Monday, February 13, 2017

Fw: TheList 4385

The List 4385
To All,
I hope you all had a great weekend.
This Day In Naval History - February 13
1854 - Admiral Perry anchors off Yokosuka, Japan to receive Emperor's reply to treaty proposal
1913 - Naval Radio Station, Arlington, VA begins operations
1945 - First naval units enter Manila Bay since 1942
1968 - Operation Coronado XI begins in Mekong Delta
1945 Royal Air force Lancaster Bombers firebomb Dresden Killing 135,000
February 13
Polycarp, a disciple of St. John and Bishop of Smyrna, is martyred on the west coast of Asia Minor.
Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII, is beheaded for adultery.
British Parliament adopts the Bill of Rights.
In the Glen Coe highlands of Scotland, thirty-eight members of the MacDonald clan are murdered by soldiers of the neighboring Campbell clan for not pledging allegiance to William of Orange. Ironically the pledge had been made but not communicated to the clans. The event is remembered as the Massacre of Glencoe.
The four day Battle of Fort Donelson, Tennessee, begins.
The Confederacy approves the recruitment of slaves as soldiers, as long as the approval of their owners is gained.
Jesse James holds up his first bank.
The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) is founded.
First social security checks are put in the mail.
The Royal Air Force Bomber Command devastates the German city of Dresden with night raids by 873 heavy bombers. The attacks are joined by 521 American heavy bombers flying daylight raids.
A mob burns a radio station in Ecuador after the broadcast of H.G. Wells' "War of the Worlds."
At the Battle of Chipyong-ni, in Korea, U.N. troops contain the Chinese forces' offensive in a two-day battle.
The Pope asks the United States to grant clemency to convicted spies Ethel and Julius Rosenberg.
The United States sends 10,500 more combat troops to Vietnam.
General Motors is reportedly redesigning automobiles to run on unleaded fuel.
Enemy attacks in Vietnam decline for the third day as the United States continues its intensive bombing strategy.
Konstantin Chernenko is selected to succeed Yuri Andropov as Party General Secretary in the Soviet Union.
Thanks to Marathon -

Sometimes in life, the guy with the so-crazy-it-just-might-work ideas hits one out of the park and saves the day. This is what happened in 1942 aboard the HNLMS Abraham Crijnssen, the last Dutch warship standing after the Battle of the Java Sea
History Lesson: The Battle of Java Sea | The Diplomat
On the heels of Pearl Harbor, Allied forces were handed a crushing defeat by the Japanese. The battle has lessons for today's military planners.
Originally planning to escape to Australia with three other warships, the then-stranded minesweeper had to make the voyage alone and unprotected. The slow-moving vessel could only get up to about 15 knots and had very few guns, boasting only a single 3-inch gun and two Oerlikon 20 mm canons making it a
sitting duck for the Japanese bombers that circled above.

Knowing their only chance of survival was to make it to the Allies Down Under, the Crijnssen's 45 crew members frantically brainstormed ways to make the retreat undetected. The winning idea? Turn the ship into an island.

You can almost hear crazy-idea guy anticipating his shipmates' reluctance: Now guys, just hear me out.  But lucky for him, the Abraham Crijnessen was strapped for time, resources and alternative means of escape, automatically making the island idea the best idea. Now it was time to put the plan into action.

The crew went ashore to nearby islands and cut down as many trees as they could lug back onto the deck. Then the timber was arranged to look like a jungle canopy, covering as much square footage as possible. Any leftover parts of the ship were painted to look like rocks and cliff faces these guys weren't messing around.
Now, a camouflaged ship in deep trouble is better than a completely exposed ship. But there was still the problem of the Japanese noticing a mysterious moving island and wondering what would happen if they shot at it. Because of this, the crew figured the best means of convincing the Axis powers that they were an island was to truly be an island: by not moving at all during daylight hours.

While the sun was up they would anchor the ship near other islands, then cover as much ocean as they could once night fell praying the Japanese wouldn't notice a disappearing and reappearing island amongst the nearly 18,000 existing islands in Indonesia.  And, as luck would have it, they didn't.

The Crijnssen managed to go undetected by Japanese planes and avoid the destroyer that sank the other Dutch warships, surviving the eight-day journey to Australia and reuniting with Allied forces.

  Sometimes in life, the guy with the so-crazy-it-just-might-work ideas hits one out of the park and saves the day. This is what happened in 1942 aboard the HNLMS Abraham Crijnssen, the last Dutch warship standing after the Battle of the Java Sea
Thanks to John
Cool video, and interesting facts!

This U.S. immigration graphic is neat.  Also watch the number-count in lower left of the screen.  You can stop/start it by clicking on the arrow in the lower right corner.
For the past 200 years where have all the people
 been coming from?  According to this illustration, 79,475,000 (Seventy nine million, four hundred seventy five thousand) people have immigrated into the United States up until 2013.
Notice what happens after 1970 (Mexico/south America).
Item Number:1 Date: 02/13/2017 AFGHANISTAN - TALIBAN CLAIMS SUICIDE BLAST IN HELMAND; TROOPS KILLED WAITING FOR PAY IN LASHKAR GAR (FEB 13/ALJAZ)  AL JAZEERA -- A suicide bombing in the capital of Afghanistan's southern Helmand province has killed at least seven people and wounded many, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar), citing local officials.   A suicide bomber blew himself up Saturday close to an Afghan army vehicle as soldiers arrived to collect pay at a bank in Lashkar Gar, said a spokesman for the provincial governor.   Four civilians and three soldiers were killed and 16 civilians and four soldiers injured, the spokesman said. Other sources had different casualty counts.   The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack, saying 39 soldiers were killed.  
 Item Number:2 Date: 02/13/2017 AUSTRALIA - U.S. F-22S READY TO DRILL WITH AIR FORCE HORNETS (FEB 13/ADOD)  AUSTRALIAN DEPT. OF DEFENSE -- A squadron of U.S. Air Force F-22 Raptor stealth fighters have arrived in Australia for the first Enhance Air Cooperation (EAC) activity as part of the U.S. Force Posture Initiative, reports the Australian Dept. of Defense.   The Raptors, which arrived on Friday, will be stationed at RAAF Base Tindal in the Northern Territory as part of the largest and longest rotation of fifth-generation fighters to Australia to date, said Australian Defense Minister Marise Payne.   The F-22s will participate in integrated training with the Royal Australian Air Force's 75 Squadron's F/A-18A/B Hornet fighters, she said.   Pacific Air Forces expected to send 12 F-22 Raptor aircraft and approximately 190 airmen, as noted in a U.S. Air Force release earlier in February.   The EAC is designed to strengthen bilateral cooperation and interoperability with the U.S., the minister said. The drill builds on a range of exercises and training activities already conducted by the two countries
Item Number:3 Date: 02/13/2017 CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC - U.N. HELICOPTER FIRES AT REBELS CROSSING 'RED LINE' NEAR BAMBARI; 4 DEATHS REPORTED (FEB 13/REU)  REUTERS -- An airstrike against rebels by a United Nations peacekeeping helicopter in Central African Republic has killed at least four people, reports Reuters, citing a rebel source.   A helicopter with the U.N. mission in Central African Republic (MINUSCA) fired on Saturday at fighters from the Popular Front for the Renaissance of Central African Republic (FPRC) advancing on the town of Bambari, said a U.N. spokesman.   The rebels crossed a "red line" north of the town, which is located about 155 miles northeast of the capital Bangui, said the spokesman on Sunday.   The FPRC commander and three civilians were killed, according to the group's deputy commander.   The FPRC is the largest group within Seleka, a predominately Muslim rebel alliance that overthrew the CAR government in 2013.   Since November, the FPRC has been clashing with the mostly Fulani Union for Peace in Central Africa (UPC) around Bambari. The battling has left dozens dead and displaced around 20,000.  
  Item Number:4 Date: 02/13/2017 CHINA - BEIJING SEEN SHORING UP MILITARY INFRASTRUCTURE ON PARACEL ISLANDS (FEB 13/SCMP)  SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST -- Recent satellite imagery has revealed that that China is strengthening its military infrastructure on the disputed Paracel Islands in the South China Sea, reports the South China Morning Post, citing a Washington-D.C.-based think tank   The Chinese government has occupied 20 outposts in the Paracels and there has been an extensive military buildup on eight islands, the Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative at the Center for Strategic and International Studies reported on Feb. 8.   Three of those islands now have protected harbors that can accommodate large numbers of naval and civilian vessels, says the report. Four others have smaller harbors. Another port facility is being built at Drummond Island, according to the imagery.   Five of the islands have helipads, with Duncan Island housing a full helicopter base, says CSIS. The largest island in the chain, Woody Island, accommodates an airstrip, hangars and HQ-9 surface-to-air missile systems, the report says.   The expansion could help Beijing to consolidate its presence and project power in the region, say analysts.  
Item Number:5 Date: 02/13/2017 FIJI - PEACEKEEPERS TO USE REFURBISHED AUSTRALIAN BUSHMASTER ARMORED VEHICLES IN MIDDLE EAST (FEB 13/ADOD)  AUSTRALIAN DEPT. OF DEFENSE -- The Fijian government has purchased used armored vehicles from Australia for its peacekeepers in the Middle East, reports the Australian Dept. of Defense.   The 10 Bushmaster vehicles will form part of the force protection unit for U.N. observers in the Golan Heights and Syria, which includes Australian military personnel, said Australian Defense Minister Marisa Payne on Feb. 9.   The vehicles will be refurbished, serviced, inspected, repainted and configured for Fiji's requirements, the minister said.   Seven of the Bushmasters will be delivered to the Golan Heights and three to Fiji for pre-deployment training by mid-2017
Item Number:6 Date: 02/13/2017 FRANCE - SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES START RECEIVING NEW HEAVY VEHICLES (FEB 13/DEFAERO)  DEFENSE-AEROSPACE -- The French army's special operations forces have received their first batch of new heavy vehicles, reports   The French defense procurement agency, known as DGA, certified the initial configuration for the special forces heavy vehicles (PLFS) on Jan. 30. The first vehicles were handed over on Feb. 1, the DGA said in a release on Feb. 9.   The acronym stands for "Poids Lourds des Forces Speciales" (Special Forces Heavy Vehicle).   The initial PLFS are part of a batch of 25 vehicles intended to meet urgent operational requirements, noted the DGA.   The vehicle was developed by Renault Trucks Defense, tested, qualified by the DGA and delivered in 13 months, said the release.   The PLFS is designed for intelligence, neutralization and deep penetration operations, the DGA said.  
 Item Number:7 Date: 02/13/2017 HAITI - MILITARY FORCES MAY BE WITHDRAWN FROM HAITIAN PEACEKEEPING MISSION (FEB 13/IBT)  INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS TIMES -- The United Nations may soon pull its military personnel from its peacekeeping mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), says a top U.N. official, as reported by the International Business Times (U.K.).   The military component is "likely to disappear in the relatively near future," said Herve Ladsous, the head of the Dept. of Peacekeeping Operations, who has been leading a review of the Haiti mission.   He made his comments on Thursday. This may indicate the scaling back of one of the body's longest-running and widely-criticized missions, noted Reuters.   "I think that when we look at the situation in this country compared to what it was a few years ago, we have made a lot of progress. Security is not perfect, but I think it is much better," Ladsous told reporters in Port-au-Prince, the Haitian capital.   MINUSTAH was established in 2004 during political instability following a rebellion that ousted then-President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.   Peacekeepers there have come have faced allegations of sexual abuse and misconduct.   In addition, U.N. personnel from Nepal were held responsible for spreading cholera through inadequately treated sewage water that was disposed in the Meille River -- Haiti's largest water resource.   There are about 4,800 military and police personnel deployed on the U.N. mission, noted Agence France-Presse.   Ladsous said he believe that a "reconfiguration" is required. He does think the military unit should be removed, but other departments of the mission are still required. "If the military component is erased... there is still a lot of work left to do on the police, on the law ... on human rights, on the status of women," he noted.  
  Item Number:8 Date: 02/13/2017 HUNGARY - MIGRANTS TO BE HOUSED IN FACILITIES ON BORDER; 1ST BUILT IN KELEBIA (FEB 13/TANJUG)  TANJUG -- The Hungarian army says it has completed the building of a new base in Kelebia, near the border with Serbia, reports Tanjug news agency (Belgrade).   Three other bases on the Hungarian border will be completed by the spring, according to Hungarian media.   Deutsche Welle described the facilities as shipping containers. Each of the facilities will accommodate 150. If necessary, additional containers can be supplied to increase the number to 1,200, say officials.   The army will continue to operate along the border "until the migration pressure on Hungary ends," said Gen. Tibor Benko, the army chief of staff.   Fewer troops may be necessary once the planned second fence line is completed, the general said.   Hungary received nearly 30,000 asylum applications in 2016; Budapest then granted asylum or similar protection to 425 people, noted Deutsche Welle.   Prime Minister Viktor Orban has acknowledged that his government's polices puts Hungary in "open conflict" with the European Union
Item Number:9 Date: 02/13/2017 INDIA - DURING TEST, INTERCEPTOR HITS TARGET BALLISTIC MISSILE OVER BAY OF BENGAL (FEB 13/TI)  TIMES OF INDIA -- India has taken a large step toward an operational two-tier ballistic missile defense (BMD) system, noted the Times of India.   The military said it has successfully test-fired a missile interceptor on Saturday, reports the Press Trust of India.   The Prithvi defense vehicle (PDV) interceptor missile was launched from a test range on Wheeler Island, off the coast of Odisha.   The interceptor destroyed an incoming two-stage target ballistic missile launched from a warship in the Bay of Bengal, reported the Times on India.   The PDV is designed to engage targets more than 50 km (31 mi) higher than the earth's atmosphere, said an official with India's Defense Research Development Organization.   The PDV is part of a two-layered ballistic missile defense system and is expected to replace the Prithvi air defense (PAD) missile
  Item Number:10 Date: 02/13/2017 IRAN - SECURITY FORCES ARREST 8 FOREIGN 'TAKFIRIS' PLOTTING TERROR ATTACKS, SAYS INTELLIGENCE MINISTER (FEB 13/PRESSTV)  PRESS TV -- Security forces have arrested eight foreigners suspected of planning attacks across Iran, says Iran's Intelligence Minister Mahmoud Alavi, as reported by Press TV (Iran).   "Takfiri" terrorists -- Tehran's term for hardline Sunni Islamists -- were planning to disrupt celebrations marking the anniversary of the 1979 Islamic Revolution, said Alavi on Saturday.   A Feb. 3-9 security operation foiled a terror network operating near Tehran and in western and eastern provinces, he said.   "All those arrested were non-Iranian nationals and some of them had links with a ringleader of a Takfiri group, who has recently been killed," the minister said.   The suspects had been acquiring Kalashnikov rifles and other terrorist equipment for planned attacks in Tehran and other cities, Alavie said
  Item Number:11 Date: 02/13/2017 IRAQ - BAGHDAD PROTESTS BY SADR'S FOLLOWERS LEAVE 5 DEAD, MORE THAN 300 INJURED (FEB 13/DEWELLE)  DEUTSCHE WELLE -- Violent protests in Baghdad over the weekend have left at least five people dead and more than 300 injured, reports Deutsche Welle.   Security forces were seen firing rubber bullets and tear gas at demonstrators heading toward the Iraqi's capital Green Zone, a high-security area housing officials and foreign embassies.   The protesters, mostly supporters of Shi'ite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, were demanding changes to an electoral commission that oversees local elections, saying it is not independent and corrupt, reported the BBC.   At least five people were killed, including at least one security official, said police and hospital officials cited by Reuters. Around 320 people were injured, said Baghdad Gov. Ali al-Tamimi.   On Saturday night, at least two Katyusha-type rockets landed in the Green Zone after protesters dispersed, reportedly hitting the empty parade grounds in its center, reported AFP. There were no reports of casualties or who might have fired the projectiles.  
  Item Number:12 Date: 02/13/2017 NORTH KOREA - PYONGYANG CALLS TEST OF NEW INTERMEDIATE BALLISTIC MISSILE A SUCCESS (FEB 13/NYT)  NEW YORK TIMES -- North Korea says it has successfully test-fired a new nuclear-capable intermediate-range ballistic missile, reports the New York Times, citing state media in Pyongyang.   The United States and South Korea detected and confirmed the test on Sunday in the Sea of Japan. The missile, launched from the Panghyon air base on the nation's west coast, flew about 310 miles before falling into the sea, said the South's Defense Ministry.   The North's official Korean Central News Agency announced it had launched the new Pukguksong-2 (Polaris-2). The test was overseen by leader Kim Jung Un, said the agency.   According to the Joint Chiefs of Staff in the South, the missile used a high-thrust, solid-fuel propelled engine and was fired from a truck. Such engines allow missiles to be launched more quickly and have better power and range than liquid-fueled systems.   The missile is believed to be a modified version of the liquid-fueled Musudan intermediate-range ballistic missile. Pyongyang claims it is based on the Polaris, its first submarine-launched ballistic missile.   South Korea's military said the missile used a cold-launch system, which uses compressed gas for initial thrust and is used for sub-launched missiles.   The test was condemned internationally. The United Nations Security Council said it would hold consultations on an "urgent basis" Monday afternoon, reported CNN. The U.N. has prohibited such launched, in part to curb the North's development of nuclear weapons
  Item Number:13 Date: 02/13/2017 SOMALIA - AL-SHABAAB ATTACKS MILITARY BASES IN LOWER SHABELLE (FEB 13/HO)  HIIRAAN ONLINE -- At least eight Somali soldiers have been killed in fighting with Al-Shabaab in the Lower Shabelle region, reports Hiiraan Online (Somalia).   The Al-Shabaab terrorists briefly seized control of two small Somali military camps outside Mogadishu, say residents and military sources cited by the Voice of America News.   The terrorists simultaneously attacked bases on Sunday morning near the villages of Tihsile and Warmahan, 45 km (28 mi) and 60 km (37 mi) west of the capital Mogadishu, said residents.   About 40-50 troops were stationed in each camp, said military sources.   Two army commanders were among the dead, according to the deputy governor of Lower Shabelle.   A convoy of reinforcements heading to the villages from the Ballidogle military base was hit by a roadside bomb, said officials.   Al-Shabaab later said it withdrew after seizing ammunition and two military vehicles
  Item Number:14 Date: 02/13/2017 SYRIA - BACKED BY RUSSIAN SUPPORT, TROOPS PUSH TOWARD PALMYRA (FEB 13/SPUTNIK)  SPUTNIK -- The Syrian army, supported by aircraft from the Russian air force, continues to advance toward the Islamic State-held city of Palmyra, say the Kremlin, as reported by Russia's Sputnik news agency.   Government forces are about 20 km (12 miles) from Palmyra, said Russia's Defense Ministry on Monday.   The government's soldiers destroyed more than 180 militant targets, including 43 armored vehicles, 15 arms depots and more than 60 strongholds. More than 200 ISIS fighters were killed, said the ministry.   ISIS first seized Palmyra in May 2015, and destroyed many of the ancient city's monuments. Syrian army forces regained control in March 2016, only to be ousted in December 2016
Item Number:15 Date: 02/13/2017 SYRIA - RIVAL ISLAMIST GROUPS BATTLE IN NORTHWEST (FEB 13/REU)  REUTERS -- Jihadist groups are fighting one another in northwest Syria, says an activist monitoring group and an official from another rebel group, reports Reuters.   The fighting on Monday involves Tahrir al-Sham and Jund al-Aqsa.   Tahrir al-Sham was formed in January from Al-Qaida affiliate Nusra Front (now known as Jabhat Fatah al-Sham) and other Islamist groups. Jund al-Aqsa is a Nusra Front splinter group that has an ideology similar to that of the Islamic State.   Fighters from those two groups clashed near the town of Kafr Zita in Hama province and near Tamaniaa, Khan Sheikhoun and Tal Aaas in southern Idlib province, according to the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.   Tahrir al-Sham blamed Jund al-Aqsa, accusing it of attacking with suicide blasts and a car bomb and coordinating with ISIS.   The fighting was confirmed by the Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army rebel group, which was not involved in the clashes.   Both Tahrir al-Sham and Jund al-Aqsa are enemies of Ahrar al-Sham, another Islamist group, as well as the FSA.  
Item Number:16 Date: 02/13/2017 USA - 144 ULTRA-LIGHT VEHICLES ON THE WAY FOR MARINES (FEB 13/USMC)  UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS -- The Marine Corps says it expects to receive 144 ultra-light off-road vehicles later this month that will provide rapid logistics support on the battlefield.   A total of 144 Utility Task Vehicles (UTVs) are scheduled to be handed over at the regiment-level this month, six months after contract award, the Corps said in a release on Feb. 9.   The all-terrain vehicle can carry up to four Marines or can be configured to haul up to 1,500 pounds (680 kg) of cargo.   The UTV is fitted with minimal armor, rather emphasizing speed and mobility to deliver extra ammunition and provisions or injured Marines, while preserving energy and stealth, said the service release.   The utility vehicle fits inside MV-22 Osprey tiltrotors and CH-53E cargo helicopters for easy transport to remote locations.   Specified infantry regiments will each receive 18 UTVs. The first shipment is headed to I and II Marine Expeditionary Forces in February, and III MEF in March and April, the Corps said
Item Number:17 Date: 02/13/2017 USA - ARMY MAY GIVE DIRECT COMMISSIONS TO CYBER EXPERTS UNDER PILOT PROGRAM (FEB 13/S&S)  STARS AND STRIPES -- The U.S. Dept. of Defense has recently authorized a pilot program that may result in civilians with cybersecurity expertise being directly commissioned into the Army with a rank up to colonel, reports the Stars and Stripes.   The program is similar to the direct-commissioning options for medical doctors, lawyers and chaplains.   Congress has given the Pentagon through 2020 to study the potential of expanding direct-commissioning programs to attract personnel with experience in fields that need to be expanded rapidly.   The Army set up its Cyber Command in 2010 and the service has had to work quickly to build up its capabilities. Units are being put into action as fast as they can be trained, noted Brig. Gen. J.P. McGee, the deputy commander for operations at Army Cyber Command.   Army cyber personnel perform both offensive and defensive missions, the general said, including against the Islamic State terrorist group in Iraq and Syria.   The move to give direct commissions to civilian cyber experts should help the Army fill capability gaps as it continues to build its cybersecurity forces, said McGee.  
  Item Number:18 Date: 02/13/2017 USA - GENERAL PUSHES FOR LARGE AIR DEFENSE COLLECTIVE EXERCISE (FEB 13/ANS)  ARMY NEWS SERVICE -- A U.S. general says that Army's air and missile defense units should have the opportunity to show off their capabilities to the rest of the service, reports the Army News Service.   The general recently noted that it has been 28 years since the last large-scale Roving Sands air and missile defense exercise, which served as a way to develop doctrine, demonstrate technology and validate the expertise of the participants.   "One of the things we in the air defense community don't have ... is a combat training center-like evaluation," Brig. Gen. Christopher Spillman, the head of the 32nd Air and Missile Defense Command, said last week at an Association of the U.S. Army event in Arlington, Va. "We don't have external evaluation," he pointed out.   Spillman said he has already worked to rebuild a large, collective training exercise such as Roving Sands, which could be held at Fort Bliss, Texas, for example.   Those drills involved multinational air and missile defense units working together to hone their skills, he recalled.   The general also called for partnering active-duty air and missile defense units with their compatriots in the National Guard under an existing program to enhance training and readiness.  
  Item Number:19 Date: 02/13/2017 USA - NEW LITTORAL SHIP NAMED FOR TULSA (FEB 13/DOD)  DEPT. OF DEFENSE -- The U.S. Navy has christened its newest Independence-class littoral combat ship (LCS) in Mobile, Ala., reports the Dept. of Defense.   The ceremony took place on Jan. 11.   The Tulsa (LCS-16) is the eighth ship of the Independence class and 16th LCS overall.   The vessel is named after Tulsa, Okla.   The littoral ships are designed to carry mission modules for specific missions, including surface warfare, mine countermeasures and anti-submarine warfare
Item Number:20 Date: 02/13/2017 YEMEN - ADEN'S INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT BECOMES FOCUS OF INTER-MILITIA FIGHTING (FEB 13/AL-MASDAR)  AL-MASDAR NEWS -- At least three people have been killed in inter-militia fighting on Sunday among Saudi-backed forces in the Yemeni port city of Aden, reports Al-Masdar News (United Arab Emirates).   The flare of violence apparently involves troops from the presidential guard who are backed by the U.A.E.   Saleh Al-Amiri, the chief of security at Aden International Airport, has refused to accept a government order to be replaced. Forces loyal to him have been in control of the airport since they regained control of Aden from Houthi rebels in late 2015.   On Sunday, an Apache helicopter from the Saudi-led coalition that supports the government fired a missile at a military vehicle outside the airport, wounding three soldiers loyal to Al-Amiri, said security officials cited by Reuters.   Multiple reports say forces from the presidential guard surrounded the facility.   Government mediators were attempting to resolve the dispute through talks, the officials said.


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