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Tuesday, September 25, 2018

September 25th...This Day in History (Federal court-ordered racial integration in schools + others)

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Central High School integrated 1957

Under escort from the U.S. Army’s 101st Airborne Division, nine black students enter all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. Three weeks earlier, Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus had surrounded the school with National Guard troops to prevent its federal court-ordered racial integration. After a tense standoff, President Dwight D. Eisenhower federalized the Arkansas National Guard and sent 1,000 army paratroopers to Little Rock to enforce the court order.

On May 17, 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka that racial segregation in educational facilities was unconstitutional. Five days later, the Little Rock School Board issued a statement saying it would comply with the decision when the Supreme Court outlined the method and time frame in which desegregation should be implemented.

Arkansas was at the time among the more progressive Southern states in regard to racial issues. The University of Arkansas School of Law was integrated in 1949, and the Little Rock Public Library in 1951. Even before the Supreme Court ordered integration to proceed “with all deliberate speed,” the Little Rock School Board in 1955 unanimously adopted a plan of integration to begin in 1957 at the high school level. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) filed suit, arguing the plan was too gradual, but a federal judge dismissed the suit, saying that the school board was acting in “utmost good faith.” Meanwhile, Little Rock’s public buses were desegregated. By 1957, seven out of Arkansas’ eight state universities were integrated.

In the spring of 1957, there were 517 black students who lived in the Central High School district. Eighty expressed an interest in attending Central in the fall, and they were interviewed by the Little Rock School Board, which narrowed down the number of candidates to 17. Eight of those students later decided to remain at all-black Horace Mann High School, leaving the “Little Rock Nine” to forge their way into Little Rock’s premier high school.

In August 1957, the newly formed Mother’s League of Central High School won a temporary injunction from the county chancellor to block integration of the school, charging that it “could lead to violence.” Federal District Judge Ronald Davies nullified the injunction on August 30. On September 2, Governor Orval Faubus—a staunch segregationist—called out the Arkansas National Guard to surround Central High School and prevent integration, ostensibly to prevent the bloodshed he claimed desegregation would cause. The next day, Judge Davies ordered integrated classes to begin on September 4.

That morning, 100 armed National Guard troops encircled Central High School. A mob of 400 white civilians gathered and turned ugly when the black students began to arrive, shouting racial epithets and threatening the teenagers with violence. The National Guard troops refused to let the black students pass and used their clubs to control the crowd. One of the nine, 15-year-old Elizabeth Eckford, was surrounded by the mob, which threatened to lynch her. She was finally led to safety by a sympathetic white woman.

(More Events on This Day in History)

GENERAL INTEREST
1789
Bill of Rights passes Congress
The first Congress of the United States approves 12 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, and sends them to the states for ratification. The amendments, known as the Bill of Rights, were designed to protect the basic rights of U.S. citizens, guaranteeing the freedom of speech, ...

GENERAL INTEREST
1981
O’Connor takes seat on Supreme Court
Sandra Day O’Connor becomes the first female U.S. Supreme Court justice in history when she is sworn in by Chief Justice Warren Burger.Sandra Day was born in El Paso, Texas, in 1930. She grew up on her family’s cattle ranch in southeastern Arizona and attended Stanford ...

GENERAL INTEREST
2005
IRA officially disarms
Two months after announcing its intention to disarm, the Irish Republican Army (IRA) gives up its weapons in front of independent weapons inspectors. The decommissioning of the group s substantial arsenal took place in secret locations in the Republic of Ireland. One Protestant ...

AUTOMOTIVE
2004
Formula One racetrack in Shanghai prepares for its grand opening
On September 25, 2004, Chinese officials gather at the brand-new Shanghai International Circuit racetrack in anticipation of the next day’s inaugural Formula One Chinese Grand Prix. Though Formula One racing was traditionally a European sport, the builders and boosters of the ...ecret state police, the Gestapo, in Norway. They miss–but send some Nazis running for their lives.Germany invaded Norway in April 1940, in a stunning blitzkrieg campaign, a response to ...

VIETNAM WAR
1969
Congressional opponents of Nixon Vietnam policy renew opposition
Senator Charles Goodell (a maverick Republican from New York) proposes legislation that would require the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Vietnam by the end of 1970, and bar the use of congressionally appropriated funds after December 1, 1970, for maintaining U.S. military ...

Monday, September 24, 2018

Fw: TheList 4819

The List 4819     TGB


To All,
I hope that you all had a great weekend. Starting tomorrow I will be heavily involved in our 30th Last Annual Crusader Ball and by Wednesday will be staying at the hotel. I will try to get a list out each day but they may be late. Looking forward to seeing a bunch of former F-8 Crusader pilot and their wives and friends.
Regards,
Skip
This day in Naval History
Sept. 24
1864—The steam tug USS Fuschia and the sidewheel steamer Thomas Freeborn conduct a raid against a boat works above Milford Haven, VA, on Stutt's Creek. Some three miles upstream, a force of 40 Sailors land, destroying four Confederate boats, capturing five, and demolishing a fishery.
1918—Lt. j.g. David S. Ingalls, while on a test flight in a Sopwith Camel, sights an enemy two-seat Rumpler over Nieuport. In company with another Camel he attacks and scores his fifth aerial victory in six weeks to become the Navy's first ace.
1941—USS Eberle (DD 430) is screening convoy HX 150 in Task Unit 4.1.1. when she rescues the crew of British freighter, Nigaristan after it suffered an engine room fire.
1943—USS Cabrilla (SS 288) attacks three Japanese ships, a carrier, escort carrier and destroyer, northwest of Chichi Jima.
1960—USS Charles Berry (DE 1035) begins a goodwill cruise of the southern Philippine Islands, visiting the small cities not usually visited by naval units.
1960—The first nuclear powered aircraft carrier, USS Enterprise (CVAN 65), is launched at Newport News, VA. In 1975, she is designated (CVN 65).
 
 
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
In national news coverage Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh, the latest round of tariffs against China going into effect, and Tiger Woods first win in five years dominate the headlines. In the spending bill that advanced out of the Senate, the U.S.  Navy's shipbuilding budget got a $2.2 billion boost, $350 million of which will go towards accelerated acquisition of the LPD- 17 Flight II reports Navy Times. USNI News reports that construction has begun on USNS John Lewis. Additionally, the USS Kansas City was christened in a ceremony on Saturday.
 
 
Today in History September 24
1788
After having been dissolved, the French Parliament of Paris reassembles in triumph.
1789
Congress passes the Judiciary Act of 1789, establishing a strong federal court system with the powers it needs to ensure the supremacy of the Constitution and federal law. The new Supreme Court will have a chief justice and five associate justices.
1842
Branwell Bronte, the brother of the Bronte sisters and the model for Hindley Earnshaw in Emily's novel Wuthering Heights, dies of tuberculosis. Emily and Anne die the same year.
1862
President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus against anyone suspected of being a Southern sympathizer.
1904
Sixty-two die and 120 are injured in head-on train collision in Tennessee.
1914
In the Alsace-Lorraine area between France and Germany, the German Army captures St. Mihiel.
1915
Bulgaria mobilizes troops on the Serbian border.
1929
The first flight using only instruments is completed by U.S. Army pilot James Doolittle.
1930
Noel Coward's comedy Private Lives opens in London starring Gertrude Lawrence and Coward himself.
1947
The World Women's Party meets for the first time since World War II.
1956
The first transatlantic telephone cable system begins operation.
1957
President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends federal troops into Little Rock, Arkansas, to protect nine black students entering its newly integrated high school.
1960
The Enterprise, the first nuclear powered aircraft carrier, is launched.
1962
The University of Mississippi agrees to admit James Meredith as the first black university student, sparking more rioting.
1969
The "Chicago Eight," charged with conspiracy and crossing state lines with the intent to incite a riot, go on trial for their part in the mayhem during the 1968 Democratic Party National Convention in the "Windy City."
1970
The Soviet Luna 16 lands, completing the first unmanned round trip to the moon.
1979
CompuServe (CIS) offers one of the first online services to consumers; it will dominate among Internet service providers for consumers through the mid-1990s.
1993
Sihanouk is reinstalled as king of Cambodia.
1996
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty signed by representatives of 71 nations at the UN; at present, five key nations have signed but not ratified it and three others have not signed.
2005
Hurricane Rita, the 4th-most intense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded, comes ashore in Texas causing extensive damage there and in Louisiana, which had devastated by Hurricane Katrina less than a month earlier.
2009
LRAD (Long Range Acoustic Device) "sonic cannon," a non-lethal device that utilizes intense sound, is used in the United States for the first time, to disperse protestors at the G20 summit in Pittsburgh, Penn.
 
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Rolling Thunder Remembered 2 March 1965 - Operation Rolling Thunder - 1 November 1968
 

ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… 24 SEPTEMBER 1968… SENATOR DIRKSEN AND THE G.O.P. WORRIED ABOUT A "SELLOUT"…

 
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Thanks to Al
Monday Morning Humor
     Penguins have a strong community bond. When a penguin dies, friends and family dig a hole in the ice, using their vestigial wings and beaks. The dead bird is rolled into the hole and buried. The male penguins then gather in a circle and sing Freeze a Jolly Good Fellow.
 
     A mother and father lion went off hunting and left their two cubs behind. The cubs had been told not to wander off. But two small wildebeests walked past. The two small lions couldn't resist the urge to try out their hunting skills. The two cubs quickly killed the wildebeests and ate them.
     As the baby lions were finishing up, their parents approached in the distance. One of the cubs turned to the other and said, "That was the end of the gnus. Here are the head lions again."
 
 
 
From Steven Wright:
 
·        "It's a small world.....but I wouldn't want to paint it."
·        I'd kill for a Nobel Peace Prize.
·        Borrow money from pessimists.- they don't expect it back.
·        Half the people you know are below average.
·        99% of lawyers give the rest a bad name.
·        827% of all statistics are made up on the spot.
·        A conscience is what hurts when all your other parts feel so good.
·        A clear conscience is usually the sign of a bad memory.
·        If you want the rainbow, you got to put up with the rain.
·        All those who believe in psycho kinesis, raise my hand.
·        The early bird may get the worm, but the second mouse gets the cheese.
·        I almost had a psychic girlfriend, ...... But she left me before we met.
·        OK, so what's the speed of dark?
·        How do you tell when you're out of invisible ink?
·        If everything seems to be going well, you have obviously overlooked something.
·        Depression is merely anger without enthusiasm.
·        When everything is coming your way, you're in the wrong lane.
·        Ambition is a poor excuse for not having enough sense to be lazy.
·        Hard work pays off in the future; laziness pays off now.
·        I intend to live forever... So far, so good.
·        If Barbie is so popular, why do you have to buy her friends?
·        Eagles may soar, but weasels don't get sucked into jet engines.
·        What happens if you get scared half to death twice?
·        My mechanic told me, "I couldn't repair your brakes, so I made your horn louder."
·        Why do psychics have to ask you for your name.
·        If at first you don't succeed, destroy all evidence that you tried.
·        A conclusion is the place where you got tired of thinking.
·        Experience is something you don't get until just after you need it.
·        The hardness of the butter is proportional to the softness of the bread.
·        To steal ideas from one person is plagiarism; to steal from many is research.
·        The problem with the gene pool is that there is no lifeguard.
·        The sooner you fall behind, the more time you'll have to catch up.
·        The colder the x-ray table, the more of your body is required to be on it.
·        Everyone has a photographic memory; some just don't have film.
·        If at first you don't succeed, skydiving is not for you.
·        If your car could travel at the speed of light, would your headlights still work?
 
 
 
Submitted by Skip Leonard:
 
Q: What washes up on very small beaches?
A: Microwaves!
 
Q: Did you hear about the guy who got hit in the head with a can of soda?
A: He was lucky it was a soft drink.
 
Q: Why was there thunder and lightning in the lab?
A: The scientists were brainstorming!
 
Q: What did Delaware?
A: A New Jersey
 
Q: Why did Tony go out with a prune?
A: Because he couldn't find a date!
 
Q: What did the man say to the wall?
A: One more crack like that and I'll plaster ya!
 
Q: What's the difference between bird flu and swine flu?
A: If you have bird flu, you need tweetment. If you have swine flu, you need oink-ment.
 
 
 
Submitted by Colleen Grosso:
 
·        When fish are in schools, they sometimes take debate.
·        A thief who stole a calendar got twelve months.
·        When the smog lifts in Los Angeles, U.C.L.A.
·        The batteries were given out free of charge.
·        A dentist and a manicurist married. They fought tooth and nail.
·        A will is a dead giveaway.
·        With her marriage, she got a new name and a dress.
·        A boiled egg is hard to beat.
·        When you've seen one shopping center you've seen a mall.
·        Police were summoned to a daycare center where a 3 year old was resisting a rest.
·        Did you hear about the fellow whose entire left side was cut off? He's all right now.
·        A bicycle can't stand alone; it's just two tired.
·        When a clock is hungry, it goes back four seconds.
·        The guy who fell onto an upholstery machine is now fully recovered.
·        He had a photographic memory which was never developed.
·        When she saw her first strands of grey hair, she thought she'd dye.
·        Acupuncture is a jab well done. That's the point of it.  
·        Those who get too big for their pants will be totally exposed in the end.
 
 
 
Submitted by Jerry Norris:
 
·        Venison for dinner again? Oh deer!
·        A cartoonist was found dead in his home. Details are sketchy.
·        I used to be a banker, but then I lost interest.
·        Haunted French pancakes give me the crêpes.
·        England has no kidney bank, but it does have a Liverpool.
·        I tried to catch some fog, but I mist.
·        They told me I had type-A blood, but it was a Typo.
·        I changed my iPod's name to Titanic. It's syncing now.
·        Jokes about German sausage are the wurst.
·        I know a guy who's addicted to brake fluid, but he says he can stop any time.
·        I stayed up all night to see where the sun went, and then it dawned on me.
·        This girl said she recognized me from the vegetarian club, but I'd never met herbivore.
·        When chemists die, they barium.
·        I'm reading a book about anti-gravity. I just can't put it down.
·        I did a theatrical performance about puns. It was a play on words.
·        Why were the Indians here first? They had reservations.
·        I didn't like my beard at first. Then it grew on me.
·        Did you hear about the cross-eyed teacher who lost her job because she couldn't control her pupils?
·        When you get a bladder infection, urine trouble.
·        Broken pencils are pointless.
·        What do you call a dinosaur with an extensive vocabulary? A thesaurus.
·        I dropped out of communism class because of lousy Marx.
·        All the toilets in New York's police stations have been  stolen. The police have nothing to go on.
·        I got a job at a bakery because I kneaded dough.
·        Velcro - what a rip off!
·        Don't worry about old age; it doesn't last.
 
 
Have a great week,
Al
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Thanks to Dennis…One man's opinion
GREAT LETTER, Howard! I agree totally. Forwarding. . .
Dennis
 
Subject:
Views from the fishin' pier
Date:
Mon, 24 Sep 2018 09:07:55 -0400
From:
For the last three weeks or so we all have been forced to read and hear about the Democrat/Communist Party's attempt to stall the Judge Brett Kavanaugh confirmation to the Supreme Court. The actions of these people have been so evil, transparent and obvious it's almost hilarious were it not for the fact that it displays yet another negative view other nations have of our country. And that is precisely what the Communists want.
 
The words shameful and embarrassing just don't seem to be adequate to describe America any more. We were...and still are...so blessed as a nation and have so much to be proud of and so many good and decent things to display to the world...and yet this plebeian and vulgar process to seat an individual on our highest court is what our politics, our media, our courts and our society promote and present to other nations.
 
I don't think I need to tell anyone that the Democratic/Communist Party and their Establishment Republican toadies have pretty much destroyed the nation I was blessed to be born into 72 years ago. We are now viewed by most citizens in other nations as a fallen giant and ripe with opportunity not for personal advancement and freedom as before, but now for the plunder and pillaging of our natural God-given resources, hard-earned wealth and prosperity won by countless sacrifices all the while taking advantage of our own Christian-Judeo inspired humanitarian nature and creed.
 
You'll notice I no longer refer to the political party of my father (and my younger years) as just the "Democratic Party",  nor do I refer to their minions as "Progressives" anymore either. More fittingly, It's far more fitting to refer to this evil and hate-filled breed as Democratic/Communists. Before you challenge me on this observation I suggest you visit their website...   cpusa.org . Lock step...you'll observe... with the nation-destroying philosophies of the so-called 'Democratic Party' of today.
 
As far as the Brett Kavanaugh confirmation debacle is concerned...don't kid yourself...No matter how it's decided....we have allowed the Communists to win. And they've won because we, as a nation...at the hands of the Democrat/Communists have forever changed our court system from one of innocent until proven guilty to guilty by accusation. The VERY SAME tactics employed by Nazi Germany in the 30's, the Soviet Union and their KGB, Salem Massachusetts and their witch trails and the Ku Klux Klan and their lynchings....all in total opposition to what we have held so dear in our nation.  And now on this new road we've embarked onto one can never be proven innocent..no matter the proof, the facts or the number of those who come to your defense. Once accused you must be punished because the Left needs 'blood" to satisfy their hatred.
 
I have grown sick...repulsively sick...of all Democrat/Communists and their blind and stupid followers who are in our midst. They have become the brain dead 'useful idiots' .....a term so accurately describing them by none other than Vladimir Lenin when referring to the sympathizers in the West (America). I stated recently that it has become impossible to reason with liberal Democrats anymore. To present them with the truth and solid, proven facts and expect them to even consider your view is akin to sitting in front of a fish bowl and describing the quantum field physics theory of matrix mechanics to a gold fish. But that my friends is what has become of America today thanks to all the 'useful idiots'
 
I have a reproduction of the old thirteen star American flag which I usually fly for independence day. I think it'll be the only one I'll fly from now on. It's a symbol of the country founded on principals, the protection of it's law-abiding citizens and Christian-Judeo beliefs which we held dear for so long,.... but have turned away from today. 
 
As Ben Carson recently said (paraphrasing) : The Left (Communists) have taken over academia and the Media and now they want our courts. The only ones standing in their way seems to be Trump and YOU! 
 
I always tried to vote for the best person in an election, but from now on....I will never again vote for a Democrat.
 
HP
 
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Item Number:2 Date: 09/24/2018 CHINA - U.S. AMBASSADOR SUMMONED OVER SANCTIONS (SEP 24/SCMP)  SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST -- Beijing has summoned the U.S. ambassador after Washington imposed sanctions on a Chinese firm last week over the purchase of Russian military equipment, reports the South China Morning Post.   On Saturday, China also announced that it would postpone a three-day bilateral military dialogue in Beijing and recall a Chinese naval officer visiting the U.S.   The dialogue, which was scheduled to begin on Tuesday, would be the second in a series intended to enhance cooperation.   Beijing warned of additional measures if the U.S. did not reverse the sanctions, which were announced on Sept. 20.   The sanctions targeted the Equipment Development Dept. (EDD) and its director, Li Shangfu. They were filed under the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), which requires financial penalties for those who do significant business with the Russian military.   The move came after China purchased Su-35 fighter jets and S-400 air defense systems in December 2017 and January 2018.  
 Item Number:3 Date: 09/24/2018 FRANCE - ARMED FORCES MINISTRY ACCELERATES DELIVERIES OF TANKER AIRCRAFT (SEP 24/FMIN)  FRENCH MINISTRY OF DEFENSE -- The French Armed Forces Ministry has announced plans to speed up the delivery of new tanker aircraft.   On Sept. 20, Defense Minister Florence Parly directed the Directorate General of Armaments to accelerate the delivery of 12 A330 Phoenix tankers to 2023, two years ahead of the original schedule.   The decision is part of the 2019-2025 military programming law, which provides for the accelerated modernization of military equipment, including the air force's tanker capability.   The deliveries will bring the service's fleet to 15 aircraft by 2023.   The A330 tankers are replacing aging C-135FR and KC-135R aerial tankers and A310 and A340 strategic transports
  Item Number:5 Date: 09/24/2018 IRAN - 29 DIE IN ATTACK ON MILITARY PARADE (SEP 24/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- Iranian officials have vowed an aggressive response to an attack over the weekend that killed at least 29 people and wounded 60, reports the Guardian (U.K.).   On Saturday, four gunmen opened fire on a military parade in the southwestern city of Ahvaz, killing Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) personnel and civilians, reported Reuters.   All four gunmen were shot and killed.   The IRGC pledged "a deadly and unforgettable vengeance in the near future" against the perpetrators, reported Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   The Islamic State terrorist group (ISIS) published a video via its Amaq news agency that it said showed the attackers' allegiance to the terror group, reported CNN.   An Arab nationalist separatist group, the Patriotic Arab Democratic Movement in Ahvaz, also claimed credit for the attack.   There is a sizeable Arab population in Kuzestan province, where Ahvaz is located, and separatist attacks are common, said analysts.   Iranian officials denied that ISIS was involved and instead blamed unnamed regional countries that sponsor terror, backed by the U.S. and Israel.   The United Arab Emirates and the United States have denied involvement in the attack.  
  Item Number:7 Date: 09/24/2018 NICARAGUA - 1 DEAD AFTER PRO-GOVERNMENT GROUPS FIRE ON DEMONSTRATORS (SEP 24/REU)  REUTERS -- At least one person has been killed and six wounded in confrontations between Nicaraguan police and opponents of President Daniel Ortega, reports Reuters.   On Sunday, demonstrators marched in Managua, demanding the release of people imprisoned for their participation in anti-Ortega protests.   Police blocked the roads to prevent marchers from reaching downtown, firing tear gas and rubber bullets into the crowd.   Some supporters of Ortega fired live rounds into the demonstrators, according to local media.   Police said that home-owners opened fire to protect themselves from terrorists.   At least 300 people have been killed -- mostly protesters -- since anti-Ortega demonstrations began in April. A similar number have been arrested and held on charges of terrorism for participating in the protests.   Government forces and allied militias have been accused of using excessive force and engaging in reprisal killings
Item Number:8 Date: 09/24/2018 NIGERIA - 12 CREWMEMBERS KIDNAPPED IN PIRATE ATTACK IN GULF OF GUINEA (SEP 24/CNN)  CABLE NEWS NETWORK -- Twelve crew members of a Swiss commercial ship have been taken hostage off the coast of Nigeria, reports CNN.   On Saturday, the MV Glarus was attacked after departing Lagos for Port Harcourt with a shipment of wheat, according to a statement by Massoel Shipping.   Pirates intercepted the ship about 45 nautical miles (83 km) south-southwest of Bonny Island, boarding via long ladders and destroying communications equipment.   The attackers took 12 of the 19 crewmembers hostage and fled, said the company.   Specialists are en route to the area to assist in the release of the hostages, reported Agence France-Presse.   The Swiss Foreign Ministry said it was aware of the attack. None of the hostages were Swiss, said a spokeswoman.   Seven of the crewmembers were from the Philippines, with one national each from Bosnia, Croatia, Romania, Slovenia and Ukraine.   The number of at-sea kidnappings rose from 52 in 2016 to 75 in 2017, according to a study by the EOS Risk Group in July. Thirty-five people were kidnapped in the first six months of 2018.  
  Item Number:10 Date: 09/24/2018 SOMALIA - 10 AL-SHABAAB MILITANTS DIE IN RAID (SEP 24/REU)  REUTERS -- At least 10 Al-Shabaab militants have been killed in fighting with Kenyan soldiers, reports Reuters.   On Monday, Kenyan forces launched an attack on militant positions in eastern Lamu county, said the army.   Soldiers pursued Al-Shabaab members who fled.   At least three Kenyan soldiers were injured, said the service.   The terrorist group intensified attacks in Kenya after Nairobi sent troops to Somalia to fight the militants in 2011. Al-Shabaab attacks in Kenya have been less frequent and deadly in the last six months, officials said.  
  Item Number:11 Date: 09/24/2018 SYRIA - MOSCOW TO BOLSTER SYRIAN AIR DEFENSES AFTER RUSSIAN AIRCRAFT DOWNED (SEP 24/SPUTNIK)  SPUTNIK -- Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu says Russia will soon deliver new air defense systems to Syria, reports Russia's Sputnik news agency.   The S-300 systems, which were originally to be handed over in 2013, will be delivered within two weeks, Shoigu said on Monday.   Syrian air defenses will be equipped with identification-friend-or-foe systems that will ensure the identification of Russian aircraft, he said.   Russian forces will also jam satellite navigation, onboard radar, and communication systems of combat aircraft over the Mediterranean off the Syrian coast, the defense minister said, as reported by the Times of Israel.   The new S-300 will be operated by Syrian forces. Russia has also deployed S-300 systems to defend its bases in the country.   On Sept. 17, a Russian Il-20 intelligence aircraft was shot down by a Syrian-operated S-200 air defense system while returning to Hmeimim airbase in northwestern Syria. The Syrian systems were responding to Israeli airstrikes. Fifteen Russian personnel were killed.  
  Item Number:16 Date: 09/24/2018 USA - WASHINGTON CHANGES DIRECTION ON RUSSIAN TREATY OVERFLIGHTS (SEP 24/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The U.S. State Dept. has certified a Russian Tupolev Tu-214 aircraft for use in Open Skies Treaty overflights, reversing a previous decision, reports Defense News.   U.S. officials and its allies have verified through "an extensive review and inspection process" that the Russian aircraft and sensors meet all treaty requirements for certification, said a State Dept. official on Sept. 18.   There are no scheduled flights in either Russia or the U.S. due to ongoing issues with the treaty, the official said.   On Sept. 10, the head of the U.S. delegation declined to certify the aircraft without explanation, citing direct instruction from Washington, reported Defense News last week.   The U.S. did not fail to certify but had to consult with additional technical experts before making a final decision, Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Andrea Thompson told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on Sept. 18.   The U.S. and Russia have accused each other of failing to comply with the treaty, which authorizes its 34 members to fly over members' territory to verify military movements and conduct arms control monitoring. Both nations have blocked access to certain facilities in recent years.
 


Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein Expects to Be Fired, Clouding Mueller Investigation


Move follows disclosure of memos saying he suggested wiretapping President Trump


Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein attending the confirmation hearings of U.S. Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh on Capitol Hill in Washington on Sept. 21. Photo: Brendan Smialowski/Agence France-Presse/Getty Images


By:
Sadie Gurman and
Aruna Viswanatha

Updated Sept. 24, 2018 11:22 a.m. ET

Breaking News....

Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein is headed to the White House and is expecting to be fired by President Trump, a person familiar with the matter said, creating an uncertain situation at the top of the Justice Department and in the special counsel’s probe into Russian electoral interference in the 2016 presidential election.

The situation remained fluid, however, as another person familiar with the matter said Mr. Rosenstein is expected to resign, and that discussions have been underway about his departure all weekend.

Mr. Rosenstein has not submitted his resignation, the person said.

The development comes after it was reported last week that Mr. Rosenstein in spring 2017 suggested secretly recording President Trump and recruiting cabinet members to remove him from office, according to memos written by former FBI Acting Director Andrew McCabe.

Mr. Rosenstein had disputed those assertions on Friday. In a statement released that day, he said, “I never pursued or authorized recording the President and any suggestion that I have ever advocated for the removal of the President is absolutely false.”

One person in the room when Mr. Rosenstein mentioned secret recordings said that he was clearly sarcastic and didn’t seriously consider it, according to an email from the person provided by the Justice Department on Friday.

Earlier in his tenure, Mr. Rosenstein had a rocky relationship with Mr. Trump, say people familiar with the matter. He was a regular target of Mr. Trump’s complaints about special counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election and any possible collusion between Moscow and Mr. Trump’s campaign and possible obstruction of justice.

Mr. Trump, who denies any collusion or obstruction, was warned by aides in April against firing Mr. Rosenstein, according to people familiar with the matter. Mr. Rosenstein appointed Mr. Mueller as special counsel and oversees the Mueller probe.

But in recent months, the relationship between the two men had improved, people familiar with the matter say, as Mr. Rosenstein has regularly visited the White House and navigated sometimes-competing demands from the president and his own department. Mr. Trump last month described his rapport with Mr. Rosenstein as “fantastic.”

Despite the warmer relationship, Democrats have expressed concern that Mr. Trump would try to remove Mr. Rosenstein, given his role as the overseer of the Russia probe.

Mr. Rosenstein routinely briefed the president, including on aspects of the Russia investigation, and has largely tried to satisfy Mr. Trump’s congressional allies, who have demanded increasingly sensitive information about details of the probe.



—Rebecca Ballhaus contributed to this article.
Write to Sadie Gurman at sadie.gurman@wsj.com and Aruna Viswanatha at Aruna.Viswanatha@wsj.com