 Date: 02/23/2017 USA - ARMY DIVISION HQ IN KUWAIT KEEPS EYE ON REGIONAL STRATEGIES, SAYS GENERAL (FEB 23/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The U.S. Army has a new division headquarters that has been added to the eight brigades in the Central Command area of operations in an effort to improve the focus on theater-wide strategy and operational tasks, reports Defense News.   Until about two months ago, the service had to focus on tactical efforts in the region, including command-and-control, mission command and oversight of the brigade combat teams and theater-wide responsibilities, Lt. Gen. Michael Garrett, the head of U.S. Army Central (USARCENT) said on Monday at the IDEX show in Abu Dhabi, U.A.E.   The new division headquarters in Kuwait improves the Army's ability to build and maintain strategic partnerships, reassure allies and develop coalitions, Garrett said.   The service will continue to be invested in the Middle East, the general said. He also said that Iran is still the primary state aggressor in the region and has increased cyber attacks against U.S. partners.   Russia is expected to be a major competitor "and will seek to counter the U.S. through diplomatic, informational, military and economic means," said Garrett.  
  Item Number:17 Date: 02/23/2017 USA - KEEL AUTHENTICATION CEREMONY HELD FOR FUTURE USS FRANK E. PETERSEN JR. DESTROYER (FEB 23/NNS)  NAVY NEWSSTAND -- Huntington Ingalls Industries has just laid the keel for another Arleigh Burke-class destroyer for the U.S. Navy, reports the Navy NewsStand.   Tuesday's ceremony was held at the Huntington Ingalls shipyard in Pascagoula, Miss.   While construction work did begin in April 2016, the keel-laying event marks the ceremonial start of the ship, the Navy said.   The Frank E. Petersen Jr. (DDG-121) is in the Flight IIA configuration with the Aegis Baseline 9 combat system, which includes an integrated air and missile defense capability.   The destroyer honors Frank E. Petersen Jr., who was both the first African-American aviator and Marine Corps general.  
Item Number:18 Date: 02/23/2017 USA - PACOM CHIEF PROMOTES INTEGRATION OF CAPABILITIES OF NAVY, ARMY (FEB 23/USNIN)  USNI NEWS -- The head of the U.S. Pacific Command would like to see a linked Army-Navy missile network, reports USNI News.   Toward that end, the Army should develop its own anti-ship capability, Adm. Harry Harris said on Tuesday at the West 2017 conference in San Diego.   "Before I leave PACOM, I'd like to see the Army's land forces conduct exercises to sink a ship in a complex environment where our joint and combined forces are operating in other domains," the admiral said. "Moving forward, all the services will have to exert influence in non-traditional and sometimes unfamiliar domains."   Harris called on Pacific Fleet commander Adm. Scott Swift and U.S. Army Pacific chief Gen. Bob Brown to figure out how to tie the Army's land-based missile defense network into the Navy's Naval Integrated Fire Control-Counter Air (NIFC-CA) architecture.   That system creates a network of sensors and shooters that allows ships and aircraft to pass targeting data among different weapon systems and platforms.   The eventual goal is to improve the integration of all PACOM forces and create more options and capabilities for commanders, said Harris.  
 Item Number:19 Date: 02/23/2017 USA - THOUSANDS OF TROOPS COMPLETE EUCOM COMPUTER-ASSISTED EXERCISE (FEB 23/ANS)  ARMY NEWS SERVICE -- The U.S. European Command has been holding an extensive computer-assisted global command-and-control exercise in several countries, reports the Army News Service.   Exercise Austere Challenge, which began in October and ends this month, involves thousands of U.S. troops in Germany, Italy, the U.K. and U.S.   The drills are designed to train multi-combatant command coordination in fictitious scenarios, said an Army release on Tuesday.   The latest event evaluated the command's "ability to provide strategic and operational effects in various locations around the globe," said Gen. Curtis Scaparrotti, the EUCOM chief.  
  Item Number:20 Date: 02/23/2017 YEMEN - HOUTHI COUNTERATTACK FALTERS; GOVERNMENT FORCES ADVANCE NEAR MOKHA (FEB 23/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- Yemeni government forces have fought off a Houthi rebel counteroffensive near the Red Sea port of Mokha, says a military source cited by Agence France-Presse.   Forces loyal to Yemeni President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, backed by a Saudi-led coalition, took the key port earlier this month.   Houthi rebels counterattacked on Tuesday, killing a deputy army commander and 18 troops.   Government forces responded by capturing the towns of Yakhtul and Jala Nar, located to the north and east of Mokha, respectively, said the military source on Thursday.   Seven troops and 16 rebels were killed, according to hospital sources. Twelve soldiers and 28 rebels were reported wounded.


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