Friday, January 13, 2017

Fw: TheList 4361



The List 4361
To All,
A bit of history and some tidbits. We had a back up the last two days and I noticed Cowboy has unplugged it and you should get 4359, 4360 and now 4361.
Skip
 
This Day In Naval History - January 11
1863 - CSS Alabama sinks USS Hatteras off Galveston
1905: The gunboat Petrel (PG 2) becomes the first U.S. Navy ship to enter Pearl Harbor, then Territory of Hawaii, by way of a newly-dredged channel.
1944 - Aircraft from USS Block Island make first aircraft rocket attack on German submarine
 
 
From Big Red To Halsey's Right Arm
by W. Thomas Smith Jr.
01/11/2011
Trackback Link
 
This Week in American Military History:
 
Jan. 9, 1861:  Confederate coastal-artillery batteries – including a four-gun battery manned by cadets under the command of Maj. Peter F.
Stevens of the Citadel (the Military College of South Carolina) – open fire on the U.S. commercial paddlesteamer "Star of the West" in Charleston harbor. The shots – the first of the American Civil War – repel the Star, forcing the ship to abort its mission of resupplying the besieged U.S. Army garrison at Fort Sumter.
 
The crew aboard the Star report seeing "a red Palmetto flag" flying above the cadet battery.
 
 
That flag – a red version of the blue South Carolina flag – flies today
over the parade ground at the Citadel.
 
Jan. 12, 1945:  Warplanes from the U.S. Navy's carrier Task Force 38 under
the command of Vice Adm. John Sidney McCain Sr. (father of Adm. John S.
McCain Jr. and grandfather of Sen. John S. McCain III), attack enemy
convoys and bases along the coast of Japanese-held French Indochina
(Vietnam) in the Battle of the South China Sea.
 
Codenamed "Operation Gratitude," the attacks are wildly successful. Despite
rough seas and high winds from a dangerously close typhoon, Japanese bases
at Saigon, Cape Saint Jacques (Vung Tau), Cam Ranh Bay, Qui Nhon, and
Tourane Bay (Da Nang) are hit hard, resulting in the destruction of docks,
barracks, weapons depots, hangars, and scores of Japanese seaplanes and
other aircraft, as well as the sinking of more than 40 enemy ships.
 
Adm. McCain – who Adm. William "Bull" Halsey refers to as ""not much more
than my right arm" – dies of a heart attack on Sept. 6, 1945, four days
after witnessing the Japanese surrender ceremony aboard USS Missouri. He is
posthumously awarded a fourth star.
 
Jan 13, 1865:  U.S. soldiers, sailors, and Marines under the joint command
of Maj. Gen. Alfred Howe Terry and Rear Adm. David Dixon Porter begin
landing operations – in what will prove to be the largest American
amphibious operation until World War II – aimed at seizing Fort Fisher,
N.C., a Confederate stronghold near the port city of Wilmington.
 
The fort – commanded by Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg (yes, Fort Bragg,
N.C. is named in his honor) – will fall to Union forces within two days.
 
Jan. 14, 1784:  The U.S. Congress, temporarily meeting in Annapolis,
Maryland, ratifies the Treaty of Paris, officially ending America's War of
Independence.
 
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Today in History January 11
49 BC
Julius Caesar leads his army across the Rubicon River, plunging Rome into civil war.
1843
Francis Scott Key, author of "The Star-Spangled Banner," dies in Baltimore.
1861
Alabama secedes from the Union.
1862
Lincoln accepts Simon Cameron's resignation as Secretary of War.
1887
At Fort Smith, Arkansas, hangman George Maledon dispatches four victims in a multiple hanging.
1904
British troops massacre 1,000 dervishes in Somaliland.
1916
Russian General Yudenich launches a WWI winter offensive and advances west.
1923
The French enter the town of Essen in the Ruhr valley, to extract Germany's resources as war payment.
1934
The German police raid the homes of dissident clergy in Berlin.
1941
Adolf Hitler orders forces to be prepared to enter North Africa to assist the Italian effort, marking the establishment of the Afrika Korps.
1940
Benjamin O. Davis, Sr., becomes the U.S. Army's first black general, his son would later become a general as well.
1942
Japan invades the Dutch East Indies at Borneo.
1943
The Soviet Red Army encircles Stalingrad.
1948
President Harry S. Truman proposes free, two-year community colleges for all who want an education.
1949
Negotiations in China between the Nationalists and Communists open as Tientsin is virtually lost to the Communists.
1964
A collection of previously unexhibited paintings by Pablo Picasso are displayed for the first time in Toronto.
1980
Honda announces it will build the first Japanese-owned passenger-car assembly plant in the United States--in Ohio.
1994
The Irish Government announces an end to a 15-year ban on broadcasting by the IRA and its political branch, Sinn Fein.
2003
Illinois Gov. George Ryan commutes the death sentences of 167 prisoners on the state's death row in the wake of allegations that Chicago police detective and commander Jon Burge tortured confessions from some 200 suspects over a 19 year period.
 
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ALEXANDER HAMILTON
 
Alexander Hamilton was born January 11 in either 1755 or 1757—the exact year is uncertain. An orphan from the Caribbean island of Nevis, he rose with astounding speed to become an aide-de-camp to George Washington, a hero of the Revolutionary War, and a member of the Constitutional Convention. As the first secretary of the treasury, he helped build the new nation's financial systems. As a leader of the Federalist Party, he helped create our political system. He was never president of the United States, but he shaped the new American nation as few other Founding Fathers did.
 
Because he argued for a strong central government, Hamilton is often seen as an anti-democratic figure. But he could write as memorably of natural law and human rights as any of the Founders. "The sacred rights of mankind are not to be rummaged for among old parchments or musty records," he wrote. "They are written, as with a sunbeam, in the whole volume of human nature, by the hand of the Divinity itself and can never be erased or obscured by mortal power."
 
One of Hamilton's greatest contributions was to help persuade Americans to accept the Constitution. With James Madison and John Jay, he wrote The Federalist Papers, a series of brilliant newspaper essays urging the Constitution's ratification. Many people predicted that the new plan for government would not work. But Hamilton believed his countrymen should put aside their differences and give it a try. "The system, though it may not be perfect in every part, is, upon the whole, a good one," he reminded them. "I never expect to see a perfect work from imperfect man." If not for Hamilton's brilliant arguments and efforts, the thirteen former colonies might have gone their separate ways.
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DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER'S METEORIC RISE FROM "OBSCURE LIEUTENANT COLONEL" TO WARTIME COMMANDER
January 14, 2015 · in (W)ARCHIVES
Editor's note: The following is an excerpt from Michael E. Haskew's book, West Point 1915: Eisenhower, Bradley, and the Class the Stars Fell On.
 
On the afternoon of Sunday, December 7, 1941, Dwight Eisenhower was exhausted. The Louisiana Maneuvers had just been completed, and after returning to Fort Sam Houston, he settled down for a long nap, leaving orders that he was not to be disturbed.
Within a few minutes, those orders were disobeyed with the alarming news that the Japanese had attacked Pearl Harbor and other American military installations in Hawaii. The United States was at war. As the army leadership swung into responsive action, Eisenhower's plans for Christmas leave at West Point to visit with son John, who was then a plebe, were dismissed.
Five days after the Japanese attack, the telephone in Eisenhower's office clanged. "'Is that you, Ike?'" he remembered the caller asking. "'The Chief says for you to hop a plane and get up here right away. Tell your boss that formal orders will come through later.' The 'Chief' was General George Marshall, and the man at the other end of the line was Colonel Walter Bedell Smith, who was later to become my close friend and Chief of Staff throughout the European operations."
During the flight from Texas to Washington, D.C., Eisenhower considered the implications of a staff assignment during wartime. Throughout his career, he had endeavored to command troops in the field. Now, just as the United States had entered World War II, he had been ordered away from a troop assignment to the War Department. Years later, he called the message a "hard blow."
There was little time to contemplate personal preference, though. When Eisenhower arrived at Marshall's office on the morning of Sunday, December 14, he was ushered in, "and for the first time in my life talked to him for more than two minutes."
 
Marshall presented an overview of the bleak strategic situation in the Pacific and the obvious peril in the Philippines. The Japanese were certainly planning to take the islands, and without substantial resupply and reinforcement, the American and Filipino forces there could be expected to put up a spirited resistance that was destined to fail. Marshall inquired matterof- factly, "What should be our general line of action?"
Drawing on his card-playing experience, Eisenhower was poker faced. He asked for a desk and a few hours to contemplate the question, utilizing his unique understanding of the situation in the Philippines gleaned from his years of service there. He concluded that the islands could not be reinforced sufficiently to hold the Japanese at bay but that everything that could be done to support the troops there should be done.
Eisenhower told Marshall, "It will be a long time before major reinforcements can go to the Philippines, longer than the garrison can hold out with any driblet assistance, if the enemy commits major forces to their reduction. But we must do everything for them that is humanly possible. The people of China, of the Philippines, of the Dutch East Indies, will be watching us. They may excuse failure, but they will not excuse abandonment."
Eisenhower further asserted that the base of Allied operations in the Pacific should be established in Australia and that the aerial supply routes from there to Hawaii should be preserved at all costs.
Marshall listened to the short, succinct report and snapped, "I agree with you. Do your best to save them."101 In all likelihood, the chief of staff had already come to the same conclusions. Eisenhower had passed his test with flying colors and contributed heavily to his rapid rise in rank and responsibility.
Before the two parted company, Marshall offered a glimpse of his perspective on command. "Eisenhower," he stated, "the [War] Department is filled with able men who analyze their problems well but feel compelled always to bring them to me for final solution. I must have assistants who will solve their own problems and tell me later what they have done."
Two other factors contributed significantly to Eisenhower's ascent in late 1941 and early 1942. Marshall had initiated a massive overhaul and reorganization of the army's command structure, and Eisenhower's West Point classmate Maj. Gen. Joseph McNarney was placed in charge of the undertaking. The chief of staff had also asked an old friend of Eisenhower's from West Point for a list of ten officers he thought best qualified to lead the new Operations Division of the War Department General Staff.
Brigadier General Mark Clark was an ambitious staff officer destined to command the Allied Fifth Army during the Italian Campaign in World War II. He was a graduate of the Class of 1917 who had been assigned to Eisenhower's barracks at the Academy, and he emphatically responded to Marshall's request with only one name. "Ike Eisenhower. If you have to have 10 names, I'll just put nine ditto marks below."
In December 1941, Eisenhower attended the first meeting of the newly formed Anglo-American Combined Chiefs of Staff. During three weeks of talks in Washington, D.C., the Arcadia Conference reinforced a consensus that Nazi Germany, which had declared war on the United States on December 11, would be the priority while Japan would be contained and dealt with as resources permitted. Recognizing Eisenhower's promise, Marshall made it possible during the conference for his protégé to gain exposure to both the British and American senior military and political leaders.
In February 1942, Eisenhower succeeded his longtime friend Leonard Gerow as assistant chief of staff in charge of war plans. Although his new role was one of great responsibility, Eisenhower envied Gerow, who received promotion to major general and command of the 29th Infantry Division. In March, Eisenhower was named chief of the newly created Operations Division. He was promoted to the temporary rank of major general, reflecting briefly that he had achieved the grade that most army officers of the day considered the pinnacle of an exceptional military career.
The spring of 1942 was a time of incredible challenge, and serving as the chief war planner for the US Army required Eisenhower to work long hours. Tempers, including Eisenhower's, were often short. While his staff formulated plans for both the European and Pacific Theaters, he did all he could do to allocate scarce resources to the embattled Philippines, where his old boss MacArthur howled that his command had been abandoned. The horrible truth was that the Philippines would be lost. It was only a matter of time.
Meanwhile, Eisenhower's staff worked feverishly on operations that might relieve the pressure on the embattled Soviet Red Army, which had been fighting the Nazis on the Eastern Front for a year. Operation Sledgehammer constituted an emergency landing in Western Europe in the event of an imminent Soviet collapse. Operation Bolero outlined the massive troop and supply buildup in Great Britain that would be necessary in support of any major offensive in Western Europe. Operation Roundup was the precursor of the Allied invasion of Northern France that later became known as Operation Overlord.
Growing in urgency were the plans for the Allied invasion of North Africa, known as Operation Torch. The impetus for Torch had grown out of pressure to assist the Soviets in their fight to the death with the Nazis in the East by establishing a second front. Although Soviet Premier Josef Stalin had demanded action, the British had insisted that an attack against Nazi-occupied France involving an amphibious operation across the English Channel could not be mounted with any expectation of success prior to 1944. Marshall and most American senior officers were frustrated by the circumstances but acquiesced. Operation Torch was scheduled for the autumn of 1942.
On March 10, Eisenhower's father, David, died in Abilene. Although he had never been exceptionally close to his father, Dwight felt the loss deeply. However, the exigencies of war prevented his attending the funeral. He sent a telegram to his mother and locked himself away for several hours on the day of his father's funeral to meditate and pray.
Within weeks, word reached the War Department that the heroic defenders of Bataan and Corregidor had surrendered. The Philippines had fallen. On orders from President Franklin D. Roosevelt, MacArthur and his wife and young son had been spirited out of immediate danger aboard a Navy PT boat. Left to the bitter end, Gen. Jonathan Wainwright had surrendered more than eighty thousand troops to the Japanese. It remains the largest capitulation in American military history.
In late May, Marshall's growing concern about the implementation of Operation Bolero prompted him to send Eisenhower on a fact-finding mission to England. Eisenhower and Mark Clark determined that the performance of the American command then in place was inadequate. Their chauffeur was a young woman named Kay Summersby, with whom Eisenhower was later and most likely incorrectly linked.
The American officers met with the British chiefs of staff and described ongoing preparations for Operation Roundup, which, at the time, they were still projecting for early 1943. Eisenhower asserted that the most pressing item of business was the naming of a commander for the invasion.
When one of the British officers posed the question to Eisenhower as to who he thought would be best to lead Roundup, he considered the fact that in 1943 the British would initially supply the preponderance of the troops committed to the invasion. He remembered Marshall's high opinion of Adm. Lord Louis Mountbatten and mentioned his name as an individual who had been studying amphibious operations for some time and was also thought of as vigorous, intelligent, and courageous. Eisenhower made the statement without realizing that Mountbatten was seated across the table from him. A moment of embarrassment was followed by an introduction, and the two officers became great friends.
Eisenhower and Clark also made their first acquaintance with feisty British Lt. Gen. Bernard Law Montgomery while observing an exercise in Kent, southeast of London. It was the beginning of a contentious relationship for Eisenhower, one that would require all the tact, diplomacy, and charm the man from Kansas could muster. Clark remembered that Montgomery arrived extremely late for a briefing:
He shook hands stiffly, making it very clear that we were mere major generals while he was a lieutenant general. He told us, "I'm sorry I'm late, but I really shouldn't have come at all. I'll make it brief." He turned to a big map on the wall and, with a pointer, started showing us where the troops were, the German troops and his. Ike took out a pack of cigarettes, lit one and in a minute or so, Montgomery, not turning around, said, "Who's smoking?" "I am, sir," said Eisenhower, and Montgomery said, "Stop it. I don't permit it here." Ike dropped the cigarette on the floor, stepped on it, and looked at me, very red faced. Monty took a few minutes more, then said, "That concludes my presentation. Sorry to be so abrupt." He shook hands, and out we went.
When he returned to Washington on June 3, Eisenhower stopped short of recommending the removal of the entire American command structure in England and starting from scratch. Nevertheless, he recommended that a headquarters be established to spearhead the coordination of the buildup. Marshall set Eisenhower at once to producing a job description for the officer who would command the growing US military presence in Europe. As Marshall read through the description a few days later, he asked Eisenhower for a recommendation to fill the post.
Eisenhower had already considered the available choices and responded that his friend and classmate McNarney was the man for the job. He wrote, "I believe that General McNarney has the strength of character, the independence of thought, and the ability to fulfill satisfactorily the requirements of this difficult task."
McNarney was indeed a brilliant organizer, and the choice was solid. At the time, however, he had just completed the reorganization of the War Department that Marshall had mandated and been elevated to deputy chief of staff in the previous ninety days. Marshall would not release him for duty in the European Theater.
When Marshall sought the opinions of other officers concerning a European Theater commander, Eisenhower's name came up more than once. Marshall had also been in close contact with Eisenhower for several months. The chief of staff appreciated the fact that his protégé, unlike so many other officers of excellent talent who seemed to lose their composure during direct communication with him, was never tongue-tied or awestruck in his presence. Although he possessed a fiery temper, Eisenhower had learned to keep it under control. His wide grin and affable manner made him instantly likable. Already Marshall knew that the successful prosecution of coalition warfare required a leader with a rare set of skills—soldier, diplomat, and consensus builder.
Eisenhower later recalled that when he presented his overview of the European Theater commander's responsibilities to Marshall, "I remarked to General Marshall that this was one paper he should read in detail before it went out because it was likely to be an important document in the further waging of the war. His reply still lives in my memory: 'I certainly do want to read it. You may be the man who executes it. If that's the case, when can you leave?' Three days later General Marshall told me definitely that I would command the European Theater."
At this juncture, Eisenhower's primary mission was two-fold: energize Operation Bolero and prepare for Operation Torch, seeing to it that the buildup for the cross-Channel attack that was surely to come proceeded apace and ensuring the success of the landings in North Africa. Command of the Normandy invasion itself was not part of the package. In fact, that important role, as far as Eisenhower knew, might well be reserved for Marshall himself. Nevertheless, Eisenhower's success in his new post was critical to winning the war. It carried with it the double-edged sword of prestige and responsibility second only to that of the chief of staff.
Eisenhower's effective date as commander of US Forces, European Theater of Operations was June 25, 1942. Less than a year earlier, he had been an obscure lieutenant colonel. At dinner on the evening of his appointment, Eisenhower told Mamie that he would be returning to London and that this time it would probably be for the duration of the war. She asked, "What post are you going to have?" He grinned and responded, "I'm going to command the whole shebang."
 
 
 
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FUNNY!!!
 
Sitting here in a motel in Auburn Ca, 100 miles from Reno. I-80, CLOSED Yesterday,  still messed up, chains required. Screw that! Waiting for tomorrow...Here is a GREAT clip on winter driving, Glad I am sitting in this motel!!!
 
Left Click to open, Right Click to save...
 
 
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Item Number:1 Date: 01/11/2017 AFGHANISTAN - KANDAHAR EXPLOSION KILLS 5 EMIRATI DIPLOMATS, SEVERAL OTHERS (JAN 11/ALJAZ)  AL JAZEERA -- A bomb attack in Afghanistan's southern city of Kandahar on Tueday has killed at least five Emirati diplomats and wounded 17 others, including the United Arab Emirates ambassador, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar).   The blast struck a guesthouse of the provincial governor's office during a visit by an Emirati delegation. Some accounts said the bomb was hidden in a sofa.   At least six others were killed, including the province's deputy governor, two senior Afghan officials and two Afghan lawmakers, reported the BBC.   The U.A.E.'s official WAM news agency said that the diplomats had been "on a mission to carry out humanitarian, educational and development projects."   The Taliban, which claimed several other attacks the same day, denied involvement, saying this incident was the result of an "internal local rivalry."   The other attacks on Tuesday were twin blasts near Parliament in Kabul that killed at least 32 and injured at least 70, noted the Wall Street Journal.  
  Item Number:2 Date: 01/11/2017 CANADA - OTTAWA EYES SMALL POLICE PEACEKEEPING CONTINGENT IN COLOMBIA (JAN 11/CBC)  CANADIAN BROADCASTING CORPORATION -- The Canadian government has decided to send as many as 10 police officers to Colombia as part of international efforts to demobilize militant groups and monitor the cease-fire there, reports CBC News.   Some officers are expected to serve with the United Nations mission, with others being part of a bilateral deployment working directly with Colombia's national police.   The plan was presented to Canadian Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale in July, according to briefing materials obtained under Canada's access to information laws, said the news agency.   Goodale and then-Foreign Affairs Minster Stephane Dion approved the plan. The timing of the deployment has not yet been determined.   The Colombia mission is anticipated to last through March 2019
  Item Number:3 Date: 01/11/2017 FRANCE - NOW USING UAVS FROM BASE IN NIGER, MILITARY ORDERS YET ANOTHER REAPER (JAN 11/DEFAERO)  DEFENSE-AEROSPACE -- The French defense procurement agency (DGA) has ordered a fourth MQ-9 Reaper unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) system from General Atomics in the U.S., reports defense-aerospace.com.   The order, placed on Dec. 5, was for the fourth and final Reaper system planned under the 2014-2019 military planning act, the French Ministry of Defense reported on Tuesday.   Each Reaper system has three unmanned aircraft. The last system will be handed over in 2019.   The second of the four Reaper systems has also been delivered, the ministry also said. Two Reapers were handed over to the French air force in Niamey, Niger, on Dec. 31. The third will soon arrive at the Cognac air base, where it will be used for training, said the release.   Those Reapers will support the French military's Operation Barkhane in the Sahel region of Africa, noted IHS Jane's Defence Weekly
Item Number:4 Date: 01/11/2017 GERMANY - CABINET AGREES TO SEND ADDITIONAL TROOPS TO U.N. MISSION IN MALI (JAN 11/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- Germany has decided to increase the size of its mission to Mali as part of a United Nations peacekeeping effort, reports Agence France-Presse.   On Wednesday, the Cabinet agreed to raise the top limit of troops deployed to MINUSMA from 650 to 1,000.   The additional troops are expected to take over an emergency rescue mission in northern Mali currently being run by the Netherlands.   The deployment will include four medevac helicopters and four combat helicopters until mid-2018, reported Reuters.   Before the change is confirmed, the increase will have to be approved by the Bundestag, the lower legislative house.   Currently, there are just 10 German soldiers in Mali, noted Deutsche Welle
Item Number:5 Date: 01/11/2017 INDONESIA - ISLAMIC STATE-LINKED NETWORK BRANDED TERROR GROUP BY U.S. (JAN 11/FN)  FOX NEWS -- A pro-Islamic State group in Indonesia has been designated as a global terrorist group by the U.S. State Dept., reports Fox News.   In a statement on Tuesday, State said that Jemaah Ansharut Faulah (JAD) was a "specially designated global terrorist" organization, preventing U.S. citizens from dealing with the group and freezing its funds in the U.S.   JAD is an umbrella organization made up of hundreds of followers from almost two dozen extremist groups that have pledged allegiance to ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, said State.   An attack in January 2016 in Jakarta was blamed on JAD militants supported by an Indonesian ISIS militant in Syria. It left eight dead, including the attackers.   In recent months, JAD members have been arrested for possessing explosives and planning suicide bombings in and around the capital Jakarta, noted Reuters
Item Number:6 Date: 01/11/2017 IRAN - LAWMAKERS MANDATE 5 PERCENT OF BUDGET FOR DEFENSE (JAN 11/FARS)  FARS NEWS AGENCY -- The Iranian Parliament has approved legislation mandating defense budget increases and strengthening the nation's missile capabilities, reports the semi-official Fars news agency.   The measure mandates that the government spend 5 percent of the public budget on defense. The requirement is part of the five-year development plan that passed, 173-10, reported Reuters.   The plan also calls for the development of Iran's missile production capabilities and enhancement of short-, medium- and long-range air defense capabilities.   Electronic warfare and cyber defense capabilities are also to be strengthened. In addition, combat units and rapid-reaction brigades are to be bolstered.  
  Item Number:7 Date: 01/11/2017 IRAQ - COUNTER-TERROR FORCES MAKE PROGRESS IN MOSUL'S EAST, SAYS MILITARY (JAN 11/REU)  REUTERS -- Iraqi military officials say its forces are making more progress in east Mosul in the fight against the Islamic State, reports Reuters.   Troops from the Counter-Terrorism Service (CTS) pushed into the northeastern neighborhood of Sadeeq on Wednesday, said military officials.   Clashes were noted in that neighborhood, and CTS forces were also firing into the nearby Hadba neighborhood, said a reported for the wire service.   If the area can be secured, it would allow CTS forces to advance closer toward the Tigris River, which bisects Mosul. Control of the eastern bank is seen as a key to launching attacks on western Mosul, which is still controlled by ISIS.   Fighting was also seen in Mosul's south, where governemnt forces reached the river bank for the first time last week. Soldiers there are seeking to build on those gains, said a military statement.  
Item Number:8 Date: 01/11/2017 ISRAEL - 41 ISRAELI TROOPS DIED LAST YEAR, WITH SUICIDE BEING THE LARGEST CATEGORY (JAN 11/TOI)  TIMES OF ISRAEL -- Suicide was the main cause of death among Israeli soldiers last year, reports the Times of Israel, citing newly released statistics.   Fifteen male soldiers committed suicide last year, the same number as in 2015 and 2014, according to a senior official in the military's manpower directorate on Jan. 8.   Overall, 41 Israeli military personnel died in 2016, including four during operations; nine in on-base accidents; seven in car accidents; and six of illness.   This total was a slight increase from 2015, when there were 36 deaths. That was a significant improvement from a decade ago. From 2007 to 2011, approximately 64 Israeli soldiers were killed annually.   In the past, certain groups were over-represented among suicides. This changed last year, the official said. Army programs aimed at reducing suicides helped keep the rate low, particularly among populations such as new immigrants or the Ethiopian community, he noted
Item Number:9 Date: 01/11/2017 KENYA - POLICE ARREST 2 SUSPECTED AL-SHABAAB MILITANTS ACCUSED OF PLOTTING NAIROBI ATTACKS (JAN 11/CN)  CAPITAL NEWS -- Police in Kenya say they have arrested two suspected members of the Somalia-based Al-Shabaab group who were allegedly planning a terror attack in Nairobi, reports Capital News (Nairobi).   One suspect was detained in Nairobi and the other in Garissa, said police on Tuesday. Both were arrested on Saturday.   Police also said they seized fraudulently obtained identification documents and several mobile phones.   The suspects were planning attacks targeting churches and entertainment centers in the capital, said a police official.   Other alleged accomplices are being pursued, said police
Item Number:10 Date: 01/11/2017 NIGERIA - BEWARE SUICIDE BOMBERS TARGETING CIVILIAN HOMES, SAYS ARMY (JAN 11/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- The Nigerian army has issued a public warning about new tactics being employed by suicide bombers against civilians in their own homes, reports the Guardian (Lagos).   For example, a military spokesman cited a recent incident in Maiduguri in northeastern Nigeria, when suicide bombers knocked on the doors of houses. They blew up their explosive vests when the occupants answered, he said.   Two civilians and the bombers died in the blasts.   He urged citizens to set up neighborhood watches to keep an eye out for strange people knocking on doors.   Locals told the paper of another method, describing how two female suicide bombers infiltrated a community behind the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital and pretended to be internally displaced persons before setting off their devices. Two civilians were killed.  
  Item Number:11 Date: 01/11/2017 RWANDA - SMALL HILL CAUSES BIG TROUBLE BETWEEN BURUNDI, RWANDA (JAN 11/EA)  EAST AFRICAN -- A territorial dispute has emerged over a hill located between Burundi and Rwanda, reports the East African (Nairobi, Kenya).   Since 2007, both of the neighbors have claimed the ridge between the southern Gisagara district in Rwanda and the northern Burundian province of Ngozi.   The hill is subject to determination by a joint border demarcation commission.   The dispute developed because of the changing course of the River Akanyaru, which has been used as a natural border between the countries. Due to the changes, the hill is now on the Rwandan side of the river.   The territory only became an issue last year. That is when Rwanda expressed disagreements with Burundian President Pierre Nkurunziza's decision to run for a third term, in violation of the nation's constitution.   In October 2016, Burundian officials charged that Rwandan soldiers had set up a camp on the hill and destroyed the house of the only Burundian family there. The Rwandan military denied the charge.  
  Item Number:12 Date: 01/11/2017 TAIWAN - FRIGATE, AIRCRAFT, INCLUDING FIGHTERS, KEEP EYE ON CHINESE CARRIER GOING THROUGH TAIWAN STRAIT (JAN 11/GT)  GLOBAL TIMES -- The military in Taiwan says it is closely monitoring China's only aircraft carrier as it transits the Taiwan Strait, reports the Global Times, a Chinese paper aligned to the Communist Party.   The Liaoning carrier group entered the strait on Tuesday night, local time, after conducting exercises in the South China Sea.   The Chinese carrier did not enter Taiwan's territorial waters, but did go into its air defense identification zone, said Taiwan's Defense Ministry.   In response, Taiwan deployed a Cheung Kung-class frigate and scrambled an E-2C early warning plane and IDF fighter jets "to surveil and control" the Liaoning's passage, reported Reuters. Taiwan's F-16s were also deployed, noted Taiwan's official Central News Agency.  
Item Number:13 Date: 01/11/2017 TURKEY - DELIVERY BEGINS FOR MPT-76 INDIGENOUS INFANTRY WEAPONS (JAN 11/WB)  WORLD BULLETIN -- The Turkish army will soon receive domestically produced assault rifles, says the weapons' manufacturer, as reported by the World Bulletin (Turkey).   The MPT-76 will be distributed first to 500 soldiers on Wednesday, said a source from the state-run Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corp. (MKEK).   The rifle will eventually replace the German-made G-3. Production began in 2015 in Kirkkale.   The weapon has an effective range of up to 600 meters (656 yards) and is capable of firing 600 rounds per minute, says MKEK.   The new weapon is part of a domestic arms program aimed at bolstering the Turkish defense ministry and reducing dependence on foreign manufacturers.  
  Item Number:14 Date: 01/11/2017 TURKEY - KURDISTAN FREEDOM HAWKS (TAK) CLAIM IZMIR ATTACK (JAN 11/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- Kurdish militants have claimed responsibility for last week's car bomb and gun attack in Turkey, reports Agence France-Presse.   A traffic policeman, a court worker and two attackers were killed in Izmir on Jan. 5.   On Wednesday, the Kurdistan Freedom Falcons (TAK), a splinter group of the banned Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), claimed responsibility for the attack. The group also warned of further attacks.   The TAK previously claimed two attacks in December. One took place outside a soccer stadium in Istanbul killing 40; the other occured in central Turkey, killing at least 13 Turkish soldiers
Item Number:15 Date: 01/11/2017 TURKEY - NEW DOMESTICALLY DESIGNED HELICOPTER EXPECTED TO GO THROUGH FIELD TESTING NEXT YEAR (JAN 11/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) says it has built the initial prototype of the nation's first indigenously developed helicopter, reports Defense News.   The five-ton, twin-engine T-625 helicopter will be capable of civilian and military missions, according to company officials. The aircraft will have a crew of two and carry up to 12 passengers.   The T-625 is intended to replace aging UH-1H helicopters in Turkish military service, the newspaper said on Monday.   Planned variants include medical evacuation, search-and-rescue and pilot training, the officials said.   Initial field testing of the T-625 is anticipated for the first half of 2018, with the maiden flight scheduled for Sept. 6, 2018
Item Number:16 Date: 01/11/2017 UGANDA - IN RESHUFFLE, MUSEVENI APPOINTS NEW CHIEF OF DEFENSE FORCES, NAMES SON PRESIDENTIAL ADVISER (JAN 11/MON)  MONITOR -- Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni has shaken up his military leadership, reports the Monitor (Kampala).   On Monday night, the president removed Gen. Katumba Wamala from his post as chief of defense forces. Wamala has been appointed a junior minister in the Ministry of Works, according to the East African (Nairobi).   Maj. Gen. David Muhoozi has been named as the new chief. He previously served as head of the Ugandan army.   Museveni also moved his son, Maj. Gen. Muhoozi Kainerugaba, from his post as special forces commander (SFC) and named him a special presidential adviser in charge of operations. Analysts view the move as a way to groom the son to succeed his father, noted Reuters.   The SFC is responsible for the president's security and that of other sensitive facilities. Lt. Col. Don Nabaasa has been promoted to colonel and named the acting SFC.   Maj. Gen. Wilson Mbadi, formerly a presidential bodyguard, has been named the deputy chief of defense forces
Item Number:17 Date: 01/11/2017 USA - AMERICAN MILITARY ADVISERS WORKING MORE CLOSELY WITH AFGHANS, WITH TRAINING AT COMPANY LEVEL (JAN 11/ANS)  ARMY NEWS SERVICE -- U.S. military advisers have been working with Afghan troops on collective operations, reports the Army News Service.   Company-level drills, which were recently observed by the Americans, took place in the Surobi district, about 40 miles (60 km) east of Kabul.   Such advisers in the past just worked with the corps headquarters. These days, they are getting the opportunity to see how the Afghan military training within brigade elements.   During earlier training rotations, company-level units, or "tolays," were not fully incorporated, said Maj. Tino Colon, the operations adviser for a team at Train Advise Assist Command-East.   Drills now are incorporating the tolay leadership as well as all organic elements and enablers. "This allows them to build cohesion as a unit and increase their effectiveness," said Colon.   The 201st Corps will continue to conduct collective training throughout the winter to improve overall readiness for the fighting season of 2017, said the Army release
Item Number:18 Date: 01/11/2017 USA - MARINE STEALTH FIGHTER SQUADRON STARTS RELOCATION TO IWAKUNI, JAPAS (JAN 11/JT)  JAPAN TIMES -- A squadron of U.S. Marine Corps F-35Bs is headed to Japan, making the fighter jet's first overseas deployment, reports the Japan Times.   An undisclosed number of aircraft from Marine Fighter Attack Squadron (VMFA) 121 left Marine Corps Air Station Yuma, Ariz. for Marine Corps Air Strike Iwakuni in Japan's Yamaguchi prefecture, said a service statement on Tuesday.   Initial operating capability for the F-35B, the short-takeoff and landing variant, was declared in July 2015, noted IHS Jane's Defence Weekly. The squadron, "Green Knights," a former F/A-18 unit, was designated as the Corps' first operational F-35 squadron in November 2012, noted the Aviationist.   The Marine Corps is expected to conduct the first maritime deployment of the type aboard amphibious assault ships in 2018.  
 Item Number:19 Date: 01/11/2017 USA - NEW $71 MILLION CONTRACT CALLS FOR MARINES, NAVY TO GET 6 MORE BLACKJACK UAVS (JAN 11/DOD)  DEPT. OF DEFENSE -- The Naval Air Systems Command has awarded Insitu, Bingen, Wash., a Boeing subsidiary, a contract modification for additional RQ-21 Blackjack unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), reports the Dept. of Defense.   The $70.8 million deal exercises an option for six full-rate production Lot I Blackjack systems: three each for the Navy and Marine Corps, the Pentagon said on Monday.   Each system includes air vehicles, ground control stations, multi-mission payloads and launch and recovery equipment.   Work under the contract will take place primarily in Bingen. It is expected to be completed in February 2018
Item Number:20 Date: 01/11/2017 USA - STATE DEPT. SANCTIONS ISIS 'BEATLES' CELL MEMBER (JAN 11/STATE)  U.S. STATE DEPT. -- The U.S. State Dept. has added a British-born Islamic State militant to its list of specially designated global terrorists.   Alexanda Kotey was blacklisted for being a member of an ISIS execution cell known as "The Beatles," said a release from State on Tuesday.   The cell, which has been responsible for the beheading of about two dozen ISIS hostages, was formerly led by Mohamed Emwazi, a British national also known as "Jihadi John," noted the release.   Kotey has been a guard for the cell and likely took part in its torture activities. He also recruited several other British nationals to join ISIS, said State. Other members of the cell -- "Ringo," "George" and "Paul" -- remain unidentified, noted BuzzFeed News.   The sanctions prohibit U.S. citizens from dealing with Kotey and freeze any of his assets in the U.S.
 

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