Saturday, August 6, 2016

Fw: TheList 4236

The List 4236

To All
A bit of history and some tidbits
This Day In Naval History - August 3
1804 - American Squadron, including USS Constitution, attacks Tripoli
1812 - Frigate Essex capture British brig Brothers
1861 - Construction of USS Monitor authorized
1861 - First manned ascent in a balloon from a ship, gunboat USS Fanny, to observe Confederate artillery position at Hampton Roads, VA
1942 - Mildred McAffee (Horton) becomes the first woman officer commissioned into Naval Reserve.
1942: USS Lansdowne (DD 486) sinks the German submarine (U 153) off the Panama Canal Zone.
1950 - First Marine Corps aviation mission against North Korea by VMF-214, from USS Sicily
1950 - First helicopter evacuation in Korea by VMO-6
1958 - USS Nautilus (SSN-571) is first ship to reach the geographic North Pole submerged.
1970 - USS James Madison (SSBN-627) conducts first submerged launching of Poseidon nuclear missile off Cape Kennedy
Admiral Taylor's Rolling thunder history can be viewed each day at   ... (google it and you are there to read) ...
From the Coast Guard's Birthday to a U-2 First by  W. Thomas Smith Jr.
This Week in American Military History:
Aug. 1, 1943:  Operation Tidal Wave -- also known as the Raid on Ploesti --
commences: 177 U.S. Army Air Forces B-24 Liberators flying 1,000-plus miles from their bases in Libya, attack the heavily defended Ploesti oil fields in Rumania.
The raid is flown against waves of counterattacking enemy planes, heavy antiaircraft fire, and at treetop level above the target area. Many of the
B-24 crews are forced to fly through thick black smoke over targets just-attacked by their comrades ahead of them, and they are caught in the bursts and shock waves of delayed-action bombs.
Damage will be heavy on the oilfields said "to be supplying 60 percent of Germany's crude oil requirements," according to the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. But USAAF casualties will also be high: "Of 177 planes and
1,726 men who took off on the mission, 54 planes and 532 men failed to return."
Five Medals of Honor will be awarded for the daring raid. Recipients
include: Col. Leon W. Johnson, Col. John R. Kane, Lt. Col. Addison E. Baker (posthumous), Maj. John L. Jerstad (posthumous), and 2nd Lt. Lloyd H.
Hughes (posthumous).
Aug. 1, 1955: The famous U-2 high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft (yes, the same type of aircraft piloted by CIA pilot Francis Gary Powers when he was shot down over the Soviet Union by a surface-to-air missile in 1960) makes its first-ever flight above Groom Lake (Area 51), Nevada.
Aug. 3, 1958:  USS Nautilus -- the world's first nuclear-powered submarine and the U.S. Navy's sixth so-named vessel -- becomes the first "ship" to cross the North Pole. The submarine's simple transmission is, "Nautilus 90 North."
Aug. 4, 1790:  Congress approves Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton's proposal to "build ten cutters to protect the new nation's revenue,"
establishing the Revenue Cutter Service – first of the predecessor services of the modern Coast Guard. Thus today will become the officially recognized birthday of the U.S. Coast Guard.
Aug. 5, 1864:  One of the great makers of Naval tradition, Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut, commanding a strike force of 14 wooden warships and a handful of ironclads, attacks and decisively defeats Confederate Naval forces under Adm. Franklin Buchanan and the Confederate forts defending Mobile Bay, Alabama. It is during this action that Farragut purportedly utters the command, "Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!," or the more likely command, "Damn the torpedoes! Four bells. Captain [Percival] Drayton, go ahead! [Lt. Commander James] Jouett, full speed!"
Aug. 6, 1945:  A single American B-29 bomber, Enola Gay, flying from the island of Tinian drops the first-ever atomic bomb used in war on the Japanese city of Hiroshima.
At 8:15 a.m., the bomb, codenamed Little Boy, detonates nearly 2,000 feet above the city center instantly killing between 80,000 and 140,000 people, and seriously wounding another 100,000. According to Hiroshima & Nagasaki Remembered, "The blast wave shattered windows for a distance of ten miles and was felt as far away as 37 miles. Hiroshima had disappeared under a thick, churning foam of flames and smoke. The co-pilot, Captain Robert Lewis, commented, 'My God, what have we done?'"
In three days, Nagasaki will suffer the same fate.
Japan's ability to wage war is finished.
In time, the bombings will be decried as cruel and excessive in terms of the lives lost; as if to suggest all war is not both cruel and excessive to the vanquished. Indeed, nuclear weapons are horrible. What is incalculable, however, is the number of American lives saved by decisively ending the war with the bombs before having to invade the Japanese mainland.
Aug. 7, 1942:  Exactly eight months to the day after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, elements of the soon-to-be-famous 1st Marine Division – under the command of Maj. Gen. Alexander Archer "Sunny Jim" Vandegrift (a future Marine Corps commandant) – begin landing on Guadalcanal in the southern Solomon islands, launching America's first large-scale ground offensive of World War II.
Simultaneous landings take place on the nearby islets of Tulagi, Gavutu, Tanambogo, and Florida Island. The landings are the first decisive ground actions aimed at eating away at the Japanese who have extended their lines deep into the Western Pacific and threaten Australia.
Vandegrift is destined to receive the Medal of Honor, and he will become the first Marine officer on active duty to attain four-star rank.
Aug. 7, 1964:  Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which "approves and supports the determination of the President, as Commander in Chief, to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression."
The Vietnam War is officially on.
Aug. 7, 1782:  Gen. George Washington creates two badges of distinction for enlisted soldiers and noncommissioned officers: The first is a chevron signifying three years of service (two chevrons for six years) "with bravery, fidelity, and good conduct." The second is a medal – the Badge of Military Merit – for "any singularly meritorious action."
According to The U.S. Army Center of Military History, the badge was the "'figure of a heart in purple cloth or silk edged with narrow lace or binding.' This device was affixed to the uniform coat above the left breast and permitted its wearer to pass guards and sentinels without challenge and to have his name and regiment inscribed in a Book of Merit. The badge specifically honored the lower ranks, where decorations were unknown in contemporary European Armies."
Though the standards for recipients have changed, the medal exists today as the Purple Heart, and is awarded to "any member of an Armed Force who, while serving with the U.S. Armed Services after 5 April 1917, has been wounded or killed, or who has died or may hereafter die after being wounded."
Thanks to hotdog
Author unknown.
They won't let me fly their jet fighters anymore.  The day after I no longer pulled 5-6 Gs (or more) multiple times every day, my middle started expanding. It hasn't stopped. First my toes disappeared, and then the equipment in the Nether Regions disappeared except on outstanding occasions. My feet might as well be in China. My toenails are turning into claws.
The ladies no longer look at my ass as I walk by.
My eyesight has started to fade. I once had the best vision of anyone I ever flew with except Chuck Yeager. He could see another aircraft at 60 miles and I could not see it until 50 miles. And he was older than me. I guess that is why he was an Ace.
The music has faded. Twenty-five years in close proximity of screaming jet engines will do more damage to your hearing than a rock band. The VA gave me some very nice hearing aids but I don't wear the damned things. I don't want to look like an old man. However, it can be a blessing when I piss off my roommate.
My prostate started to enlarge and I have to pee every 5 minutes. Speaking of which: The pressure is too low, the hose is too short, and the nozzle is set on spray. I find it advisable to sit down to pee to avoid getting Wet Foot Syndrome. I know the location of every publically accessible bathroom within 100 miles.
My gyro tumbled and I have vertigo. I have had it many times while flying in Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) weather but this is different. This is Visual Flight Rules (VFR) weather all the time. I walk like a drunken sailor. My golfing days are over. My back swing would put me flat of my back. A walker may not be far in the future.
If I were to find myself on the ground in the middle of an empty Wal-Mart parking lot, I would not be able to get up onto my feet. The legs are just not there anymore. I would have to crawl to a shopping cart or fence to pull myself up.
My smoking days finally caught up with me and I have emphysema/COPD. I used to cuss while climbing out returning from North Vietnam if I was so high that my Zippo lighter would not light so I could have a smoke to help me come down from an adrenalin high. I have had to go on oxygen in order to have enough to live. It is a real bummer to have to haul a bottle of O2 around with me when I go out of the house. I wear a nose harness at home and drag a plastic tube around and an oxygen concentrator out in the garage runs 24/7. The tube is always snagging on something or someone steps on the damn thing and it almost jerks my ears off. Don't get me wrong. I like oxygen. I used to really like it after a night of serious partying when I had an early morning mission. As soon as I got into the cockpit I went on 100% O2 for startup, taxi, and weapons arming pit. By the time I had wheels up I was ready to fight.
My sex life is 99.9% in my head. But I think that is pretty normal for the male population, which thinks about sex on the average about every 10 seconds. At least that has always been my average.
And they won't let me fly their jet fighters anymore.
Getting old is a bitch.
Some after Thoughts:
Some people wonder why old fighter pilots (there are no Ex Fighter Pilots) miss flying high performance jets so much. A couple of examples:
1.  I start up, taxi out and line up on the centerline of a 10,000-foot runway. I throttle up to full power, release the brakes and go into afterburner. There is a huge shove against my back that pins my helmet against the back headrest. The runway streaks under me faster and faster. At flying speed I raise the gear to get the wheels free of the earth. Flaps up. Sink down a foot or two until the end of the runway and then the field boundary flashes underneath and I pull the nose up to point to the sky and freedom. The horizon rapidly expands and after about three minutes and 6-7 miles above the earth I come out of burner, roll inverted and at zero Gs let the nose slowly drift down to the horizon. I look out the top of my canopy at the earth far below and think about all those pedestrian assholes down there that will never know what true joy is.
2.  I complete my mission in North Vietnam and climb out South toward home base far away. I have to go to 53,000 feet in order to have enough fuel to make it. Once there, the adrenalin is subsiding and I turn off my cockpit lights to enjoy the view. There is not one light visible on the ground. But above: Oh my God!! It is unbelievable! The sight is not describable. Only God could have created something like this. The stars and galaxies are so bright that I do not need cockpit lights to read my instruments.  This is something that an old fighter pilot cannot forget and it is only one of thousands of memories that only an Old Fighter Pilot can have.
And they won't let me fly their jet fighters anymore.

"The world will not be destroyed by those who do evil, but by those who watch and do nothing" -
Albert Einstein

"To be prepared for war is one of the most effectual means of preserving peace."
George Washington
Some history, beginning with the 1936 Olympics in Berlin
Thanks to Hal -
This Olympics of 1936 were held in Germany through Adolph Hitler's managing and it was to be his chance to demonstrate his Super Race to the world.  He would prove this by his athletes winning the gold medals, and it would be a colossal propaganda victory.  He looked around and put his very best man in charge of these Olympics, and that was Schutzstaffel Gruppenfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich.  He was the General in charge of the dreaded SS as well as the Gestapo.  Second only to Himmler, third after Hitler.
As you know, it didn't all work out that way and US athlete Jesse Owens dominated the track and field events.  Black as coal. Hitler was apoplectic and stormed out of the stands.
The years passed on by and Hitler had launched his purge of the Jews, Christians, gypsies and all other undesirable people, but the sheer numbers were daunting.  He wanted them all dead to purge Germany and any other country they invaded, so a conference was set up in January, 1942 in
Wannsee. a suburb of Berlin.   Attending were the captains of industry, the
heads of Ministries, and many of the German General Staff.  Heydrich chaired the meeting.  { If you want to see how this went, find the BBC movie "Conspiracy" made in 2001 starring Kenneth Branagh as Heydrich.  Five Star performance, Emmy awards}  Their job would be to exterminate millions of innocent people.
The British were watching all of this closely and decided that it was time to terminate the career of Reinhard Heydrich.  So OPERATION ANTHROPOID was launched. British SOE, Special Operations Executive, recruited, trained and parachuted a team of seven Czechs with the mission to observe, plan, and kill Heydrich.  They found him to be a regular as clockwork.  He took the same route daily to work, at the very same time, and usually had the top down on his convertible staff car.
So on 27 May 1942, a woman agent Rela Fafek in position on his route tipped her hat to signal that he was coming.  As he came along, Jan Kubis and Josef Gabcik stepped off the curb to begin firing and the gun jammed.  As the driver stopped, Heydrich unholstered his pistol.  At that moment they tossed a modified British Number 73 Anti-Tank grenade under the car.  It exploded and seriously wounded Heydrich as the team fled.
Heydrich died on 4 June of what his doctors termed "septicemia", or blood poisoning from the seat springs and horsehair stuffing blown into his body.
But what he actually died of was the botulinum toxin that Dr. Paul Fildes of England's Porton Down (their chemical and biological weapons lab) had put in the grenade.
Item Number:1 Date: 08/03/2016 AFGHANISTAN - MORE THAN 1,600 HUMVEES TO BE SUPPLIED TO ARMY, POLICE (AUG 03/AMG)  AM GENERAL -- AM General has been awarded a contract to build more than 1,600 Humvees for the Afghan army and police, reports the South Bend, Ind.-based firm.   The US$356.2 million contract covers the production and delivery of 1,673 Humvees.   AM General will build 1,259 M1151A1B1 armament-carrying Humvees and 414 M1152A1B2 troop carriers under the deal. Work will begin later in August and is scheduled to be completed by July 29, 2017, according to a company release on Monday
Item Number:2 Date: 08/03/2016 BRAZIL - WITH GANG VIOLENCE ESCALATING, FEDERAL FORCES WILL PATROL STREETS IN NORTHEASTERN STATE (AUG 03/REU)  REUTERS -- State authorities in Brazil's northeast are going to put troops on the streets in an attempt to quash a recent wave of gang violence, say officials cited by Reuters.   The governor of the state of Rio Grande do Norte authorized the deployment of 1,200 troops to Natal, the state capital, and other towns, said officials on Tuesday.   "The 1,000 army soldiers and 200 marines sent by the federal government will arrive tomorrow morning, and they will patrol the streets," said a state security official.   The violence that began Friday night was apparently prompted by restrictions placed on gang leaders being held at the main penitentiary in Natal. Authorities planned to move some of the leaders to other jails and to block their cellphones, said the official.   Police have already arrested 82 people accused of destroying buses, setting off bombs and firing shots at government buildings.  
  Item Number:3 Date: 08/03/2016 BURUNDI - OUR FORCES 'IN PERFECT CONTROL,' SAYS GOVERNMENT, AS IT REJECTS U.N. POLICE MISSION (AUG 03/AFP)  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- The government in Burundi has rejected the U.N.'s recent decision to deploy a police mission to the country, reports Agence France-Presse.   The U.N. Security Council agreed on Friday to send a police mission with up to 228 officers to Burundi.   The country has been wracked with violence since President Pierre Nkurunziza declared last year that he would run for a controversial third term. He won the election.   Burundi previously said it would not accept more than 50 officers. Following the council's move, the Burundi government said it would not even accept those -- calling it a violation of sovereignty, reported the BBC.   On Tuesday, a government spokesman said his country rejected "every aspect of this resolution linked to the deployment of any force on its territory."   Burundian security forces were "in perfect control of the situation in the country's interior and throughout the territory," the spokesman said.   More than 400 have been killed in violence since April 2015.  
 Item Number:4 Date: 08/03/2016 CHAD - TASK FORCE FIGHTING BOKO HARAM TO GET HQ IN CHAD; E.U. WILL SUPPORT EFFORT (AUG 03/CAJ)  CAJ NEWS -- The European Union has pledged 50 million euros (US$56 million) to support the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) fighting Boko Haram in Nigeria and neighboring countries, reports the CAJ News Agency (Johannesburg, South Africa).   The African Union Peace and Security Council authorized the MNJTF in early 2015.   The agreement was signed Monday between top officials from the European Commission and the A.U. Commission.   Members of the Lake Chad Basin Commission and Benin have been stepping up their efforts to eliminate Boko Haram and help rehabilitate the affected areas and people.   The commission members are Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Central African Republic and Libya.   The E.U. funds will be used to build and maintain an MNJTF headquarters in Ndjamena, the capital of Chad, and sector headquarters in Cameroon and Niger.   The monies will also support aerial reconnaissance, reported EFE (Spain).  
  Item Number:5 Date: 08/03/2016 CHINA - LOOKING TO DOWNSIZE, GOVERNMENT PAYS SOLDIERS TO RETIRE EARLY (AUG 03/BLOOMBERG)  BLOOMBERG NEWS -- The Chinese government has been quietly giving substantial buyouts to military personnel to encourage them to leave the service as part of a downsizing and modernization program, reports Bloomberg News.   The packages have included severance payments worth tens of thousands of dollars and promises to keep paying some soldiers as much as 80 percent of their pre-retirement wages, said sources familiar with the matter.   President Xi Jinping has announced that 300,000 posts will be cut from the 2.3 million-strong armed forces.   This is considered the largest military shakeup since the beginning of the Cold War.   The payouts also may reduce the risk that demobilized personnel end up on the streets, exacerbating unrest during a time of slowing economic growth, said a colonel who served on the army's General Staff Dept.   Authorities have also ordered state-owned firms to hire former soldiers to help ensure "social harmony and stability."  
  Item Number:6 Date: 08/03/2016 COLOMBIA - IN 5-DAY OPERATION, ANTI-NARCOTICS POLICE DESTROY 104 COCAINE LABS IN JUNGLE (AUG 03/BBC)  BRITISH BROADCASTING CORP. -- Anti-narcotics police officials say their forces have destroyed more than 100 cocaine labs over a five-day period in the southeastern jungles of Colombia, reports the BBC.   The operation took place in Guaviare province, Gen. Jose Angel Mendoza, the head of the anti-narcotics police, said on Tuesday, as cited by Reuters.   Police commandos burned down 104 cocaine labs capable of producing 100 metric tons of the drug annually, said the police official.   The recent raids are part of a new strategy to target producers and traffickers rather than coca plant farmers, he said.   Authorities said the production facilities belonged to Los Urabenos (also known as Clan Usaga) -- a trafficking and paramilitary group linked to the FARC guerrillas, reported Russia's RT.  
  Item Number:7 Date: 08/03/2016 EGYPT - GROWING COOPERATION BETWEEN SINAI PROVINCE, HAMAS DRAWS CAIRO'S IRE (AUG 03/TOI)  TIMES OF ISRAEL -- The Egyptian government is reportedly becoming angered over the increased cooperation between Hamas in the Gaza Strip and the Islamic State-affiliated Sinai Province terrorist group on the Sinai peninsula, reports the Times of Israel.   Cairo has informed Hamas leaders that it is aware of links between its senior activists on the Rafah border area and Sinai Province commanders, according to the Israeli paper.   Injured Sinai Province fighters are said to be routinely transported into Gaza for treatment. Weapons-smuggling has also been noted across the border.   The cooperation got more serious a few months ago when members of the military wing of Hamas entered Sinai to help Sinai Province set up its military infrastructure, said the paper.   Hamas has reportedly provided training on planting improvised explosive devices and anti-tank operations.   When pressed by Cairo to explain the developments, Hamas officials are said to downplay it, saying those helping Sinai Province were former members of the Palestinian organization
Item Number:8 Date: 08/03/2016 INDONESIA - MEETING WITH MALAYSIAN, PHILIPPINE LEADERS, DEFENSE MINISTER PROMOTES TRILATERAL FACILITY, PATROLS (AUG 03/ANTARANA)  ANTARA NEWS AGENCY -- Indonesian Defense Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu has proposed the creation of a joint military post with Malaysia and the Philippines to simplify coordination, information-sharing and intelligence cooperation, reports Antara News, Indonesia's national news agency.   Ryacudu met in Bali on Tuesday with his Malaysian and Philippine counterparts, Dato Seri Hishammuddin Tun Hussein and Delfin Lorenzana, respectively.   The three countries are ready to begin joint maritime patrols under a framework agreement that was finalized on July 14.   The defense ministers also discussed security in the Sulu Sea.   "Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines will intensify communication and the exchange of information and intelligence and conduct patrols in their respective waters," said Ryacudu.   The Indonesian leader pushed for the implementation of the joint patrolling as soon as possible to deal with the "high intensity of threats" including hostage-taking of Indonesians by militant groups, reported Hoy San Diego (Calif.).  
 Item Number:9 Date: 08/03/2016 IRAQ - RAF DROPS 'BUNKER BUSTERS' ON ISIS TARGETS IN MOSUL; PALACE HIT WAS FORMERLY USED BY SADDAM (AUG 03/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- British fighter jets have bombed a former palace in Iraq built by former dictator Saddam Hussein that was being used as an Islamic State training center, reports the Guardian (U.K.).   A pair of Royal Air Force Tornados taking part in a multinational squadron on Monday hit the complex, which is located next to the Tigris River in Mosul. The target was hit with two 2,000-pound Paveway bombs, said the Ministry of Defense.   One bomb hit a headquarters building; the other a security center.   The munitions were Enhanced Paveway III "Bunker Busters," noted the Daily Mail (U.K.).   Extensive surveillance had shown ISIS was using the palace for training, internal security and "repression," the ministry said.   Initial estimates suggested the mission was successful, said the MoD.  
 Item Number:10 Date: 08/03/2016 ITALY - POLICE PICK UP SYRIAN MAN IN GENOA; AUTHORITIES SAY HE WANTED TO JOIN NUSRA FRONT IN SYRIA (AUG 03/REU)  REUTERS -- Police in Genoa, Italy, have arrested a man suspected of planning to travel to Syria to join Islamist militants, reports Reuters.   An anti-terrorism unit arrested the man on Wednesday on suspicion of supporting international terrorism.   The unemployed Syrian man was planning to return to his home country to join the Nusra Front terrorist group, said police.   Police said they were investigating whether other foreigners in the region were trying to recruit fighters.   Nusra Front recently cut its ties with Al-Qaida, rebranding itself Jabhat Fatah al-Sham.  
Item Number:11 Date: 08/03/2016 JAPAN - NEW WHITE PAPER STRESSES THREAT POSED BY CHINA (AUG 03/S&S)  STARS AND STRIPES -- The Japanese Cabinet has approved a new defense white paper that highlights, with "deep concern," China's military buildup, reports the Stars and Stripes.   "There has ... been a noticeable trend among neighboring countries to modernize and reinforce their military capabilities and to intensify their military activities," says the report, which also covers Chinese activities in the South China Sea, where Beijing is involved in territorial disputes with a number of countries.   The 484-page report is 60 pages longer than last year's paper, noted the Diplomat (Tokyo).   The paper also details Chinese incursions around the Japanese-administered Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea.   In June, a Chinese naval vessel entered that contiguous zone for the first time. Also that month, for the first time in 12 years, a Chinese intelligence ship sailed in Japanese waters near Kuchinoerabu Island, according to the report.   The Japan Air Self-Defense Force also scrambled jets 873 times in fiscal 2015, including 571 times against Chinese aircraft. This was an increase of 107 over the previous year, notes the white paper.   The report also points to China's growing defense budget, which has recorded double-digit increases consistently since 1989.   The white paper also expresses concern about North Korea's nuclear program, saying Pyongyang could be capable of producing a nuclear warhead small enough to fit on a ballistic missile.   China's Global Times referred to the white paper as a "piece of trash."  
  Item Number:12 Date: 08/03/2016 LIBYA - REBEL ALLIANCE ATTACKS HAFTAR'S FORCES IN BENGHAZI; 20 DIE IN CAR BOMBING (AUG 03/ALJAZ)  AL JAZEERA -- At least 22 people have been killed and about 20 injured in a car bombing aimed at security forces in the eastern Libyan city of Benghazi, reported Al Jazeera (Qatar).   Tuesday's attack took place in a residential area in the Guwarsha district in western Benghazi, according to local officials.   The blast targeted forces loyal to Gen. Khalifa Haftar, who is loyal to the rival government based in Tobruk.   The Revolutionary Shura Council of Benghazi, a coalition of armed groups, claimed responsibility for the attack.   Haftar's forces, known as the Libyan National Army (LNA), have gained considerable territory in Benghazi in recent months.  
 Item Number:13 Date: 08/03/2016 NORTH KOREA - IN ANOTHER TEST, MISSILE LAUNCHED INTO JAPANESE WATERS (AUG 03/YON)  YONHAP -- North Korea has fired two mid-range ballistic missiles, including one that fell near Japanese waters, say South Korean military officials cited by the Yonhap news agency (Seoul).   The two Rodong missiles were launched Wednesday morning from North Korea's southwestern county of Eunyul, said South Korea's Joint Chiefs of Staff.   One missile flew about 1,000 km (621 mi) before landing in Japan' exclusive economic zone (EEZ), according to Japan's Defense Ministry. The other exploded shortly after launch, said South Korea.   The missile appeared to have landed about 250 km (155 mi) west of Akita prefecture in northeastern Japan, according to Japanese officials.   This is the first time that a North Korean missile has fallen in Japan's EEZ, a 200-nautical-mile offshore zone where Tokyo has sovereign rights, according to Japanese media.   The Rodong has an estimated maximum range of 800 miles (1,300 km) but the North has never fired it at full range, noted the Chicago Tribune. Pyongyang has about 300 Rodongs
Item Number:14 Date: 08/03/2016 SPAIN - TOURISTS SET OFF TERROR ALERT AS FLASH MOB SENDS HUNDREDS FLEEING (AUG 03/LOCAL)  THE LOCAL -- German tourists in Spain have unintentionally sparked a terror alert at a resort, reports the Local (Germany).   Several Germans in the Catalan beach resort of Platja d'Aro organized a flash mob on Tuesday evening in an area of crowded restaurants.   Some posed as paparazzi on a celebrity sighting. Nearby patrons mistook their equipment for weapons and thought they were under a terrorist attack, causing a panic and stampede, reported the Daily Mail (U.K.).   Hundreds of people were seen fleeing. At least 11 people were injured and one man suffered a heart attack.   Five German women were arrested and were charged with causing public disorder
Item Number:15 Date: 08/03/2016 SYRIA - PAIR OF CHEMICAL ATTACKS ALLEGED; DAMASCUS BLAMES TERRORISTS FOR 1 INCIDENT (AUG 03/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- A pair of chemical attacks has been reported in northern Syria, reports CNN.   The Syrian Civil Defense group -- a rescue group opposed to the regime in Damascus -- said on Tuesday that helicopters dropped containers of toxic gas overnight in the town of Saraqeb in Idlib province, reported Al Jazeera.   Thirty-three civilians, including 18 women and 10 children were hospitalized. Chlorine gas was suspected, said the rescue group.   Russia, an ally to Damascus, denied that a chemical attack took place.   Also on Tuesday, the Syrian government reported that "terrorist groups" made a gas attack in the historic area of Aleppo, about 31 miles northeast of Saraqeb. Five civilians were said to have been killed and eight injured.   According to the Syrian American Medical Society (SAMS), since 2011, there have been "161 documented chemical attacks," that led to the deaths of at least 1,491 and injuries to 14,581.   Fighting in Aleppo is ongoing. Rebels launched an offensive over the weekend aimed at breaking through a government siege of rebel-held areas, noted the BBC. Government forces have been backed by Russian airstrikes.  
  Item Number:16 Date: 08/03/2016 TAIWAN - NEWLY OPENED SUBMARINE DEVELOPMENT CENTER AIMS AT CONTRACT TO DESIGN NEXT BOATS (AUG 03/CENTRALNA)  CENTRAL NEWS AGENCY -- CSBC Corp., Taiwan's state-owned shipbuilder, has officially opened a submarine development center, reports the Central News Agency (Taiwan).   The Submarine Development Center of CSBC (SDCC) was inaugurated on Monday in Taipei.   The center will initially employ technicians, specialists and consultants from Taiwan and abroad to promote the domestic construction of military and coast guard vessels, including submarines, said Cheng Wen-long, the chairman of CSBC.   The Taiwanese navy plans to spend US$95 million for the design of a domestically built diesel-electric submarine to replace the navy's Dutch-built Hai Lung-class boats, reported IHS Jane's Defence Industry. The design is to be completed by the end of the year.   The SDCC will bid on the design program, said Cheng.  
Item Number:17 Date: 08/03/2016 UNITED KINGDOM - MOD READIES EARLY DEVELOPMENT FUNDING FOR SUCCESSOR-CLASS SSBNS (AUG 03/FT)  FINANCIAL TIMES -- The U.K. Ministry of Defense plans to make available more than 1 billion pounds (US$1.33 billion) in the near future to launch production of its new nuclear-powered ballistic-missile submarines, reports the Financial Times (London).   The funding, which could be released as soon as September, will launch industrial production for the Successor-class submarine program. Four boats are to be built in the program.   The scope of the financing package is still being negotiated with the ministry's industrial partners BAE Systems and Rolls-Royce.   Funding for the industrial phase will be released in stages in an effort to control costs. The first phase will run for 12-18 months. At each stage, there could be new conditions for performance and delivery.   The latest funding will cover continued design work and long lead-time materials, said industry sources. The monies would also secure production in the supply chain. The first steel is expected to be cut by the end of the year.   The Successor-class boats will replace the Royal Navy's existing Vanguard-class submarines, which are scheduled to be retired starting in 2028
Item Number:18 Date: 08/03/2016 USA - DECLARING INITIAL OPERATIONAL CAPABILITY, AIR FORCE SAYS F-35A IS SET FOR COMBAT (AUG 03/BLOOMBERG)  BLOOMBERG NEWS -- The U.S. Air Force has made an announcement that officially declares initial operational capability for the F-35A fighter jet, reports Bloomberg News.   The aircraft is ready if needed for limited combat operations, said the service on Tuesday.   These 15 aircraft in operation can provide close-air support, said Gen. Herb Carlisle, the head of Air Combat Command.   The Air Force move comes about a year after the U.S. Marine Corps declared initial operational capability for the F-35B.   The F-35A will not be declared fully operational until it completes operational exercises set to begin until August 2018 at the earliest.   More electronic combat, data fusion, weapons capacity or automated maintenance and diagnostics capability will be available until the most advanced version of the aircraft's software is installed by 2018.   The Air Force plans to buy more than 1,700 F-35As, around 70 percent of the fifth-generation jets to be made domestically, noted Business Insider.  
 Item Number:19 Date: 08/03/2016 USA - F-35 'KILLS' DRONE WITH SIDEWINDER DURING TEST OFF CALIF. COAST (AUG 03/USAF)  U.S. AIR FORCE -- The U.S. Air Force variant of the F-35 Lightning II has claimed its first air-to-air "kill" in an exercise off the coast of California, according to a release from Edwards Air Force Base, Calif.   During the test flight on July 28, an F-35A fired a wing-mounted AIM-9X Sidewinder missile against an aerial drone target.   The fighter identified and targeted the drone with its sensors, passed the target track data to the missile, enabled the pilot to verify targeting information using the high off-boresight capability of the helmet-mounted display and launched the Sidewinder, according to the release on Monday.   After launch, the missile acquired the target and successfully destroyed the drone, said the Air Force.   The action represented the initial F-35 "Boola Boola," noted the release -- referring to the radio call when a pilot shots down a drone.   Immediately before firing the AIM-9X, the pilot launched an internally carried AIM-120C AMRAAM missile against another target drone. The target was beyond visual range and the AMRAAM was successfully ordered to self-destruct just prior to target impact.   The F-35 program has been focusing on weapons trials to support software testing needed for full operational capability, the Air Force said.  
Item Number:20 Date: 08/03/2016 USA - SHADOW UAV SERVES AS FORWARD OBSERVER DURING RIMPAC EXERCISE (AUG 03/USNIN)  USNI NEWS -- A Hawaii-based UAV unit is taking part in the Rim of the Pacific exercise for the first time, reports USNI News.   Marine Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Squadron 3 (VMU-3) and its RQ-7B Shadow drones are providing new forward observer and artillery-calling capability to amphibious operations during the exercise.   Unlike the Marines' RQ-21 Blackjack, the Shadow cannot take off from land or land on an amphibious ship. The RQ-7B is transported on Humvees and requires a 710-foot (216-m) runway.   The mobility of the Shadow system and the ability of amphibious ships to transport its Humvees rapidly from ship to shore makes the UAV a flexible asset to supplement amphibious forces ashore, said Maj. Jarrod Larson, the executive officer of VMU-3.   The Shadow is able to provide "deep battle space penetration without putting any actual Marines or soldiers or sailors in harm's way," said Larson.   This year's RIMPAC began on June 30 and runs through Aug. 4.   During RIMPAC, the squadron practiced two main missions. The first involved artillery calls for fire, with the UAV flying ahead of the ground troops and spotting and adjusting rounds, said the squadron's XO.   The second mission covered working with joint terminal attack controllers for close-air support missions.


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